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Reichman R. Ч Getting Computers to Talk Like You and Me. Discourse Context, Focus, and Semantics (An ATN Model)
Reichman R. Ч Getting Computers to Talk Like You and Me. Discourse Context, Focus, and Semantics (An ATN Model)

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Ќазвание: Getting Computers to Talk Like You and Me. Discourse Context, Focus, and Semantics (An ATN Model)

јвтор: Reichman R.

јннотаци€:

Getting a computer to understand our everyday language may be a long way off; the computer has to know how to think as well as follow the rules of a particular language. This book makes an important contribution to the study of pragmatics and discourse by presenting an explicit and precise computational approach to the complex problem of the structure of discourse.

As Professor Stephen Pinker of MIT notes, "Reichman has laudably chosen to inject some precision into a field much in need of it."

The book first looks at extended person-machine communication, beginning with person-person communication and focusing in particular on the conversational flow itself - what makes for coherent discourse? It then describes a computer model that describes this phenomenon as an augmented transition network (ATN).

Rachel Reichman is Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, San Diego.


язык: en

–убрика: Computer science/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1985

 оличество страниц: 221

ƒобавлена в каталог: 09.12.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Abstract process module, and context space resumptions      119Ч154
Abstract process module, use of ATN mechanism and      95Ч97
Activation, focus level assignment during      75Ч81
Analogies, in spontaneous discourse      163Ч166
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), and abstract process module      95Ч97
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), arcs in      91
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), discourse grammar compared to sentence grammar in      93Ч95
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), discourse grammar in      97 98 99
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), grammar in      91Ч97
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), registers in      91
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), states accessed in      128Ч136
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), trace of      93
Augmented Transition Network (ATN), violation of tests of      109Ч114
Boundary, of context space      25 27
Clue word(s), and conversational moves      36
Clue word(s), in discourse grammar      157Ч158
Cognitive processing, analogies      163Ч166
Cognitive processing, clues      36
Cognitive processing, expectations      29Ч30
Cognitive processing, formal logic      161Ч163
Cognitive processing, frame of reference      155Ч161
Cognitive processing, segmentation      23Ч27
Communicative dynamism (CD), approach      178Ч182
Context space      24Ч25 27
Context space constituents      51Ч66
Context space constituents, abstract slot      57
Context space constituents, antagonists slot      56
Context space constituents, authority slot      59
Context space constituents, claim slot      56
Context space constituents, contextual-function slot      52
Context space constituents, counterclaims slot      57
Context space constituents, countersupports slot      57
Context space constituents, derivation slot      52
Context space constituents, focus slot      53 55Ч56
Context space constituents, goal slot      52
Context space constituents, H-events slot      59
Context space constituents, mappings slot      57 59
Context space constituents, O-events slot      59
Context space constituents, orientation section slot      58
Context space constituents, protagonists slot      56
Context space constituents, relations slot      57
Context space constituents, speaker slot      52
Context space constituents, status slot      52Ч55
Context space constituents, support-cs slot      56
Context space constituents, support-fact slot      59
Context space constituents, support-statement slot      60
Context space constituents, topic slot      56
Context space constituents, type slot      52
Context space example      60Ч62
Context space theory, cognitive processing and      155Ч166
Context space theory, compared to world knowledge approach      189Ч204
Context space theory, features of      12 15Ч16
Context space, and characterization of abstract discourse structure      186Ч188
Context space, and concession of subargument      122Ч127
Context space, and discourse grammar rules      187Ч188
Context space, and linguistic theory      189Ч204
Context space, and theory of reference      71Ч90
Context space, and world knowledge      189Ч204
Context space, boundary points of      25 27
Context space, closed      84Ч85
Context space, components of      32Ч33 51Ч53
Context space, controlling      85Ч90
Context space, corelator slot in      32
Context space, direct challenge move and      65
Context space, further development move and      65Ч66
Context space, goal slot in      32
Context space, indirect challenge move and      64Ч65
Context space, influence of      28Ч29
Context space, interruption move and      64
Context space, maxim on quantity and      30
Context space, method slot in      32
Context space, open      83Ч84
Context space, prior logical abstraction move and      65
Context space, protagonist slot in      32
Context space, restatement move and      64
Context space, resumption of      81Ч90 120Ч121 127Ч136
Context space, resumption of, after subargument      120Ч121
Context space, resumption of, by joining forces      127Ч128
