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Callen H.B. — Thermodynamics
Callen H.B. — Thermodynamics

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Название: Thermodynamics

Автор: Callen H.B.

Аннотация:

In writing this book I have forsaken the conventional inductive development of thermodynamics in favor of a postulational approach, which I believe to be more direct and logically simple. I have not sought to formulate the most logically economical or minimum set of postulates, but rather I have chosen postulates that can be made plausible and intuitive. In order to motivate the postulates, an elementary qualitative statistical discussion is given in an appendix and some appeal is made to experimental observations, but the spirit of the development is that the postulates are best justified by a posteriori success of the theory rather than by a priori proof.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1962

Количество страниц: 391

Добавлена в каталог: 29.04.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Adiabatic compression      125
Adiabatic demagnetization      255
Adiabatic process      16
Adiabatic process near zero temperature      189
Adiabatic wall      15
Affinities      284
Air-standard diesel cycle      359
Angular dilatation      217
Antiferromagnetic materials      252
Berthelot equation of state      341
Brayton cycle      358
Caratheodory theory      42
Carnot cycle      77ff
Carnot efficiency      see "Thermodynamic engine efficiency"
Celsius scale of temperature      41
Centigrade scale of temperature      41
Characteristic function of distribution function      273
Characteristic vibrational temperatures for various gases      331
chemical potential      see "Electrochemical potential"
Chemical reactions      199 203
Chemical reactions, additivity of      211
Chemical reactions, in ideal gases      207
Clapeyron — Clausius equation      157ff
Closed systems      15
Coefficient of heat pump performance      75
Coefficient of refrigerator performance      75
Coefficient of thermal expansion      54
Coefficient of thermal expansion near zero temperature      185
Coefficient of thermal expansion of general ideal gases      326 336
Coefficient of thermal expansion of liquids      344 346
Coefficient of thermal expansion of solids      350 352
Coefficients of thermal strain      232
Coefficients of thermal stress      232
Complementary subsystem      132
Compliance matrix      178 364
Composite functions      311
Composite system      23
Compressibility of general ideal gases      326 336
Compressibility of liquids      344—346
Compressibility of solids      351—352
Compressibility, isothermal      54
Configuration space, thermodynamic      59ff
Constraints, internal      23
Correlation of fluctuations      274
Critical field of superconductors      260
Critical fluctuations      280
Critical opalescence      269 280
Critical phases, and second-order phase transitions      172ff 194
Critical point      159
Critical pressure      159
Critical temperature      159
Critical temperature of superconductors      259
Curie temperature      252
Curie — Weiss law      251
Debye theory of specific heat      353ff
Degree of reaction      202
Degrees of critical regions      173
Degrees of freedom      50 165
Demagnetization coefficients      248
Derivatives, formal relations among      309ff
Derivatives, method of reduction of      121ff
Diamagnetic materials      250
Diathermal wall      15
Diesel cycle      359
Diffusion      290
Displacive transitions      176
Distillation      164
Distribution function of fluctuations      267
Distribution function of fluctuations, characteristic function of      273
Distribution function of fluctuations, Gaussian approximation to      280
Distribution function of fluctuations, moments of      272 274 279
Domains, magnetic      239 253
Dulong — Petit value of specific heat      354
Efficiency      see "Thermodynamic engine efficiency"
Ehrenfest's theory of second-order phase transitions      180
Elastic compliance coefficients      226 364
Elastic constants      see "Elastic stiffness coefficients"
Elastic stiffness coefficients      226 361
Elastic stiffness coefficients, adiabatic      235
Elastic stiffness coefficients, in cubic systems      228
Elasticity      213ff
Electric conductivity      296
Electric conductivity, adiabatic      306
Electric conductivity, isothermal      305
Electrochemical potential      31
Electrochemical potential, as partial molar Gibbs function      115
Electrochemical potential, units      46
Endothermic reaction      204
Energy, conservation of      10
Energy, current density      288
Energy, free      see "Helmholtz potential" "Gibbs
Energy, internal      10
Energy, measurability of      15ff
Energy, minimum principle      85ff
Energy, representation      36
Energy, units      20
Engines      69ff
Enthalpy      99 110ff
Enthalpy, minimum principle      106
entropy      24
Entropy of mixing in ideal gases      337
Entropy, current density      287
Entropy, discontinuity in phase transition      156
Entropy, instantaneous      269
Entropy, local      286
Entropy, production of      28
Entropy, representation      36
Entropy, statistical significance      315
Equation of state      33
Equation of state of monatomic ideal gas      51
Equation of state, Berthelot's      341
Equation of state, magnetic      249
Equation of state, van der Waals'      147 341
Equilibrium      11ff
Equilibrium constant      208
Equilibrium constant, additivity of      212
Equilibrium constant, temperature dependence of      209
Equilibrium with respect to matter flow      45ff
Equilibrium, in chemical reaction      201
Equilibrium, mechanical      43ff
Equilibrium, metastable      14
Equilibrium, postulate on existence of      12 192
Equilibrium, stable      28
Equilibrium, thermal      37 89
Equilibrium, unstable      28
Ettingshausen effect      307
Euler equation      47 193
Eutectic solution      170
Exothermic reaction      204
Expansion coefficient      see "Coefficient of thermal expansion"
Extensive parameters      9
Extensive parameters, current density of      287
