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Winterbone D.E. Ч Advanced thermodynamics for engineers
Winterbone D.E. Ч Advanced thermodynamics for engineers



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Ќазвание: Advanced thermodynamics for engineers

јвтор: Winterbone D.E.

јннотаци€:

Although the basic theories of thermodynamics are adequately covered by a number of existing texts, there is little literature that addresses more advanced topics. In this comprehensive work the author redresses this balance, drawing on his twenty-five years of experience of teaching thermodynamics at undergraduate and postgraduate level, to produce a definitive text to cover thoroughly, advanced syllabuses.

The book introduces the basic concepts which apply over the whole range of new technologies, considering: a new approach to cycles, enabling their irreversibility to be taken into account; a detailed study of combustion to show how the chemical energy in a fuel is converted into thermal energy and emissions; an analysis of fuel cells to give an understanding of the direct conversion of chemical energy to electrical power; a detailed study of property relationships to enable more sophisticated analyses to be made of both high and low temperature plant and irreversible thermodynamics, whose principles might hold a key to new ways of efficiently covering energy to power (e.g. solar energy, fuel cells). Worked examples are included in most of the chapters, followed by exercises with solutions. By developing thermodynamics from an explicitly equilibrium perspective, showing how all systems attempt to reach a state of equilibrium, and the effects of these systems when they cannot, the result is an unparalleled insight into the more advanced considerations when converting any form of energy into power, that will prove invaluable to students and professional engineers of all disciplines.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/“ермодинамика, статистическа€ физика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1997

