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Sharkey N.E. — Advances in cognitive science 1
Sharkey N.E. — Advances in cognitive science 1

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Название: Advances in cognitive science 1

Автор: Sharkey N.E.

Аннотация:

This book, like my own career, has no single theme which connects all of the chapters except a commitment to the study of cognition. I have deliverately avoided collecting these chapters under traditional headings such as artificial intelligence, psychology, linguistics, or philosophy since most of the individual chapters have a foothold in at least two such disciplines. Similarly, I have not sectioned the book into areas like semantic memory, parsing, knowledge-based inference, thought, etc. Rather my intent was to present a selection from first-rate researchers whose work is not firmly constrained by the dogmas of their mother discipline. Each of the contributors in this volume (as well as those who nearly contributed) has influenced my research in cognitive science over the last five or six years as mentor, colleague, friend, neighbour, or some combination. I can find no better motivation for this collection. I offer it to you in the hope that you get some of the excitement out of this blend that I did.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Computer science/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1986

Количество страниц: 339

Добавлена в каталог: 09.12.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Action sequence      94
Actions - goal directed      94
Activation      43 59 60 159 161
Affect      290
Affect analysis      76
Affect state patterns      76
Affect, cognitive penetrability of relationship with cognition      302
Agentives - derived      29
Aldous      293
Ambiguity - lexical      31
Ambiguous utterances      36
Artificial intelligence, as a degenerating research program      315
Artificial intelligence, computational methods      127
Artificial intelligence, methodological approach      72 128
Associative network      16 43 44 58
ATLAST      254
Binding - roles to concepts      162
BKG9.8      330
BlackBoard      139
Boltzmann machine      18
BORIS      240
Brain - holographic function of      327
CA      238
Checkers and learning      320
chunking      197
Cognitive science      13 127 276
Cognitive science, methodological issues      204
Cognitive workbench      139
Coherency as centr al issue of Harmony theory      210
Common ground check      35
Common sense knowledge problem      316
Competence grammar      259
Completion task      212
Comprehension - inference genet ation during      147
Computation, in massively distributed systems      205
Computation, parallel      158
Computational metaphor      13
Computational methods in AI      127
Computer - fifth generation      317
Computer simulation techniques      127
Concept sequences      245
Concept, core and peripheral, in summarization      81
Concept, derived      48 52
Concept, event/state      78
Concept, representation      194
Concept, subclass      78
Conceptual dependency (CD)      238
Conditional retention      255
Connectionist Models      161 287 327
Connectionist models, and learning      196
Connectionist networks - cross-talk problem      190
Connectionist systems      17
Constraint propagation      142
Content addressing      59 60 61 63
Contextual expressions - schematic and aschematic      30 31
Control theory      205
Cooling in Harmony theory      217
Cooperative principle      38
Coordinate related text      80
Coordinate relationship between event concepts      80
Cray - Blitz      327
Cross-talk problem in connectionist networks      190
Decision making - hier archical view      322
Declarative knowledge      60
Delineation to achieve change of gr anularity in text      74
Dempster - Shafer evidence theory      192
DENDRAL      318
Denominal verbs      29 36
Derived agentives      29
Derived concepts      48 52
Descriptions, definite      36
Descriptions, referential and attributive      34 36
Deterministic and non-deterministic parsing      279
Deviancy      69
Differential equations      205
Differential learning hypothesis      298
Discrimination trees      245
Distance hypothesis      100
Downward search model      110
Dynamic construction of passage structures      144
Dynamical systems      205
Effective planning strategies      135
Effective procedure      205
ELI      238
Ellipsis in language      252
Emotions and machine problem solving      293
Eponymous phrases      29
Evaluative first-dimension hypothesis      295
Event concept coherence      77
Event/state concept      78
Events - antecedent relation between      81
Evidence theory      192
Exceptions and cancellation - problem in AI      173
Expectations in models of comprehension      150
Expert system      317
Exploration to recover additional meaning      27 33
Fan effect      112
Fifth generation computers      317
Final arguments principle      264 278
Focus      32
FRAIL      255
frames      23 30 138 166 245
Framework      44
Framework, scheme      64
Free generation plus question answering as experimental method in psychology      139
Freud      1923 1961
FRL      168
FRUMP      76 239
Garden path effects      280
Generation - free, as experimental method in psychology      139
GENERIC      138
Generic knowledge structures      138
Goal      322
Goal, artificial goal structure      104
Goal, interaction/conflict      75
Goal, reduction tree      97 100
Goal-directed actions      94
Goal-generating theme or role      95
Goal-planning knowledge      94
Goal-subgoal analysis      99
Gr anularity of text      74
Hamiltonian function      217
Harmony theory      205
Harmony theory, cooling in      217
Harmony theory, formal isomorphism with statistical physics      211
Hash coding      68
Headed records      44
Heuristic knowledge      317
