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Flogge S. (ed.) — Encyclopedia of Physics. Thermodynamics of Gases
Flogge S. (ed.) — Encyclopedia of Physics. Thermodynamics of Gases

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Название: Encyclopedia of Physics. Thermodynamics of Gases

Автор: Flogge S. (ed.)

Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1958

Количество страниц: 692

Добавлена в каталог: 28.10.2012

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$H$-function $H^{(0)}$      241
$H$-function $H^{(13)}$      275
$H$-function $H_{1}$      239
$H$-function $H_{r}^{(0)}$      241
$H$-function $H_{r}^{(1)}$      241
$H$-function $H_{\gamma}$      213 225 226 228
$H$-function $\bar{H}$      239
$H$-Theorem      239 241 358 484 489
$H_{X}$      225 226
$S$ matrix      471
$\gamma$-space (gas-space) definition      80 81
$\mu$-space (molecule-space) definition      80
$\Omega$-integrals      393 422
13 moment equations      271 273 276
Absolute temperature scale      2 3
Accommodation coefficients      278
Accommodation coefficients, describing boundary substance      242
Activity coefficient      18 64
Activity differences      161 164
Adiabatic coefficient of bulk compressibility      9
Adiabatic ellipse      570
Adiabatic Joule — Thomson coefficient      21 38 40
Adsorption      632
Adsorption spectrometer of Hagstrum      628
Air, liquified      27
Alphatron      517 538 539
Amagat units      28 29
Amagat’s law of additive volumes      58 62
Angular momentum functions, unitary transformation      473 485
Angular momentum of the molecule      469 489 491
Angular momentum of the molecule, isotropic orientation      489 491
Anisotropic Maxwellian expansion      268
Approach to equilibrium      219 225
Atomic gases, energy levels      101
Avogadro’s hypothesis      1
Back-diffusion of oil vapor      649
Backstreaming in pumps      630
Baffle      603—604
Balance, cyclic      360
Balance, detailed      360 488 490 492
Barnett effect      302 489
Barometric equation      363
Bayard and Alpert ionization gauge      612—615
Beattie — Bridgeman equation      54 55 65
Benedict — Webb — Rubin equation      54 55 56 65
Berthelot’s equation      54
Binary collisions      233 237
Binary mixtures      60
Binary mixtures, critical region      65—70
Binary mixtures, diffusion and heat conduction      412 415 423
Binary mixtures, viscosity      47 451
Binary thermodiffusion factor      412 425
Bogolubov’s derivation of the Boltzmann equation      231
Boltzmann equation, approximate      385 402 403
Boltzmann equation, as integral equation      244 245
Boltzmann equation, asymptotic solutions      253 262—266
Boltzmann equation, derivation      216 217 229—233
Boltzmann equation, for a gas of rotating molecules      481 484
Boltzmann equation, for monatomic gas mixtures      348
Boltzmann equation, for monatomic gases      347
Boltzmann equation, linear approximation      364
Boltzmann equation, linearized      244 281
Boltzmann equation, linearized, eigentensor expansion      378 381
Boltzmann equation, modifications      284—286
Boltzmann equation, normal solutions      252 265
Boltzmann equation, relativistic      345
Boltzmann equation, solubility conditions      386 404 405
Boltzmann equation, solutions in the large      249 251
Boltzmann equation, space dependent solutions      247 249
Boltzmann equation, time-independent solutions      246
Boltzmann equation, validity      205 214
Boltzmann gas      213 214 216
Boltzmann H-function      see H-function
Boltzmann limit      79 85
Boltzmann statistics      454 457
Booster      515 547 559 560
Born and Green’s derivation of the Boltzmann equation      229
Bose — Einstein condensation      178 179 201
Bose — Einstein perfect gases      174seq.
Bose — Einstein statistics      81 454 458
Boundary conditions, 13 moment equations      276
Boundary conditions, asymptotic      265
Boundary conditions, diffuse      242
Boundary conditions, Euler equations      258
Boundary conditions, for a Knudsen gas      241 245
Boundary conditions, Navier — Stokes equations      277
Boundary conditions, normal solutions      253 258 264
Boundary conditions, polynomial expansions      277
Boundary conditions, specular      242 278
Boundary conditions, stochastic      242
Boundary layer      253 263 265 288
