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Bernard L. Cohen Ч Concepts of Nuclear Physics
Bernard L. Cohen Ч Concepts of Nuclear Physics



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Ќазвание: Concepts of Nuclear Physics

јвтор: Bernard L. Cohen

язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1976

 оличество страниц: 445

ƒобавлена в каталог: 19.11.2012

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
"Black" nucleus approximation      334
$fT_{\frac{1}{2}}$      282Ч283
Absorption of gamma rays      231Ч233
Absorption of neutrons      231Ч233
Absorption of thermal neutrons      339
Accelerators      239Ч243
Accelerators, cyclotron      240Ч243
Accelerators, tandem Van de Graaff      240
Accelerators, Van de Graaff      240 242Ч243
Activation analysis      386
Agriculture, radioactivity in      384
Allowed transitions      275 283Ч284
Alpha-particle emission      194 260Ч265
Alpha-particle emission energetics      194
Alpha-particle emission from compound nucleus      313 315Ч316
Alpha-particle emission in helium burning      396
Alpha-particle emission to excited states      263
Alpha-particle emission, barrier penetration in      263Ч265
Alpha-particle emission, reduced width for      260Ч263
Analog-to-digital converter (ADC)      220
Angular correlation      299Ч302
Angular distributions from compound nucleus      313
Angular distributions from direct reactions      353Ч362 371Ч374
Angular momentum conservation in collisions      85
Angular momentum of nuclear states (I), determination of, by angular-correlation studies      299Ч300
Angular momentum of nuclear states (I), determination of, by beta decay      283Ч284
Angular momentum of nuclear states (I), determination of, by direct nuclear reactions      360Ч362 364 369Ч373
Angular momentum of nuclear states (I), determination of, by gamma decay      298Ч299
Angular momentum of nuclear states (I), determination of, by internal conversion      309
Angular momentum of nuclear states (I), determination of, by isobaric analog state studies      367 368
Angular momentum of particle in a well      19Ч20
Angular momentum, addition of      26Ч27
Angular momentum, coupling of      121Ч123
Angular momentum, orbital      19Ч20
Angular momentum, orbital, z component of      24
Angular momentum, total      72
Angular momentum, total, z component of      72
Angular-momentum barrier      see "Barrier penetration"
Angular-momentum transfer in direct reactions      353Ч355 358Ч361 366 369 372Ч378
Antenna patterns      299
Antineutrino      187Ч188
Antisymmetry of wave functions      37Ч38
Barn      201
Barrier penetration in alpha decay      263 265
Barrier penetration in beta decay      272 273 276
Barrier penetration in chemical reactions      389
Barrier penetration in electron capture      284Ч285
Barrier penetration in fission      265Ч267
Barrier penetration in gamma-ray emission      290
Barrier penetration in helium burning      396
Barrier penetration in neutron induced reactions      322
Barrier penetration in proton emission from compound nucleus      315 341 342
Barrier penetration in resonance reactions      331Ч332
Barrier penetration, angular momentum      255Ч258
Barrier penetration, coulomb      258Ч260
Barrier penetration, theory of      250Ч252
Bartlett force      44Ч46
Beta (deformation parameter)      154Ч155
Beta decay      187Ч192 269Ч287
Beta decay, applications of      198
Beta decay, double      190Ч191
Beta decay, energy spectrum      271Ч273
Beta decay, half-life      201Ч202
Beta decay, mass relations for      188Ч189
Beta decay, products      201
Beta decay, stability and      189Ч191 see
Beta stability, line of      189Ч190 192
Beta vibrations      151Ч156
Binding energy of deuteron      33Ч34 35
Binding energy of nuclei      160Ч172
Binding energy of nuclei, calculation from nucleon-nucleon force      172Ч174
Binding energy of nuclei, calculation from shell theory      172
Binding energy per nucleon      160Ч163 see
Biological effects of radiation      387 388
Bohr, A.      147
Bombs, atomic (fission)      337 407
Bombs, hydrogen      337 405
Bosons      51
Breit Ч Wigner formula      329 339
Breit, G.      60
Broken pairs      101Ч102
Brueckner, K.A.      65
Bubble chamber      211 223
Carbon cycle      394Ч395
Central force      41
Centrifugal stretching      150Ч151
Charge independence of nuclear force      60 136Ч143 see
Charge symmetry of nuclear force      158
Charge-exchange scattering      351 352 380
Chart of nuclides      201
Closed-shell nuclei      76 86 87
Closed-shell nuclei, first excited states of      113Ч114
Closed-shell nuclei, neutron capture in      339 401
Cloud chamber      211 223
