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Ramsay A. — Formal Methods in Artificial Intelligence
Ramsay A. — Formal Methods in Artificial Intelligence

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Название: Formal Methods in Artificial Intelligence

Автор: Ramsay A.

Аннотация:

Artificial intelligence has recently turned to formal logic in the search for powerful yet well-behaved knowledge representation languages. This book covers the background of classical logic, including the major meta-theorems, and the state of the art in theorem proving including Bibel's connection method. Also covered are the advanced adaptations of classical logic now being used in artificial intelligence - temporal and modal logics, reason maintainance and intensional logic. The book covers a wider range of topics than the currently available books in this area, and is more directly aimed at workers in artificial intelligence.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Computer science/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1988

Количество страниц: 279

Добавлена в каталог: 09.12.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$L_{Bq}$ (belief structures)      162
$prop_{beth}$      28
$prop_{gentzen}$      24
$prop_{gentzen}$, introduction rules      24
$prop_{hilbert}$      7
$prop_{hilbert}$, inference rules      13
$prop_{hilbert}$, semantics      9
$prop_{hilbert}$, syntax      7
$prop_{hilbert}$, vocabulary      7
$\Box$      121
$\dagger$      8
$\diamond$      121
$\exists$      39
$\forall$      36
$\lambda$-calculus      234
$\models$      37
$\neg$      11
$\rightarrow$      8
$\varnothing$      81
$\vee$      11
&      12
Accessibility (between worlds)      120 122
Action and knowledge      155
Antecedent      8
Arguments of a function      50
Assumption-based minimal labels      227
Assumption-based nodes      226
Assumption-based truth maintenance      224
ATMS      see "Assumption-based truth maintenance"
Axioms      13
Backward chaining      74
Barcan formulae      130
Basic beliefs      162
Basic index for EML      152
Basic rule of game theoretic semantics      258
Basic unification algorithm      66
Belief map      162
Belief structures      162
Beth system      6
Binding (in unification)      65
Binding a variable      36
Canonical model      48
Causality      9
Characteristic function      235
CIRC      see "Circumscription"
Circumscription      204
Circumscription, minimal models      210
Clausal form      78
Closed tableau      30
Closed world assumption      178
Closed world assumption, as default rule      194
Compactness, of FOPC      47
Complete labels in the ATMS      227
Complete set of sentences      45
Complete theorem prover      62
Completeness      4
Completeness of $Prop_{gentzen}$      28
Completeness of $Prop_{hilbert}$      21
Completeness of FOPC      49
Completeness of resolution      83
Completeness of set of support      88
Complex index for EML      152
Compositional semantics      245
Conditional proof justifications      223
Confluence      115
Conjunction      12
Connection graphs      96
Connection matrices      105
Connection method (for FOPC)      105
Connection method (for FOPC), algorithm      109
Connection method (for FOPC), method for modal logic      140
Connections (in a matrix)      106
Consequent      8
Consequential closure      160
Consistency      21
Consistency of $Prop_{hilbert}$      21
Consistency of FOPC      45
Consistent labels in the ATMS      226
Consistent set of sentences      45
Constants      35
Constraint propagation (in connection graphs)      101
Construction of entities      271
Constructive extension      261
Constructive logic      254
Content (of an index)      132
Contexts (in the ATMS)      226
Contingent truths      118
Contradictions (in the TMS)      222
CWA      see "Closed world assumption"
Database reduction      116
Decidability of $Prop_{hilbert}$      23
Deduction structures      160
Deduction Theorem for $Prop_{hilbert}$      17
Deduction Theorem for FOPC      40
Deductive machinery      162
Default logic      194
Default proof      201
Default rules      200
Default rules, normal default rules      201
Denseness (of time)      170
Destination (of an index)      132
Destruction of entities      271
Disjunction      11
Domain of a function      236
EML      see "Epistemic modal logic"
Environments (in the ATMS)      226
Epistemic modal logic      152
Epistemic modal logic, reification      154
Event calculus      180
Existential quantifier      39
Expert Systems      265
Expression schema      8
Extension Lemma for FOPC      45
Extensional definition of relations      37
Extensions (of a default theory)      195
Fact garbage collection      213
Factors of a clause      79
First-order modal logic      129
First-order modal logic, reification      143
First-order predicate calculus      see "Predicate calculus"
FOPC      see "Predicate calculus"
Formula      7
Frame      121
Frame axioms      177
Frame problem      180
Frame, modal      121
Frame, non-monotonic      211
Frame, situation      176
Frame, temporal      172
Free variables      36
Function, arguments of      50
Functional relations      50
Functions      50
functor      50
FUTURE (temporal operator)      165
Fuzzy complement      267
Fuzzy logic      265
