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Tyson R.K. (ed.) — Adaptive optics engineering handbook
Tyson R.K. (ed.) — Adaptive optics engineering handbook



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Название: Adaptive optics engineering handbook

Автор: Tyson R.K. (ed.)

Аннотация:

Eleven chapters provide guidance for the development and implementation of adaptive optics systems to enhance their ability to adjust for atmospheric turbulence, optical fabrication errors, thermally induced distortions, and laser device aberrations. After a introductory history of adaptive optics, the handbook describes system considerations for modeling, analyzing, and designing a conventional adaptive optics system with laser guide stars. Three chapters then review the major subsystems and components of a system: the wavefront sensor, the deformable mirror, and the control system wavefront estimators. The next three chapters describe state-of-the- art technology in high-speed wavefront correction devices. The volume closes with an overview of current research in medical imaging using adaptive optics, and innovative techniques for wavefront compensation that overcome field-of-view limits


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2000

Количество страниц: 339

Добавлена в каталог: 19.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$L^{2}$-norms      209
$L^{p}$-norms      211 212
A/D converter      190
Aberration      1 281 290—291 295
Aberration chromatic      302
Aberration defocus      255
Aberration human eye      287—288 292 305
Aberration optical      256
Aberration Seidel      142 293
Active mirror      see also “Deformable mirror” 2
Actuator(s)      8 152 157 165 179 181 187 236 237 275
Actuator(s) arrays      157
Actuator(s) ceramic      189
Actuator(s) coupling      268
Actuator(s) driver design      191
Actuator(s) driver electronics.      190
Actuator(s) electrostrictive      154
Actuator(s) electrostrictive PMN      179
Actuator(s) length      179
Actuator(s) manufacture      188
Actuator(s) materials      182
Actuator(s) multilayered stack      185
Actuator(s) nonlinearity      192
Actuator(s) piezoelectric      153—154
Actuator(s) piston-only.      275
Actuator(s) slaving of.      221 223
Actuator(s) stacked      185—186
Actuator(s) tubular PZT      179 183
Actuator(s) voice coil      173—174
Adaptive optics definition      1
Adaptive optics history of      3—6
Adaptive optics inertial      2
Adaptive optics multiconjugate      311 317—318 327
Airy shape      47
Algorithm, control      199
Aliasing      305
Aliasing by arrays of neurons      298
Alpha-LAMP Integration (ALI)      20
Angle characteristic tilt isoplanatic      88
Angle isoplanatic      55 102—103 210 315
Anisoplanatism      56 81
Anisoplanatism angular      95
Anisoplanatism focal      10 101 106—107 207
Anisoplanatism tilt      84
Astigmatism      306
Atmosphere distortion      1
Atmosphere Hufnagel — Valley model      30
Atmosphere layers      312
Atmosphere models      30
Atmosphere SLC-Day model      30
Atmosphere structure constant      313
Atmospheric turbulence coherence length      31
Atmospheric turbulence power spectrum      32—33
Atmospheric turbulence time constant      31
Babcock, Horace      3
Bandwidth      14 45
Bandwidth liquid crystal      278
Bandwidth servo      42 92
Beacon      see also “Guide star(s)” 21 53 59 67
Beacon artificial      5
Beacon laser      265
Beacon physics      206
Beacon Rayleigh      14
Beacon synthetic      110
Beacons, multiple      322
Beam steering, MEM      264
Bimorph      see also “Mirror bimorph” 9
Branch point      218 226
Charge coupled device (CCD)      6 131 147 242
Coherence diameter      see also “Coherence length” 35 105
Coherence length      314
Communication systems      231
Compensation human eye      287—306
Compensation point-ahead      212
Computer, control      2 11
Cone photoreceptors      298
Conjugate amplitude      93
Conjugate phase      93
Conjugation      325
Contrast sensitivity      297
Control optimal modal      215
Control wavefront      273
Correction aberration      260
Correction multiconjugate      282
Correction partial wavefront      281
Correction tip-tilt      6
Corrector bimorph      156
Corrector bimorph curvature      164
Corrector defocus      240
Corrector defocus dynamics of      241
Corrector tilt      232
Correctors liquid crystal      151
Correctors wavefront      151
Cost      153 231 249 271 314
Covariance matrix      202 204
Crystal, liquid      see “Liquid crystal”
D/A converter      190
Defocus      143 259 306
Deformable mirror      2 13 40 151—195 199 209 290 294 297 313
Deformable mirror acceptance testing      194—195
Deformable mirror base for      177
Deformable mirror coating      161 177
Deformable mirror cooling      161
Deformable mirror discrete actuator      164
Deformable mirror free-floating faceplate      167
Deformable mirror MEM      231—247 257 263 301
Deformable mirror micromachined continuous face-sheet      267
Deformable mirror monolithic      161
Deformable mirror multichannel      243 246
Deformable mirror response time      159
Deformable mirror specifying      157
Deformable mirror stroke      159
Deformable mirror surface micromachined      249—271
Deformable mirror uniformity      159
Degrees-of-freedom      158
Densities, star      55
Density, stellar      56
Detector      12 34 127 128
Detector CCD      12
Detector CID      12
Detector CMOS      12
dielectric constant      185
Difference, phase      124
Diffraction limit      29
Diffraction limited      35 49
