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Per Bak Ч How nature works
Per Bak Ч How nature works

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Ќазвание: How nature works

јвтор: Per Bak

јннотаци€:

In print, at least, what might seem arrogant comes across as a kind of innocent, childlike enthusiasm, a lack of concern for anything but the sheer joy of figuring things out. His ruthless simplifications of geology, evolution, and neurology pay off because, as Bak notes, his models describe behavior that is common across these domains. This universality means that trampling across others' turf is not only acceptable, but almost mandatory, if the underlying principles are to be exposed. Finally, for the most part, Bak wants the reader to grasp the basic logic of his arguments; only rarely does he try to persuade with flights of poetic language or brute intellectual authority.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/ѕопул€рные издани€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1996

 оличество страниц: 212

ƒобавлена в каталог: 25.09.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Aarhus, University of      94
Acoustic emission from StromboLi      98
Alstrom, Preben      171 177
Alvarez, W      151Ч152
Anderson, PW      114
Arrow, K      114
Arthur, Brian      114 116 157
Asperities      172
Ausloos, M      143
Avalanches      1Ч2 28 32 46Ч48
Avalanches, in brain      175
Avalanches, in economics model      189Ч191
Avalanches, in evolution      113 139Ч141
Avalanches, in evolution model      147Ч148 154 164 168Ч171
Avalanches, in Game of Life      109Ч111
Avalanches, in real sandpiles      66Ч78
Avalanches, in ricepiles      71Ч75
Avalanches, in sandpile models      51Ч64
Avalanches, in sediment deposits      78Ч80
Avalanches, in traffic      196
Barton, Christopher      93Ч94
Bell Laboratories      37
Benton, M. J.      150
Berkeley, University of California at      36
big bang      1 3
Black holes      100Ч101
Blind watchmaker,      11 120 140
Block-spring model      90Ч93 95Ч97
Boettcher, Stefan      165Ч166
Bohr, Tbmas      35
Boldrin, Michel      18
Brain      175Ч182
Bretz, Michael      69
Brookhaven National Laboratory      33Ч35 68 84 134 168 176 188
Burridge Ч Knopoffmodel      95
Burridge, R      90
Butterfly effect      159
Cambrian explosion      18 117 141
Cantor, Georg      146
Carlsberg      133
Carlson, Jean      92
Carroll, Lewis      122
Catastrophes      12Ч18 28 31Ч32 60 99 131 158 191
Catastrophtsm      18
Catastrophtsm, and self-organized criticaltry      32
Cellular automata      106Ч107
Chaos      11 29Ч31 106
Charge density waves      38
Charge density waves, phase memory effect in      39
Chen, Kan      93 97 109Ч111 126 188
Chernogolovka research center      134
Chhabra, A.B.      63
Chialvo, Dante      153Ч154 159 164
Chicago, University of      36 48 66 187
Christensen, Kim      70 94Ч97 103
Churchill College, Cambridge University      36
Cities, ranking of      25 57
Cologne, University of      107
complexity      1Ч2 80 115 126 143
Complexity, and chaos      30Ч31
Complexity, andcriticality      112
Complexity, from adaptation      137
Complexity, in economics      188
Complexity, origin of      6
Complexity, theory of      9Ч32
Computational physics      44
Contingency, in history and biology      8 156Ч158
Contingency, in history and biology, and complexity      8 28
Contingency, in history and biology, and economics      15 185
Contingency, in history and biology, and SOC      157
Contingency, in history and biology, insandpiles      59
Conway, John Horton      107Ч112 118 142 161
Copenhagen, University of      35
Coppersmith, Susan      17Ч18.
