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Dickey F.M., Holswade S.C. Ч Laser beam shaping. Theory and techniques
Dickey F.M., Holswade S.C. Ч Laser beam shaping. Theory and techniques

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Ќазвание: Laser beam shaping. Theory and techniques

јвторы: Dickey F.M., Holswade S.C.

јннотаци€:

A guide to the most fundamental theories and techniques in laser beam shaping. Covers a wide breadth of topics which include shaping element design, current applications, and potentials of the laser beam shaping field. Reviews the underlying theory behind the applications involved.


язык: en

–убрика: “ехнологи€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 2000

 оличество страниц: 428

ƒобавлена в каталог: 16.10.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
$\beta$(Beta)      23 26 98 123 126 129Ч130 135Ч138 279Ч280 284 289 300 308
$\beta$(Beta), constraints for successful shaping      13 26 289
$\beta$(Beta), defined      12 23 130
$\beta$(Beta), dimensionless parameter      127
$\beta$(Beta), effect on target spot quality      135Ч138 280
$\beta$(Beta), uses      8
Anamorphic lenslets      see "Lenslet"
Arc sources      298
Archimedes      see "History"
Aspherical deformation coefficient      182 229
Aspherical surfaces      174 188
Aspherical surfaces of beam shaper      217
Aspherical surfaces of lens system      239
Aspherical surfaces, fabrication      233
Aspherical, piano-      186 187 191
Asymptotic approximation      126
Attenuation      380Ч387
Attenuation, beam pickoff      381Ч384
Attenuation, in-line      384Ч387
Attenuation, in-line, bulk absorbing      385Ч387
Attenuation, in-line, neutral density filters      385Ч387
Attenuation, in-line, reflecting surface      385
Attenuation, in-line, scattering surface      387
Averaging      276 282Ч284 304Ч305
Beam, analysis      11Ч12 see
Beam, attenuation      see "Attenuation"
Beam, collimated      132Ч134
Beam, diameter      187 192 see width"
Beam, integration      128
Beam, integration, diffracting      276 278Ч281
Beam, integration, imaging      274 275 288Ч289 290Ч291
Beam, integration, non-imaging      274 275
Beam, integration, zoom      291
Beam, profile      349Ч420
Beam, profile, industrial applications of      360
Beam, profile, instruments for      355
Beam, profile, medical applications of      358
Beam, profile, scientific applications of      352
Beam, profile, significance of      350
Beam, profile, viewing      see "Viewing beam profiles"
Beam, shaper, far field      253
Beam, shaper, near field      250
Beam, shaper, one-mirror      324Ч332
Beam, shaper, two-lens      227 239
Beam, shaper, two-mirror      203 208Ч209
Beam, shaping, categories      3
Beam, shaping, defined      1
Beam, shaping, diffractive theory of      98Ч117
Beam, shaping, geometrical, equations for      87Ч88
Beam, shaping, geometrical, numerical solutions      97
Beam, shaping, geometrical, radially symmetric systems      89
Beam, shaping, lossless      see "Lossless"
Beam, single mode      120 see
Beam, truncation effects      139Ч140
Beam, waist      131 169 220
Beam, width      395Ч405 see diameter"
Beam, width, accuracy      396Ч398 400Ч405
Beam, width, accuracy, camera baseline offset      396Ч398
Beam, width, accuracy, noise      396Ч398 400Ч405
Beam, width, definitions      398Ч399
Beam, width, second moment      399Ч405
Bundle of rays      166 316
Camera-based instruments, cameras      373Ч380 see
Camera-based instruments, computers      372
Camera-based instruments, description      371Ч389
Camera-based instruments, frame grabbers      372
Camera-based instruments, software      373
cameras      373Ч380
Cameras, CCD      373Ч379
Cameras, CCD, frame transfer      378Ч379
Cameras, CCD, interline transfer      378Ч379
Cameras, CID      373Ч375
Cameras, cooled infrared      375
Cameras, infrared bolometer      375
Cameras, InGaAs      375
Cameras, lead sulfide      374
Cameras, pyroelectric vidicon      374
Cameras, pyroelectric, solid-state      374 379Ч380
Cameras, signal-to-noise ratio of      377Ч378
Categories, beam integration      3
Categories, field mapping      3
Categories, multi-faceted      3
Caustic surfaces      323 see
Caustics      58
Coherence      284Ч288
