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Название: Atomic and nuclear analytical methods
Автор: Verma H.R.
Generally speaking, the Nuclear Science Laboratories of the universities and other research institutes support infrastructure for the application of atomic and nuclear measurement techniques to a variety of fields. These laboratories have state-of-the-art equipment for detecting and measuring all sources of α-, β-, and γ-radiation and are equipped with a broad range of detection systems for measuring and analyzing nuclear radiation. Semiconductor, scintillation and gas-filled detectors including Ge(Li), Si(Li), and NaI(Tl) are available with the necessary supporting electronics. A variety of standard α-, β-, X-, and γ-radiation sources are available for calibrating (energy and efficiency) these detectors and performing other studies with radiation detectors. To perform data acquisition and analysis, a network of personal computers complete with multichannel analyzer software, is interfaced to computer-controlled nuclear electronics components. These computers are equipped with commercial software for statistical analysis, spectral unfolding and other data analysis. For undertaking the research activities in these laboratories, the Master level and research students are trained in experimental methods in the field of radiation physics.