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Yoder P.R.Jr. — Mounting optics in optical instruments
Yoder P.R.Jr. — Mounting optics in optical instruments

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Название: Mounting optics in optical instruments

Автор: Yoder P.R.Jr.

Аннотация:

This work is intended to provide practitioners in the fields of optical engineering and optomechanical design with a comprehensive understanding of the principal ways in which optical components such as lenses, windows, filters, shells, domes, prisms, and mirrors of all sizes typically are mounted in optical instruments. It also addresses the advantages and disadvantages of various mooting arrangements and provides some analytical tools that can be used to evaluate and compare different optomechanical designs. The presentation includes the theoretical background for some of these tools and cites the sources for the most of the equations listed. Each section contains an illustrated discussion of the technology involved and, wherever feasible, one or more worked-out practical examples.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2002

Количество страниц: 599

Добавлена в каталог: 22.04.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$Al_{2}O_{3}$      see Sapphire
$As_{2}O_{3}$      see Arsenic trisulfide
$a_{G}$      see acceleration factor
$BaF_{2}$      see Barium Fluoride
$CaAl_{2}O_{3}$      see Calcium aluminosilicate
$CaF_{2}$      see Calcium fluoride
$CeO_{2}$      see Cerium oxide
$Ge_{33}AS_{12}Se_{55}$      see AMTIR
$MgF_{2}$      see Magnesium fluoride
Abbe erecting system      169 171
Abbe version of the Porro prism      167 168
Aberration from prisms      155 156 162 163 185 186
Abrasion      see Erosion
Acceleration factor ($a_{G}$)      72 74 163 194 201 202 213 217 277 278 280 397 398 419 423 425 431 459 506 509
Acceleration factor ($a_{G}$), defined      43
Acrylic      see Polymethylmethacrylate
Adhesive optical      see Optical cement
Adhesive properties of      App. B13 B14
Adhesive structural      App. B14
Air bag mirror support      342 348-350
Alignment by lathe assembly      102-104
Alignment of multiple lenses      104-115
Alignment of single lenses      81-88
Allyl diglycol carbonate (CR39), properties of      App. B3
Alon      see Aluminum oxynitride
Aluminum (Al), properties of      App. B9 Bl0a B12
Aluminum matrix materials      App. B9 Bl0b
Aluminum oxynitride (ALON), properties of      App. B5
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)      42
Amici prism      165 166 206 207 212 398 495
Amici/penta erecting system      170 172
AMTIR ($Ge_{33}AS_{12}Se_{55}$), properties of      App. B7 B17
ANSI      see American National Standards Institute
ANSI Publication      B 1.1-1982 44 51 269
Antireflection (A/R) coating      141 142 144 230-232
Aperture estimation of      157-161
Arsenic trisulfide ($As_{2}O_{3}$), properties of      App. B7
Articulated telescope, prism mounting for      502-506
Athermalization techniques      403-414
AXAF      see Chandra telescope
Axicon, internally reflecting      179 180
Barium fluoride ($BaF_{2}$), properties of      App. B4
Bauernfeind $45^{\circ}$ prism      179
Be      see Beryllium
Beamsplitter prism, design of      163-165
Beamsplitter prism, mounting for      193-195
Bearing, flexure      313
Bearing, spherical      362
Beryllium (Be), properties of      App. Bl0c B12
Binocular, M17      446
Binocular, M19      447 491-494
Binocular, Swarovski      130 221 222
Binocular, Zeiss      129
Biocular prism      181 182
Birefringence      29 30 372 418 427 466 502
Bladder      see Air bag mirror support
Bonding area      163 213 214 217 277 398
Brass, properties of      App. B12
Burnishing lenses into cells      33 35 36 57 104 148 456
C      see Diamond
Calcium aluminosilicate ($CaAl_{2}O_{3}$), properties of      App B5
Calcium fluoride ($CaF_{2}$), properties of      App. B4
Catadioptric systems      121-123 233 295 403 406 433 466-477
Cement, optical      see Optical cement
Centering of lenses      see Decentration
Cerium oxide ($CeO_{2}$)      see Radiation-resistant glass
Chalcogenide materials, properties of      App. B7
Chandra telescope      464-466
Coatings, antireflection      141 142 144 230-
Coatings, electroless nickel (EN)      260 262 263 519 553
Coatings, reflecting      14 83 175 177 179 209 227 230 275 469
Coefficient of thermal defocus ($\delta_{G}$), definition      407
Coefficient of thermal defocus ($\delta_{G}$), values for selected optical materials      App. B17
Coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE, $\alpha$), definition      10
Comer-cube prism      see Cube-comer prism
COMPOSITES      11 14 15 259 329 404 409 432 App.
