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Название: Inverse Problems: Mathematical and Analytical Techniques with Applications to Engineering
Автор: Ramm A.G.
Inverse problems are problems that consist of finding an unknown property of an object or medium through the observation of a response from this object or medium to a probing signal. Thus, the theory of inverse problems yields a theoretical basis for remote sensing and non-destructive evaluation. For example, if an acoustic plane wave is scattered by an obstacle, and one observes the scattered field from the obstacle, or in some exterior region, then the inverse problem is to find the shape and material properties of the obstacle. Such problems are important in the identification of flying objects (airplanes, missiles etc.), objects immersed in water (submarines, fish), and in many other situations. This book presents the theory of inverse spectral and scattering problems and of many other inverse problems for differential equations in an essentially self-contained way. An outline of the theory of ill-posed problems is given because inverse problems are often ill-posed. There are many novel features in this book. The concept of property C, introduced by the author, is developed and used as the basic tool for a study of a wide variety of one- and multi-dimensional inverse problems, making the theory easier and shorter.