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Mach E. — The Principles of Physical Optics: An Historical and Philosophical Treatment
Mach E. — The Principles of Physical Optics: An Historical and Philosophical Treatment

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Название: The Principles of Physical Optics: An Historical and Philosophical Treatment

Автор: Mach E.

Аннотация:

The famous physicist explains the experimental and theoretical evolution in the understanding of light phenomena and apparatus. Early experiments are described in full detail, plus examinations of studies on polarization, the mathematical representation of the properties of light, and refinements and advances in theory.  279 figures. 10 portraits.1926 edition.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2003

Количество страниц: 353

Добавлена в каталог: 21.01.2014

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
"Fits", "interval" of      141 149
Abbe      73 278
Aberrations, spherical and chromatic      76
Absorption coefficient      119
Accommodation      43
Achromatic lenses      109
Achromatic prisms      109 115
Acoustics, development of      272
airy      84 246 247 250 296 300 301
Albedo      16
Alhazen      8 29 39 42 47 51
Ampere      203
Amplitude, Fresnel's vector diagram of      292
Angstroem      118 119 126
Anomalous dispersion      121 184
Arago, F.      23 27 146 148 157—159 164 168 169 190 194—205 208 210 239 247 285 301
Aristophanes      50
Aristotle      8 42 46 84 130 272
Armati, Salvino degli      51
Atmospheric refraction      40
Bacon, Francis      272
Bacon, Roger      49
Balduin      130
Bands, Knox's      174
Bands, Talbot's      246 296
Barrow, J.      57
Bartholinus      186 187 260 261
Beats      274
Beccari      130 131
Becquerel, A.E.      131 132
Beer, A.      17
Bernoulli, Daniel      258 273
Bernoulli, Jacob      57
Bernoulli, Johann      35 57 274
Billet      167
Biot      193—195 200—202 204 205 208 226 239
Biprism      166
Blind spot      47
Borelius, Guilelmus      52
Bouguer      13 14 17
Boyle, R.      85 127 136 259
Bradley      23 24
Brauner, B.      130 304
Brewster, D.      85 87 103—105 118 127 145 168 175 194 195 199—201 208 209 251 296
Brougham, Henry      276
Browne, W.      57 60 61
Bruecke, E.      8
Bunsen R.      20 118 126
Calcite, axial system of colours with      200
Calcite, Huygens' experiments with      187
Calcite, refraction in      186
Calcite, rhombohedron      260
Canton      131
Cardinal points      71
Casciorolo      130
Cassini      23 47
Catoptrics      28
Cauchy, A.L.      121
Cavalieri      57
Cellini, Benvenuto      49
Cesariano      12
Chladni      273
Christiansen, C.      121 122
chromatic aberration      76
Chromatic polarization      200
Clarke, S.      87
Coherence      183 303
Colour      85 103
Colour and musical notes, comparison of      273 275
Colour blindness      108
Colour scale, diatonic      94
Colour theories      103 140
Colour, dependence of, on incident light      101
Colours of bodies      96
Colours of thick plates      199
Colours of thin plates      198
Colours pigment      87
Colours, axial system with topaz and Calcite      200
Colours, mixtures of      94
Comb experiment, Newton's      95
Compensators, Arago and Jamin      165
Conjugate points      67
Copernicus      22 49
Cornu      26 292
Cosine square law      194
Cotes      66
Czapski      73
D'Alembert      273
dal Borgo, Pietro      11
Dalton, J.      108
Damianus      8 10 20 21 28
de Chaulnes, Duc      298
de Dominis, Marcus Antonius      84 85
de l'Hopital      57
De la Hire      57
de Mairan      274
de Saxonia, Theodoricus      84
de Spina, Alexander      51
Delambre      23
Descartes      4 8 20 21 32—36 39 40 46 49 54 84 85 103 137 264 265 267 268 273
Deviation, minimum      88
Diffraction      7 272
Diffraction at circular aperture      285
Diffraction at circular screen      285
Diffraction at gratings      291
Diffraction at single slit      279
Diffraction at straight edge      284
Diffraction at two slits      289
Diffraction by telescope objective      301
Diffraction effect of size of light source on      303
Diffraction phenomena, investigation by Fraunhofer      222 287
Diffraction, diagrammatic representation of      279
Diffraction, discovery by Grimaldi      133
Diffraction, grating spectra      293
Diffraction, Grimaldi's experiment with      146 278
Diffraction, importance of, in optical instruments      300
Diffraction, theory of, Schwerd's      289
Dioptrics      48
Dispersion curves      113
Dispersion of a prism      113
Dispersion of different kinds of glass (Fraunhofer)      109
Dispersion, anomalous      121 184
Dispersion, epibolic or internal      128
Dispersion, theory of, Cauchy's      121
Dispersion, theory of, Newton's      109
Dollond, J.      109 112
Doppler      251
Doubly refracting substances, experiments with      186 197
Dove      57 246
Draper      120
Du Hamel      22
Duerer, A.      11
Elementary waves      256 264
Emissive power      119
Epicurus      8
Ether, conception of, Fresnel's      203
Ether, conception of, Huygens'      258
Euclid      3 4 8—10 21 28 29 39 41 50
Euler, L.      57 66 109 119 144 273
Exner      177
Experimentum crucis, Newton's      89
Eye as photoscope      18
Eye, anatomical description of, first      42
Eye, function of      43
Eye, nature of      41
Eyes, luminous, of animals      8 10
Faraday      9
