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Gottfried K., Weisskopf V.F. Concepts of particle physics (volume 2)
Gottfried K., Weisskopf V.F.  Concepts of particle physics (volume 2)









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: Concepts of particle physics (volume 2)

: Gottfried K., Weisskopf V.F.

:

The second volume of this authoritative work traces the material outlined in the first, but in far greater detail and with a much higher degree of sophistication. The authors begin with the theory of the electromagnetic interaction, and then consider hadronic structure, exploring the accuracy of the quark model by examining the excited states of baryons and mesons. They introduce the color variable as a prelude to the development of quantum chromodynamics, the theory of the strong interaction, and go on to discuss the electroweak interaction the broken symmetry of which they explain by the Higgs mechanism and conclude with a consideration of grand unification theories.


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ed2k: ed2k stats

: 1986

: 416

: 10.09.2005

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$b\bar b$ spectrum      331332 (See also $Q\bar Q$-systems)
$c\bar c$ spectrum      328330 332
$e\bar e\to 2\gamma$      315
$e\bar e\to e\bar e$, $\mu\bar\mu$-resonances in      314317
$e\bar e\to e\bar e$, data for      239
$e\bar e\to e\bar e$, hadronic resonances in      320
$e\bar e\to e\bar e$, theory for      237238
$e\bar e\to W\bar W$      480482 490
$e\bar e\to Z^0$      506508
$e\bar e\to$hadrons      318324 507
$e\bar e\to$Higgs      525
$e\bar e\to\mu\bar\mu$, data for      240
$e\bar e\to\mu\bar\mu$, hadronic resonances in      319 320
$e\bar e\to\mu\bar\mu$, perturbation theory of      235236 317
$e\bar e\to\tau\bar\tau$      241
$e_L$      471 473 518
$e_R$      471 473 517
$J/\psi$      319 321
$K_L\to\mu\bar\mu$      497
$Q\bar Q$-systems      312
$Q\bar Q$-systems, decay into gluons      333
$Q\bar Q$-systems, hadronic cascades in      336337
$Q\bar Q$-systems, phenomenological potential for      402
$Q\bar Q$-systems, radiative transitions in      326331
$Q\bar Q$-systems, spectrum of      325327
$Q\bar Q$-systems, SD mixing in      321 336
$SU_L(2)$      517
$U_Y(l)$      518
$W^0$-field      489 522
$Z^0$-boson, coupling to fermions      507
$Z^0$-boson, coupling to Higgs      527
$Z^0$-boson, decay      507
$Z^0$-boson, mass      506
$Z^0$-boson, mass, generation of      523
$Z^0$-field      494
$\lambda$-matrices      351
$\mathfrak{F}$, gauge group of standard model      530
$\mathfrak{G}_{EW}$, gauge group of electroweak theory      530
$\mathscr C_3$      343
$\mathscr E_3$      559
$\mathscr E_3^T$      485
$\mu\bar\mu$ bound states      314317
$\Psi$      319 321
$\psi_{L,R}$      470 (See also $c\bar c$ spectrum)
$\rho$-parameter      498 502 523
$\theta_W$ (electroweak mixing, or Weinberg, angle)      See Electroweak theory; Grand Unification
$\Upsilon$      See $Q\bar Q$-spectrum systems spectrum
$\Upsilon\to$Higgs      527
Anticommutation rules      568 574 581
Antiparticles      208
Antiparticles and causality      584
Antiscreening in QCD      331 386 387
asymptotic freedom      380 396 Vacuum
Bag model      404419
Bag Model and QCD vacuum structure      398401
Bag Model, boundary conditions      406 411
Bag Model, center-of-mass motion in      413
Bag Model, charge and current density      408
Bag Model, eigenvalues in      406
Bag Model, hadron masses      406 413 415417
Bag Model, hadron radii      407 415
Bag Model, interaction of quarks in      409412
Bag Model, magnetic moments      408 416
Bag Model, Regge slope      417419
Barn      289
Baryon resonances      291295 298 303 304
Bohr formula      241
Branching ratio (or fraction)      288
Breit Wigner formula      288
Breit Wigner formula in $e\bar e$ scattering      316 322
Broken symmetry      See Hidden symmetry
Cabibbo angle      440 472 478
Callan Gross relation      428 432 440 446
Causality condition      579
Causality condition, crossing symmetry      584586
Causality condition, spin and statistics      581583
Central collisions      299
Charge conjugation and isospin      305
Charge conjugation for photons      249
Charge conjugation for pions      305
Charge conjugation in positronium      249
Charge conjugation in SU(3)      356
Charge distribution of leptons      240243
Charge distribution of mesons      281
Charge distribution of nucleons      279
Charge operator      208 209 555 570
Charge quantization      372
Charmonium      313
