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Watkinson J. Ч An Introduction to Digital Audio
Watkinson J. Ч An Introduction to Digital Audio

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Ќазвание: An Introduction to Digital Audio

јвтор: Watkinson J.

јннотаци€:

Master the basics from first principles: the physics of sound, principles of hearing etc, then progress onward to fundamental digital principles, conversion, compression and coding and then onto transmission, digital audio workstations, DAT and optical disks. Get up to speed with how digital audio is used within DVD, Digital Audio Broadcasting, networked audio and MPEG transport streams.


All of the key technologies are here: compression, DAT, DAB, DVD, SACD, oversampling, noise shaping and error correction theories are treated in a simple yet accurate form.

Thoroughly researched, totally up-to-date and technically accurate this is the only book you need on the subject.

* Expand your knowledge with this thorough treatment of digital audio for a wide range of disciplines

* Clearly explainations require a minimum of math to allow for easy understanding

* Get up to speed with how digital audio is used within DVD, Digital Audio Broadcasting, networked audio and MPEG transport streams


язык: en

–убрика: “ехнологи€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1994

 оличество страниц: 392

ƒобавлена в каталог: 13.12.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
4/5 code      170Ч171
8 mm rotary format      266
8/10 group code      173Ч176 216 261 285
Absolute accuracy, converters      77
accumulators      92
ADC (analog-to-digital conversion)      8 10 15 56Ч59 247 320Ч321
AES (Audio Engineering Society) and MADI      236Ч241
AES (Audio Engineering Society), AES/EBU interface      168 178 179 221Ч225 307
AES (Audio Engineering Society), AES11-1991      238
AES (Audio Engineering Society), AES18-1992      236
AES (Audio Engineering Society), AES3-1985      222
AES (Audio Engineering Society), AES3-1992      222 225 227Ч228
AES (Audio Engineering Society), capacitance      141
AES (Audio Engineering Society), code      191 192
AGC (automatic gain control) system      146 261 294
Airy distribution      347Ч350
Aliasing      28Ч31 33 77
Analog audio      1 27Ч28
Analog dither      51
Analog filters      34 66 100
Analog-to-digital conversion (ADC)      8 10 15 56Ч59 247 320Ч321
AND gates      88
Antennae      23
Anti-aliasing filters      31 33 34 46 65Ч66
Anti-image filters      29
Aperture effect      40Ч42
Area-divided track following (ATF)      258 260 262
Asynchronous operation      244Ч245
ATF (area-divided track following)      258 260 262
ATRAC      331 369
Attenuation      92 110
Audio delay      9
Audio Engineering Society      see "AES"
Automatic gain control (AGC) system      146 261 294
Azimuth error      150
Azimuth recording      149Ч150 173Ч174 254
Bandwidth      2 27 31 63
Bandwidth, analog cables      322
Bandwidth, MADI      236
Bandwidth, multitrack recorders      266
Bartlett windows      108 109
BBC, AES/EBU interface      221 222
BCD (binary-coded decimal) numbers      314 315
BER (bit error rate)      180 181 184
Bessel filters      70
Bi-phase mark code      168
Binary system      3Ч5 42 54 81 88 182
Binary-coded decimal (BCD) numbers      314 315
Birdsinging      46
Bit allocation      136 232
bit error rate (BER)      180 181 184 190
Bit errors      12 184 189
bit rates      141
bits      3 4 171
Block interleaving      207 210
Brick-wall filters      32
Broadcasting, channel coding      16
Broadcasting, magnetic disc applications      309
Burst errors      12 15 191 205Ч207 215 373
bytes      3 4
Cable transmission      164
Capacitance      141
Capacitive coupling, converters      78
capacitors      140 141
Cassettes, RDAT      250Ч254
CD-ROM (Compact Disc read-only memory)      6
CdS      see "Compact Discs"
Channel bits      357Ч364
Channel coding      16 22 160Ч163 278
Channel coding, Compact Discs      355Ч364
Channel coding, DASH      158 278
Channel coding, MiniDiscs      355Ч364
Channel coding, RDAT      173Ч176
Channel status, consumer format      227 231Ч235
Channel status, professional format      227Ч232
Channels      139Ч143
Check word enable (CWE)      189Ч190
Clock jitter      37Ч40 77
Clocks, frequency      5
Clocks, reclocking      5 86 87 140
