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Reif F. Ч Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics
Reif F. Ч Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics

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Ќазвание: Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics

јвтор: Reif F.

язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1965

 оличество страниц: 650

ƒобавлена в каталог: 26.08.2013

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
$D_{C}$ collision operator      509
$D_{C}$ collision operator, explicit expression for      525
Absolute temperature      see "Temperature absolute"
Absorptivity      382
Accessible states      53 87
Adiabatic demagnetization      445Ч451
Adiabatic expansion of ideal gas      158Ч159
Adiabatic isolation      68
Adsorbed molecules in equilibrium with a gas      398
Atmospheres, law of      211
Be      See "BoseЧEinstein statistics"
Binomial distribution      10
Black body      386
Black body, radiation by      386Ч383
Boltzmann      4 635
Boltzmann constant      137
Boltzmann equation      525
Boltzmann equation in absence of collisions      500
Boltzmann equation in presence of collisions      509
Boltzmann equation in presence of collisions in complete form      525
Boltzmann equation in presence of collisions in complete form, linearized      536
Boltzmann equation in presence of collisions in complete form, solution by moments      536Ч537
Boltzmann equation in presence of collisions in complete form, solution by variational principle      537Ч539
Boltzmann equation in presence of collisions with relaxation time approximation      509
Boltzmann factor      205
Boltzmann factor, derivation of      202Ч204
Bose Ч Einstein statistics      346Ч349
Bose Ч Einstein statistics and counting of states      337Ч338
Bose Ч Einstein statistics and symmetry requirements      332
Bose Ч Einstein statistics, distribution function for      342 348
Bose Ч Einstein statistics, fluctuation in particle numbers      349
Bose Ч Einstein statistics, nature of ground state      338
Bose Ч Einstein statistics, partition function for      348
Bosons      332
Boyle's law      134
Brillouin function      260
Brownian motion      251 560
Brownian motion, Langevin equation      564
Brownian motion, mean velocity increment      571 602
Brownian motion, mean-square displacement      567 575Ч577
Brownian motion, mean-square velocity increment      575 602
Brownian motion, probability distribution for velocity      581
Calorie      141
Calorimetry      see "Heat measurement
Canonical distribution      205
Canonical distribution, calculation of mean values      212Ч214
Canonical distribution, derivation by combinatorial argument      229Ч231
Carnot      3
Carnot engine      188Ч190
Celsius temperature scale      137
Center-of-mass motion      517Ч519
Central limit theorem      39
Chemical equilibrium      317Ч325
Chemical equilibrium, between ideal gases      319Ч325
Chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant      322Ч324
Chemical equilibrium, general equilibrium conditions for      317Ч319
Chemical equilibrium, law of mass action      322Ч324
Chemical equilibrium, standard free energy change      322
chemical potential      313
Chemical potential and Fermi energy for FD gas      388
Chemical potential and Planck's constant      363
Chemical potential of ideal gas      322
Chemical potential, relation to Gibbs free energy      313Ч314
Clausius      3
Clausius Ч Clapeyron equation      304
Clausius Ч Clapeyron equation and slope of melting curve      305
Clausius Ч Clapeyron equation and vapor pressure      305Ч306
Coefficient of linear expansion      195Ч196
Coefficient of volume expansion      168
Coefficient of volume expansion of ideal gas      169
Coefficient of volume expansion, behavior as $T\rightarrow 0$      170
Cold, definition of      102
Cold, relation to absolute temperature      106
Collision probabilities      463Ч465 see
Collision time      465
Collision time, related to scattering cross section      460Ч470
Compressibility      168
Compressibility of ideal gas      169
Compressibility, positive sign of      300
Conservation equations of hydrodynamics      529Ч531
Constraints      87Ч91
Continuity, equation of      530
Cooperative behavior      406
Correlation function      570
Correlation function for cross-correlation      597
Correlation function of velocity in Brownian motion      576 602
Correlation function, properties of      570Ч571
Correlation time      562
Critical point      198 305 311