Chirality      471
Color of gauge field      370380
Color, charge density of      379
Color, charge density of, induced      382386
Color, conservation of      372
Color, coupling constant      369 373
Color, electric field      376
Color, magnetic field      376
Color, singlet      345
Color, total, operator for      380
Color, variable      342
Color, wavefunctions      346 (See also Bag Model; Confinement; Gauge field)
Color, addition of      355 357359 361363 380
Commutation rules and decay of positronium      583
Commutation rules for antiparticle operators      581 583
Commutation rules for Dirac field      583
Commutation rules for scalar field      580582 (See also Anticommutation rules)
Complementary Principle      558
Complex fields      553
Compton scattering      221
Compton scattering, Feynman diagrams for      228
confinement      397401
Confinement and scattering      425 (See also Bag Model)
Cooper pairs      512 516
Coulomb's law      590
Coupling constant in gauge theories      372 373
Coupling constant in Grand Unified theory      534539
Coupling constant of QCD      334 369 373 397
Coupling constant, dimension of      223 231 478
Covariant derivative in electroweak theory      519 520
Covariant derivative in Grand Unified theory      534
Covariant derivative in SU(3)      369 370 378
Covariant derivative, electromagnetic      369
CP transformation      473
CP violation      474
Creation operators for fermion      207 208 568
Creation operators for photons      205 208 557
Creation operators for spin-0 particles      550 554
Creation operators in oscillator      547
Cross section, defined      219
Cross section, evaluation of      226228
Decay rate      286
Decay, process      284
Deep inelastic scattering      424
Deep inelastic scattering, charge-changing weak, cross section      439 443 445
Deep inelastic scattering, charge-changing weak, data for      448
Deep inelastic scattering, charge-changing weak, structure functions      440 446
Deep inelastic scattering, charge-preserving weak      499502
Deep inelastic scattering, charge-preserving weak, determination of $\theta_W$      502
Deep inelastic scattering, electromagnetic, cross section      427 438
Deep inelastic scattering, electromagnetic, data for      433435
Deep inelastic scattering, electromagnetic, structure functions      428 459 461
Deep inelastic scattering, kinematics      425427
Deep inelastic scattering, parity violation in      502504
Destruction operators      See Creation operators
Dielectric constant (coefficient) in QED      260 261 263
Diffraction scattering of hadrons      281283
Dirac current      203 204 566
Dirac equation      202204 563565
Dirac equation in momentum space      564
Dirac equation in spherical enclosure      600
Dirac field, charge operator      570
Dirac field, commutation rules      583
Dirac field, current operator      566 569
Dirac field, Hamiltonian of      568
Dirac field, L-R decomposition of      470
Dirac field, Lorentz transformation of      471
Dirac field, plane wave expansion of      207
Dirac field, space reflection      473
Dirac field, space reflection, intrinsic parities      570
Dirac matrices      203 563 565
Dirac spinor      202 207 563
Dirac spinor for antiparticles      565
Dirac spinor in spherical enclosure      601
Dirac spinor, plane wave expansion of      206 567
Dirac spinor, space reflection      562 563
Dirac spinor, UR limit of      215 471 565 567
Electromagnetic field, angular momentum of      198
Electromagnetic field, energy of      197
Electromagnetic field, Hamiltonian of      196
Electromagnetic field, momentum of      197
Electromagnetic field, operators for      537
Electromagnetic interaction, operator      212214 (See also Electroweak theory)
Electromagnetic potentials      195
Electron scattering by nucleon, elastic      280
Electron scattering by nucleus      424 (See also Deep inelastic scattering; Lepton-nucleon scattering)
Electron scattering, inelastic      289
Electroproduction      289
Electroweak theory, $e\bar e\to Z^0$      506
Electroweak theory, $e\bar e\to$fermion pairs      507
Electroweak theory, coupling constants in      494 506
Electroweak theory, gauge group      518
Electroweak theory, incorporation of QED      491493
Electroweak theory, mixing angle $\theta_W$ defined      494
Electroweak theory, mixing angle $\theta_W$ defined in Grand Unified theory      535540
Electroweak theory, mixing angle $\theta_W$ defined, data      502 505
Electroweak theory, W and Z masses      506
Exotic hadrons      297
