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Waterworth J.A., Talbot M. — Speech and language-based interaction with machines: towards the conversational computer
Waterworth J.A., Talbot M. — Speech and language-based interaction with machines: towards the conversational computer

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Название: Speech and language-based interaction with machines: towards the conversational computer

Авторы: Waterworth J.A., Talbot M.

Аннотация:

This book has its origins in a programme of work conducted at British Telecom Research Laboratories, aimed at developing easily usable, intelligent systems, based on human-computer interaction via spoken and written language, particularly the former. This involved the authors, as members of the Human Factors Division, in conducting a series of experiments designed to answer questions about what types of behaviour an intelligent system with these characteristics should display, and how these might best be achieved.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Computer science/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1987

Количество страниц: 167

Добавлена в каталог: 10.12.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
'adjacency pairs'      129
'bad matches' in asr      90
'cohorts' (word candidates)      35 76
'computer accent' of synthetic speech      21
'conceptual dependency theory' (schank)      124 125
'conversational desktop'      128
'dynamic time warping'      38
'epistle'      127
'expert editor'      127
'human factorability'      115
'maestro' (the car)      45 51
'palantype'      48
'put that there'      128
'requests' (frump)      125
'stimulus-central processing-response compatibility model'      138
'sufficiency principle'      12
'talkwriter'      62
'training' in asr      90
'wickelphones'      44
'writer's workbench'      127
Acoustic-phonetic invariance (lack of)      30
Adaptation to asr      93 98 143
Adaptation to asr by user      91
Adventure games      126
AI (artificial intelligence)      99—119
Ai systems      144
Aids for the disabled      89 48
Ainsworth, w.a.      30
Allen, j. (1980)      18 21
Allen, j. (1983)      111
Allophones      20
Allport, d.a.      106
Alterman, r.      124
Alternative architectures      39
Alty, j.l.      115
Analysis-by-synthesis      31
Anatomical data      32
Anderson, R.C.      110
Anomalous sentences      25 35
Applications nlp1      124
Applications nlp2      see also “natural language processing” (nlp) 126
Arnott, j.l.      48
Arpa (advanced research projects agency, usa)      36 39
Articulators, vocal      31
Associative coding      43 142
Austin, J.L.      100
Aviation, applications of speech i/o      49
Barr, A.      104
Barry, w.j.      34 61
Beattie, g.w.      21
Behaviour, collection of      145
Bennett, r.w.      84
Berman, j.v.f.      49
Bever, T.G.      33
Bioadbent, d.e.      43 68
Blackboard model (knowledge sources)      41
Blind users of asr      47
Bobrow, D.G.      117
Bolinger, D.      33
Bottom-up processing      35
Bridle, j.s.      33
Brown, g. (and yule)      101 111
Ccitt [international consultative committee on telegraphy and telephony]      84
Character of synthetic voices      54 66
Chomsky, N.      37
Clark, arthur c, author of '2001' (hal)      45
Clause, as unit of lexical access      33
Co-operation between humans (model of)      41
Co-operative problem solving systems      12
Coarticulation      31
Cockton, g.      115
Cole, R.A.      33 70
Command interfaces      127
Communicative function      22
Concatenation      17
Concatenation of digits      28
Concurrent tasks      49 59
Confirmation global versus piecemeal      138
Confirmation rules      135
Confirmation strategies      129 133—140
Conolly, d.w.      57 92
Constatives (speech act theory)      100
Consumer products      16
Content versus form      144
Context context-change theory      102
Context in human recognition      25
Context knowledge of the world      124
Context sensitive coding      142
Context-dependent prosodic nuances      137
Controlled experimental study      130
Conversational analysis      128—140
Conversational conventions      120
Conversational interfaces      128—140
Conversational structure      12
Conversational systems      12 120 141
Correction strategies      129 133—140
Correction strategies global versus piecemeal      138
Counting backwards in threes      27
Craik, f.i.m.      24
Cutler, A.      33 83
Dallett, k.m.      23
Damper, r.i.      48 89 93—98
Data logging      47
Database access      122
Declarative versus procedural knowledge representation      105
Default assumptions      109 135
Degeorge, m.      57 92
Degraded speech, noise      68
Delay before recall      26
Dell, G.S.      35
Deutsch, j.a.      68
Diagnostic rhyme test (drt)      59
Dialogue acts      101
Dialogue author      113
Dialogue controllers      112
Dialogue design      113
Dialogue facilities      120
Dialogue form and content      144
Dialogue managers      114
Dialogue specification      112
Dictation systems      54
Dictation, speech-driven system      53
Diction changes in      91
DICTIONARY      19 121
Dilts, m.      20
Direct segmentation      33
Disabled persons aids for      48 89
Disciplines range of      11