Critical point, fluctuations near      301
Critical point, opalescence at      301
Curie temperature      432
Curie Ч Weiss law      433
Curie's law      208
Curie's law in general case      261
Cyclic process      35 184
D drift derivative operator      500
Darwin Ч Fowler method      225n
De Broglie relation      363
Debye frequency      415
Debye function      415
Debye normal mode distribution      414
Debye specific heat of solids      415
Debye specific heat of solids in low temperature limit      416Ч417
Debye temperature      415
Debye theory of solids      411Ч418
Degenerate gas      353
Degrees Kelvin      136
Degrees of freedom      51
Delta function      614Ч615
Delta function, integral representation of      617Ч618
Delta symbol, Kronecker      616
Density of states      61
Density of states for a free particle in a box      358
Density of states for ideal gas      63Ч66
Density of states, effect of changing external parameters      112Ч114
Density of states, general properties of      61 63
Detailed balance and evaporation      400
Detailed balance and Nyquist's formula      691Ч594
Detailed balance and radiation by hot bodies      385Ч388
Detailed balance conditions      550
Detailed balance, microscopic discussion of      383Ч384
Detailed balance, principle of      381Ч383
Dewar      439
Differential scattering cross section      see "Scattering cross section"
Differentials, exact and inexact      79
Diffusion      483Ч484
Diffusion as a Random Walk      486Ч487
Diffusion, coefficient for dilute gas      485
Diffusion, coefficient for dilute gas, related to viscosity      486
Diffusion, coefficient for self-diffusion      484
Diffusion, coefficient related to friction constant      567
Diffusion, equation for concentration      484
Diffusion, mean-square displacement in      486Ч488
Diffusion, related to mobility      567
Dirac delta function      see "Delta function"
dispersion      13 see
Dispersion for the random walk      16 34
Dispersion of Gaussian distribution      24
Dissociation energy of a molecule      372
Dissociation of H atom      363Ч365
Distribution function for molecules      263 495
Doppler broadening      285
Dulong and Petit law      254 411
Efficiency of heat engine      188
Effusion      273Ч278
Einstein relation between diffusion and mobility      567 601
Einstein temperature      255
Einstein theory of specific heat of solids      254Ч256
Elastic waves      412Ч414
Electrical conductivity      488
Electrical conductivity of charged particles in a dilute gas      486
Electrical conductivity of charged particles in a dilute gas, calculation by momentum arguments      532Ч534 545Ч546
Electrical conductivity of charged particles in a dilute gas, calculation in terms of $\tau$      504Ч506
Electrical conductivity of electrons in metals      506Ч507
Electrochemical cell      167Ч198
Electromagnetic radiation      see "Radiation"
Electrons in metals      388Ч393
Electrons in metals, paramagnetism of      401
Electrons in metals, specific heat of      391Ч393 397
Electrons in metals, thermal conductivity of      482Ч483
Emissivity      382
Energy fluctuation      109Ч110 213
Energy fluctuation of ideal gas      242
Engine, Carnot      188Ч186
Engine, perfect      184Ч186
Engine, quasi-static      188
Ensemble      5
Ensemble average      561 583
Ensemble for system in uniform motion      227Ч229
Ensemble for system with indefinite number of particles      225Ч227
Ensemble, Canonical      205
Ensemble, Grand Canonical      225Ч227
Ensemble, microcanonical      202
Enskog equation of change      527
Enthalpy      162
Enthalpy in throttling process      180
Entropy and heat capacity      140Ч141
Entropy and probability      123
Entropy of ideal gas      160
Entropy of mixing      243Ч244 282
Entropy of monatomic ideal gas      245
Entropy, additivity of      111 217
Entropy, implications of third law      145Ч148
Entropy, limiting behavior as $T\rightarrow 0$      119Ч121
Entropy, measurement of      142Ч143
Entropy, related to absorbed heat      108 115 118
Entropy, related to partition function      215
Entropy, statistical definition of      99 110
Entropy, thermodynamic calculation of      172
Equation of state      124
Equation of state for ideal classical gas      125
Equation of state for slightly nonideal gas      422
Equation of state, calculated from partition function      214
Equation of state, Van der Waals      173
Equation of state, virial expansion      183
Equilibrium      54
Equilibrium conditions between chemical components      317Ч391