Context space, resumption of, states accessed in simulation of      128Ч136
Context space, return move and      64
Context space, speaker intent in      190Ч192
Context space, status slots in      33
Context space, status value of      72Ч74
Context space, subargument concession move and      65
Context space, support move and      62Ч63
Context space, suspensions of      119Ч154
Context space, trace of resumption of      136Ч139
Context space, types of      56Ч62
Context space, types of, comment      58Ч59
Context space, types of, issue      56Ч57
Context space, types of, narrative      58Ч59
Context space, types of, nonissue      58Ч62
Context space, types of, support      59Ч62
Conversation, defined      21 35Ч36
Conversation, moves of      35Ч49
Conversation, moves of, analogy      45Ч47
Conversation, moves of, clue words and      36
Conversation, moves of, direct challenge      41
Conversation, moves of, further development      44Ч45
Conversation, moves of, indirect challenge      40Ч41
Conversation, moves of, interruption      39
Conversation, moves of, prior logical abstraction      43Ч44
Conversation, moves of, restatement      39
Conversation, moves of, return      39Ч40
Conversation, moves of, subargument concession      41Ч42
Conversation, moves of, succession of      47Ч49
Conversation, moves of, support      37Ч39
Conversation, moves of, support and logic rules for      37Ч38
Conversation, moves of, support challenge      42Ч43
Discourse analysis, CD approach to      178Ч182
Discourse analysis, content space approach to      171Ч173
Discourse analysis, ethnomethodology and      173Ч176
Discourse analysis, FSF approach to      178Ч182
Discourse analysis, genre approach to      167Ч172
Discourse analysis, hierarchical approach to      182Ч186
Discourse analysis, speech act, world knowledge approach to      11Ч15 190 192Ч204
Discourse analysis, Tagmemic school of      176Ч178
Discourse grammar      51Ч66
Discourse grammar, and focused processing      156Ч158
Discourse grammar, and frame of reference identification      158Ч159
Discourse grammar, and point of reference      159Ч160
Discourse grammar, and speaker selection      108Ч109
Discourse grammar, ATN representation of      97 98 99
Discourse grammar, clue word in      157Ч158
Discourse grammar, context space and      187Ч188
Discourse grammar, deictic expressions in      160Ч161
Discourse grammar, explicit shift mechanisms in      157Ч158
Discourse grammar, formal logic and      161Ч163
Discourse grammar, hierarchical structuring of information in      156
Discourse grammar, program representation of      100
Discourse modeling      100Ч101
Discourse modeling, of resumptions      139Ч140
Discourse modeling, registers of      101Ч114
Discourse modeling, simulation of states accessed in      128Ч136
Discourse modeling, updating of      101Ч114
Discourse, analogies in      163Ч166
Discourse, constituents of      24Ч33
Discourse, content-dependent structure of      167Ч168
Discourse, content-independent structure of      169
Discourse, elements of      21Ч33
Discourse, ethnomethodology and      9Ч10
Discourse, expectations of      29Ч32 106Ч107
Discourse, formal logic and      161Ч163
Discourse, forms of      168
Discourse, genre of      9 167Ч173
Discourse, hierarchical structure of      23Ч24
Discourse, major features of      31Ч32
Discourse, maxims for      18
Discourse, need for theory of      3Ч19
Discourse, processing of      105Ч106
Discourse, spontaneous      3Ч8
Discourse, structure of      167Ч188
Discourse, theories of      8Ч18
Discourse, world knowledge and      11Ч12
Ethnomethodology, and discourse      9Ч10
Ethnomethodology, and discourse analysis      173Ч176
Focus level      29
Focus level, activation during      75Ч81
Focus level, reassignment rules of      82
Focus, and pronominalization      69Ч90
Focus, importance of      68Ч71
Focus, of attention      70
Frame of reference, and focused processing      156Ч158
Frame of reference, discourse deictics and      160
Frame of reference, discourse processing and      158Ч160
Frame of reference, point of reference and      159Ч160
Functional-sentence-erspective (FSP), approach      178Ч182
Grammar      see also УDiscourse grammarФ
Grammar, abstract process module of      91Ч117
Grammar, ATN model      91Ч97
Grammar, context space      91Ч117
Grammar, reference      73Ч74
Linguistic theory, argument for      192Ч195
Linguistic theory, context space and      189Ч204
Linguistic theory, Logic rules      37
Modus-Ponens, defined      37
Modus-Tollens, defined      37
Processing, focused      27Ч29
Processing, focused, discourse grammar and      156Ч158
Processing, focused, frames of reference and      156Ч158
Processing, focused, selective attention and      156Ч158 160Ч161
Pronominalization, focus and      67Ч90
Reference, and focus level assignments      74Ч90
Reference, context space theory of      71Ч90
Reference, grammar rules of      73Ч74 75Ч76 82
Register(s), in ATN model      91
Register(s), in ATN model, CCS      104
Register(s), in ATN model, discourse-mode      104
Register(s), in ATN model, domain-constraints      105
Register(s), in ATN model, expectation      102Ч103
Register(s), in ATN model, expectation-list      103Ч104
Register(s), in ATN model, future-defender      105
Register(s), in ATN model, head-CCS      104
Register(s), in ATN model, participant-list      105
Register(s), in ATN model, sides      105
Register(s), in ATN model, speaker      104
Register(s), in ATN model, type-further-challenge      104
State(s), in ATN model      91
Surface linguistic phenomena      67Ч90
Trace, in ATN model      93
Trace, of resumption of context space      136Ч139
Tracking the relevant discourse context      62Ч66 119Ч154
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