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Compton A.H. — X-rays and electrons. An outline of recent X-ray theory
Compton A.H. — X-rays and electrons. An outline of recent X-ray theory



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Название: X-rays and electrons. An outline of recent X-ray theory

Автор: Compton A.H.

Аннотация:

This book has grown from lectures on X-rays which I have given at the University of California and the University of Chicago during the last five years. Though I have tried to cover the whole field of the physics of X-rays with some completeness, those aspects have naturally been treated in greater detail which are most closely allied with my own researches. Such emphasis is perhaps the more justified by the recent appearance of a new edition of the Braggs' notable book X-rays and Crystal Structure, together with treatises by Wyckoff, Rinne, Ewald and others covering about the same field, and Siegbahn's excellent account of The Spectroscopy of X-rays. In the present volume only an introduction to the problems of crystal structure and X-ray spectroscopy has been given. Kaye and de Broglie in their books on X-rays have described in some detail the experimental aspects of the subject. It is rather with the interpretation of the properties of X-rays in terms of the interaction between radiation and electrons that the present work deals. 1 have been chiefly concerned with the information X-ray studies have afforded regarding the structure of the atom and the nature of the X-rays themselves.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1926

Количество страниц: 425

Добавлена в каталог: 22.04.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$\beta$ ray, excited by X-rays      224
$\beta$ ray, ionization by      257
$\beta$ ray, tracks      4 258
Absorption, coefficients      7 177 355
Absorption, critical      186 190 191
Absorption, due to scattering      194 307
Absorption, empirical formula for      189
Absorption, experimental test of classical theory      204
Absorption, long wave trains      198
Absorption, mass      7 8
Absorption, tables of coefficients      180—185
Absorption, total      175
Absorption, true      309
Ahmad, N.      308
Allen, S. J. M.      308
Andrade, E. N. C.      389
Atomic and electron constants      383
Atomic number and Moseley’s law      25
Atoms, distances apart in crystals      92 93 116
Atoms, distribution of electrons in      79
Atoms, regularity of grouping in liquids      75—77
Auger, P.      249
Ayres, T.      306
Babcock, G. D.      271
Bache, A.      176
Backhurst, I.      169
Balmers series      34
Barkla, C. G.      13 25 35 47 62 68 81 178 186 230 261 306
Barlow      91
Bearden, J. A.      132 147 167
Beatty, R. T.      230
Bohr, N.      29 35 239 257 278 282 315 343
Bohr’s theory      29—35 315—317 324
Bosanquet, C. H.      117 135 144 147 149 153 161 165 167
Bothe, W., recoil electrons      259 273
Bowen, I. S.      342
Bragg, W. H.      21 115 117 118 135 137 138 144 147 149 151 153 161 165 167 169 253
Bragg, W. L.      20 115 117 137 138
Bragg’s formula      23 96 318
Bragg’s formula, corrected for refraction      212
Bragg’s formula, derived by use of quanta      317
Brandes, effect of X-rays on the retina      1
Bravais      91
Breit, G., intensity of scattered radiation      97 304 321
Broglie, L. de, theory of absorption      349
Broglie, M. de      172 231 253 328 389
Bubb, F. W.      236 241 357 358
Bubb’s theory of distribution of photoelectrons      246 358
Cabrera, J.      389
Characteristic radiations      13 26—27 39 398
Clark, H.      74
Coefficient, absorption      7 177 180—185 355
Coefficient, scattering      60
Collins, E. H.      169
Compton, A. H.      33 67 69 70 75 81 88 73 262 264 265 274 275 282 298 306 390
Compton, K. T.      173 223
Continuous spectrum      27
Continuous spectrum, intensity and voltage      28
Continuous spectrum, short-wave limit      27
Coolidge tube      3
Correspondence principle and scattered energy      296
Cosmic rays      57
Coster, D.      343
Crowther, J. A.      188
Crystals, analysis by powder method      102
Crystals, diffuse scattering by      170
Crystals, infinite, simple cubic      318
Crystals, lattices      92 93
Crystals, Miller, indices      94