Coherence, mutual      285Ч288
Coherence, partial      285Ч288 298
Coherence, spatial      282 284Ч288 298 301
Collimated beam      200 203
Collimated light      320 322
Combinatorial minimization      221
Conic constant      174Ч175
Curvature, Gaussian      321 327 348
Curvature, mean      321 327 347
Curvature, normal      321 327 347
Curvature, principal      317
Curvature, principal, radii of      315 322Ч324 347
Curvature, radii of      321 343 347
Curvature, surface      175 229 345
Curvilinear coordinates      341
d-spacing      175
Detector      179
Differential arc-length      342
Differential equations      170Ч174 201-209
Differential equations, solution of      172Ч174
Differential geometry      341Ч348
Diffracting beam integrator      see "Beam integration"
Diffraction      276 278Ч281
Diffractive evanescent order      257
Diffractive order      250
Diffractive theory      see "Beam shaping"
Diffuser      249Ч271
Diffuser, applications      269Ч270
Diffuser, band limited      249
Diffuser, binary      260
Diffuser, example      260Ч264
Diffuser, fabrication      264Ч267
Discontinuities in stationary phase approximation      37 39
Discontinuities, effect on beam shaping      23Ч24 26 105
Discrete parameters      235
Eikonal equation      60Ч64 165
Element of area      317 330 343
Energy, balance      168Ч171 324 331 335
Energy, conservation of      163 184Ч189 203 217Ч218 316Ч319 329Ч335
Energy, density      166 172
Equation of surface      341
Errors, alignment      142Ч145
Errors, scaling      142Ч145
Fabrication      180 182 233
Fabrication of diffracting beam integrator, photolithographic      296Ч298
Fabrication of diffracting beam integrator, surface measurement      297Ч298
Fabrication of prototype laser beam shaper      193 197
Fabrication, GRIN      199
Fermats principle      54 68Ч70
Fiber injection      see "Injection"
Fitting, accuracy of      182
Fitting, least squares      197
Fitting, process      174
Flux, density      315 323 330
Flux, flow equation      314Ч319 322Ч327
Fly's eye lens      128
Focal (imaging) points      323
Fourier, optics      73Ч74
Fourier, transform      122 125Ч126
Fourier, transform, lens      121Ч122 128 132
Frequencies, spatial      254
Fresnel, diffraction theory      70Ч82
Fresnel, lens, classes, or orders      5
Fresnel, lens, defined      4Ч5
Fresnel, lens, lighthouses      5
Fresnel, number      77 279Ч281 289 300 308
Gaussian beam      120 125Ч126
Gaussian beam, circular      129
Gaussian beam, conversion of, to flat-top      93Ч95 107
Gaussian beam, conversion of, to polynomial      107Ч109
Gaussian beam, conversion of, to radial flattop      95 113
Gaussian beam, conversion of, to stairstep function      95Ч97 113
Gaussian beam, conversion of, to triangle function      109
Gaussian beam, Gaussian mode      169
Gaussian beam, resizing      14
Generalized ray trace equations      324
Genetic algorithms (GAs)      215Ч217 222Ч224
Genetic algorithms (GAs), macro      244Ч248
Genetic algorithms (GAs), micro-GA code      223
Genetic algorithms (GAs), optimization with      227Ч241
Genetic algorithms (GAs), parallelization of      222 224Ч227
Geometrical optics      54Ч70 127 163 165Ч168
Geometrical wavefront      165 167
Gradient-index (GRIN), axial      188Ч191
Gradient-index (GRIN), materials      221
Gradient-index (GRIN), using GRIN lenses      191Ч199 227 235Ч239
Grating      255Ч258
Grating, equation      257
Grating, vector      257
Hankel transforms      35
Hankel transforms and radially symmetric beam shaping      104Ч105
History of beam shaping      3Ч5
History of optics      3
History, Archimedes and the siege of Syracuse      3Ч4
Homogeneous wave equation      see "Wave equation"
Illumination      333
Image processing      186
Imaging beam integrator      see "Beam integration"
Index of refraction      167 191
Index of refraction, wavelength dependence of      181Ч182 184Ч185
Injection, fiber      299Ч309
Injection, lens      299 307
Intensity of beam      196Ч199 322
Intensity, distribution      177 196 199
Intensity, law      166
Intensity, profile      182Ч183 189 200Ч205
Intensity, profile, measuring      186Ч188
Interference      276 282Ч283 301 303
Irradiance      175 179 220 331 324Ч325