Conical interface      see Tangential interface
Contact stress, estimation of, in lenses      373-391
Contact stress, estimation of, in prisms      392-397 506-513
Contact stress, estimation of, in small mirrors      391 392
Contamination      1 3 5 366
Convection heating      414
Cooled lens assemblies      see Thermal shock
Copper (Cu), properties of      App. B12
Corrosion      1 3 5 15 16
CR39      see Allyl diglycol carbonate
Crash safety      3
CRES      see Steel stainless
Crystals, optical, properties of      App. B4-7
Cu      see Copper
Cube-comer prism      180 181 285 286
Cyanoacrylate adhesive, properties of      App. B14
Cyclic olefin copolymer      88
Decentration      21 22 24 25 72-74 76 94 104 126 277 291 403 446 456 458 466 486
Delta prism      177 178 210
Density, definition of      11
Diamond (C), properties of      App. B6
Differential thread      107 126-128 293
Dispersing prism      2 183-185 497-502
dispersion      11 14 183-186 484 497 499
Dome, optical      3 29 30 135 151-153 415
Double-Dove prism      156 163 174-176 210
Dove prism      156 163 173-175 210
Drop-in assembly      93 101
Duran      50
Duran, properties of      App. B8a
E6      see Ohara E6 glass
Echellette spectrograph/imager (ESI)      497-502
Edge-contacted lenses      99 100
Elastomer, properties of      App. B15
Environmental testing      3
Epoxy pinning      85 114 115
Epoxy, properties of      App. B14
Erosion, rain      7 141 142 151
Erosion, sand/dust      7 141 151
Expansion, thermal      see Thermal expansion
Eyepiece, diopter adjustment      127 129
Eyepiece, fixed focus      101
Eyepiece, focusing      30 106 127-129
Eyepiece, sealing of      124 125
Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spectrograph      515-519
Filter, optical, heated      147 150 415
Filter, optical, laminated      148-150
Filter, optical, segmented (mosaic)      149-151
Flexure bearing      313 314 353
Flexure supports, lenses      76-81 84 85
Flexure supports, mirrors      279 280 287-294
Flexure supports, prisms      222-224
Fluoride glass (HTF1), properties of      App. B5
Fluorite      see Calcium fluoride
Fluorophosphate glass (IRG9), properties of      App. B5
flushing      see Purging
Focus adjustment, eyepiece      30 106 127-129
Focus adjustment, wedge system      187-189
force      see also Preload
Force, Definition of      10
Fresnel reflection      110 192 229-233
Friction, coefficient of      see Coefficient of friction
Frit bonding      see Mirror frit
Fungus      1 3 7
Fused silica, properties of      App. B5
GaAS      see Gallium arsenide
Gallium arsenide (GaAs), properties of      App. B6 B17
Gemini telescope      340-343
Geostationary Orbiting Environmental Satellite (GOES) telescope      404 405 514 515
Germanate (9754), properties of      App. B5
Germanium (Ge), properties of      App. B6 B17
Glass, infrared transmitting      App. B5
Glass, lightweight      14 App.