Coherence effects in (p,i) reactions      371
Coherence effects in alpha decay      262
Coherence effects in gamma-ray emission      294
Coherence effects in pairing      95Ч96
Coherence effects in vibrational states      107 110
Coincidence measurements      233Ч236
Coincidence measurements, delayed      235Ч236
Collective states      110 see also "Rotional states" "Vibrational
Collision pattern, rhythmic      see "Coherence effects"
Collisions      64Ч65 81Ч89 99 106Ч107 113 117 132 311Ч314 323Ч324
Collisions, rules for, in nuclei      84Ч85
Compound-nucleus reactions      311Ч348
Compound-nucleus reactions, classical treatment      311Ч313
Compound-nucleus reactions, induced by gamma rays      346Ч348
Compound-nucleus reactions, induced by low-energy neutrons      336Ч340
Compound-nucleus reactions, qualitative quantum treatment      313Ч316
Compound-nucleus reactions, resonances      325Ч332
Compound-nucleus reactions, statistical region      340Ч345
Compound-nucleus reactions, strength function      332Ч336
Configuration      91Ч93 105Ч107 134Ч135 315 see
Coulomb effects in beta decay      272
Coulomb effects in isobaric analog states      139
Coulomb effects in shell-theory potential      66Ч67 71 77Ч78 see
Coulomb effects on binding energy      162 165Ч166
Coulomb effects, penetration of barrier      258Ч260
Coulomb excitation      149 380Ч381
Critical mass      406
Cross section for specific nuclear reactions      329 331Ч333 343Ч344
Cross section reaction      316Ч322
Cross section reaction in resonance region      328Ч329
Cross section reaction in statistical region      341 342
Cross section, definition of      200
Cross section, total      201 330Ч331
Curies      199
Cyclotron      240Ч243
Cyclotron, spiral-ridge      241Ч242
d-d and d-t reactions      403Ч404
Dating, radioactive      244 337 383
Decay laws      196Ч198
Decay rate      196Ч199
Decay rate in complex decays      197Ч198
Decay rate, beta decay      282 393
Decay rate, electron capture      284Ч285
Decay rate, gamma-ray emission      296
Decay rate, gamma-ray emission, single-particle      290Ч293 295Ч297
Decay rate, internal conversion      305
Decay rate, nucleon emission      253 254 257 258 342 see
Decay, nuclear      185Ч199 205Ч206
Decay, nuclear, energy release in      161
Density distributions of nucleons      4
Density of states of emitted particles      269Ч271 345 see
Detectors      210Ч219
Detectors, bubble chamber      211
Detectors, charge collection      214Ч219
Detectors, cloud chamber      211
Detectors, efficiency of      231
Detectors, gamma-ray      231Ч233
Detectors, geiger counter      217
Detectors, neutron      230Ч231 337
Detectors, photographic emulsions      211
Detectors, proportional counter      217
Detectors, scintillation      212Ч214 231Ч232
Detectors, semiconductor      218Ч219 231Ч232
Detectors, spark chamber      211Ч212
Deuteron      33Ч36
Deuteron, angular momentum of      36
Deuteron, binding energy of      33Ч35
Deuteron, magnetic moment of      40
Deuteron, quadrupole moment, electric      40
Deuteron, size      34
Dipole moment, electric      9 179
Dipole radiation, electric      288Ч290 292Ч294
Direct reactions      311 350Ч381
Direct reactions, angular distributions from      353Ч359
Direct reactions, charge exchange      351 352 380
Direct reactions, coulomb excitation      380Ч381
Direct reactions, inelastic scattering      375Ч380
Direct reactions, mechanisms in      350Ч353
Direct reactions, multinucleon transfer      373Ч375
Direct reactions, one-nucleon transfer      356 359Ч366
Direct reactions, two-nucleon transfer      369Ч375
Distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA)      356Ч359
Distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), charge-exchange reactions      380
Distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), finite range effects      358
Distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), nonlocal interactions      359
Distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), stripping reactions      356Ч357 361
Doppler-shift attenuation method      238Ч239
Double beta decay      190Ч191
Drift velocity      214
Drip lines      192Ч193
effective mass      69Ч72 79Ч80 173
Effective range      52
Effective thermal energy      390Ч391
Elastic scattering      316Ч324 328Ч329 336Ч337 359 375 376
Electric multipole radiation      288Ч295
Electromagnetic decay processes      185Ч187 see "Internal
Electron capture      188 284Ч285
Electron capture in formation of neutron stars      398Ч399
Elements, origin of      396Ч403
Elements, origin of, helium burning      396Ч397
Elements, origin of, neutron capture      400Ч402
Elements, origin of, other processes      402Ч403
