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Levi I. Ч The enterprise of knowledge
Levi I. Ч The enterprise of knowledge

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Ќазвание: The enterprise of knowledge

јвтор: Levi I.

јннотаци€:

This major work challenges some widely held positions in epistemology - those of Peirce and Popper on the one hand and those of Quine and Kuhn on the other. The author contends that epistemological infallibilism is compatible with his view that knowledge evolves through a process of updating and correcting. Knowledge is regarded as a resource for decision and inquiry, a standard for serious possibility.


язык: en

–убрика: Ѕиологи€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1980

 оличество страниц: 462

ƒобавлена в каталог: 08.12.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
$\sigma$-finite measures      128Ч131 286 360
Abduction      42Ч46 49Ч50
Ability      236Ч237
Ability and compulsion      239
Ability and serious possibility      244Ч246
Ability, adverbially modified      241Ч243
Acceptance      132
Admissible option      96
Analytic reasoning      see УCorrigibilityФ
Anomaly      62Ч63
awareness      10
Bar-Hillel, Y.      48n
Bayes, T.      297 315
Bayesian conditions or doctrine and conflict      168Ч210
Bayesian conditions or doctrine, Bayesianism      51 78 84 87 94 95Ч96 98Ч100 132 133 135 136 150 152 164Ч168 207Ч210 229
BayesТ Theorem      83Ч85 125 129 236 289 325
Belief, justified      1
Birnbaum, A.      423n
Bolzano, B.      287
Borel, E.      287
Braithwaite, R.B.,      xv 234n 370
C(UK)      82
Cantor, G.      287
Carnap, R.      48n 67 78 79 80n 86 89 99 238 243 297 375 424Ч427
Caution      50Ч56 137 181
Caution, throwing caution to the winds      56
CD-predicate      248Ч249
Chance      48 86Ч87 234Ч236 250Ч287
Chance and credal coherence      261
Chance and credal consistency      261Ч264
Chance and credal probability      234
Chance and the long run      271Ч274
Chance on single trials      271Ч273
Chance on single trials and repeatable trials      273Ч274
Chance, existence of      264Ч271 392Ч394
Chance, existence of, KyburgТs view      376
Chance, predicate      250Ч252
Chance, predicate, composite      253
Chance, predicate, simple      252
Chance, semantics of      256Ч261
Chance, semantics of frequency interpretation      256Ч261 394
Chance, set-up      37n 236
Chance, subjunctive conditionals supported by      276Ч278
CIL      86 89Ч90
Classical representation of a decision problem      105Ч106
Cognitive decision problems      51
Cognitive resource      74ff
Coherentism      86
Commitment      164Ч168 186Ч188
Compatibility of evaluations of expected utility      116
Compatibility of evaluations of strong condition of      114
Compulsion      237
Conditionalization and contraction      82n
Conditionalization of one credal state by another      80
Conditionalization, confirmational      81 83Ч86 216Ч217 222Ч225 230Ч233 289 297Ч298 383Ч385
Conditionalization, Dempsterian (D-conditionalization)      385Ч392
Conditionalization, inverse temporal credal      81
Conditionalization, temporal credal      81 289
conditionals      246Ч248
Confidence interval estimation      326 422 423n
Confirmational commitment      48 79Ч83 216Ч217 289
Confirmational commitment and credibility      80n
Confirmational commitment, logical      86
Confirmational irrelevance      225Ч233
Confirmational tenacity      82 86 87 99 216
Conglomerability      118 280
Conglomerability, finite      278
Context dependence      47 56 65Ч67 91Ч93 315 322 426Ч430
Contraction      25 33 58 59Ч62
Contradiction      62Ч63
Corpus of knowledge      1Ч2 7 74ff
Corpus of knowledge, contradictory      27Ч28
Corpus of knowledge, hierarchy of corpora      9
Corpus of knowledge, potential      12Ч13
Corrigibility      1Ч5 13Ч19 59 99
Corrigibility, categorical      7Ч8
Corrigibility, conceptual      7Ч8
Corrigibility, degrees of      61Ч62
Corrigibility, idiosyncratic      7
Cox, D.R.      423n
Credal, coherence      77Ч78 104 118Ч119 144 261
Credal, consistency      78 104 118Ч119 261Ч264
Credal, convexity      78Ч79 191Ч214
Credal, convexity and the multiplication theorem      193Ч196
Credal, intervalism      197Ч204 212 375Ч376
Credal, intervalism, Dempsterian      387Ч392
Credal, irrelevance      107
Credal, regularity      77 110Ч116
Credal, states      74
Credal, uniqueness      79 84 87
Cumulative distribution function      327
Curse of Frege      318Ч319 424Ч430
de Finetti, B.      78 86 99 109 110 112 114 115 116 118 122 126 129Ч130 131 210 219n 285 287 392Ч394