 оличество страниц: 378

ƒобавлена в каталог: 09.10.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
$p-\nu-T$ diagram      8 101 105
acetylene      185 217 300
Acid rain      286
Activation energy      279Ч285 311
Activity coefficient      353
Adiabatic combustion      187Ч205
Adiabatic compressibility      115
Adsorption, gas molecules      294
Air      152 159
Air standard cycle      71 189 208
Air, composition      159
Air-fuel ratio      30Ч31 186Ч188 225 265Ч272 292
Air-fuel ratio, lean(weak)      186 223 245 265Ч272 301
Air-fuel ratio, rich      186 222 224 245 252 265Ч272 301
Air-fuel ratio, stoichiometric      186 216Ч217 233 267 269 299
Alcohols      185 213 217
Alkanes      138 185 217
Alkenes      185 217
Amagat's Law      121Ч122
Ammonia      296
Amount of substance      7 100 158Ч159 172Ч177 189 196Ч205 219Ч259 268 275 319 348
Annular combustion chamber      313
Aqueous solution      347Ч353
Argon      159
Aromatics      217
Arrhenius equation      279 294 299 311
Atmospheric nitrogen      159
Atomic nitrogen      242Ч245 273 282
Atomic oxygen      164 242Ч245 273 282Ч284
Atomic weight      158
Atomisation      211
Atomisation energy      208Ч215
Availability      13Ч36 64 359
Availability balance      27Ч36
Availability transfer      29
Availability, change of      18 22Ч29
Availability, closed system      18 27Ч30
Availability, effect of change of entropy      32
Availability, effect of change of volume      30
Availability, effect of combustion      30Ч34
Availability, flow      21 35
Availability, loss of      13Ч36
Availability, molar      15
Availability, non-flow      15 18 30
Availability, open system      34Ч36
Availability, rate of change      29 35
Availability, reaction      31 40Ч41
Availability, specific      15 19 27Ч29
Availability, steady flow      21 35
Availability, work      29
Available energy      21Ч26 36 67
Avogadro's hypothesis      159
Avogadro's number      340 347
Barrel swirl (tumble)      307
Baruah      268
Beattie Ч Bridgeman equation      128
Bejan      85
Benson      164
benzene      202 209Ч210 217 225
Benzoic acid      215
Bertholet equation      129
Binary cascade cycle      137
Boiler      276 291
Boiling point      137
Boltzmann constant      340
Bond energy      40 182 187 208Ч217 291 348
Bond energy, atomisation energy      209Ч217
Bond energy, dissociation energy      209Ч217
Bond energy, minimum potential energy      208Ч211
Bosch Smoke Number      287
Boyle's law      121Ч122
Bradley      303
Brake thermal efficiency      304
Branching reactions      295Ч296
Bronchial irritants      286
Bunsen burner      297 305
Butane      135Ч136 185 192 217 296
Calorific value      64
Calorific value, higher      188Ч205
Calorific value, lower      188Ч205
Carbon dioxide      9 40 135 139Ч140 159 164 168 182Ч205 209 211 218Ч275 292 345
Carbon monoxide      1 9 40 159 164 168 184Ч192 218Ч275 285 288 296 300
Carbon particulates      285 287 312
Carbon-12      158Ч159 192
Carbon/hydrogen ratio      185 224 270 272
Carnot cycle      21 65 68 85 89
Carnot efficiency      65Ч82 85Ч96 345
Cascade      137
Cascade, binary cycle      137
Cascade, ternary cycle      137
Catalytic converters      288
Cetane      217
Cetane number      311
Chain reaction      295Ч296
Charles' law      121Ч122
Chemical bonds      187 208Ч217 354
Chemical composition      186Ч188 196Ч206 229Ч238 245Ч257 265Ч285
Chemical equilibrium      218Ч257
Chemical kinetics      8 194 245 265 275 276Ч289 295 299 306
chemical potential      7 8 100 165 220Ч231 319 332 334Ч337 349Ч353
Chemical potential, standard      227Ч230
Chemical reaction      185Ч285
Chemical structure of fuels      208Ч217
Chemistry, combustion      184Ч187 208Ч217
Chlorine      351
Clapeyron equation      117
Clausius equation of state      123
Clausius inequality      14
Clausius Ч Clapeyron equation      115 117
Closed system      5Ч7 13Ч21 27Ч34 218
Coal      185
Coefficient of expansion      114 123Ч125 144
Coefficient of performance      137Ч138
Cold utility      47Ч60
Combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT)      47 92 287
Combined cycle heat engine      92Ч96 137
Combustion      182Ч313
Combustion chamber      307Ч313
Combustion systems, diesel      309Ч312
Combustion systems, gas turbine      312Ч313
Combustion systems, spark ignition      307Ч309
Combustion with heat transfer      194 199
Combustion with work transfer      194
Combustion zones, gas turbine      313
Combustion, adiabatic      187Ч274
Combustion, chemistry      184Ч187 208Ч217
Combustion, constant pressure      193 202 312
Combustion, constant volume      193 196 199Ч202 233Ч238 245Ч257 267Ч275
Combustion, diffusion      291
Combustion, energy equation      188Ч205 245Ч257
Combustion, exergy change      40
Combustion, heat release      208 312
Combustion, heterogeneous      183 292 305Ч306
Combustion, homogeneous      183 292 296Ч305
Combustion, incomplete      195 204 233Ч238 245Ч257
Combustion, initiation      304Ч305 310
Combustion, laminar      183 296Ч302
Combustion, multi-phase      183
Combustion, non-premixed      183 305Ч306 309Ч313
Combustion, premixed      292Ч305 307Ч309
Combustion, rich mixture      186 195 202Ч205 224 233Ч238 252Ч254 267Ч274
Combustion, single-phase      183
Combustion, speed of      297Ч304
Combustion, three dimensional      183
Combustion, turbulent      183 302Ч303
Combustion, two-dimensional      183
Combustion, weak mixture      186 200 223 245Ч252 267Ч274
Combustion, zero-dimensional      183
Composite diagram      55 60
Composite temperature - heat load diagram      51 57