Clocks, self-clocking      140 159 160 164 168 222
CLV (constant linear velocity)      353 355
Code rate      168
codecs      17 132
Codewords      181 184Ч191 202 312Ч313 373
Codewords, DASH      273
Codewords, DCC      285
Coding delay      181
Compact Cassette      251Ч253 281 378
Compact discs (CDs)      6 12 27 40 328Ч329 350Ч378
Compact Discs (CDs), channel code      355Ч364
Compact Discs (CDs), compared with MiniDiscs      331
Compact Discs (CDs), disk construction      332Ч333
Compact Discs (CDs), EFM code      171 357 360
Compact Discs (CDs), error correction      364Ч368
Compact Discs (CDs), interleaving      212
Compact Discs (CDs), mastering      248 320Ч322 351 354
Compact Discs (CDs), players      369Ч378
Compact Discs (CDs), production      350Ч354
Compact Discs (CDs), readout      150 345Ч350
Compact Discs (CDs), recordable (CD-Rs)      152 329
Compact Discs (CDs), sampling rate      37
Comparators      57
Composite digital format      247
Concealment, by interpolation      181Ч182
Conductors      141 142
Confidence replay      15 216
Constant Linear Velocity (CLV)      353 355
Consumer equipment      24 35 40 224 376
Consumer equipment, cost      249
Consumer equipment, RDAT      254
Consumer equipment, SPDIF interface      221
Control track, DASH      271Ч273
Conversion      28
converters      6 19 59Ч61 see "DAC"
Converters, errors      74Ч77
Converters, inboard      244
Converters, outboard      244
Converters, quality      74Ч78
Convolutional interleaving      207Ч210 212 279 368
copying      6
Corrector of errors      191 194 198 205
Costs and sale volumes      24
Costs of digital audio      2 6 7 249
CRC (cyclic redundancy check) codes      189Ч192 276Ч277
Cross-interleaving      210 212 365Ч368 372
Cross-interleaving, DASH      273Ч276 279 280
crossfading      217 218 274 319 321
Crossfading in editing      312 314
Crosstalk      39 150 174 180 254
Crosstalk, optical disks      339
Crosstalk, stationary heads      268
Curie temperature      153 330 331
Cyclic codes      185Ч190
Cyclic codes, applications      191
Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) codes      189Ч192 276Ч277
DAB (digital audio broadcasting)      6 16 37 132 180
DAC (digital-to-analog conversion)      8 40 54Ч56 247 320
Damping      127Ч128
DARS (digital audio reference signal)      12
DASH (digital audio stationary head)      268Ч270
DASH (digital audio stationary head), coding      158 278
DASH (digital audio stationary head), confidence replay      15 37 148 216
DASH (digital audio stationary head), control track      271Ч273
DASH (digital audio stationary head), data block contents      276Ч278
DASH (digital audio stationary head), error correction      273 278Ч280
DASH (digital audio stationary head), interleaving      212 273 279 280
DASH (digital audio stationary head), redundancy in      273Ч276
DASH (digital audio stationary head), sampling rate      271
DASH (digital audio stationary head), splice handling      281
data rate      10 12 17
Date reduction      16Ч18 23 131Ч133 333
Date separators/separation      16 21 22 145 162 265 370Ч372
Date transfers      303 304
DCC (Digital Compact Cassette)      16 22 23 132 148 281Ч288
DCC (Digital Compact Cassette), cassettes      281
DCC (Digital Compact Cassette), error correction      285Ч288
DCC (Digital Compact Cassette), interleaving      285Ч288
DCTs (discrete cosine transforms)      134
DDS (Digital Date Storage)      6
De-interleaving      15 19 21 22 211 257 274
Decimal system      3 88
Decimators      65 66 72
Defect handling, magnetic disk drives      305
Delta modulation      59Ч61
Density ratio (DR)      163 268
deserializing      176Ч177 222 358Ч359
Detents, magnetic disks      158 159 170 176 296
DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform)      103
DFT (discrete frequency transform)      134
Dielectric loss      141Ч142
Differential non-linearity, converters      76
Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM)      59
Differentiation      91 92
Digital audio broadcasting (DAB)      6 16 37 132 180
Digital audio reference signal (DARS)      12
Digital audio stationary head      see "DASH"
Digital audio, advantages      5Ч7
Digital audio, broadcasting      23
Digital audio, defined      1Ч2
Digital audio, potential      23Ч25
Digital audio, processes      7Ч8
Digital Compact Cassette      see "DCC"
Digital Date Storage (DDS)      6
