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Welford W. — Useful Optics
Welford W. — Useful Optics

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Название: Useful Optics

Автор: Welford W.

Аннотация:

Students and professionals alike have long felt the need of a modern source of practical advice on the use of optical tools in scientific research. Walter T. Welford's Useful Optics meets this need.
Welford offers a succinct review of principles basic to the construction and use of optics in physics. His lucid explanations and clear illustrations will particularly help those whose interests lie in other areas but who nevertheless must understand enough about optics to create the experimental apparatus necessary to their research. Consistently emphasizing applications and practical points of design, Welford covers a host of topics: mirrors and prisms, optical materials, aberration, the limits of image formation and resolution, illumination for image-forming systems, laser beams, interference and interferometry, detectors and light sources, holography, and more. The final chapter deals with putting together an experimental optics system.

Many areas of the physical sciences and engineering increasingly demand an appreciation of optics. Welford's Useful Optics will prove indispensable to any researcher trying to develop and use effective optical apparatus. Walter T. Welford (1916-1990) was professor of physics at Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine from 1951 until his death. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Optical Society of America.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/Электромагнетизм/Оптика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1991

Количество страниц: 140

Добавлена в каталог: 09.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
"Barrel" distortion      34
"Hard-edged" beams      67
"Pincushion" distortion      34
"Thick" systems      39
"Thin" lens      37
"Thin" lens, model of Gaussian optics      9 10
$Cos^{4}$ law      59—60
Aberrations and Gaussian beams      69—70
Aberrations and optical system design      36—42
Aberrations of ray      11 25
Aberrations, chromatic      36
Aberrations, large      49—52
Aberrations, parameterizing      26 27
Aberrations, paraxial      27
Aberrations, primary      27
Aberrations, Seidel      27—29 32 33
Aberrations, small      47—49
Aberrations, spherical      28—30 37
Aberrations, third-order      27
Aberrations, wavefront      29 30
Afocal system      10 11
Airy pattern      46 69
Alkali halides      22
Amplitude point spread functions      53
Angle of diffraction, and wavelength selection      110
Angle of incidence      2
Angle of multilayers      73
Angle of refraction      2
Angular dispersion, equation for      16
Angular resolution of the eye      123
annealing      20 21
Annealing for mirrors      23 24
Antireflection coatings      77
Antireflection coatings, broad-band      77—78
Antireflection coatings, principle of      72
Antireflection coatings, single-layer      71—73
Aperture stop      8 9
Aperture stop, position of      34—35
Aplanatic doublets      37—39
Argand diagram      89
Aspheric surfaces      40
Astigmatism      15 31—34
Astigmatism, correction      38—39
Astigmatism, defined      31
Beam expander      18 69 125
Beam waist      66—68
Beam-splitters, polarizing      18
Beam-splitting cube      16
Beam-splitting prism      15
Beam-splitting surfaces      42
Bending, defined      37 38
Bessel function      44
Birefringence, stress      20 21
Blackbodies      99
Blaze angle      109
Blazing of a grating      108
Bolometers      91 94
Bragg mode      104
Brewster angle      71 81
Brightness      64
Calcium carbonate      23
Cassegrain telescope      42
Catalog of optical glass manufacturers      19
cell      124
Centering      123
Central obstruction      42
Chalcogenide glasses      23
Charge-coupled device (CCD)      93—94
Chemical attack in optical systems      21
chromatic aberration      36
Chromatic dispersion      19
Coatings      21
Coherence      52
Coherence and interferometry      86—87
Coherence, longitudinal      88
Coherence, patch      53 86
Coherence, transverse      88
Coherent illumination      52—54
Collecting angle      61
Coma      15 30—31
Coma as transverse ray aberration      32
Coma, linear      30
Coma, Seidel      30
Combining prism      15
Compensators and interferometers      85
Complex amplitude      44 45 53—55
Complex amplitude of Gaussian beams      66
Concave gratings      111—113
Condensers      60—63
Conjugate distance equation      5 7 8 10
Conjugate distances      5
Conjugate planes      5
Cooke triplet      39
copper      23
Critical angle      13
Crystal quartz      23
Curvature      110
Deflectors, acousto-optic      104—105
Degree of partial coherence, defined      87
Detection, photochemical      94—95
Detectors      91—95
Dichroic reflecting surface      15 16
Dichromated gelatin (DCG)      115
Diffraction      54—56 104
Diffraction, gratings      15 108—113
Diffraction, holographic      116
Diffraction, systems limited by      49
Diffractometers      56
Dispersing prisms      16 17
dispersion      21
Distortion      33—34
Doppler effect      104
Dove prism      15
Electromagnetic radiation      1
Electromagnetic waves      1
Entrance pupil      9 10
Entrance slit      110
Exit pupil      9 10
Exit slit      112
Expansion coefficients of optical glasses      21
extended objects      59
External photoelectric effect detectors      91
Eye, human, angular resolution limit of      123
