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Bethe H.A. — Elementary nuclear theory
Bethe H.A. — Elementary nuclear theory



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Название: Elementary nuclear theory

Автор: Bethe H.A.

Аннотация:

This book is not meant to be a textbook of the theory of atomic nuclei. It is merely a selection of certain topics in the theory, and even-these topics are treated in only an elementary way. Until a more complete textbook is written, the reader who wishes to obtain a thorough knowledge of nuclear theory will have to consult the original literature, or for certain topics the articles of the present author in Reviews of Modern Physics (Vol. 8, p. 83, 1936; Vol. 9, pp. 69 and 245, 1937).
The emphasis in this book is placed on the problem of nuclear forces. This problem is the central problem of nuclear physics. The problem is treated entirely from the empirical point of view, and I have made an effort to present the evidence available on nuclear forces from the behavior of the simplest nuclear systems. Purely theoretical considerations about nuclear forces, particularly the meson theory of these forces, are treated with the greatest brevity, because they are not yet in a form in which they would permit useful predictions.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1947

Количество страниц: 153

Добавлена в каталог: 29.04.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$Be^{3}$      5
$\alpha$-particle emission      14
$\alpha$-particle, role of      84
$\alpha$-radioactivity, lifetimes for      6
$\beta$-disintegration      10 97
$\beta$-disintegration and neutrino      20
$\beta$-disintegration, Fermi theory of      97
Allen      22
Allowed transitions ($\beta$-decay)      97
Allowed transitions ($\beta$-decay) in intermediately heavy nuclei      104
Allowed transitions ($\beta$-decay) in mirror nuclei      103
Allowed transitions ($\beta$-decay) in naturally radioactive nuclei      104
Allowed transitions ($\beta$-decay), lifetimes in      102
Alternation, intensity, in band spectra      18
Alvarez      24 53 54
Angular distribution at high energy      63
Angular distribution of neutron-proton scattering      39
Angular distribution of proton-proton scattering      69
Annihilation of electrons and positrons      2
Annihilation of heavy particles      2
Arnaldi      91 93 115
Arnold      25 28
Atomic weight      3
Atoms, theory of      23
Axial vector      107
Bacher      115
Backus      102
Bailey      44
Band spectra      15
Barrier, penetration of      115
Barrier, potential      7
Bartlett force      82
Beams, molecular      15
Bennett      44
Bergstralh      44
Bethe      105
Binding energy of deuteron      29
Binding energy of neutron in heavy nuclei      117
Binding of proton in molecule, effect of      47
Bloch      15 24
Bohm      44
Born      37
Born’s approximation      48 109
Bose statistics      16
Breit      69 70 71 120
Breit — Wigner formula      120
Bretscher      60
Brickwede      53
Brillouin      7
Brode      94
Bulk matter, internal energies of      80
Capture of neutrons by protons      60 79
Capture of neutrons in heavy nuclei      118
Cent-er-of-mass coordinates      37
Chadwick      29 60
Champion      92
Charge      1
Charged meson theory      88 95
Charged particles, nuclear reactions involving      8
Chemical bond effect on neutron scattering      47
Chemical properties      1
Compound nuclcus, formation of      111
Compound nuclcus, lifetime of      110
Compound nucleus      109
Compound nucleus, disintegration of      112
Compton wave length      94
Condon      6
Conservation of energy      5
Constituents of nuclei      8
Cork      100
Coulomb field      101
Coulomb repulsion      6 8
Coulomb scattering      64 65
Critchfield      105
Cross section for capture by heavy nuclei      111
Cross section for capture of neutrons by protons      60 79
Cross section for nuclear reactions      8 114
Cross section for photoelectric disintegration of deuteron      56 79
Cross section for scattering, of neutrons by heavy nuclei      7 114
Cross section geometrical      7
Cross section of neutrons by protons      37 40 79
Cross section of protons by protons      64
Cross section, total      40
D — D neutrons      42
de Broglie wave length      8
de Broglie wave length of electrons      9
de Broglie wave length of neutron or proton      8
de Broglie wave number      37
Decay $\beta—$      (see $\beta-$disintegration)
Decay processes      13
Dee      40
Density of nuclear energy levels      115
Depth of nuclear potential well      32 70
Determination of force constants      76
Deuteron, excited states of      34
Deuteron, ground state of      29
Deuteron, interaction of, with radiation      56
Deuteron, magnetic moment of      25
Deuteron, photodisintegration of      79
Deuteron, physical properties of      25
Deuteron, quadrupole moment of      27
Deuteron, singlet state of      43
Deuteron, states of, with tensor forces      74
Deuteron, virtual state of      45
Deuteron, wave function of      33
DeWire      53
Dipole radiation      13
Dirac S-function      95
Disintegration      3 10 97
Disintegration of compound nucleus      112
Disintegration probabilities      113
Disintegration, nuclear      13
Dispersion Formula      120
Dispersion theory      121
Distribution, angular, at high energy      63
Dunning      53
Einstein’s relation      2
Eisenbud      69 70 87
Electric dipole moments in nuclei, absence of      75