Hierarchical view of decision-making      322
Holistic processes      316
Holographic functioning of brain      327
Inference      194
Inference rules - domain independent      167
Inference, about human intentionality      16
Inference, and expository text      152
Inference, generation of during comprehension      147
Inference, knowledge-based      125
Inference, logical      158
Inference, through activation of schemata      208
Information processing - theory of      205
Inhibition - lateral      255
Intentionality - human      94
Interactive theory of language comprehension      25
INTERNIST      1 331
Interpreter - presence or absence in semantic network system      159
Invoked attachment      265
IPP      240
Is - A      174
Kernal assumptions      16 44
KL - ONE      168
Knowledge atoms      209
Knowledge atoms, nature of      211
Knowledge base      239
Knowledge compilation      226
Knowledge engineering      317
Knowledge information processing systems (KIPS)      333
Knowledge structures      17 140
Knowledge, about tokens      168
Knowledge, declarative      60
Knowledge, pre-experimental, of subjects in knowledge, psychology experiments      103
Knowledge, procedural vs. declarative      60
Knowledge, representation of      194
Knowledge, semantic      56
Knowledge-based inferences      125
Knowlegde acquisition - critical bottleneck in AI      319
Lateral inhibition      255
Learning and checkers      320
Learning and concept formation      167
Learning and connectionist models      196
Lexical access      25
Lexical decision task      128
Lexical disambiguation      255
Lexical Functional Grammar      18 261 277
Lexical preference principle      262 277
Life planning - influence of mood cycling      308
Literal meaning hypothesis      26
Logical inference      158
MARGIE      237
Margie's balloon      85
Marker parsing      15 255
Markers in DMAP      248
Markers in TLC      242
Massively distributed systems      205
Mathematical analysis - role in cognitive science      204
Mathematical logic      205
Maximum-entropy principle and evidential reasoning      192
Meaning recovery task      24 27
Memory      239
Memory retrieval      15
Memory trace      65 209
Memory, holographic      327
Memory, working      139
Message center      139
Metaphor      34
Methodological tools in cognitive science      127
Model      44
Modular theory of language processing      25
Monte Carlo studies of thermal systems      218
Mood - natural or induced in psychological study      297
Mood biased judgement hypothesis      301
Mood congruent learning hypothesis      298
Mood congruent retrieval hypothesis      299
Mood state dependent retrieval hypothesis      300
Mood-cognition link      303
Mood-cycling - influence on life planning      308
MOPS      240
MOPTRANS      240
MYCIN      318
Natural kind terms      160
Natural kind terms, representation      194
Naturalistic representation      113
NETL      56 168
Network, associative      16 43 44 58
Network, neural      158
Network, semantic      159 166
Neural constraints on cognitive model      160
Neural nets      158 327
Nexus      74
nodes      59
Optimal arousal      294
PAM      97 239
Parallel computation      158
Parallel computation, massively distributed systems      205
Parsing      15
Parsing, as memory search process      236
Parsing, depth-first      278
Parsing, deterministic and non-deterministic      279
Parsing, marker      15 255
Parsing, word expert      253
Passage structures - dynamic construction      144
Perceptual processing - role in subsymbolic paradigm      206
Phase transitions      225
Phrases - eponymous      29
Plan      208 322
Planning      158
Planning, and mood-cycling      308
Planning, effective planning strategies      135
plans      162
Pleasantness - nature of      294
Plot - story      136
Plot units      76
Point or moral or story      135
POLITICS      239
Pollyanna hypothesis      296
Pr operty inheritance      84
Pragmatics and semantics      15 24
Pre-experimental knowledge - problem in psychology experiments      103
Predicate calculus      245
Priming tasks      128
Principle - cooperative      38
Procedural knowledge      60
Pronoun - unheralded definite      33
Pronoun referenceand bridging inference      147
Properties      167
Prospector      331
Protocols, Q/A methodology      130
Protocols, verbal      129
Psychological distance      96
Psychology - experimental methodology      127
Puff      331
Question answering tasks in AI      72
Question/answer methodology in psychology      130
Reading time - problems as experimental technique      104
Records - headed      44
Recruitment      198
Reference - definite      32
Reference diary      32
Referring phrases      31
Relation - partonomic, taxonomic temporal to express concept coherence      78
Repression - Freud's theory of      294
ri      328
Role - goal-generating      95
Roles      162
Salience      277
SAM      239
Schema - frameworks      16 44 64
Schema theory      43 57 207
Schemas (schemata)      23 30 43 138
Schemas (schemata), as dynamically created entities      209
Schemas (schemata), framework      64
Schemas (schemata), invariance of      69
Scripts      23 30 138 162
Scripts, hierarchical structure      98
Scripts, restaurant      208
Search, breadth-first, in NEXUS      82
Search, downward search model      110
Selective learning and retention hypotheses, and concept valence      294
Self-consciousness      292
Semantic Knowledge      56
Semantic memory      242
Semantic networks      58 159 166
Semantics and pragmatics      15 24
Sequence, action      94
Sequence, temporal      87
Sequence/subsequence relationship for event concepts      79
SHRDLU      315
Single-semantic-process model      255
Situations - stereotypical      76
Sketchy      76
SPINOZA      237
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