Glass, map      11 12
Glass, optical, properties of      App. Bl B17
Glass, radiation resistant      3 7 14
Graphite epoxy, properties of      App. B8b
Gratings, mountings for      see Far Ultraviolet Spectrographic Explorer (FUSE spectrograph)
Gravitational effects on optics      6 43 72 73 121 194 199 216 217 237 246 248 283 296 300-308 311 317-319 322 323 333 342 343 346 348 354 357 360 361 398 520
Gravity      see Acceleration factor Self-weight
Hale telescope      247 312 316-318
Hindle mounting for mirrors      303-305 319-322 324-330
Hoop stress      see Stress tangential
Hubble telescope      311 350-354 360-
Humidity      5
Humidity, typical extremes      8
Hyperhemisphere      see Dome optical
Image displacement, axial by prism      155-157
Image displacement, lateral by tilted plate      231 232
Image, ghost      166 227 229-233 264
Image, inverted      166
Image, left-handed      2
Image, reverted      2
Image, right-handed      2
Indium antimonide (InSb), properties of      App. B6
Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) telescope      311 357-360 403
InSb      see Indium antimonide
Interface, cylindrical pad      203 205-208 274 386 390 391 393-395 506 508 509
Interface, elastomeric      29 33 66-76 81 104 136 145 146 148 151-153 179 213 278 285 462-464 466
Interface, flat bevel      33 39-41 54 65 75 89 102 271 277 295 372 391 444 445 448 451 464 472 476 484
Interface, kinematic      21 26 27 193
Interface, nonkinematic      29 193 208 277 278 343
Interface, rim contact      22 433
Interface, semikinematic      26 28 29 56 193- 200 275 300 343 506 507
Interface, sharp-corner      33 56-59 63 96 100 207 270 271 376-381 383 384 393 430 446 467 484
Interface, spherical      33 63-65 76 380 381 383 444 472 475 484
Interface, spherical pad      208 277 386-391 396
Interface, step bevel      33 65 66 102 390
Interface, surface contact      23
Interface, tangential      33 59 60 61 75 76 270 271 378-381 383 384 388 390 391 424-426 429 430 448 476
Interface, toroidal      33 54 60-65 76 85 108 271 380 381 383 384 390-392 400 476
International Standards Organization (ISO)      3
Invar, properties of      App. B12
IRAS telescope      see Infrared Astronomical Observatory telescope
IRG      11
IRG, properties of      App. B5
ISO      see International Standards Organization
KBr      see Potassium bromide
KCl      see Potassium chloride
Keck telescope      319-326 484 497 499 501
Kinematic mounting      see Interface kinematic
Kitt Peak National Observatory telescope      313-316
KRS5      see Thallium bromoiodide
Kuiper (KAO) telescope      261-263
Lathe assembly technique      102-104
Left-handed image      see Image left-handed
Lens-to-mount interface      see Interface
LiF      see Lithium fluoride
Lightweight glasses      see Glass lightweight
Lightweighting of mirrors      236-267
Liquid pinning      see Epoxy pinning
Lithium fluoride (LiF), properties of      App. B4
Magnesium (Mg), properties of      App. B12
Magnesium fluoride ($MgF_{2}$)properties of      App. B4
Metal matrix, properties of      App. Bl0b (see also SXA)
Methy1methacro1ate      see Polymethylmethacrylate
Methylmethacrolate styrene copolymer (NAS), properties of      App. B3
MG      see Magnesium
Microscope objective, alignment of      456 457
Microscope objective, use of burnished lenses in      33 35 456
Microyield strength, definition of      10
Military specifications, U.S., MIL-S-11031 (sealants)      135
Military specifications, U.S., MIL-STD-210 (climatic information)      3 7
Military specifications, U.S., MIL-STD-810 (environmental testing)      10
Mirror configuration, built-up      233 236 248-254 257
Mirror configuration, contoured-back      237-247
Mirror configuration, first-surface      227-229 277 279 472 495
Mirror configuration, frit-bonded      248 252-254