Digital deflection      254
Distribution, irradiance      139
Driver, electronic      151
Dwell time      42
electronics      160
Error figure      55
Error fitting      41 205 279
Error propagator      39
Error tilt      110
Estimators      199—227
Estimators iterative      212
Estimators least-squares      200—202
Estimators optimal      216
Estimators Wiener — Kolmogorov      205
f-number      131 133 140
Facesheet      158 175—177
Facesheet continuous      167
Field-of-view      311
fill factor      276
Fill factor optical      258
Filter function      60 69 71 100
Filter function aperture      68
Fitting error      see also “Error fitting” 41
Frame rate      37
Fringes, interference      129
Function, filter      see “Filter function”
G-tilt      70 213
Geometry Fried      38 217
Geometry Hudgin      38 217
Geometry Southwell      217
Geometry WCE      217
Glaucoma      303
Grating diffraction      135
Grating Ronchi      136
Green's function      61
Guide star(s)      see also “Beacon” 101 290
Guide star(s) laser      10 18 23 315 327
Guide star(s) natural      55
Guide star(s) Rayleigh      319 320
Guide star(s) sodium      5 15 319
Guide star(s) system considerations for      59—119
Hubble Space Telescope      130 132
Hufnagel — Valley model      99
Human eye      287
Human eye microscopic structures of      298
Huygens — Fresnel approximation      68
Hysteresis      182 191
Image sharpening      7
Imaging, retinal      294 298 299 301 302
Influence function      165—166 207 267 270 275
Inner scale      64
Instability, temporal      301
Interference      129
Interference fringes      289
Interference lateral shear      135
Interferogram      132
Isoplanatic angle      55
Isoplanatic patch      319
Jitter beam      90
Jitter tilt      49 59
Karhunen — Loeve modes      215 220
Kernel Gauss — Seidel      213
Kernel Jacobi      212
Kernel preconditioned      212
Kernel successive overrelaxation      212
Laser, copper vapor      15
LASERDOT (CILAS)      169
Lead magnesium niobate (PMN)      168 182
Lens, relay      133
Lenslet      291
Lenslet array      133—134 257
Lenslet array refractive      256
Lenslet performance      262
Linnik, Vladimir      3
Liquid crystal      13 301—302
Liquid crystal adaptive optics      273—283
Liquid crystal dispersion of      276
Liquid crystal ferroelectric      273 280—281
Liquid crystal homogeneously aligned nematic      273
Liquid crystal nematic      13 273—279
Liquid crystal response time      277—278
Liquid crystal transmittance      276
Log-amplitude      62 66—67
Lyapunov approach      216
Lyapunov stability      224
Macular degeneration      303
Magnitude, stellar      53
Matrices, curl annihilation      226—227
Matrix addressing      275
Matrix covariance      202 214
Matrix geometry      200 212
Matrix Jacobi      213
Matrix multiplier      200
Matrix perturbative techniques      201
Matrix pseudoinverse      201
Matrix Richardson      213
Matrix software for      216
Matrix successive overrelaxation      213
Matrix symmetric successive overrelaxation      213
Mechanism, actuation      251
Mellin convolution      75
Mellin transform      60 72—73 76 83—84 91 93 107 110
Membrane      237
Membrane nitride      239
MEMS      193
Micro-electrical-mechanical (MEM)      13
Micro-electrical-mechanical systems (MEMS)      249
Micro-opto-electro-mechanical systems (MOEMS)      231
Micromachining      234
Micromachining materials for      232
Micromirror, electrostatic piston      251—252
Mirror adaptive      234
Mirror bimorph      8—9 156 160 301
Mirror deformable      see also “Deformable mirror” 8 21 24 151
Mirror ELECTRA deformable      22
Mirror micromachined deformable      237
Mirror micromachined membrane deformable      235
Mirror micromachined varifocal      243
Mirror polysilicon      263
Mirror segmented      8 151 154—155 172—173 178 256
Mirror tilt      29
Mirror tip-tilt      316
Mirror varifocal      240
Model, Kolmogorov      214
Modulation transfer function (MTF)      47 123
Moments, turbulence      72
Movement, beam      89
Multi-user MEMS Processes (MUMPs)      250
Noise      43 202 227
Noise photon      36
Noise sensor      34
Noise wavefront sensor      53
Optical path difference (OPD)      29 126
Optical path length (OPL)      123—124
Optimal estimator      203 219 227
Optimal estimator beacon      210
Optimal estimator predictive      206—209 218 220
Optimal estimator Wiener — Kolmogorov (minimum variance)      207
Outer scale      64
Outer scale von Karmann      84
Parameters, design      51
Phase      124
Phase conjugation      4 43
Phase diversity      304 323 327
Phase retrieval      146—147
Phase retrieval linearized      226
Phased array      265
Phasefront      124
Phosphosilicate glass      250
Photodiode, avalanche      12
photoelectrons      35
Photoreceptors      302
Piezoelectric      192
pixels      275 279
Point diffraction interferometer      130
Point spread function (PSF)      47 140 147
Point spread function (PSF) of the human eye      288
Poisson statistics      36
post-processing      304
Power spectral density      97
Power spectral density tilt      95
Power spectrum tilt      46
Principle, Shack — Hartmann      287
Projected modes      213
Propagation      98
Propagation high energy laser      152
Propagation through turbulence      99
Propagator, error      118 215 221
Pseudoinverse      201—202
PZT      8 162 184
Quadrant detector      38
Quadrant tracker      36
Quality factor      235
Quantum efficiency      37
Radial shear interferometer      131
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