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Kneale W. — Probability and Induction
Kneale W. — Probability and Induction

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Название: Probability and Induction

Автор: Kneale W.

Язык: en

Рубрика: Математика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1949

Количество страниц: 269

Добавлена в каталог: 28.10.2012

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
'Belief'      4ff.
'Cause'      47ff. 60ff.
'Conceive'      79f.
'Ideas'      78 88
'Induction'      24 43f. 103 195
'Phenomenon' in scientific usage      90
'Probable'      20 214 224f. 236
'Random'      168
'Rational'      7 13ff. 17 19f. 55 225f. 235
Absence, table of      50ff.
Acceptability      236ff.
Accidental universality      195
Accumulation of instances      108 240
Accumulation, point of      155n.
Addition theorem      125
Aesthetic aspect of theories      252
Agreement, method of      57ff.
Alternatives      31f. 36 171ff. 212
Ampliative induction      44ff. 195 214
Analogy      208
Antecedent causes      53ff.
Approvability      20 169 190 225
Apriori conjectures of probability      197ff.
Aristotle      24ff. 37 47f. 53 60 72 116f. 150 195 227
Arithmetical probability      181
Arrangements, theory of      124
Association of attributes      66f.
Association of ideas      55
Association, coefficient of      221
Atomic theory of matter      97 249
Attributes, uniform association of      66f.
Bacon, F.      21 48ff. 53ff. 70 110f. 113 211 223 250
Bayes, T.      124 129 201f.
Berkeley, G.      21 85 87 94
Bernoulli, Jac.      4 124 136ff. 147ff. 163 166 201ff. 244 255
Bernoulli, N.      124
Bertrand, J.      184ff. 198
Betting      7
Boole, G.      203
Boundaries of possibility      78 80 227 233 256
Broad, C.D.      211
Butler, J.      1 9
Calculus of chances      23 123ff.
Cantor, G.F.L.P.      177
Carnap, R.      vi 34n..
Causal theory of perception      84f.
Causation, principle of universal      57ff. 111
Causes, probability of      130
Chance      114ff. 146 162 180f. 200
Chances      119 170f. 181 212ff. see
Clairvoyance      45
Clerk-Maxwell, J.      93 248f.
Coherence theory of truth      108
Collectives in frequency theory      154ff.
Composition of sets      133ff.
Concomitant variations, method of      57ff.
Condorcet, M.J.A.N.      125
Confidence      6 13ff. 194 226
Configuration space      181f.
Confirmation      50 110ff.
Conjunction theorem      126
Consilience of primary inductions      107ff. 251
Constancy theory of natural laws      74f. 151 254
Constant conjunction      54
Constants in nature      69f.
Constitution of sets      133n.
Constructibility, mathematical      161
Contiguity of cause and effect      62
Contingency      31ff.
Continuous function      142f.
Continuously variable magnitude      181ff.
Conventionalism      257
Convergence in the theory of collectives      155ff.
Copeland, A.H.      161
Correlation coefficient      221
Cournot, A.      170n.
Couturat, L.      97n.
Cumulative evidence      121f. 128f.
Curiosity      252
Dalton, J.      93 97
de Fermat, P.      37 39 123
de Mere, G.A.      123f.
de Moivre, A.      119
De Morgan, A.      203
de Spinoza, B.      179
Degrees, table of      50ff.
Democritus      52 92 94n.
Descartes, R.      31 51 100
Determinism      64 111f. 115ff.
Development, uniformity of      67f.
Difference, method of      57ff.
Disjunction theorem      125
dispersion      219
Doubt      16
Dyad of characters      201ff. 213
Eddington, A.      72 96
Einstein, A.      90n.
Elimination      50 56f. 110ff. 207
Ellis, R.L.      150f.
Empiricism      21 78
Enumeration      25ff. 207
Epistemology      3
Equality, definition of      177
Equipossible alternatives      170 178 181ff.
Equiprobability      119 147ff. 151 168ff.
Equispecific alternatives      148 181
Essential universality      37 43
Euclid      177
Euler, L.      79 175
evidence      9ff. 16 194
Existence, mathematical      161
Expectation, mathematical      120
Experimentum crucis      110
Explanation      90ff. 164 200 246ff. 252
Extrapolation      68 234
Extravagance of non-inductive hypotheses      237ff.
Facts      32ff. 73ff.
Field of possibility      175 231
Findlay, J.N.      12n.
Finite populations      152 214
Finite populations, universe, theory of      72
Fisher, R.A.      231n.
Form, Baconian      52
Frequency theory of probability      150ff. 167 194 200 254 256
Fringes of application      196
Functional relations      68f. 228
Galileo      51
Gambling apparatus      146
Gambling apparatus, systems      140 154
Generating nature in Bacon's philosophy      50ff.
Geometrical probability      181 192
Goldbach, C.      79f. 213
Hamilton, W.      82n.
Heath, T.L.      177n.
Hegel, G.W.F.      179
Hempel, C.G.      160n.
histogram      219
Historical hypotheses      104
Hobart, R.E.      75n.
Hobbes, T.      54
Hume, D.      21 46 53ff. 57 60 62 71 74 78f. 89 112n. 151 162f. 223 226 254
Huyghens, C.      93 96ff. 101 109
Hypotheses      19 92ff. 247
Hypothetical method      53 104ff.
Idealism      116 180n.
Idealization in frequency theory      157ff.
Identity of indiscernibles      176