Mirror configuration, machined-back      248 255-257 261 262
Mirror configuration, metal      121 248 261 262-264 297-
Mirror configuration, penta      281-284
Mirror configuration, retroreflector      285 286
Mirror configuration, roof penta      283 284
Mirror configuration, second-surface      14 227 229-233
Mirror, principal uses for      2
MMT      see Multiple-Mirror telescope
MO      see Molybdenum
Modulation (optical) transfer function of athermalized lens      412 513
Modulation (optical) transfer function with double-Dove prism      174
Modulus of elasticity      see Young’s modulus
Molybdenum (Mo), properties of      App. B12
Molybdenum lens cell      443
Mounting techniques, lens, burnished      33 35 104 148
Mounting techniques, lens, cantilevered spring      33 53-56
Mounting techniques, lens, elastomeric      29 33 66-75 104 135 136 145 146 148 151-
Mounting techniques, lens, flange      33 43 48-53 121 137- 145 150-153 398
Mounting techniques, lens, nonsymmetrical      33 55 56
Mounting techniques, lens, ring      36-43
Mounting techniques, lens, spring      33 34
Mounting techniques, lens, threaded retainer      33 44-48
Mounting techniques, mirror, adaptive      259 260
Mounting techniques, mirror, air bag      342 348-350
Mounting techniques, mirror, bonded      277-281
Mounting techniques, mirror, clamped      269-278
Mounting techniques, mirror, elastomeric      285 286
Mounting techniques, mirror, flange      271-273
Mounting techniques, mirror, flexure      287-294
Mounting techniques, mirror, Hindle      319-330
Mounting techniques, mirror, multiple-ring      329 333 334
Mounting techniques, mirror, parallel post      305-308
Mounting techniques, mirror, rim support      264-267 301-303
Mounting techniques, mirror, roller chain/strap      354-357
Mounting techniques, mirror, spring clip      273-278
Mounting techniques, mirror, threaded retaining ring      269-271
Mounting techniques, mirror, three point      301-303
Mounting techniques, mirror, whiffletree      see Hindle
Mounting techniques, prism, cantilevered bonded      212-217
Mounting techniques, prism, clamped      193-212
Mounting techniques, prism, double-sided bonded      217-223
Mounting techniques, prism, elastomeric      179
Mounting techniques, prism, flexure      222 224
Mounting techniques, prism, kinematic      193
Mounting techniques, prism, nonkinematic      208-212
Mounting techniques, prism, semikinematic      193-208
MTF      see Modulation (optical) transfer function
Multiple-lead thread      128
Multiple-Mirror telescope (MMT)      334-341
NaCl      see Sodium chloride
NAS      see Methylmethacrylate styrene copolymer
Nonkinematic      see Mounting type prism nonkinematic
Ohara E6 glass      336 434
Ohara E6 glass, properties of      App. B8a
Optical cement, properties of      App. B13
Optical Transfer Function (OTF)      see Modulation (optical) transfer function
Pechan prism      see Prism types Pechan
Pellicle      265 266
Penta prism      see Prism types penta
Periscope relay lens      97-99
pinning      see Epoxy pinning
Plastic doweling,      see Epoxy pinning
Plastic lenses, mounting of      88-91 116-118
Plastics, optical, properties of      App. B3
Plate, tilted, beam displacement introduced by      231 232
PMMA      see Polymethylmethacrylate
Poisson’s ratio ($\upsilon$), definition of      11
Poker-chip assembly      104-108
Polycarbonate, properties of      App. B3
Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), properties of      App. B3
Polystyrene, properties of      App. B3
Porro prism      see Prism types Porro
Porro prism erecting system      see Prism types Porro
Potassium bromide (KBr), properties of      App. B4 B17
Potassium chloride (KCl), properties of      App. B4 B17
Power spectral density      9
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