Elements, origin of, proton capture      402
Elements, origin of, silicon burning      398Ч399
Energy distribution of electrons in beta decay      270Ч273
Energy distribution of internal-conversion electrons      305Ч309
Energy distribution of particles emitted from compound nucleus      312Ч313 315 340Ч342 344Ч345
Energy distribution of particles from direct reactions      360
Energy gap      94Ч97 105 114 169Ч170
Energy gap, determination of      169Ч170
Energy levels in Pd isotopes      133Ч134
Energy levels in shell-theory potential      73Ч75 120
Energy levels in shell-theory potential, filling of      75Ч76
Energy levels in Sn isotopes      130Ч133
Energy levels in square well      14Ч17
Energy levels in three-dimensional well      19Ч23
Energy levels in well of complex shape      18Ч19
Energy levels of $Hf^{177}$      157
Energy levels of $U^{232}$      153
Energy levels of two nucleon system      32Ч33 34
Energy loss of charged particles      205Ч210
Energy measurements      219Ч223
Energy measurements by magnetic analysis      222
Energy measurements from pulse heights      219Ч220
Energy measurements of gamma rays      231Ч232
Energy measurements of neutrons      230Ч231 236
Energy measurements with ionization chamber      217
Energy measurements with proportional counter      217
Energy measurements with scintillation detectors      214
Energy measurements, energy resolution in      220Ч222
Energy production in fission reactions      405Ч407
Energy production in stars      392Ч395
Energy production with radioactive sources      386Ч387
Energy production with thermonuclear reactions      388Ч396 403Ч405
Energy resolution in magnetic analysis      222
Energy resolution of detectors      220Ч222
Energy resolution of gas counters      222
Energy resolution of scintillators      222
Energy resolution of semiconductor detectors      222
Energy spacings between levels      see "Level density"
Energy spacings between orbits in shell-theory potential      85
Energy spacings between shells      78Ч80 85 118Ч120
Energy spacings between states (D)      326Ч327 332Ч334
Entropy, nuclear      117 341
Even-even nuclei, excited states of      105Ч118
Even-even nuclei, excited states of, noncollective      116Ч118
Even-even nuclei, excited states of, vibrational      107Ч116
Even-even nuclei, ground states of      97Ч101
Even-even nuclei, spheroidal      147Ч156
Exchange forces      42Ч46 58
expectation value      29
Experimental methods      204Ч244
Experimental methods, simplicity of      204Ч206
Fermi factor      272Ч273
Fermi gas      117
Fermi transition      276Ч282
Fermi Ч Kurie plot      272Ч273
Field particle      48
Fields, electromagnetic radiation      186
Fields, electron-neutrino      269
Fields, meson      47Ч48 50
Fission      195 244 263 265Ч267 338 405
Forbidden transitions      275 283Ч284
Four-quasi-particle (4QP) states      111
Gamma (deformation parameter)      154Ч155
Gamma rays      185Ч187 288Ч304
Gamma rays, reactions induced by      346Ч348
Gamma vibrations      151Ч156
Gamow Ч Teller transition      276Ч282
Geiger counter      217
Gyromagnetic ratio (g)      8Ч9 174
Half-life      196Ч197 205Ч206
Half-life, alpha decay      265
Half-life, beta decay      282
Half-life, fission      265
Half-life, isomerism      302Ч304
Half-life, measurement of      238
Half-life, nucleon emission      253
Half-life, partial      197
Half-life, use in isotope identification      243
Hamada Ч Johnston potential      56Ч58
Hartree Ч Fock calculations      172Ч174
Heisenberg force      44Ч46
Helium burning      396Ч397
Imaginary potential (W)      322Ч324
Imaginary potential (W) and collision frequency      323
Imaginary potential (W) and mean free path      322
Imaginary potential (W) from elastic scattering      318
Imaginary potential (W) from strength function      334Ч335
Imaginary potential (W) from stripping reactions      363
Imaginary potential (W), r dependence      323
Industrial processes, radioactivity in      387
Internal conversion      186Ч187 298 301 304Ч309
Internal pair formation      187 298
Ion source      239
Ionization chamber      214Ч217
Ionization potential      207Ч208
Isobaric analog states      137Ч143
Isobaric analog states in (p,n) reactions      378 380
Isobaric analog states in A=14      139Ч140
Isobaric analog states in A=7      140
Isobaric analog states in beta decay      278 281
Isobaric analog states in N=Z nuclei      140
Isobaric analog states in Pb-Bi      140Ч141
Isobaric analog states, coulomb-energy differences of      139 379
Isobaric analog states, elastic scattering via      367Ч368 370
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