Cowan, George A      114
CPsymmetry      34
Creationism      18
Cretaceous extinction event      16Ч17
Creutz, Michael      109Ч111 126
Critical state      1Ч3 27 48 51 59 75 99Ч100 126 159 163 198
Critical state, by tuning      28 94 u 126 169 171
Critical state, in brain      176Ч177
Critical state, in equilibrium systems      28 35 167
Critical state, in evolution model      141 169Ч170
Critical state, in Game of Life      110
Critical state, in nuclear chain reactions      48
Critical state, of the crust of the earth      99Ч100
Cronin, James      34
Crystals      1 4
Darwin, Charles      117 119 121Ч124 129Ч132 135 141
Dawkins, R.      31 120
Denmark, Technical University of      34
Dennis, B.R.      102
Derrida, Bernard      163
Devil's staircase      144Ч146 157Ч158 167 196
Dhar, Deepak      63 168 191
Dinosaurs      9 17 151 158
Diodati, Paolo      97Ч99
Domino effect      45Ч46
Domino effect, in ecology      139
Duisburg, University of      193
Duke University      116
Earthquakes      12Ч14 46 74Ч77 77 85Ч97 125 161 172Ч174
Ecological netwotk      105 121Ч127 155
Economics      116 183Ч192
Eldredge, Niles      29 117 130 152
Emergent phenomena      6Ч7 21 45 51 113 193Ч194
Emery, Vtc      35
Engineering vs physics      42
Engineering vs, self-organ ization      176
Eotvos University      75
Equilibrium systems      28Ч29 50 157 184Ч185
Erosion      76 82 89
Evolution      92 114 116 120 126 156
Evolution model      135Ч142 181
Evolution model, random neighbor version      163
Extinctions in biology      130 151Ч152 156
Extinctions in biology, and meteors      151Ч153
Extinctions in biology, Cretaceous      17 32
Extinctions in biology, distribution of 16, in Game of Life      109
Extinctions in biology, histogram of      17
Extinctions in biology, synthetic      148Ч150
Extinctiorf.Bad LuckorBai Cents? (Ranp)      152 164
Extremal dynamics      133Ч134
Family, Fareydoon      75
Faults      36
Feder, Hans Jakob      94Ч97 103
Feder.Jens      19 69 94
Feigenbaum, Mitchell      30Ч31 44 58 63 134 159
First principles      6
Fisher, R.A.      120 123
Fitch, Val      34
Fitness      118 138Ч139 168Ч169 181
Fitness, interacting fitness-landscapes      121Ч122
Fitness, landscapes      118 135Ч136
Fleming, Robert      39
Flemings, Peter      78Ч80
Flyvbjerg, Henrtk      127 129 148 163Ч166
Food chain      136 166
Fractal dimension      20Ч21 144
Fractals      19 27 28 31 56 76 89
Fractals in the Earth Sciences (Barton)      93
Fractals, and SOC      76Ч77
Fractals, Chaos, Power Laws (Schroeder)      27
Fractals, the coast of Norway      19 81
Frette, Vidar      70
Gaia      154Ч156
Gameof Life      105Ч112 118 126 141 142 161 171
gap equation      168Ч169
Gardner, Martin      107Ч108
Gases of atoms      4
Gell Ч Mann, Murray      114
Geomorphology      80Ч81
Goddard Space Center      102
Goldin, Claudia      186
Goodwin, Brian      116
Gordon Conferences      88
Gore, Al      62
Gould, Stephen Jay      7Ч8 29 117 123 134Ч135. 157 162
Grassberger, Peter      54
Greenspan, Alan      192
Grinstein, Geoffrey      94
Grotzinger, John      78Ч80
Gruner, George      39
Gutenberg Ч Richter law      12Ч14 26 47 56 86 87 91 94 96 98Ч100 186
Hamilton, R.J.      102Ч104
Hard sciences, vs. so ft sciences      8
Harvard University      162 136
Heeger, Alan      35
Held, Glen      68
Hemmingsen.Jan      171
Hidden Order(Holland)      137
Higuchi, H      195
Holism, in sandpiles      60
Holism, vs reductionism      2
Holland, John      137
Horgan, John      68
Horton's law      81
Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort (Zipf)      24
Hurst, J      22
Hydrology      81
IBM T J. Watson Center      14 22 68
Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton      106
Instituto Veneto Di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti      84
Interface depinning      133 170
J-particle      34
Jaeger, Heinz      66
Jensen, MogensH0gh      35 148
Joessang, Tbrstein      69
Johnston, Arch C      13 46
Jonson, Sonke      122Ч126
Journal of Geophysical Research      93
Kadanoff.Leo      21 63 66
Kagan, Yakov      89
Kardar, Mehran      94
Kauffman, Stuart      9 117Ч126 132 134
Kierkegaard, Soren      7 12
Kingston Peak      78Ч80
Knopoff Leon      90
Kobe University      172
Kolan, A.J.      63
Lamarque      119
Landau Institute      167Ч168
Landscapes      4Ч5 84
Landscapes, formation of      66 75Ч76 80Ч84 130
Landslides      75Ч77
Langer, Jim      92
Lautrup, Benny      127
Lederman, Leon      34
Lee, T.D.      34
Levy distribution      14 186 191
Libchaber, Albert      44 134
Linncan Institute      9
Litdewood, Peter      38
Logarithmic scale      13Ч14 31
Los Alamos National Laboratory      114
Lotka Ч Vol terra equations      124
Lovelock, Jim      154Ч155
Lu, E.T      102Ч104
Lyell, Charles      18 129Ч130
Macroevolution      129 142
Magnetic field lines      102Ч103
Mandelbrot, Benoit      14Ч15 17 19Ч21 76 186
Marx, Karl      60 192
Maslov, Sergei      167Ч171
Matzusakt, Mitsuhiro      91
May, Robert      30 44
Meakin, Paul      70
Memphis State University      13
Michigan, University of      69
Mineshige.S.      101
Models, the importance of simplicity      41Ч45
Motley, R      100
Musha, T      195
Mutation      109 120 143Ч144 155
Mutation, of species      123Ч124 135 143Ч144 166
Nagel, Kai      193Ч198
Nagel, Sidney      66
NASA Goddard Space Center      102
NASA Marshall Space Flighc Center      77
Nash equilibria      28 125
Nature      92 117
Nava, Susan      13 46
neuron      178Ч181
New Madrid earthquake region      13
Newmann, M.E.J.      153
Newton's Laws      3
Niels Bohr Institute      132 171 177
Nishimori, H.      101
NKC-models      122Ч126 132 136 163
Noever, David      77
Nori, Franco      69
NOVO      133
Obukhov, Sergei      97
Officer, C      14
Ohio State University      9 3
Olami, Zeev      94Ч97 103
One-over-fnoise      21Ч23 28 30 31 37 95
One-over-fnoise, in evolution model      170
One-over-fnoise, in music      22
One-over-fnoise, in quasars      21Ч22
One-over-fnoise, in the Nile      22 37
One-over-fnoise, in traffic      22 195Ч197
One-over-fnoise, in x-rays from black holes      101
Organism      155
Oslo, University of      69
Paczuski, Maya      59 110 157 165Ч171 193Ч198
Page, J.      14
Paiey, William      31
Paleontology      131 162
Palmer, Richard      116
Park Field earthquake region      86
Particles      7
Particles, in evolution models      170Ч171
Pendulums      39Ч41 45Ч48
Permean extinction      140
Perugia, University of      97
Phase transitions      28 167
Physical Review      63
Physical Review Letters      94 96
Physics Today      21
Pietronero, Luciano      168
pinning      29Ч30
Pokrovsky, Valery      167
Popper, Karl      11
Power laws      13 28 47 57Ч58 67 76 77 78 81 94 96 141 163 165 169 173 186 191 195
Power laws, definition      27
Power spectrum      22 170 197
Princeton University      107 164
Principles of Geology (Lyell)      18
Procaccia, Itamar      63
Pseudo extinctions      135 147 150
Pseudocubus Vtma      147
Pulsar glitches      100
Punctuated equilibrium      29 60 117 123Ч124 141 147
Punctuated equilibrium, in asimpleevolution model      141 146 159 161Ч163 166Ч167
Punctuated equilibrium, in earthquakes      172
Punctuated equilibrium, insandpiles      117
Punctuation      175
quantum mechanics      3 11
1 2
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