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Название: Applications of Complex Adaptive Systems
Авторы: Shan Y., Yang A.
The universe is a massive system of systems - for example, ecological systems, social systems, commodity and stock markets. These systems are complex, constantly adapting to their environment, and many are essential to the very existence of human beings. To fully understand these systems, complex adaptive systems research uses systemic inquiry to build multi-level and multidisciplinary representations of reality to study these systems.