Compressibility, adiabatic      115
Compressibility, factor      129
Compressibility, isentropic      115
Compressibility, isothermal      114Ч115 125
Compression coefficient      129
Compression, isentropic      15Ч18 24Ч25 65Ч82
Compressor      24Ч25 76Ч82
Concentration component      319
Concentration gradient      316 332 335 360
Concentration, molar      277Ч284
Condenser      69Ч76
Conductance, heat transfer      92Ч95
Conduction of electricity      318 322Ч332
Conduction of heat      317 319Ч332
Conjugate fluxes      319Ч342
Conjugate forces      319Ч342
copper      347Ч351
Copper sulfate      347Ч351
Corresponding states, law of      125Ч129
Coulombic forces      348
Counterflow heat exchanger      37Ч40
coupled equations      316Ч342
Coupled processes      319Ч342
Coupling matrix      319Ч342
Critical isotherm      125Ч127
Critical point      124Ч131 135
Critical point, water      126 135
Critical pressure      124 135 140
Critical temperature      124 135 146
Critical volume      124
Cross-coupling      316Ч342
Crude oil      184
Current, electric      316 322Ч332 347Ч361
Current, electric, density      321Ч332
Cycle calculations      30Ч34 48 69Ч82
Cycle efficiency      69Ч82
Cycles, air standard      71 189 208
Cycles, bottoming      34
Cycles, Carnot      21 65 68 85 89
Cycles, Diesel      68
Cycles, endo-reversible      65Ч82 85Ч96
Cycles, gas turbine,      see Joule
Cycles, internally reversible      65Ч82 85Ч96
Cycles, irreversible      65Ч82
Cycles, Joule      68 76Ч82
Cycles, Otto      30Ч34 68 267
Cycles, Rankine      69Ч76 79
Cycles, reversible      65
Cycles, Stirling      85
Cyclone separator      288
Dalton Principle      172
Damkohler      302
Daniell cell      345Ч351
Datum pressure, also standard pressure      164 228Ч229
de Groot      333
dead state      14Ч43 65Ч82
Dead state, pressure      14Ч43
Dead state, temperature      14Ч43 65Ч82
Debye theory      162
Deflagration      183 296Ч305
Delocalised electrons      210
Desorption, gas molecules      294
Destruction of availability      24Ч29 39Ч41
Detonation      183 296 309
Diatomic      184
Diesel cycle      68
Diesel engine      309Ч312
Diesel oil      217
Dieterici equation of state      129
Diffuser      313
Diffusion      175 294 319 332Ч339 359
Diffusion, burning      287 305Ч306 311
Diffusion, flames      291 297 305Ч306
Diffusivity mass      298 332Ч342
Diffusivity, thermal      298 303 332Ч342
Dilution zone      313
Direct injection engines      309Ч312
Dissociation      7 182 194Ч195 265Ч275
Dissociation energy      208Ч210 214
Dissociation, degree of      218Ч259
Dissociation, effect of pressure      239Ч240
Dissociation, effect of temperature      239Ч241
Dry ice (carbon dioxide)      139
Dryness fraction (quality)      137 150
Dufour effect      332Ч338
Dynamic equilibrium      218 222 349
Eddy diffusivity      302
Efficiency at maximum power      85Ч96
Efficiency, cycle      64Ч82
Efficiency, fuel cell      357Ч359
Efficiency, isentropic      22Ч25 30Ч34 69Ч82
Efficiency, overall      64
Efficiency, rational      65Ч82 154 359
Efficiency, thermal      17 64Ч82 85Ч96 292 355
Electrical cells      346Ч351
Electrical conduction      316 323Ч332 345Ч361
Electrical flow      323Ч332
Electrochemical potential      349Ч361
Electrode      346Ч351
Electrostatic precipitator      288
Elementary reaction      278
End gas      309
Endoreversible heat engine      85Ч96
Endothermic reaction      184 256 273Ч275 295
energy equation      5Ч6 14Ч15 27 34 58 86 143 189Ч205 233Ч257 347Ч349
Energy equation, steady flow      58 89 143 189Ч205
Energy equation, unsteady flow      34
Energy, available      13Ч36
Energy, Gibbs      see Gibbs energy
Energy, Helmholtz      see Helmholtz energy
Energy, internal      5Ч9 13Ч34 37Ч40 100Ч118 160Ч178 187Ч205 245Ч257
Energy, potential      1Ч4
Energy, unavailable      6 21Ч22 26 37 67 80
Engine, combustion systems      307Ч313
Engine, diesel      276 286Ч287 291 305 309Ч312
Engine, irreversible      65
Engine, petrol      see spark-ignition
Engine, reversible      5 17 21 26 65 85Ч96
Engine, spark-ignition      208 276 291 304 307Ч309
Engine, stratified charge      305
Enthalpy      6Ч9 22Ч25 34Ч36 40Ч43 100Ч118 141Ч154 160Ч175 187Ч205 245Ч257
Enthalpy coefficients of gases      167Ч170
Enthalpy of formation      65 187Ч205 209Ч217 241Ч242
Enthalpy of products      188Ч205 245Ч257
Enthalpy of reactants      188Ч205 245Ч257
Enthalpy of reaction      40Ч41 64 187Ч217 355Ч361
Enthalpy, molar      160 165 174
Enthalpy, specific      160 337
Enthalpy-temperature diagram      188Ч205
entropy      3Ч7 19Ч43 64Ч82 91 100Ч118 162Ч178 218Ч221 316Ч342
Entropy change      3 19 23 28 37 39 117 348
Entropy change due to mixing      175Ч178 229Ч231
Entropy creation      3Ч4 317Ч322 333 336
Entropy flow      5 317Ч322
Entropy flux      321Ч336
Entropy generation      see creation
Entropy mixtures      175Ч178 229Ч231
Entropy of transport      324Ч332
Entropy production      see creation
Entropy, ideal gas      23Ч25 77Ч82 162 165Ч166
Entropy, maximum      4 319
Environment      23 see
Equation of constraint      227
Equations of state      121Ч131 158Ч159
Equations of state, Beattie Ч Bridgeman      128
Equations of state, Bertholet      129
Equations of state, Dieterici      129
Equations of state, ideal gas      105Ч107 110 121Ч123 144 159Ч178 195Ч205 233Ч238
Equations of state, perfect gas      see also ideal gas 15Ч19 30Ч34 76Ч82
Equations of state, van der Waals' gas      123Ч128
1 2 3
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