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Название: Analytic combinatorics
Авторы: Flajolet P., Sedgewick R.
Analytic Combinatorics aims at predicting precisely the properties of large structured combinatorial configurations, through an approach based extensively on analytic methods. Generating functions are the central objects of the theory.
Analytic combinatorics staits from an exact enumerative description of combinatorial structures by means of generating functions, which make their first appearance as purely formal algebraic objects. Next, generating functions are interpreted as analytic objects, that is. as mappings of the complex plane into itself. Singularities determine a function's coefficients in asymptotic form and lead to precise estimates for counting sequences. This chain applies to a large number of problems of discrete mathematics relative to words, trees, permutations, graphs, and so on. A suitable adaptation of the methods also opens the way to the quantitative analysis of characteristic parameters of large random structures, via a pemubational approach.