Decision making under uncertainty      98 144Ч147
Decision making, deliberate      35Ч37
Decision making, routine      35Ч37
Decision making, theoretical and practical      72Ч76
Decision making, under risk      98
Demands for information      34 46Ч47 180Ч182
Dempster, A.P.      79 102 200 297Ч298 325 386n 387n 388n 369 385Ч392
Density function      327
Dewey, J.      xvi
Direct inference      86 144 236 250Ч287
Direct inference and pedigree theories of knowledge      396Ч398
Direct inference from composite hypotheses, continuous case      284
Direct inference from composite hypotheses, countably infinite case      280Ч284
Direct inference from composite hypotheses, finite case      278Ч280
Direct inference, FisherТs view      369Ч375
Direct inference, KyburgТs principle of      374n 375Ч385
Direct inference, principle of      254Ч256 405n
Direct inference, ReichenbachТs view      373Ч374
Disposition      237Ч239
Disposition, semantics for      243Ч244
Dominance, strong      106
Dominance, strong and credal coherence      108Ч109
Dominance, strong, principle of (SD)      107
Dominance, weak      106 109Ч112
Dominance, weak, principle of (WD)      109
E-admissibility of options      96Ч97 144Ч145
E-admissibility, principle of      96 104
E-undominated option      136
Edwards, A.W.F.      344n
Epistemic utility      50Ч51 132 180Ч182
Evidential import      423n
expansion      25 33 34Ч35
Expansion and likelihood rules of rejection      311Ч315
Expansion, deliberate or inferential      34Ч40 137 428Ч429
Expansion, deliberate or inferential and statistical prediction      274Ч276
Expansion, routine      34Ч40 99
Expansion, routine, via appeals to witnesses      37 51Ч57 400Ч403
Expansion, routine, via observation      37 399Ч423
Expected utility      95Ч96
Expected utility, conditional      112Ч113
Expected utility, epistemic      135Ч136
Expected utility, maximizing      51Ч53 132
Expected utility, principle of      96
Experimental densities      356Ч358
Fallibilism      8 13Ч19 34Ч35 41 57
Fallibilism and free speech      31Ч32
Fallibilism, categorical      14Ч15 18
Fallibilism, epistemological      13Ч14 18Ч19 70Ч72
Feyerabend, P.K.      34 58 68Ч70 427
Fiducial inference      102 325 326 340n
Fiducial inference as summarizing data      367Ч368
Fiducial inference, commitment to irrelevance      328 331Ч334 338Ч339
Fiducial inference, inversion step      328 330Ч331 337
Fiducial inference, KyburgТs theory      382Ч383
Fiducial inference, pivotal step      328 329Ч330 336Ч337
Fiducial inference, principle of continuous case      339
Fiducial inference, principle of countably infinite case      335Ч336
Fiducial inference, principle of finite case      334
Fiducial inference, principle of, and insufficient reason      335 336 340
Fiducial inference, tame      326 342
Fisher, R.A.      87 90 102Ч103 294 296 301Ч302 316 325 335 341 342 343 368Ч376 382 383
Focal pair      148
Frege, G.      424Ч428
Frequency principle      346 405n
Gettier problem      29Ч30
Good, I.J.      xvi 79 96 186 187 199 204 208 375
Hacking, I.      37n 102 126 234 242n 297 326 327 329 345Ч349 354 356Ч358 360Ч363 368 404Ч405
Harper functions      219Ч221
Harper, W.      219
Harsanyi, J.      149n 150n 175
Higgenbotham, J.      xvi
Hilpinen, R.      48n
Hinkley, D.V.      423n
Hintikka, J.      48n 56
Hope level      148
Hurwicz, L.      145n
Ignorance      183Ч186 315
Ignorance, Bayesian      184
Ignorance, cognitive      183
Ignorance, cognitive, strong      184
Ignorance, credal      185
Ignorance, credal and cognitive ignorance      185
incommensurability      67Ч68
Independence of irrelevant, alternatives      208Ч210
Inductive logic      77Ч78 85Ч88 98
Informational value      34 45Ч48 50Ч51
Informational value and contraction      59Ч60
Insufficient reason      184 315
Irrelevance      see УK-irrelevanceФ УL-irrelevanceФ УConformational УCredal УStochastic
Irrelevance, principle of      346 347 354Ч355
Jeffrey, R.C      52 82n 106
Jeffreys, H.      56 78 79 89 90 99 126 127 129 130 297 326 360 375
Joint proposition      347Ч348
K-irrelevance      374n 377 382Ч383 395Ч396
Keynes, J.M.      79 90 183 375
Knowledge as a standard for serious possibility      2Ч7 71Ч72 74
Knowledge as true justified belief      1Ч3 28Ч30
Knowledge, pedigree theory of      1Ч2
Kolmogorov, A.N.      110 346 346
Koopman, B.O.      xv 79 199 206Ч207 346 375
Krantz, D.H.      204
Kuhn, T.      34 58 65Ч70 71
Kyburg, H.E.      xv 79 102 199 203 297Ч298 325 369 374n 375Ч385 386n 392Ч398
L-irrelevance      377 382Ч383 395Ч396
