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Kundt W. — Astrophysics. A Primer
Kundt W. — Astrophysics. A Primer

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Название: Astrophysics. A Primer

Автор: Kundt W.

Аннотация:

For a quantitative understanding of the physics of the universe from the solar system through the milky way to clusters of galaxies all the way to cosmology - these edited lecture notes are perhaps among the most concise and also among the most critical ones: Astrophysics has not yet stood the redundancy test of laboratory physics, hence should be aware of early interpretations. Special chaptes are devoted to magnetic and radiation processes, disks, black-hole candidacy, bipolar flows, cosmic rays, gamma-ray bursts, image distortions, and special sources. At the same time, planet earth is viewed as the arena for life, with plants and animals having evolved to homo sapiens during cosmic time. This text is unique in covering the basic qualitative and quantitative tools, formulae as well as numbers, needed to for the precise interpretation of frontline phenomena. The author compares mainstream interpretations with new and even controversial ones he wishes to emphasize.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2001

Количество страниц: 183

Добавлена в каталог: 09.06.2006

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$E \times B$-drift      45 111 113
$\check{C}$erenkov radiation      47 50
$\eta$ Carinae      133
Abiogenic      140 153
Absorption coefficient      53
Absorption redshift      107
Absorptivity      52
Abundance      17
Accretion disk      75 76 78 79 98
Accretor      95 97
Active galactic nucleus (AGN)      14 22 111 112
Active galaxy      14
Afterglow (of burst)      107
Aging population      55
Aging time      126
Ambipolar diffusion      84
Angular-moinentum (hurdle)      83
Angular-momentum excess      84
Anomalous pulses (of Crab)      126
Ansae (of Wr      0 127
Antenna lobe      46
Antenna pattern      96
Anthropic principle, V      139 155
Astronomical unit      3
Atmosphere      92
Autocorrelation fund ion      119
Baade Wesseling method      20
Background radiation      25 29
Bandaged dipole      97
Bar formation      79
Bar-mode instability      85
Beam shape      96
Becklin Neugebauer Kleininann Low (IR source)      129
big bang      16
Big flash      16
Binary (stars)      80
Binding energy      38 95 98
Biodiversity      154
Biological building block      145
Biological engine      139
Biological intelligence      142
Bipolar flow (phenomenon)      4 85 109 113
Bipolar-flow family      110
Birth interval      37
Birthrate      37 88
Black hole (BH)      36 93 99
Black-hole candidate (BHC)      37 80 93 98 131
Blackbody radiation      53 57
Blades (in accretion)      80 97
Blueshifted line      127
Bohr radius      157
Bok globule      84
Boost (-er, energy)      51 65 104
Bose Einstein      54
Boundary layer      34
Bowshock      126
Brightness temperature      96
Broad emission line (BL)      132
Broad-line region (BLR)      18
Brown dwarf      90
Buoyancy      71 140 153
Burning disk (BD)      14 81 138
Burst      96 97
Carrington period      111
Cataclysmic variable      98
Celestial body      16
cell      145 146
Center of Galaxy      134
Centers of galaxies      81
Central engine (CE)      14 111 134
Centrifugal (forces)      73 77
Cephe$\ddot{i}$d star      19 89
Chandrasekhar (limit, mass)      16 36 100
Chemical diversity      79
Chemical segregation      75
Chimney      10 11 28 126 134
Chromosphere      18 91
Chronometer      71
circular polarization      138
Circulate (blood, sap)      147
Circumgalact.ic medium (CGM)      22
Circumstellar medium (CSM)      32
Cloud      29 79
Cluster (of galaxies)      21 22
Cluster (of stars)      85
Cocoon      22 109 114
Cold component      11
Column density      27
Cometary tail      28 73
Compact HII regions      137
Compression (ratio)      31 66
Compton (radiation, scatter)      45 50 55
Conductive (gain, loss)      60
Conductivity (electric, thermal)      65
Conservation law      24
Contact discontinuity      32 34
Continuous creation      24
Convective (cooling, transport)      41 80 87 89
Cooling (equation, function)      61 63
Cooling flow      22
Copernican principle, V      13
Core collapse      93
Core-collapse supernova      37
Core/lobe power ratio      109
Corotation      32
Cosmic mass      100
Cosmic rays      5 8 17 18 28 64 95 103
Cosmic-ray plasma      12
Cosmic-ray spectrum      9
Cosmological constant      24
Coulomb (collision, cross section)      48 68
Counter jet      113
Crab Nebula      105 123 124 167 168
Crab pulsar      123
Critical density      24
Critical frequency      119
Critical mass      37
Critical size      119
Critical surface-mass density      121
CTB      80 130
Cyclotron (line, radiation)      46 95
Cyg X-1      131
