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Sparck Jones K., Wilks Y. Ч Automatic natural language parsing
Sparck Jones K., Wilks Y. Ч Automatic natural language parsing



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Ќазвание: Automatic natural language parsing

јвторы: Sparck Jones K., Wilks Y.

јннотаци€:

This book is aimed at research students and research workers interested in current views on the problems and techniques of automatic natural language parsing. Parsing is a key element of natural language processing as a whole, and the design of natural language processing systems is an important area on the one hand of information technology, and on the other of language studies. Information technology oriented research, concerned with both language-based systems for purposes like summarising and with language subsystems as components of, for example, expert systems, needs effective parsing procedures. Linguistics oriented research needs effective parsing models.. The book is intended to exhibit the state of the art in automatic natural language parsing, at the intersection of these two concerns. Research and development in language processing over the last decade has explored specific approaches to parsing in some depth, has consolidated practical experience, and has emphasised some trends, for example towards phrase structure grammar and deterministic parsing, and towards the closer integration of syntax and semantics. The papers collected here, spread across the whole area of parsing, represent the present thinking of active workers in the field on issues and possibilities stemming from the last decade's work.


язык: en

–убрика: Computer science/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1983

 оличество страниц: 208

ƒобавлена в каталог: 09.12.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Active packet      70 73Ч74
AD-HAC      141
Ades      24 137
Agreement      82 84
AI      see "Artificial intelligence"
ALPAC Report      14
Ambiguity      62Ч66 118 145 162 178
Ambiguity resolution      134 138Ч139 159 164
Analysis      95 97 102 116
Anaphoric reference      178
Applied computational linguistics      24Ч25 27 29
Argument      181
artificial intelligence      19 22 25 38 156 178 181Ч183
Artificial language      132
Association      159
ATN      see "Augmented transition network"
ATN-process      48Ч50 52 55 57
Attachment command      72
Attention-shift      75Ч77
Augmented transition network      11 14Ч15 18Ч19 33 39Ч44 46Ч48 54Ч55 62 79 141 143 145 152 161Ч163 172
Augmented transition network compiler      48
Augmented transition network grammar      39Ч41 45 47Ч48 54Ч55 57 170
Augmented transition network interpreter      40 42Ч43 45 48 55
Automatic parsing      11Ч13 20
Backtracking      52 54Ч55 57 59
Backward deletion      41
Barton      25
Belief      46 186Ч187
Birnbaum      169 176
Blackwell      41 45
Bobrow      153
Boguraev      169Ч172
Bottom-up      43 54 59
Bracketing      164 166
Brady      152
Bresnan      20 24
Buffer      62Ч64 66Ч67 70 113Ч114 162 185
CA      19 176
Cascaded augmented transition network      15 46Ч50 52 54 57 59 152
CASE      170 183Ч184
Case frame interpreter      70
Case grammar      18 184
Case relation      160
Categorial grammar      17 137 139
Cater      169Ч176
CD      see "Conceptual dependency"
CF      see "Context free grammar"
CF-PSG      see "Context free phrase structure grammar"
CFG      see "Context free grammar"
Charniak      167
Chart      97Ч99 105 109 184
Chart parsing      27 29 97Ч99
Chomsky      16 22 81 83 85 126 129Ч130 182Ч184
Church      63 128
Closure      117 127Ч128 130 139
Cognition      25
Cognitive grammar      24
Competence      129
Compiler      132 149
Complex nominal      164 166
Complex symbol      84
Compositional semantics      158 161
Compound noun      164Ч168 185
Computation      27
Computational analysis      11 20
Computational linguistics      22Ч28 86 95
Computational psycholinguistics      22Ч23 25 27Ч28
Computational psychology      25
Conceptual analysis      178Ч179
Conceptual Dependency      29 141 171 182
Conceptual parsing      143
Conceptual structure      144Ч145
Conjunction      39Ч45
Constituent      162
Constraint      16 182
context      134Ч137 139
Context free grammar      117 129Ч130 132 137Ч138
Context free language      81Ч83 86 129Ч130
Context free phrase structure grammar      81Ч84 86
Context free rule      104Ч105 116 132
Context sensitive language      82
Control      34 148 152
Cooper      85
Coordinate construction      40Ч42 44Ч45 84
Coordination reduction      41
Coroutine      171Ч173
Crain      64 134
Database access      29
Dataflow      151
Daughter dependency grammar      20
Dependency structure      170 186
Determinism Hypothesis      16 78
Deterministic parsing      15Ч16 61 63 65 67 78Ч79
DIALOGIC      20
Dialogue      46Ч47 55 57 59
Directionality constraint      41 44Ч45
directions      178 180
Discontinuous constituent      132 137
Discourse      134Ч135 139
Discourse model      134
Discourse processor      57
Dowty      85
Dynamic arc      43Ч45
Earley      118
Earley's algorithm      117Ч118
Efficiency      133
ELI      19 149
Embedding      145Ч146
Entailment      134Ч135
Expectation      19
Expectation-based parsing      19 171
Experiment      63Ч64 66 134Ч137 157
Expert system      29
Extended standard theory      15
Feature      141 146
Final arguments      139
Finite automaton      129Ч130