Electron energies, distribution of, in, $\beta$—disintegration      18
Electrons in nucleus      5 9
Electrons, annihilation of      2
Electrons, spontaneous emission of      10
Electrostatic interaction of protons      7
Emission of $\alpha$-particles      14
Emission of $\beta$-rays      10 14
Emission of $\gamma$-rays      13
Emission of heavy particles      13
Emission of light quanta      14
Emission of neutrons      13
Emission of protons      14
Energy      5
Energy distribution in inelastic scattering      114
Energy equivalent      2
Energy levels, nuclear, density of      115
Energy, conserved      5
Energy, kinetic      5
Exchange and spin, relation between      84
Exchange forces      81
Exchange forces and saturation      83
Exchange forces, effects of      82
Exchange forces, quantitative theory of      87
Excited states of deuteron      34
Excited states of nucleus      111
Experiments on neutron-proton scattering      42 91
Experiments on photodisintegration      60
Experiments on scattering by para-hydrogen      49
Experiments, proton-proton, advantages of      64
Fast neutrons      7
Fast nuclear particles, uncertainty in position of      111
Feather      60
Fermi      43
Fermi interaction      97
Fermi statistics      16
Fisk      81
Forbidden transitions, half-lives      106
Force constants, determination of      76
Force, Bartlett      82
Force, Heisenberg      82
Force, Majorana      82
Force, Wigner      82
Forces, exchange      81
Forces, non-central      73
Forces, nuclear, meson theory of      94
Forces, ordinary, non-saturation of      81
Forces, proton-proton      64
Forces, quantitative theory of      87
Forces, saturation of      80
Forces, short-range      66
Formula, dispersion      120
Free particle model      116
Frisch      44
Froetter      94
Fundamental particles in nucleus      5 7
Gamow      6 106
Gamow — Tellcr selection rules      106
Geometrical cross section      7 111
Gerlach      15
Gilbert      40
Goldhaber      29 60
Goppert — Mayer      33
Gordon      94
Graham      60 111
Ground state of deuteron      29
Ground state of He      2 64
Gurney      6
gyromagnetic ratio      24
Hafstad      66
Halban      60
Hamermesh      53
Hansen      15
Havens      118
Haxby      20
HE      6 5
Heisenberg      81
Heisenberg force      82
Heitler      56
Herb      70
Heydenburg      66
High-energy neutrons, experiments with      91
High-energy phenomena, information from      62
Hyperfine structure of spectra      15
Inelastic scattering, energy distribution in      114
Information obtainable from high-energy experiment      63
Intensity alternation in band spectra      18
Interaction of deuteron with radiation      56
Interaction, electrostatic, of protons      7
Interference between nuclear and Coulomb scattering      64
Invariance, against inversion      73
Inversion of coordinate system      73
Isobars      2 11
Isobars of neighboring Z      11
Isobars, stability of      11
Isomer of nucleus      13
Isotopes, defined      1
Isotopic spin      84
Isotopic spin functions      85
Jentschke      29
K electron capture      10 14 22 108
Kanne      71
Kellogg      23
Kemble      74
Kepner      78
Kerst      70
Kikuchi      101 115
Kimura      29
kinetic energy      5
Klein — Gordon equation      94
Konopinski      97 103
Konopinski — Uhlenbeck theory      100 104
Kramers      7
Kruger      92
Kurie plot      100
Ladenburg      40
Lande’s formula      28
Laughlin      92
Lawson      100
Levels width, experimental      119
Levels, nuclear energy, density of      115
Li      6 5
Lifetimes      102
Lifetimes in allowed transitions      102
Lifetimes in forbidden transitions      105
Light quanta, emission of      14 119
Liquid-drop model      80
Low-energy phenomena, information from      62
Lyman      101
Magnetic moments      15
Magnetic moments of deuteron      25
Majorana force      82
Marhoefer      29
Masa, reduced      37
Mass excess      4
Mass number      1
Mass spectrograph      3
Massey      37 66 67
Matter, bulk, internal energies of      80
Meson theory of nuclear forces      88 94
Metastable state of nucleus      13
Molecular beams      15
Molecular velocity effect on neutron scattering      49
Moment, magnetic      15
Moment, quadrupole, of deuteron      27
Moon      119
Morse      81
Mott      37 66 67
Myers      29
Neutral meson theory      88
Neutrino      20
Neutrino mass      20
Neutron emission      13
Neutron spin      45
Neutron spin from scattering      45
Neutron spin, evidence for      45
Neutron-proton scattering      78
Neutron-proton scattering at high energies      91
Neutron-proton scattering, experimental results on      42 69
Neutrons at high energies      91
Neutrons by para-hydrogen      49
Neutrons by protons      37 78
Neutrons by protons bound in molecules      47
Neutrons in nucleus      5 8
Neutrons thermal      43
Neutrons, capture of, by protons      60 79
Neutrons, D — D      42
Neutrons, fast      7
Neutrons, scattering of, by ortho-hydrogen      49
Non-central forces      73
Non-saturation of ordinary forces      81
Non-zero spin, nuclei of      18
Nuckolls      44
Nuclear abundance      12
Nuclear charge      1
Nuclear constituents      15
Nuclear disintegration      13
Nuclear energy levels, density of      116
Nuclear energy levels, width      119
Nuclear force, between neutron and neutron      18 71
Nuclear force, between neutron and proton      30
Nuclear force, between proton and proton      64 71
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