Fermat      34 35 38 258
Fizeau      25—27 167 173 176—178 180 183
Fluorescence      128
Fluorescence, apparatus for demonstrating      129
Focal length      57
Focal length of system of lenses      66
Focal length, formula for lens or mirror      57
Focal lines      56 270
Fontana, Franciscus      52
Foucault, L.      26 27 79 80 119 173 301 302
FOURIER      216 217 258
Fraunhofer, J.      104 109—115 118 120—123 222 240 247 287 289—291 295 296 300
Fresnel, A.      5—7 25 146—150 153—155 157—160 162 164 166 168 169 171 172 174 176 183 195—198 201—208 210—216 218 225 226 231—238 240 241 243 246 247 252 275—282 284—287 289 291 292 300
Fringes, diffraction      146
Fringes, interference      139 164
Fundamental points      71
Galileo      20 21 26 48 49 52 53 216 273
Galileo, Vincenzio      273
Galla, La      130
Gauss      67 69 71 73
Geissler      111
Gilbert      49
Giotto      51
Glass, lack of homogeneity in      79
Goethe, J.W.      2 108
Govi, G.      29 41 45
Grassmann      106
Grating spectre      293
Gratings, diffraction      291
Gregory, D.      57
Grey      75
Grimaldi      4 85 88 133—136 138 143 145—147 153 155 159 161 162 164 273 275 278 279 303
Gruithuisen, F.v.P.      8
Hagenbach      129
Halley, E.      57 60 61
hankel      73
Hartley      144
Hauey      195
Heinrich, P.      131
Heinzel, R.      51
Heliodor      8 20
Helmholtz, H.V.      104—106 126 127 278
Hering, E.      44 107
Herschel, J.F.W.      128 200 301
Herschel, W.      301
Hittorf, J.W.      118 126
Holtz      132
Homocentric law      59 68
Hooke, R.      4 87 108 136—138 143 147 153 155 162 174 256 273 274
Horrebow      23
Huygens      5—7 21 32 33 38 39 48 52 54—58 60 79 80 83 108 187—189 205 255—264 268 269 271 273 274 276 278
Iceland spar, axial system of colours with      200
Iceland spar, Huygens' experiments with      187
Iceland spar, refraction in      186
Illumination      13
Illumination, intensity      16 19
Illumination, surface      83
Image space      65
Image, point      43
Image, retinal      46
Images, diffraction or interference, effect of size of light source      303
Images, diffraction, in optical instruments      300
Index of refraction      4 38
Index of refraction of Fraunhofer lines      112
Intensity of illumination      13
Interference and structure of light      182
Interference at large path differences      173 176 181
Interference curves, Haidinger and Lummer      179
Interference effect of size of light source on      303
Interference experiment, Brewster's      168
Interference experiments with circularly and elliptically polarized light      241
Interference of polarized light      195 222
Interference principle, Young's      275
Interference refractometer, Jamin's      168
Interference, apparatus, Fizeau      178
Interference, apparatus, Fresnel and Arago      165
Interference, apparatus, Jamin      168
Interference, apparatus, Michelson      181
Interference, apparatus, Zehnder and Mach      170
Interference, fringes      139 164
Jamin      165 168—170 172 223 224 289 297
Jaumann      27
Joannides, Z.      52
Joubin, M.P.      178
Kepler, J.      11—13 15 17 20 21 28—32 39 43—49 53 54 56—59 63 64 70 187 261 264
Ketteler      172
Kircher, A.      11 49 52 85 127 130
Kirchhoff, R.      118—120 126
Klingenstjerna, S.      109
Klotz      50
Knochenhauer      300
Knox      174
Koenig      278
Krupka, C.      185
Kuehnert      51
Kundt, A.      121—125 184
Lagrange      66 67 73 81 83 273
Lambert      11 14—20
Lang, V.      240
Layard      51
Least time, principle of, Fermat's      34 38 258
Leeuwenhoek      48
Leibnitz      33
Lens aberrations      54 76
Lens Billet's split      167
Lens constructions      60
Lens formulae      54 64
Lens, Huygens' investigations with      54
Lenses, achromatic      109
Lenses, acoustical mirrors and      278
Lenses, focal length of      57 66
Lenses, properties of, apparatus for demonstrating      75
Leonardo da Vinci      11 12 15 49
Leroux      121
Lessing      50
Light emission, process of      250
Light intensity      13 217
Light interference and structure of      182
Light particles      192
Light rays, longitudinal asymmetry of      3
Light rays, polarization of      189
Light sensation      1
Light, comparison with sound      273 275
Light, experiments with circularly and elliptically polarized      241
Light, instantaneous propagation of, idea of,13,      20 22 255
Light, kinds of      4
Light, polarized      186
Light, propagation of, in quartz      221 240
Light, properties of, Huygens' explanation of      255
Light, quantity of      16 19
Light, rectilinear propagation of      3 8 10
Light, relation between emitted and absorbed      119
Light, relation between natural and polarized      245
Light, relation between velocity and intensity of      179
Light, velocity of      21 255
Light, velocity of in moving media      178
Light, wave-form of, Fresnel's mechanical basis for      215
Lines in solar spectrum, fixed      109
Lines in spectrum, dark      104 120
LINUS      87 108
Lippich      179 248 250
listing      71
Lloyd, H.      167
Lommel      129 130
Lord Rayleigh      287
Lucas      109
Lummer      20 177 180
Mach, E.      100 101 106 107 124 134 175 184 304
Mach, L.      101 170 172 304
Magnification, telescope      82
Malp ghi      48
Malus, E.L.      109 190—193 195 201 202 204—206 208 217 219 231 246 307 312
Marcus Marci      4 85
1 2
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