Extensive parameters, electric      243
Extensive parameters, energetic      36
Extensive parameters, entropic      36
Extensive parameters, instantaneous      269
Extensive parameters, local      286
Extensive parameters, magnetic      238
Extremum principles, for energy      85ff
Extremum principles, for entropy      24
Extremum principles, for Massieu functions      116
Extremum principles, for potentials      103ff
Fahrenheit temperature scale      41
Fahrenheit temperature scale, absolute      40
Ferrimagnetic materials      254
Ferroelectricity      173
Ferromagnetic materials      253
ferromagnetism      173 253
Fick's law of diffusion      290
Fluctuations      267ff
Fluxes      284
Forces in irreversible thermodynamics      see "Affinities"
Free energy      see "Gibbs function" "Helmholtz
Free expansion      127
Fundamental equation      25
Fundamental equation of monatomic ideal gas      53
Fundamental equation, differential form      31
Fundamental equation, energetic and entropic forms      36
Fundamental equation, for elastic systems      219
Fundamental relation      see "Fundamental equation"
Gases      324ff
Gases, ideal monatomic      51ff
Gases, multicomponent ideal      335
Gases, nonideal      338
Gases, single component, general ideal      324
Geometry and Legendre transforms      92
Gibbs free energy      see "Gibbs function"
Gibbs function      99 115
Gibbs function, minimum principle      106
Gibbs phase rule      159 163
Gibbs phase rule, for chemically reactive systems      206
Gibbs — Duhem relation      48ff 193
Gibbs — Duhem relation, for general ideal gases      327
Gibbs' theorem of gas mixtures      335
Grand canonical potential      100
Gruneisen constant      355
Gruneisen equation      355
Hall effect, adiabatic      306
Hall effect, isothermal      306
Hamiltonian, and Legendre transformation      96
Heat conductivity      297
Heat conductivity, adiabatic      306
Heat conductivity, isothermal      306
Heat content      see "Enthalpy"
Heat function      see "Enthalpy"
Heat of fusion      156
Heat of reaction      204
Heat of reaction at zero temperature      209
Heat of reaction of ideal gas reactions      210
Heat of sublimation      156
Heat of vaporization      156
Heat pump      74ff
Heat, current density      295
Heat, latent      156
Heat, qualitative definition      7
Heat, quantitative definition      17ff
Heat, relation to entropy increase      32
Heat, units      20
Helmholtz free energy      see "Helmholtz potential"
Helmholtz potential      98 106ff
Helmholtz potential, minimum principle      105
Homogeneous first-order function      26
Homogeneous quadratic forms      134
Homogeneous zero-order function      33
Hooke's equation of state      236
Hydrogen, ortho and para      13
Hysteresis      239
Ideal gas, general      324 335
Ideal monatomic gas      51ff 328
Imperfect differential      19
Implicit functions      312
Instantaneous parameters      269
Intensive parameters      31
Intensive parameters, electric      244
Intensive parameters, entropic      35
Intensive parameters, instantaneous      270
Intensive parameters, local      286
Intensive parameters, magnetic      243
Inversion temperature, for ideal gas      114
Inversion temperature, in Joule — Thomson process      113
Irreversible process      63 283ff
Irreversible process, entropy changes in      68
Isothermal compression      126
Jacobians      128ff
Jacobians and elastic systems      236
Joule cycle      358
Joule heat      300
Joule — Thomson process      112
Joule, James      11 17
Kelvin relations of thermoelectricity      293 300—302
Kelvin scale of temperature, absolute      40 80
Kelvin scale of temperature, international      41
Kinetic coefficients      289
Lagrangian, and Legendre transformation      96
Lame constants      229
Langevin — Weiss equation      253
Latent heat      156
Le Chatelier principle      135
Le Chatelier principle, in chemically reactive systems      205
Le Chatelier — Braun principle      139ff
Leduc — Righi effect      307
Legendre transformations      90ff 193
Lever rule      154
Linear dilatation      217
Linear irreversible processes      289
liquid helium      173
Liquids, properties of      344ff
Liquidus curve      169
Magnetocaloric effect      255
Magnetoconductivity coefficient      308
Magnetoresistance      see "Magnetoconductivity coefficient"
Markoffian system      288
Mass action law      208
Massieu functions      101
Massieu functions, maximum principles      116
Maximum work processes      66
Maxwell relations      56 117ff 193
Maxwell relations, for elastic systems      224
Mean square deviation of fluctuations      273 278
Meissner effect      259
Metastable states      162
Mixing entropy      337
Mnemonic diagram      see "Mnemonic square"
Mnemonic square      119ff
Mnemonic square, for elastic systems      224
Mnemonic square, for general systems      194
Mnemonic square, for magnetic systems      246 247
Molar Gibbs function      115
molar mass      8
Molar volume      9
Mole fraction      9
Mole number      8
Mole number, in isotopic mixtures      9 (Prob. 1.2-13)
Moments of distribution of fluctuations      272 274 279
Neel temperature      252
Nernst effect, adiabatic      307
Nernst effect, isothermal      306
Nernst postulate      27 182ff
Nernst postulate, Planck form of      27 182
Normal coordinates      6
Normal modes      5
Ohm's law      290
Onsager's reciprocity theorem      289
Onsager's reciprocity theorem, statistical basis of      290
Order-disorder transition      173 176
Osmotic pressure      107
Otto cycle      357
Paramagnetic materials      250
Partial derivatives      309ff
Partial pressure in gas mixtures      337
Peltier effect      299
Phase diagrams      167
Phase loci      157ff
Phase nucleus      163
Phase transitions      136 146ff
Phase transitions, higher-order      172
Phase transitions, in multicomponent systems      163
Phase transitions, polymorphic      146
Phase transitions, second-order, Ehrenfest's theory      180
Phase transitions, second-order, Tisza's theory      172
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