Irradiance, calculations      217 233 313 315Ч324
Irradiance, prescribed      333
Irradiance, profile      199 216 237Ч239 314 325
laser beam      see "Beam"
Least squares technique      194 197
Lenslet, anamorphic      295
Lenslet, array      275 283 288Ч295 302 305
Lithography      265
Lithography, binary mask      265
Lithography, direct write      265
Lithography, gray scale mask      265
lossless      120Ч121 128
Lossless, versus lossy techniques      3
Magnification      178
Magnification, inverse      178 208
Magnification, radial      209
Magnification, rectangular      178 205
Measurement Methods      360Ч371
Measurement methods, electronic      363Ч371
Measurement methods, electronic, attenuation      363
Measurement methods, electronic, camera-based systems      371
Measurement methods, electronic, mechanical scanning instruments      365Ч371
Measurement methods, non-electronic      360Ч363
Measurement methods, non-electronic, acrylic mode burns      362
Measurement methods, non-electronic, burn paper      362
Measurement methods, non-electronic, fluorescing plates      362
Measurement methods, non-electronic, wooden tongue depressors      362
Measurement methods, quantitative      see "Quantitative measurements"
Merit, beam integration      11 13
Merit, choosing      12Ч14
Merit, diffraction-based      8Ч9 13
Merit, diffusers      10Ч11 13
Merit, figures of      see "Metrics"
Merit, function      215 221Ч224 228Ч231 236Ч239
Merit, geometric      9 13
Merit, Gerchberg Ч Saxton      14
Merit, irradiance mapping (non-laser)      11
Merit, measurement      see "Measurement methods"
Merit, optimization-based      9 14
Merit, super-Gaussian      14
METHODS      see also "Beam"
Metric coefficients      327 342
Metrics, absolute difference      5
Metrics, choosing      6
Metrics, minimum mean square error      5 122Ч124
Metrics, peak-to-average      300 303 309
Metrics, pitfalls      6Ч7
Minimum mean square error      see "Metrics"
Mirror      320 322 325 333
Mirror, surface      201
Monotonic and non-monotonic schemes      2
Multi-faceted      273 274 276 282
Mutual intensity      285Ч287
Non-imaging beam integrator      see "Beam integration"
Non-projective transformation      164 177 199 200 203
Optical design      163 168 172 180 191 216 222 224 241 324
Optical field      165
Optical path difference (OPD)      183Ч184 280
Optical path length (OPL)      163 171 178 187 203 207
Optical surfaces      174
Optics, sign convention      324
Optics, surface equation      174
Optimization      215Ч216 220Ч224 240
Parallel processing      231
Peak-to-average      see "Metrics"
Phase      122
Phase, collimated and uncollimated output      1
Phase, conjugate      132Ч134
Phase, constrained vs. unconstrained      1
Phase, correction      131 132
Phase, element      120 122 135 145Ч146
Phase, function      127 131
Phase, Gaussian beam      131
Phase, positive and negative      130Ч131 140Ч141
Phase, uniform      131
Photo-radiometric calculations      314
Plane wave      see "Wavefront"
Polar, coordinates      325 333
Polar, symmetry      200 208
Poynting vector      53
Profile      see "Beam"
Projective transformation      176Ч177
Propagation vector      see "Vector"
Quantitative measurements      393Ч419
Quantitative measurements, $M^{2}$      411Ч415
Quantitative measurements, beam width      395Ч405
Quantitative measurements, centroid location      395
Quantitative measurements, divergence      408
Quantitative measurements, ellipticity      405Ч406
Quantitative measurements, Gaussian fit      406Ч407
Quantitative measurements, ISO standard      412Ч414
Quantitative measurements, pass/fail      411
Quantitative measurements, peak location      394
Quantitative measurements, peak power or energy      394
Quantitative measurements, power or energy      393Ч394
Quantitative measurements, signal processing      415Ч419
Quantitative measurements, statistics      408Ч411
Quantitative measurements, top hat      407Ч408
Quantitative measurements, wavefront phase      416Ч419
Radiant energy      166
Radiation      315
Ray      165 167
Ray, equation      168 188 335
Ray, path      170
Ray, reflected      317
Ray, trace equations      202 203 205 314 316 332
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