Dark (cloud, matter)      8 22 120
Dark bays (of Crab)      126
Darwin's dilemma      139
de Broglie frequency      50
Debye length      68
Decorrelation bandwidth      118
Degenerate star      93
DeLaval nozzle      112 137
Density parameter      25
Detour delay      118
Diffractive distortion      117
Diffusion (equation, time)      69
Dipole radiation      47
Disk instabilities      79
Disk spectrum      79
Dispersion measure      28 55 96
Dissipation (rate)      60
Diversification      153
DNA      146 153
Doppler factor      20
Drake formula      156
Dredge (radially)      91
Drifting (pulse)      95
Dust grain      53
Dynamic viscosity      71
Dynamical hurdle      84
Dynamo equation      69
E-effect      78
Earth-moon system      5
Eddington - Vogt circulation      91
Eddington luminosity      81 88
Eddington rate      80 98
Einstein radius      121
Einstein Ring      121
Ejector      95 127
Electric conductivity      68
Emission coefficient      53
Emission measure (EM)      27 55
Emission shell      81
Emissivity      52
Energy reservoir      41
Entropy (law)      59 61 62
Equation of state      89
Equatorial superrotation      72
Escape velocity      10
Ether      25
Euperhump in lightcurve      98 132
Evolution      153
Excretion (expulsion) disk      75 80
Exotic matter      16
Exotic SNR      130
Expansion scalar      59
Explosive ejection      81
Expulsion disk      75 80
Extinction      96
Extragalactic radio source      109
Eynchrotron-$\check{C}$erenkov radiation      50 55
Fanaroff - Riley class      115
Ferini - Dirac (distribution)      16
Fermat's principle      120
Fermi acceleration      103
Fermi temperature      61 62 93
Filament      65
Filamentary threads      134
Filling factor      28
Five-minute oscillation      71
flicker      96 132
FLIER      109
Flux (conservation, decay)      66 67 70 73
Flux (rope, tube)      70
Flux modulator      71
Flywheel      71
Forbidden velocity      137
Formation (of star)      96
Fractal structure      24
Fraunhofer (absorption) line      91
Free-free radiation      47
Freeze magnetic flux      65
Fresnel zone      118
Front velocity      49
Galactic disk      15 22 57 102
Galactic halo      11
Galactic supernovae      129
Galaxy formation      25
Gamma$-ray burst      95 105
Gamma$-ray compactness      101
Gaunt factor      55 68
Gauss theorem      67
Gaussian cgs system      1
General relativity      24 36 120
Giant (branch)      36 87
Giant luminous arc      122
Giant pulse      96
Glitch (of pulsing)      95
Globular cluster      13
Goldreich - Julian rate      126
Gould's belt      7 76 77 134
Gravitational energy      38
Gravitational fine-structure constant      36 156
Gravitational lens      21 117 120 174
Greybody emission      53
Group velocity      49
Gyration radius      15 46
Habitated planet (moon)      156
Haemoglobin      147
Hale cycle (of Sun)      71
Half-opening angle      76
Hall field      113
Halo      11 22
Hard beam      109
Hard radiation      93
Hawking mass      100
Headlight method      19
Heat radiation      59
Heavy accretion disk      81 132
Heliopause      4
Heliosphere      4 33
Hell region      34
Herbig- Haro object      109
Herlzspruii'r Hussell diagram      36 87 89 90
Hertz power      44
HI region      7
High-mass companion      131
High-mass system      96
High-velocity cloud      12 134
HII region      7 29 171
Historical supernova      123
Homunculus nebula      133 170
Host galaxy      107
Hot component      10
Hotspot (of radio source)      109
Hubble expansion      21
Hubble parameter      122
Hubble-flow (kinematics)      20 123 129 133 169
Hurdle (of star formation)      83
Hydrogen      16 33
Hydrogen burning      15
I-shape (deformation)      115
Immiscible (components)      111
In situ acceleration      103 111
Index notation      2
Initial-mass function (IMF)      37 88
Injection rate      126
Inner disk      129
Inner shock      32
Instinct      142
Integral theorem      60
Intensity      50
Interacting windzones      131
Intergalactic medium (IGM)      23
Intermediate-mass system      131
Intermediate-velocity cloud      12
Interplanetary medium      117
Interpretation, V interstellar medium (ISM)      4 117
Interstellar wind      33
Inverse Compton      50
Irreducible mass (of BH)      100
Isotropy      104 105
Jeans (hurdle, mass)      83
Jeans radius      83
Jet (source)      96 109
Jet formation      93 97 132
Kepler's laws      87
Kerr - Newman solutions      99
Kinematic viscosity      67 77
kinetic energy      38
Kinetic temperature      10 15 40
Klein - Nishina (scattering)      45
Knot (of radio source)      109
Larmor radius      46
Laser      126
Life      140 155
Light echo      40 107
Light pressure      28
Light-deflection angle      120
Lightcone      100
Lightcurve      40 41 106
Lightcurve distortion      122
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