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Название: One-dimensional model with rotational and liquid-crystalline phase transitions
Авторы: Fulińiski A., Longa L.
A one-dimensional system of hard-rod particles with rotational-like internal degrees of freedom is considered. Particles interact with each other through the infinite-range, infinitely weak attractive Kac potential, and through a nearest-neighbor short-range potential. The latter depends also on the internal states of the interacting particles. Exact results for thermodynamic properties and for some correlation functions are obtained. It is found that the considered system exhibits several first-order transitions between phases with different rotational structure, i.e., with different ordering with respect to the internal degrees of freedom. The calculated equation of state seems to suggest that in the solutions of liquid-crystalline substances in neutral solvents there may exist regions in which the coefficient of thermal expansion is negative—an effect similar to that well known in liquid water.