Digital filters      98Ч103
Digital logic      86Ч92
Digital mixing      92Ч98
Digital phase-locked loops (DPLLs)      127Ч128
Digital signal processors (DSPs)      98 116
Digital sum value (DSV)      171 174 175 176 362
Digital-to-analog conversion (DAC)      8 40 54Ч56 247 320
Discrete cosine transforms (DCTs)      134
Discrete Fourier transform (DVT)      103
Discrete frequency transform (DFT)      134
disk controllers      302Ч305
Dither      47Ч54
Dither, analog      51
Dither, digital      48Ч54
Dither, Gaussian      52
Dither, non-subtractive      48 54
Dither, optical disk tracking      343 344
Dither, rectangular probability      52 53
Dither, square wave      74
Dither, triangular p.d.f.      52 53
Dither, wideband      49
DPCM (differential pulse code modulation)      59
DPLLs (digital phase-locked loops)      127Ч128
DR (density ratio)      163 268
Dropout, control track      273 274
Dropout, tapes      249 262
DSPs (digital signal processors)      98 116
DSV (digital sum value)      171 174Ч176 362
Duodecimal system      3
DVTRs (digital video tape recorders)      37
Dynamic element matching      70
Ear      26 131
EBU      see "European Broadcasting Union"
Echo effects      116 117
Edit decision list (EDL)      310 318Ч319
Edit point      314Ч319
editing      24 310 311Ч327
Editing in open-reel digital recorders      324
Editing in RDAT      322Ч324
Editing on recording media      312Ч313
Editing with disk drives      318Ч320
Editing, interleaved recordings      216Ч219
Editing, jump editing      324Ч327
Editing, locating edit point      314Ч318
Editing, random access media      311Ч312
Editing, structure of editor      313Ч314
EDL (edit decision list)      310 318Ч319
EFM (eight-to-fourteen modulation) code      171Ч173 179 357 360 368 373
EIAJ format      249
Eight-to-fourteen modulation (EFM) code      171Ч173 179 357 360 368 373
Electromagnetic energy      140
Electromagnetic interference      180
Embedded-servo technique      298 299 302
Entropy, perceptual      131
Equalization      163 168 171 223 294
Erasure of errors      150 191 204Ч205 278 294
Error bursts      180
Error correction      6 12Ч15 19 181 184 187 231
Error correction, by erasure      150 191 204Ч205 278 294
Error correction, Compact Discs      364Ч368
Error correction, DASH      273 278Ч280
Error correction, DCC      285Ч288
Error correction, MiniDiscs      368
Error correction, RDAT      212Ч216 257
Error flags      212 216 278 373
Error syndromes      186
Errors      see also "Error correction"
Errors, concealment      12Ч15
Errors, erasure      150 191 204Ч205 278 294
Errors, mechanisms      180Ч181
Errors, quantizing      42Ч48
Errors, random      180
European Broadcasting Union (EBU)      79 265 314 see
External reference locking      12
Eye patterns      158Ч160 223 243
Fairchild, 9401 chip      189
Faraday effect      153
Figure of merit (FoM)      163 168 174
Filters      163
Filters, analog      34 66 100
Filters, anti-aliasing      31 33 34 46 65Ч66
Filters, anti-image      29
Filters, brick-wall filters      32
Filters, design      33Ч35
Filters, digital      98Ч103
Filters, finite-impulse response (FIR)      105Ч113 119Ч121
Filters, infinite-impulse response (IIR)      105Ч113
Filters, low-pass      29 31Ч34 104 119 120
Filters, passive      35
Filters, phase-linear      99Ч100
Filters, programmable      109
Filters, reconstruction      29 31Ч34 36 105 111 124
Filters, recursive      105 111
Filters, switched capacitor      100 103
Finite-impulse response (FIR) filters      105Ч113
FIR (finite-impulse response) filters      105Ч113
Flash converters      57 63
floppy disks      290 333
Flutter      2 6 130 257 371
Flying head      292Ч293
FM      see "Frequency modulation"
Focussing, optical disks      339Ч344
FoM (figure of merit)      163 168 174
Fourier transforms      103
Fractional-ratio conversion      118 124Ч125 127
Frame structure      224Ч226
Frame structure, AES/EBU      225Ч226
Frame structure, MADI      237
Frequency bins      135
Frequency modulation (FM)      165 168 222
Frequency modulation (FM), channel code      271
Frequency response, filters      109 110
frequency shift keying (FSK)      19 164 165 248
FSK (frequency shift keying)      19 164 165 248
Full adder circuits      92
Gain error, converters      74
1 2 3
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