Crystals, perfect and irregular      119 126
Crystals, reflecting power      117
Crystals, reflection      18—25 95
Crystals, reflection and temperature      169
Crystals, reflection from very small crystals      121
Crystals, table of structure of the elements      116
Damping and width of lines      54
Darwin, C. G.      74 119 139 140 142 169 212
Dauvillier, A.      188 346
Davis, Bergen      134 142 143 214 219
Debye, P.      74 75 76 102 169 172 297
Defoe, O. K.      294
Dershem, E.      8
Diffraction of X-rays      16—25
Diffraction of X-rays by crystal      18—25 126—129 318
Diffraction of X-rays by liquids      75—77
Diffraction of X-rays by ruled grating      17 325
Diffraction of X-rays by slit      16
Doan, R. L.      215
Dobronsawov, N.      238
Doppler effect and scattering      264 279
Dorn, E.      1
Doublets, irregular      340
Doublets, relativity      337 339
Drude, P.      205
Duane, W.      36 115 151 158 161 172 188 213 223 271 317 332 337
Ehrenfest, P.      77 161 321
Einstein, A.      222
Electromagnetic energy      42
Electromagnetic field due to accelerated electron      40
Electromagnetic field due to slow electron      39
Electromagnetic radiation of energy      43
Electromagnetic theory      38—57 365—380
Electrons and atomic constants      383
Electrons in Bohr orbits, and scattered quanta      289
Electrons, binding of, and scattered quanta      285—295
Electrons, complex, effect on scattering      87
Electrons, cooperation in scattering      65
Electrons, density in atomic layers      152 159
Electrons, distribution in atoms      79 161 165 343
Electrons, free, and scattered quanta      265—285
Electrons, large, and scattering      88
Electrons, mass and velocity      374
Electrons, moving, radiation from      38—50 365—380
Electrons, number per atom      61
Electrons, photo-electrons      14 230 235—259
Electrons, recoil      227 273 393
Ellis, C. D.      231 233 253 389
energy levels      232
Epstein, P.      161 321
Ewald, P., no      140 212
Extinction in crystals      134 135 143 146
Fage, E. W.      308 313
Faxen, H.      169 172
Fleming, N.      308 313
Florance, D. C. H.      306
Flourescent rays, n      12
Fourier series applied to a pulsey      48
Fourier series, electron distribution      151
Fricke, H.      312 337
Friedrich, W.      7
Friedrich, W. ray wave lengths      233 234 389 392
Gases, ionization of      4
Geiger, H.      225
General radiation, form of energy curve      27
General radiation, polarization      47
General radiation, pulse, theory of production      38—52
General radiation, short-wave limit      51
Glasser, O.      312
Glocker, R.      74
Gnomonic projection, no Grant      188
Grating, crystal      18—25 327
Grating, ruled      17 325
Haga      16 47
Hagenow, C. T.      69
Hallwachs, W.      237
Hartree, D. R.      347
Hatley, C. C.      37 214
Havighurst, R. J.      147 151 161 165
Herweg, J.      47
Hewlett, C. W.      61 62 66 76 172 306 3 8
Hjalmar, E.      213
Houstoun, R. A.      202
Hughes, A. L.      223
Hull, A. W.      102 115
Hunt, F. L.      223
Inertia and energy      376
Innes, P. D.      230
Intensity, distribution about cathode stream      46
Inter-atomic distances      75 92 93 116
Ionization produced by X-raysy      4
Irregular doublets      390 7
Irregular doublets, radiation      188 261
James, B. W.      117 135 144 47
Jauncey, G. E. M.      48 169 172 288— 295 302—304
Jauncey’s formula for scattered intensity      3 2
Jauncey’s theory of scatterings      288—295
Jeans, J. H.      221
Joffe, A.      238
K radiation      26 261 333 396
Kaye, G. W. C.      45
Keeson, W. H.      76
Kirchhoff’s law and X-ray absorption      349
Kleeman, R. D.      237
Kohlrausch, K. W. F.      306
Kovarik, A. F.      389
Kramers theory of emission and absorptiony      349
Kramers, H. A.      239 278 282 351 352 391
Kramer’s theory      352
Kramer’s theory, long wave trains      53
Kramer’s theory, scattered radiation      296 314
L radiation      26 261 333 397
Lande      74
Larsson, A.      37 217
Laub, J.      188
Laue, M.      18 90
Levels, energy      332
Lines, characteristic      13 26—27 396—398
Lines, width due to damping      54
Liquids and X-ray diffraction      75—77
Loebe, W. W.      45
Lorentz transformation      365