Finite state grammar      16Ч17
Finite state language      82 129Ч130
Finite state machine      100 110Ч112 129Ч130
Finite state transducer      28 100Ч104
Finite state transition network      105
Flattened tree      125Ч127
Focus      134 139
Fodor      117
Forward deletion      41
Frame      14 165 182 186Ч187
Frazier      117 133
FRUMP      19
FSG      see "Finite state grammar"
FSM      see "Finite state machine"
Function composition      138
Functional grammar      24
Gap      119Ч121 123Ч125
Gapping      40 44
Garden path sentence      61Ч67 118 133Ч136 139
Gazdai      16 83Ч86 117 132 185
Generalised phrase structure grammar      11 16 20 24 29 94Ч96 105 117 119Ч120
Generation      82 95Ч96 102 116
Generative grammar      14 83
Generative linguistics      183Ч184
Generative semantics      18 85 182Ч183
GPSG      see "Generalised phrase structure grammar"
Grammar      15 95Ч96 149 162
Grammar rule      94Ч96 132Ч133 161
Grammar writing      69 79
Graphological rule      100
Harman      84
Hearsay      152
Heny      85
Heuristic parsing      117
Hudson      20
Incomplete constituent      137
Incomplete information      152
Incremental reference evaluation      153
Incremental semantic interpretation      148 152Ч153
Inference      145 159Ч160 164Ч167
Inferential semantics      159
Intermediate representation      32
Interpreter      15 149
Island parsing      15
Jets      29
Kaplan      20 24Ч25
Katz      183Ч184
Kay      20 24
Klein      86
Knowledge representation      29
KRL      184
LADDER      29
Lakoff      23
Language      24
Language processing      26 132
Late closure      139
Left recursion      122Ч123 126Ч127 129
Left-to-right parsing      132Ч133
Lexical string      101Ч104
Lexical tree      103Ч104
Lexical-Functional Grammar      20 24
LIFER      24
Limited lookahead      133 139
Linguistics      22Ч27 178 182
Local ambiguity      132Ч134 136Ч139
Logical form      158Ч160
Lookahead      62 67 133
LUNAR      19 42 148
Machine Translation      12Ч14 17 27 32Ч35 37Ч38
Macro request      145
Marcus      11 15Ч16 19 61Ч65 67 69Ч79 133 146 152 161 182 184Ч185
Marcus parsing      11 15Ч16 61Ч64 69 78
Marslen Ч Wilson      65
McCloskey      85
McCord      20
McDonald      167
McELI      178
Meaning      17 182
Meaning representation      164Ч165 169
Memory limitation      117 128
Mental model      94 117
Metaphor      178 180
Metarule      84Ч85 94Ч99 102 105Ч106 108Ч112 115Ч116 124Ч125 130
Milne      157 185
Minimal attachment      122 133 136 139
Model theory      85
Model-theoretic semantics      182Ч184
Modularity      36Ч37 148Ч149
Montague      85Ч86
Montague Grammar      24 158
Morphological processing      143
Morphology      26 161
Morphophonemics      28
MT      see "Machine translation"
MYCIN      24
Natural language      81Ч82 86 129 132Ч133 137Ч138
Natural language processing      22Ч23 26
Natural language understanding      27 29
Network      167
Newell      25
nl      see "Natural language"
NLP      see "Natural language processing"
No-crossing-of-branches      170Ч176
Node type      71
Non-inferential semantics      159Ч161
Nondeterminism      141
Notation      83Ч84 86
Optimisation      149 151
Parallelism      151Ч153 157 168
Parser design      35Ч37
Parser writing      69
PARSIFAL      15Ч16 61Ч64 66Ч67 69Ч70 77 117 161Ч163
Parsing      12Ч14 27 32Ч33 86 156 182 187
Parsing algorithm      117Ч118 120Ч125 128 130
Parsing model      156
Parsing strategy      117
Partee      85
Partial analysis      142 144Ч146 170Ч174
Partial combination      137Ч138
Pattern matching      166Ч167
Pattern-action rule      70
Performance      129Ч130
Peripherality constraint      41 44Ч45
Phonological rule      94Ч96 100
Phonology      95 100 113
Phrase structure      14
Phrase structure grammar      16Ч17 84Ч85 172 185
PIDGIN      69Ч72 77Ч79
PIDGIN interpreter      69Ч72 74 79
Plainer      157
Plan      182
Portability      148
Post-editing      32
Pragmatic category      46
Pragmatic inference      164Ч167
Pragmatic processing      151 167Ч168
Pragmatics      19Ч20 28 46 65 133Ч135 137 149 151 166 168
Preference score      141Ч142 144Ч146
Preference semantics      17 35 160 182
Preference, 17      141Ч142 144Ч146 184 187
Prepositional phrase      170 172Ч174 176
Prepositional phrase attachment      170
Presupposition      134Ч136
Procedural semantics      14 183
Procedural view      12
Procedure      182
Processor design      164 166Ч168
Production system      25
PROGRAM      25
Programming language      132Ч133
Prosody      65
psg      see "Phrase structure grammar"
PSI-KLONE      153
Psycholinguistic experiment      63Ч64 66
Psycholinguistics      22Ч23 25 61
Psychological grammar      137
Psychological model      61
Psychological parsing      139
Psychological reality      37
Psychology      22Ч27
Pullum      83Ч85
Pulman      17
Question answering      165
Realisation      25
Recognition      100 143
Recursion      117
Recursive rule      122Ч124
Recursive Transition Network      33
Reduced conjunction      40 42 44
Reduced relative      64Ч65
Reference      134Ч135 137 139 153
Reference evaluation      153
Representation      12Ч13
Request      141Ч145 171Ч173
Request class      144
Restrictive relative      64
Reversibility      13
Rewrite rule      97Ч99 102
Riesbeck      12 18Ч19 143Ч144 169 187
Right association      139
Right recursion      123 127Ч129
Ritchie      24
Rooth      85
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