Discourse      12 143
Discourse analysis      128
Discourse domain      120
Discourse topic      137
Distributed memory models      44
distributed systems      142
Domain of discourse      120
Edman, t.r.      54
Edmonds, e.a.      112 115
Ehrlich, w.r.      113
Elaborative versus maintenance      24
Electronic mail interrogation      141
Elman, J.L.      44
Encoding speech in memory      23
Ephemeral nature of speech      16
Erlman, l.d.      104
Error in asr      90
error recovery      130
Error signals in adaptation      93 98
Ethnomethodological school      129
Exceptions dictionary      19 121
Experimental versus observational studies      140
Explanation      12
Fallside, f.      22
Feedback      138
Felicity conditions (speech act theory)      100
Filled delay interval      26
Finite state grammars      37
Fodor, J.A.      71
Ford factory in cologne      47
Form versus content      144
Foss, d.j.      60
Fourcin, a.j.      32
Fowler, c.a.      72
frames      110 117
Frump (fast reading understanding and memory program)      125
Fum, d.      126
Fumer, s.m.      24
Future of conversational systems      143
Future of speech technology      60
Gating paradigm      35
Goal-directed model (knowledge sources)      39
Goodman, g.      39
Goodness-of-fit (of stored templates)      36
Gould, J.D.      54 56
Green, t.r.g.      56 92—98
Grosjean, F.      35
Guest, s.p.      109 115
Gus - genial understanding system      115
Haggard, M.      83
Halle, M.      20
Hallucination (top-down processing)      36
Hanley, j.r.      24
HARPY      41
Hartson, h.r.      113
Hayes, P.J.      112
Hayes-Roth, B.      106
Hearing impairment      49
HEARSAY-II      41
Henderson, l.      31
Hierarchical model versus heterarchical model      40
Hierarchy of interaction levels      135
Hinton, G.E.      44
Human equivalent noise ratio (henr)      58
Human information providers      130
Human processing of machine speech      22
Human-human interaction      see also “conversational” 126 129—137 144
IBM      116
Idiom theory      102
Illocutionary acts (speech act theory)      100
Indeterminacy and semantic primitives      105
Indirect speech acts (isa's)      101
Induction      129
Industrial applications (of speech technology)      46
Inference theory      102
Inferring, inferencing      103 143
Information goals      135
Information providers      130
Information request      131
Information service      132
Information technology (IT)      16
Informational context      22
Inspection lines      47
Intentions phonemic      31
Interaction, natural and efficient      120
Interactive activation      43
International herald tribune      129
Intonation      21 63 82
Irlnw (increase in recognition latency for nonsense words)      84
iterative development      114
Johnson, T.      125
Johnson-Laird, P.N.      111
Kintsch, W.      106 107
Klatt, D.H.      22 42
Knowledge criteria for assessing representation techniques      104
Knowledge multiple sources      39
Knowledge of the world      124
Knowledge review of representation techniques      106
Knowledge sources in speech understanding      67 71 73
Kuipers, b.j.      110
Kurtzweil reading machines      48
Lafs (lexical access from spectrum)      42
Languages range of      63
Lea, W.A.      37
Levinson, S.C.      101 128
Levinson, S.E.      118
Levitt, h.      49
Lexical decision task      19 70
Lexicon, mental      30 121
Liberman, A.M.      31
Linguistics      99
Linguistics of dialogue      128
Locutionary acts (speech act theory)      100
Logic      107
Long term store      27
Look-up table      19
Luce, P.A.      23 68
MacNeilage, P.F.      32
Marcus, s.m.      44
Markov modelling      38
Marslen-Wilson, W.      34 71—78
Martin, t.b.      55 57 91
Mazuryk, g.f.      26 69
Mehler, J.      33
Mellish, C.      121
Memory for speech      68 69
Memory types of task      23
Mental lexicon      30
Mental models      111
Michaelis, p.r.      54
Michie, D.      43
Miller, G.A.      25 31
Minimal speech unit      30—34
Minsky, M.      103 110
Mispronunciation detecting      35 71
Mit media lab.      128
Mixed initiative      120
Mnemonic      24
Modality      138
Mode of expression      137
Modifiability      117
Modified rhyme test (mrt)      70
Modularity, understandability and modifiability in knowledge representation      105
Monitoring latencies      75 87
Moore, R.K.      38 51 57
Morphs, morphemes and morphology      19 121
Morton, J.      19 35 71
Motivation      55
Motor command hypothesis      31 33
Multiple knowledge sources      39
Murrell, g.a.      19
Naming latencies      35
Natural interaction      120 130 136
Natural language      120
Natural language interfaces      126
Natural language processing      121—128
Networks (in ai)      109 115
Neural nets      44 142
Newell, A.      43
Newspaper stories      125
Newspaper, talking newspapers      48
Noise degraded speech      23 68
Nondeterminacy      117
Nooteboom, S.G.      29
Norman, D.A.      12 19 41
Obligatory processing      35
Observational versus experimental studies      140
Office systems      16
Optimal efficiency in speech processing      35
Parallel processing architectures      36
Parallel processing systems      142
Parsimony (in assessment)      67
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