Fuzzy set theory      266
Game theoretic semantics      257
Game theoretic semantics, basic rule      258
Game theoretic semantics, logical rules      258
Game theoretic semantics, structural rule      259
Generalisation      36
Gentzen systems      25
Ground instance      83
HALTS      54
Herbrand universe      48
Heuristic search      95
Hilbert system      7
Implication      8
Implication, material      10
Implication, relevant      264
Improved unification algorithm      68
Inclusive-or      11
Incompleteness of arithmetic      52
Index for EML      152
Indexed formulae      132
INIT (in event calculus)      181
Initiation rule (in event calculus)      181
Intervals      184
Intervals in event calculus      182
Introduction rules for $Prop_{gentzen}$      25
Intuitionists      254
Isolated literals      116
Justification-based nodes      216
Justification-based truth maintenance      214
Justifications (in the TMS)      216
Knowledge and action      155
Liar paradox      242
Lifting (for predicate calculus proofs)      84
Linear input resolution      90
Linguistic truth values      268
Literals      79
Logic programming      76
Logical rules of game theoretic semantics      258
Material implication      10
Matrix construction algorithm      108
Merging equations (in unification)      70
Meta-language (in reification)      144
Minimal labels in the ATMS      227
Minimal models (for circumscription)      210
Minimal temporal logic      173
Modal frame      121
Modal logic      118 122
Modal logic, first-order      129
Modal logic, normal modal logic      123
Modal logic, soundness      126
Modal tableau      133
Model      2
Model for FOPC      37
Model theory      4
modus ponens      13
Monotonicity      189
Montague Grammar      244
Naming apart      79
Natural deduction systems      25
Necessary truths      118
Negation as failure      75
Negation normal form      114
Nodes (in the ATMS)      226
Nodes (in the TMS)      216
Non-monotonic frame      211
Non-monotonicity      190
Normal default rules      195
Normal Form Theorem      79
Normal modal logics      123
Normal temporal logic      208
Object language (in reification)      144
Occurs-check (in unification)      69
Order strategies in resolution      87
PAST (temporal operator)      165
Path (through a matrix)      106
Persistence axiom      183
Points (in time)      184
Possible worlds semantics      121
Predicate calculus      35
Predicate calculus, axioms and inference rules      39
Predicate calculus, compactness      47
Predicate calculus, completeness      49
Predicate calculus, Extension Lemma      45
Predicate calculus, models      37
Predicate calculus, semantics      37
Predicate calculus, soundness      43
Predicate calculus, syntax      35
Predicate calculus, undecidability      52
Predicate calculus, vocabulary      35
Preferential satisfaction      211
Primary predicates (in situation calculus)      180
Prime of a formula (in prepositional calculus)      21
PROLOG      76
proof      14
Proof in $Prop_{hilbert}$      14
Proof in FOPC      40
Proof theory      4
Property theory      234
Propositional calculus      6
Propositional calculus, adequacy      12
Propositional calculus, completeness      21
Propositional calculus, decidability      23
Propositional calculus, soundness      20
Propositional modal logic      121
Propositional modal logic of time      171
Propositional modal logic, reification      143
Pure literals      100
Quantified belief language      162
Quantifying-in      158
Range of a function      236
Reification      143
Reification of epistemic modal logic      154
Reification of first-order modal logic      147
Reification of propositional modal logic      143
Reification of temporal logic      171
Relations over a world      37
Relations, extensional definition      37
Relevant implication      264
Resolution      78
Resolution, completeness      83
Resolution, connection graphs      97
Resolution, linear input      90
Resolution, order strategies      87
Resolution, restriction strategies      87
Resolution, set of support      87
Resolution, theorem prover      81
Resolution, unit preference      95
Resolvent      78
Restriction strategies in resolution      87
Rigid designators      130 158
Round (in a game)      259
Safe theorem prover      63
Satisfaction (of a formula by a model)      37
Search space reductions      116
Search strategies (for resolution)      86
Secondary predicates (in situation calculus)      180
Semantic tableau      28
Semantic tree      84
Semantics of generalised statements      38
Sentences      36
Sequent arrow      25
Sequent rules      25
Set of support      87
Set of support, completeness      87
Set theory      234
Sign (of a formula)      107
Situation calculus      155 176
Situation frame      176
Skolem constants      80
Skolem Functions      80
Slot fillers (as default rules)      194
Sound labels in the ATMS      226
Soundness      20
Soundness of $Prop_{hilbert}$      20
Soundness of FOPC      43
Soundness of modal logic      126
STRIPS      155
Structural induction      17
Structural rule of game theoretic semantics      259
Structural rules $Prop_{gentzen}$      26
Tableau proofs      30
Tableau proofs for modal logic      132
Tableau systems      28
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