Fabry — Perot mirrors      23
Fabry — Perot theory      80
Faraday rotation      20 21
Fermat's principle      3
Field coordinate      26 31—33
Field coordinate, correction      38—39
Field coordinate, defined      32
Field curvature      31
Field lens      61 126
Filaments, quartz-halogen      98
Filaments, tungsten      98
Finite wavelength      44
Fizeau fringes      82—86
Float glass      23
Flux      58
Flux density      58
Focal length      5
Focal lines, sagittal      32
Focal lines, tangential      32
Focal ratio (f-ratio)      59
Focus      6
Fourier transform      54—57
Fourier transform and image      52
Fourier transform of the intensity point spread      50
Fourier transform, spectroscopy      84
Frame stores      125
Free spectral range      110
Frequency response formalism      53
Fresnel formulas      71
Fresnel formulas and multilayers      74
Fresnel formulas, lens      62
Fresnel formulas, numbers      67
Fringe of constant optical path      82—85
Fringe of equal inclination      82—85
Fringe, contrast      84
Fringe, function      84
Fringe, visibility or contrast of      87
Fused silica      22
Galvanometer mirror      101
Gaussian beams      66—68
Gaussian beams and aberrations      69—70
Gaussian beams, tracing of      68—69
Gaussian beams, truncation of      69
Gaussian intensity profile      9
Gaussian optics      5 7 25
Gaussian optics, formally defined      27
Geometrical optics      1 2
Geometrical wavefront      2
Germanium      23
ghost images      63
Glass chart      20
Globar      99
Golay cells      91 94
Grating constant      108
Grating monochromator      113
Gratings, concave      111—113
Gratings, plane diffraction      108—111
Gray body      98
Haidinger fringes      82—85
Harmonic analyzer      84
Helmholtz equation      69
Holograms, making of      119—120
Holograms, rotating      102
Holograms, thick      115
Holograms, thin      115
Holographic optical elements (HOEs)      117—119
Holographic recording materials      115
Holography, principle of      114—115
Homodyne detection      96 97
Ideal wavefront      28
Illuminance      97—98
Illumination, coherent      52—54
Illumination, incoherent      50 53
Illumination, partially coherent      52—54
Image formation      5 52
Image formation and partial coherence      88
Image formation, isoplanatic      50
Image point      5
Image point, Gaussian      26
Image point, ideal      26
Image, inversion      14
Image, parabolic      17
Image, rotation      14 15
Image, sharpness of      28
Image, virtual      9 10
Incoherent illumination      59
Infinity and diffraction      55 56
Infinity and telecentric system      9 10
Infrared, defined      23
Infrared, light sources      99—100
Inhomogeneity of refractive index      20
Integration      125
Intensity      53
Intensity, point spread function      52
Interference in a thin film      72
Interference, contrast      121
Interference, effects      53
Interference, filters      80
Interferometers      80
Interferometers, distance and phase measurement      85
Interferometers, Michelson      82—87
Interferometers, Twyman — Green      86 87
Interferometry and coherence      86—87
Interferometry holographic      119—120
Irradiance      58
Isoplanatic image formation      50
Johnson noise      92 95
Koehler illumination system      61 62
Lagrange, invariant      6 7 58 65
Lambertian radiator      58
Laser beam waist      66—68
Laser speckle      53 54
Lasers and non-Gaussian beams      70
Lasers, mirrors for      23—24
Lasers, multiwavelength      16
Lasers, sources for imaging systems      63—64
Lenses, testing of      86
Light intensity      45 46
Light scattering      20
Line spread function      109
Linear coma      30
Liouville's theorem      64
Lit trow geometry      110
Lithium fluoride      22
Longitudinal chromatic aberration      36
Longitudinal coherence      88
Longitudinal color      36
Longitudinal spherical aberration      28
Lumen      97
Luminance      97 98
Magnification      123
Malus — Dupin theorem      2
Mechanical stress      20 21
Meridian section      31
Metrical precision      125
Microscope, scanning      106—107
Microscopy      52
Mirrors      24
Mirrors for high power lasers      23—24
Mirrors, combinations of      12
Mirrors, concave      41 43
Mirrors, Fabry — Perot      23
Mirrors, galvanometer      101
Mirrors, optical materials for      19 23
Mirrors, oscillating      101
Mirrors, paraboloidal      41
Mirrors, rotating      101
Mirrors, spherical      41
Mirrors, telescope      24
Modulation transfer function (MTF)      50 51 90
Monochromatic light      88
Monochromator      113
Mounting of an optical component      124
Multilayers and Fresnel formulas      74
Multilayers and interference filters      80
Multilayers, angle of incidence of      73
Multilayers, design of      74
Multilayers, dielectric      15
Multilayers, high-reflectance      77
Multilayers, intensity reflectance of      76
Multilayers, periodic      79
Multilayers, reflectance of      74
Multilayers, thin-film      71—81
Multilayers, transmittance of      74
Multilayers, types of      76—81
Multilayers, wavelength dependence of      73
Multiwavelength lasers      16
Neutral reflecting surface      16
Noise      1 90 95—97 125
Noise equivalent power (NEP)      93
Non-Gaussian beams      70
Nonlinear index changes in glasses      21 22
Nonlinear refractive index      20
Nonspheric surfaces      40
Null test      117
Numerical aperture      46—47 123
Object      5 6 52
1 2
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