Lorentz, H. A.      205 209
Lyman series      34
M radiation      333 398
Magnesium oxide, crystal structure      113
Magnesium, crystal structure      109
Magnetisation and reflection      173
Maizlish, I.      87
Maxwell, displacement currents      38
Miller indices      94
Millikan, R. A.      5 223 342
Molybdenum, crystal structure      107
Momentum of radiation      265
Moseley, H. G. J.      25 35 337 343
Moseley’s diagram      343
Moseley’s Jaw      25 35 337
Nardroff, R. von      37 214 220
Nernst, E.      222
Nuttall, J. M.      294
Olmstead, P. S.      33
Olson, A. R.      8
Optical and X-ray doublets      342
Owen, E. A.      188 194 238 308 313
Owens law      192 254
Partzsch, A.      237
Patterson, R. A.      213
Peirce, S. E.      178
Perrin, F.      249
Photo-electric effect      14
Photo-electric effect, compound      233
Photo-electric effect, method of production      238
Photo-electrons      13
Photo-electrons and quanta      248
Photo-electrons, maximum emission angle      246
Photo-electrons, number      253
Photo-electrons, range in matter      254
Photo-electrons, spatial distribution      235 246 249
Photo-electrons, speed      230
Planck’s constant      13 90
Planck’s quantum hypothesis      221
Pohl, R.      16
Poincare      221
Polarization, general radiation      15 47 362
Polarization, scattered radiation      6
Principle of correspondence      296
Pulse theory      38—52 195—198 381—382
Pulse theory and absorption      195
Pulse theory, difficulties with      50
Pulse theory, efficiency of production of X-rays      48
Pulse theory, Fourier integral      381
Pulse theory, intensity of radiation      43
Quanta directed, vs. spreading waves      27 3
Quanta, directed, and scattered X-rays      281
Quanta, energy of      222 265
Quanta, instantaneous action of      287
Quanta, momentum of      265
Quanta, scattered by free electrons      264 279
Quantum theory, origin of      221
Rabinov, I. I.      17
Raman, C. V.      77
Ramanathan, H. R.      77
Rawlinson, W. F.      227
Rayleigh      221
Read, H. S.      8
Recoil electrons      227
Reflection of x-rays      18—25
Reflection of X-rays and magnetisation      173
Reflection of X-rays, effect of temperature on      169
Reflection of X-rays, from perfect crystals      140
Reflection of X-rays, integrated      118 128
Reflection of X-rays, total      18 215
Refraction of X-rays      35
Refraction of X-rays and electron frequencies      205 206
Refraction of X-rays by a prism      217
Refraction of X-rays by crystal wedge      214
Regular and irregular doublets      334
Relativity doublets      337 339
Richardson, O. W.      223 230
Richtmyer, F. K.      188 194 219 391
Robinson, H. R.      227 232 346
Roentgen, W. C.      1 21 35 217
Rognley, O.      173
Ross, P. A.      270 272 273 293
Rosseland, S.      257
Rutherford, E.      29 258 389
Sadler, C. A.      13 25
Scattered X-radiation and quanta      260 265
Scattered X-radiation, absorption coefficient      194 307
Scattered X-radiation, Breit’s formula for intensity      304
Scattered X-radiation, change of wave length in      69 261—272 393
Scattered X-radiation, coefficient of      60
Scattered X-radiation, Compton’s formula for intensity      300
Scattered X-radiation, conservation of energy      266 286
Scattered X-radiation, cooperation of electrons      64 384
Scattered X-radiation, Debye formula for intensity      297
Scattered X-radiation, distribution of electrons in atoms and      61 79
Scattered X-radiation, Doppler effect      264
Scattered X-radiation, early experiments on      261
Scattered X-radiation, failure of wave theory      83
Scattered X-radiation, from bound electrons      84 285
Scattered X-radiation, from complex electrons      87
Scattered X-radiation, from electrons in Bohr orbits      289
Scattered X-radiation, from groups of electrons      79
Scattered X-radiation, hard      62 83
Scattered X-radiation, intensity and scattering angle      66 67
Scattered X-radiation, interference effects      64 72 384
Scattered X-radiation, Jauncey’s formula for intensity      302
Scattered X-radiation, method of computing wave length from      80
Scattered X-radiation, n      12
Scattered X-radiation, Thomson theory      58
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