Boyle points      4 20 22 23
Boyle temperature      22
Boyle — Charles law      1
Bridge method      313
Bubble point      66 67
Buckingham — Corner potential      151
Burnett’s method for compressibility measurements      33 36 371 422
Cailletet — Mathias law      43 44
Calibration curves for double quartz-thread pendulums      529
Calibration curves for radiometer-vacuummeters      532
Calibration curves for the alphatron      539
Calibration of an ionization gauge      536 602 619—620
canonical ensemble      74 79
Centrifugal compressor      559 563
Chapman — Enskog , compatibility condition      260
Chapman — Enskog expansion      253 259 262 384
Chapman’s $\Omega$-integrals      393 422
Characteristic line diagram after Prandtl and Busemann      569—571
Chemical bond      338
Chemical equilibrium in real gases      64 65
chemical potential      73
Chemical potential of a gas mixture      61
Clapeyron’s equation      37
Claude cycle      26 27
Clausius virial      1 0
Cluster functions      125
Cluster functions for two molecules      154
Cluster integrals      126 148
Clusters of molecules      125 131—134
Coarse graining      see Smoothing
Collision cross section, differential      336 338
Collision integrals      270 271 275
Collision invariant      351 354 370
Collision operator, eigenfunctions      367 69
Collision operator, linearized      366
Collision parameter, classical mechanics      342
Collision, inverse      346
Compatibility condition, Chapman — Enskog expansion      260
Compatibility condition, Hilbert expansion      255
Compressibility factor      4 5 50 51
Compressibility of gases, measurements at high pressures      30 34
Compressibility of gases, measurements at low pressures      34 37
Compression gauge      517 518
Compression gauge after McLeod      520bis. 522
Compression gauge, turnable      522 523
Condensation      37 42 126 133 141 146
Condensation, retrograde      66 67 68
Conservation equations (mass, momentum, energy)      238 239
Conservation laws for gas mixtures      353
Conservation laws for pure gases      350
Contact gettering      637
Continuity equation      298 351 354
Cooling methods      319
Copper foil trap      656
Corresponding states for the transport coefficients      397
Corresponding states, cylindrical      292
Corresponding states, plane      290
Corresponding states, principle      48 51 62 98
Couette flow      313
Crack products in diffusion pumps      601bis. 604
Critical constants, measurement      42 45
Critical density      42 43 141—146
Critical point      37 42 141—146
Critical ratio ($p^{c}V^{c}/RT^{c}$) for several substances      49 50
Critical region for binary mixtures      65 70
Critical state in a valve      567 568
Critical temperature      42 141 146
Critical volume      44
Cyclic balance      360
Dalton’s law of partial pressures      58 62
Damped oscillation, method for viscosity measurements      314
Dead space      547 550
Dead-weight gauge      see Piston gauge
Degrees of freedom, separation      85 91
Density fluctuations near the critical point      46 48
Density matrix      476
Density matrix for perfect gases      192 196
Density matrix with a potential      196 201
Density matrix with a potential, symmetrization      201 204
Density matrix, general formulation      182 192
Density, critical      42 43 141—146
Density, orthobaric      43 45 53
Desorption at very low pressure      638 642
Detailed balance      360 488 490 492
Detection of leaks      541 542 661
Dew point      66 67
Diatomic molecules, rotation and vibration levels      101 108
Dieterici’s equation      54
Differential collision cross section      336 338
Diffusion coefficient of the Lorentz gas      417
Diffusion coefficient, dependence on mixing ratio      321
Diffusion coefficient, dependence on the molar fraction      431
Diffusion coefficient, determination from the formation period of thermodiffusion      325
Diffusion coefficient, first approximation      422
Diffusion coefficient, measurements      320 326
Diffusion coefficient, second approximation      432
Diffusion equation      303 408
Diffusion in a binary mixture      412 415 423
Diffusion in a ternary mixture      423
Diffusion of helium through glass      634
Diffusion pump      515 547 559
Diffusion pump, theory      576 590