Equilibrium conditions between phases      301Ч306 315Ч317
Equilibrium conditions for homogeneous substance      296Ч300
Equilibrium conditions for isolated system      284Ч291
Equilibrium conditions under conditions of constant T      291Ч294
Equilibrium conditions under conditions of constant T and p      294Ч296
Equilibrium constant      322Ч324
Equilibrium constant, calculation from first principles      363Ч365
Equilibrium constant, temperature dependence of      325
Equilibrium, metastable      290
Equipartition theorem      248
Ergodic ensemble      584
Ergodic ensemble, equality of ensemble end time average      585
Error function      609Ч610
Euler equation of hydrodynamics      531
exchange interaction      428
Exclusion principle      33
Exclusion principle and exchange energy      428
Exclusion principle and ground state of FD gas      338Ч339
Exclusion principle, application to homonuclear molecules      371
Extensive parameter      149
External parameter      66
FD      see "Fermi Ч Dirac statistics"
Fermi energy      388 391
Fermi function      389Ч390
Fermi function, integrals involving      393Ч39
Fermi momentum      390
Fermi sphere      390
Fermi temperature      391
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics      350Ч351
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics and conduction electrons in metals      388Ч393
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics and counting of states      338
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics and symmetry requirements      332Ч333
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics, distribution function for      341 350
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics, fluctuation in particle numbers      351
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics, nature of ground state      339 390
Fermi Ч Dirac statistics, partition function for      350
fermions      333
ferromagnetism      428Ч434
Ferromagnetism and exchange interaction      428Ч429
Ferromagnetism, Curie temperature for      432
Ferromagnetism, Weiss molecular field theory of      430Ч434
First law of thermodynamics      82 122
Fluctuation of density      300Ч301
Fluctuation of energy      109Ч110 213 242
Fluctuation of energy of ideal gas      242
Fluctuation of gas pressure      399
Fluctuation of particle number      336Ч337
Fluctuation of particle number for BE statistics      349
Fluctuation of particle number for FD statistics      351
Fluctuation of particle number for MB statistics      345
Fluctuation of particle number for photons      346
Fluctuation of volume      300
Fluctuation, near critical point      301
Fluctuation-dissipation theorem      572Ч573 603
Fluctuation-dissipation theorem and Nyquist theorem      588Ч588
Fluctuation-dissipation theorem, general case      597
Flux of molecular quantities      495Ч497
Flux of molecules      270Ч273
Fokker Ч Planck equation      579
Fokker Ч Planck equation, solution for Brownian motion      580Ч581
Fourier analysis of random functions      582Ч583
Free energy, Gibbs      164
Free energy, Helmholtz      163
Free energy, related to partition function      216
Free expansion of an arbitrary gas      175Ч177
Free expansion of an ideal gas      155
Friction constant      563
Friction constant, expressed in terms of fluctuating force      572
Gamma function      608
Gas constant      136
Gasoline engine      200
Gaussian distribution      21Ч24
Gaussian distribution as general limiting case      37Ч40
Gaussian distribution as limiting case of binomial distribution      17Ч21
Gaussian integral      607
Generalized force      75
Geometric series, sum of      605Ч606
Gibbs      3 4 635
Gibbs free energy      164
Gibbs paradox      243Ч245
Gibbs Ч Duhem relation      315
Grand canonical distribution      226
Grand partition function      347
Grueneisen constant      436
H-theorem for dilute gas      546Ч547
H-theorem, general case      624Ч626
Harmonic oscillator, classical phase space for      55Ч56
Harmonic oscillator, energy levels of      49
Harmonic oscillator, mean thermal energy of      251Ч253
Heat      67 73
Heat bath      see "Heat reservoir"
heat capacity      139Ч141 see
Heat engines      184Ч190
Heat pump      199
Heat reservoir      107
Heat, measurement of      131Ч133
Helmholtz free energy      163
Hot, definition of      102
Hydrogen atom, thermal ionization of      363Ч365
Hyperfine interaction      557
Ideal gas in classical limit      64
Ideal gas in classical limit, adiabatic processes      158Ч159
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