Lakatos, I.      428
Laplace, P.S.      315
Lehman, E.L.      409Ч410
Lehrer, K.      54n
Leximin      145
Leximin, admissibility      149 211
Leximin, admissibility and spreads in the odds      154Ч156
Leximin, optimality      149
Likelihood      84 228 236 289 343Ч368 423n
Likelihood and deriving posteriors from priors      343Ч344
Likelihood and fiducial inference      352Ч354 358Ч359
Likelihood and rejection      311Ч315
Likelihood, assumption of uniqueness      229
Likelihood, continuous case      355Ч358
Likelihood, discrete cases      347Ч352
Likelihood, HL-likelihood      348
Likelihood, its function in inquiry      345 367Ч368
Likelihood, law of      102
Likelihood, law of, and insufficient reason      359Ч363
Likelihood, law of, as a principle of inductive logic grounded in our conception of logic chance      361Ч363
Likelihood, law of, refuted      366Ч367
Lindley, D.V.      130 340n 363 366
Long run      419Ч423
Lorentz, H.A.      63
Luce, R.D.      145 204 209 228n
M-function      see УProbability information-determiningФ
Maximin      98 145
Maximin as pessimistic      149Ч151
Maxwell, J.C      62
Measuring credence      204Ч208
Michelson, A.A.      62Ч63
Mill, J.S.      32
minimax      134 (see also УMaximinФ)
Minimax regret      145
Mixed option      162Ч163 410Ч413
Morgenbesser, S.      xvi 234Ч235n 237Ч238
Morgenstern, O.      163
Multiplication theorem extended to the continuous case      123Ч125
N-predicate      239
N-predicate, explicit      239Ч240
Nagel, E.      xvi
Necessitarianism      89 90Ч91 93 426
Neyman, J.      37Ч38n 87 90 102 156Ч157 293Ч296 326 404Ч409 415 419 422Ч423
Normal science      67Ч69
Nozick, R.      106
Objectivist inductive logic      87 91 102 144 279Ч280
Objectivist inductive logic and determination of priors and likelihoods      289Ч292
Objectivist necessitarianism      102Ч103 280 292Ч296
Objectivist necessitarianism and routine decision making      421Ч423
Objectivist necessitarianism and the relevance of data      296Ч298 403Ч408
Objectivist revisionism      103 298 304Ч324
Objectivity      429Ч430
Observation reports      37 41
Observation reports, accepting as evidence      399Ч400
Observation reports, making      399Ч400
Observation reports, using as inputs in a program for routine decision making      406Ч408
Observation reports, using as inputs in a program for routine expansion      399Ч400 413Ч419
Optimal with respect to expected utility      95Ч96
Optimism-pessimism criteria      145
Optimism-pessimism criteria, admissible (OP-admissible)      148
Optimism-pessimism criteria, admissible (OP-admissible), and spreads in the odds      154Ч156
Optimism-pessimism criteria, optimal (OP-optimal)      148
Optimism-pessimism criteria, optimal (OP-optimal), pair      145 (see also УFocal pairФ)
Ordering options with respect to strength      138Ч143
P-admissible option      97Ч98 137Ч139 144
P-function      82
P-predicate      239
Paradoxes of confirmation      26Ч27
Parsons, C.      xvi
Pearson, E.S.      37 87 90 102 156Ч157 294Ч296 326 404Ч409 415 419 422Ч423
Peirce, C.S.      14Ч18 19 21 22Ч23 42 70Ч72 258 422
Perrin, J.      70
Personalism, intemperate      87 91 93 298 426Ч427
Personalism, tempered      93 298
Pivotal function      329 336
Pivotal function, invertible      331
Pivotal function, invertible, smoothly      336
Pivotal function, irrelevance-allowing      332 339
Plato      171
Popper, K.R.      18Ч25 31 32 58 67 70Ч72 219n 427
Possibility, economic      241
Possibility, logical      3 242Ч243
Possibility, metaphysical      190Ч191
Possibility, objective      see УAbilityФ
Possibility, physical      241 242
Possibility, relevant      4 112Ч118 222Ч225
Possibility, serious      2Ч5 222Ч225 236Ч237
Possibility, serious, and ability      244Ч246
Possibility, serious, double standard of      16Ч18 72
Possibility, technological      241 242
Potential answers      45Ч46
Potential surprise      183
Probability as a science      260
Probability, conditional      104 112Ч118 217Ч219
Probability, conditional, as confirmational commitment      218Ч219
Probability, countably additive      77 104Ч105 118 121 122Ч123 125Ч131 280Ч287
Probability, countably additive and fiducial inference      336 340 360Ч361
Probability, credal      3Ч4 25 48 52 234Ч236
Probability, de dicto as non-truth-value-bearing      185Ч189
Probability, epistemological      375
Probability, expectation-determining      48 49 52 104
Probability, finitely additive      76
Probability, improper      126Ч127 284Ч287 360
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