Diffusion rate      357 403 407 411
Diffusion, quasi-stationary      320 321
Diffusion, representation of the cross section by scattering phases      458 461
Diffusion, stationary      322
Diffusion, thermal effect      304 323 325 330 334
Dipole gases      500
Dipole-dipole interaction, induced      339
Discharge gettering      638—640
Distribution function      152 161 345
Distribution function $F^{\sigma}_{1}$      209 211
Distribution function $F^{\sigma}_{2}$      209
Distribution function $F_{1}$      208 212
Distribution function $F_{n}$      207 212
Distribution function $F_{r}$      208 210
Distribution function, eigentensor expansion      390
Distribution function, locally Maxwellian      240 241
Distribution function, number density      219
Distribution function, probability density      218
Distribution function, reduced      208
Distribution function, series expansion      419
Distribution function, truncated      208
Distribution functionof the Maxwellian gas      391
Distribution matrix      476 486
Double molecule formation      311
Double quartz-thread pendulum after Coolidge and Br$\ddot{u}$che      528
Ehrenfest — Oppenheimer law      458
Eigentensor expansion      378 381 390
Eigentensors of the Maxwellian gas      390
Eigentensors of the Maxwellian gas mixture      419
Elastic collision, equations      334 336
Electronic excitation of monatomic gases      101
Empirical equation of state      48 57
Empirical equations of state of mixtures      65
energy equation      351 355
Enskog’s approximation      384
Enthalpy      300
entropy      359
Entropy density      487
Entropy production      496
Entropy production, local      414
Entropy temperature diagram      26
Equation of continuity      298 351 354
Equation of motion      298 343 351 355
Equation of state      48 57 65
Equilibrium constant      64
Equilibrium, chemical, in real gases      64 65
Eucken relation      499—501
Euler equations      252 216
Evapor-ion pump      646
Evaporation rate      541
Evaporation, retrograde      66 67
Excess (non ideal) free-energy of mixing      61
Exchange reactions in the thermodiffusion column      329
Exhausting power      545
Exhaustion rate of diffusion pumps, von      584 590
Exhaustion rate, definition      545
Exhaustion rate, measurement      546
Expansion coefficients of a gas      5 8 9
Expansion rate of a Laval valve      568
Exponential potential model      341 397
Fermi — Dirac perfect gases      174seq. 179 182
Fermi — Dirac statistics      81 454 458
Field emission microscope      610
Flash-filament method      627
Flow birefringeance      302 489
Flow type pumps      559—605
Fluctuations in density near the critical point      46 48
Fluid blast pump      559 563 565
Fluid gauge      517 519—520
Fokker Planck equation      233
Free path      295 307 395 417
Friction coefficient, $\Omega$-integral representation      392 394
Friction gauge      517 527—530
Fugacity      17 18 21 64
Gaede’s mol-vacuummeter      533
Gaede’s vacuscope      523
Gas analysis      319
Gas constant      26 363
Gas crystal transitions      170 172
Gas degeneration      345
Gas evolution in high vacuum      631 636
Gas mixtures      57seq.
Gas mixtures, critical region      65—70
Gas mixtures, empirical equations of states      65
Gas mixtures, Perfect      57 59
Gas mixtures, real      59 64
Gas-gas immiscibility      69 70
Gases of excitable molecules      490 497
Gases of rough spheres      497—499
Gettering      636 640
Gibbs free energy      73
Grad’s method of moments      266 268 276
grand canonical ensemble      74
Haber Kerschbaum equation      528
Hagen — Poiseuille law      606
Hagstrum adsorption spectrometer      628
Half-range expansion of the distribution function      267 284
Heat capacity at constant pressure      7 28
Heat capacity at constant volume      7 28 47
Heat conduction at different gas pressures in vacuo      523 525
Heat conduction by convection      317
Heat conduction for a gas of rough spheres      498
Heat conduction in a binary mixture      412 415 451
Heat conductivity at low temperatures      467
Heat conductivity coefficient for polyatomic gases      495
Heat conductivity coefficient of the Lorentz gas mixture      418
Heat conductivity coefficient of the Maxwellian gas      383
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