Ignorance, equal distribution of      148
Imagination      79
Indifference, principle of      147ff. 172f. 204
Infeld, L.      90n.
Infinitesimal probabilities      205 212
infinity      157
Initial probability      130 212
Insufficient reason, principle of      147
Insurance      122 141 165 167
Internal relations      116
introspection      14ff. 194
Intuitive induction      30ff. 46 193
Inversion theorem      124 129ff. 201 214ff.
Ionian philosophers      47
Irrational numbers      195
Irrationality of abandoning induction      237
Irregularity of collectives      153ff.
Irrelevance      122 127ff.
Jevons, W.S.      113 148n. 203 205
Judgement      18
Justification of induction      223ff. 234ff.
Kahle, L.M.      9
Kant, I.      47 55 78 253
Keynes, J.M.      vi 9 11ff. 22 50 111 113 133n. 147ff. 152 205ff. 212 214 233
Kinetic theory of gases      141
Knowledge      1 18 88f.
Kronecker, L.      39
Lalande, A.      vi
Language, rules of      33ff. 80
Laplace, P.S. de      113 124f. 149f. 170 173 201ff.
Large numbers, law of      124 139
Laws of nature      45f. 65ff. 70ff. 211ff. 227
Leibniz, G.W.      97n. 147 175f. 201
Lewis, C.I.      257n.
Likelihood, method of maximum      231n.
Limit in theory of collectives      154ff.
Limit in theory of collectives, theorems      136ff. 145
Limitation of independent variety      210
Lindsay, R.B.      157n.
Loaded die, problem of      149
Locke, J.      21 54f. 71 9411 113
Logic      256
Logical constructions      12 85
Macaulay, T.B.      50
Mach, E.      102
Margenau, H.      157n.
Mathematical expectation      120
Mathematical expectation, induction      37ff.
Matters of fact      32ff. 195
Maturity of the chances      140
Measurement of probabilities      15 22 119 214 243f.
Measurement of ranges      176ff.
Measurement, condition of      177
Meinong, A.      12 32
Memory impressions      17 194
Metaphysics      44 247 253
Mill, J.S.      45 55ff. 70 85 111f. 208 211
Modality      3f. see
Multiplication theorem      125
Natural kinds      66f. 257
Necessity      31ff. 54 71 78ff. 179 211f. 256 258
Negation theorem      125
Negative facts      33
Negative facts, instance      50
Negligence in primary induction      237 243
Newton, I.      50 60 98ff. 249
Nicod, J.      50 113 207 212
Numbers      41ff. 191f.
Opinion      6 13ff.
Parameters      228
Pascal, B.      118 123ff.
Pearson, K.      203
Peirce, C.S.      44n. 150 166
Percentage      219
Perception      78ff. 258
Perceptual object terminology      83ff. 248 257f.
Perceptual objects      81f.
Phenomenalism      85ff. 101ff. 257
Phenomenology      44 256
Physicalism      226
Place selection      154ff.
Plato      31 47 49
Plurality of causes      59
Poincare, H.      142ff. 184n. 188f. 198
Poisson, S.D.      139
Popper, K.R.      vi 76 155n. 163 230n. 234n.
Positivism      32 34 76 179 225 247 253
Possibility, boundaries of      78 80 227 233 256
Possibility, degree of relative      170
Possibility, field of      175 231
Prediction      234n. 251
Prescription theory of natural laws      76
Presence, table of      50ff.
Price, H.H.      vi 5n.
Price, R.      124
Primary induction      104 106ff. 226ff. 250
Primary induction, qualities      94n.
Primary induction, set of equipossible alternatives      178
Principal set of equipossible alternatives      179
Principle, truths of      32ff. 168 193 195 212 254 258
Principles of modality      32ff. 71 227
Probability rules      22f. 117ff. 167 190ff. 211ff. 230 241
Proportion of instances      151 169
Propositions      12 118 167
Qualitative laws      69
Quantum theory, in      157 254ff.
Ramsey, F.P.      76 167n.
Randomness in collectives      153ff.
RANGE      174ff.
Rationalist metaphysics      32 253
Reciprocal connexion      70 209
Recurrence signs      42f.
recursive definitions      39ff.
Recursive definitions, induction      37ff. 46 191
Regularity theory of natural laws      74 see
Reichenbach, H.      163 236n.
Relative frequency      152
Relevance      127ff.
Reliability of results of induction      106ff. 236
Restricted descriptions      27ff. 191
Restricted descriptions, universal statements      27ff. 72f.
Roulette      142
routines      64f.
Rule of succession      203f.
Russell, B.      12
Ryle, G.      vi
Sampling      214ff.
Scepticism      55 75n.223
Schlick, M.      76f.
Second-order possibility      213
Second-order possibility, probability      22 195 214
Secondary induction      104 106ff. 246ff. 250
Secondary induction, set of equipossible alternatives      178
Sensation      82
Sensum terminology      83ff. 257
Shuffling      144
simplicity      91 229 246ff.
Socratic dialectic      50
Spielraum theory      174n. 194
Standard deviation      219
Statistical induction      194 207 see "Probability
Statistics      194 219ff.
Stirling, J.      138n.
Structure      94
Subjectivism      3ff. 149 167 194
Succession, rule of      203f.
Successions in frequency theory      153 155n.
Sufficient reason, principle of      147
Summative induction      25ff. 45 191
Syllogism      24ff. 49
Taking for granted      5 16
Tannery, P.      177n.
Telepathy      200
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