Fermi constant      475
Fermi interaction for charge-changing processes      475
Fermi interaction for charge-preserving processes      498 499
Fermion-Fermion scattering in electroweak theory      571573
Fermion-Fermion scattering in QED      232235 571573
fermions      198204
Fermions, helicity of      200
ferromagnetism      509511
Ferromagnetism and gauge invariance      495
Feynman diagrams for bound states      244 313
Feynman diagrams, relation to perturbation theory      225
Feynman diagrams, rules for construction of      229 257
Field operators      195 579
Fine structure      246
Fine structure in He atom      273
Flavor threshold      334
Flux tube, in QCD      400 418
Form factor      242 279 423
Form factor of nucleon      280 424
Formation reactions      283 299
G-parity and quark model      311
G-parity of mesons      309311
G-parity, defined      305
Gauge field in Grand Unified theory      534
Gauge field in weak interaction      490 (See also Electroweak theory; Grand Unification; Yang Mills equation)
Gauge field, interaction with sources      372
Gauge field, quanta of      371
Gauge field, self-interaction      377
Gauge field, strengths      376
Gauge field, SU(3)      369 371
Gauge invariance and boson masses      371 511 516 523
Gauge invariance and fermion masses      526
Gauge invariance and hidden symmetry      523
Gauge invariance in electroweak theory      496 517519
Gauge invariance in Grand Unification      540
Gauge invariance in superconductor      514516
Gauge invariance, electromagnetic      368
Gauge invariance, SU(3)      366 370
Gauge theory      366 (See also Gauge fields; Gauge invariance; Yang Mills equations)
General Relativity and gauge theory      365366 374
General Relativity and superstrings      543
Generation of fermions      531 532
Ginzburg Landau Hamiltonian      512 516 520
Global symmetry      365
Gluon      371
Gluon, bremsstrahlung      455 456
Gluon, field in nucleon      452455
Gluon, momentum in nucleon      437 455
Gluon, self-coupling      375 (See also Confinement; Gauge field)
Gluon-gluon scattering      375
Goldstone's theorem      511
Grand Unification, $\theta_W$      533 535540
Grand Unification, coupling constant      534 536539
Grand Unification, fermion multiplets in      532 533 535 540
Grand Unification, gauge group      540
Grand Unification, hierarchy problem in      542
Grand Unification, Higgs mechanism in      541
Grand Unification, proton decay      533 543
Grand Unification, unification mass      539
Grand Unification, vertices in      533
Groups, Abelian      349
Groups, definition of      348
Groups, direct product of      349 356359
Groups, non-Abelian      349
Groups, Poincare      349
Groups, simple      530
Groups, unimodular      348
Groups, unitary      348
Groups, weight diagram      352 (See also $\mathfrak{F}$; $\mathfrak{G}_{EW}$; SU(2); SU(3); U(N))
harmonic oscillator      545547
Helicity and hidden gauge invariance      511 516 524
Helicity rule in UR phenomena      214216 441 471 571573
Helicity, Lorentz transformation of      200 201
Hidden symmetry in electroweak theory      520528
Hidden symmetry in ferromagnetism      510
Hidden symmetry in Grand Unification      541 542
Hidden symmetry in superconductors      511516 (See also Higgs field)
Higgs boson      521
Higgs boson in electroweak theory      524528
Higgs field in electroweak theory      517 519
Hydrogenic states      245246
Hyperfine structure      247
Hyperfine structure in hydrogen      272
Impulse approximation      424
Invariant mass      284
Isospin in $\pi N$ scattering      295297
Isospin, determination of      291 295
Klein Gordon equation      198 548 585
Klein Nishina formula      226
KN Scattering      297 298
Lamb shift      226270
Lattice QCD      403
Lepton-nucleon scattering, kinematics      425427 (See also Deep inelastic scattering; Electron scattering)
Leptons, charge radii of      243
Leptons, excited states of      193
Lifetime      286
Light-by-light scattering      226
Local observables      579
Local symmetry      365366 (See also Gauge invariance)
London's equation      515
Lorentz transformation (LT) of 4-vectors      560 566
Lorentz transformation (LT) of Dirac spinors      562
Lorentz transformation (LT), proper      562
Magnetic moment, anomalous, of leptons      270272
Magnetic monopole      372
Magnetic susceptibility of vacuum      388389
Magnetic susceptibility of vector field      595597
Mass generation of fermions      526527
Mass generation of vector bosons      523
Maxwell's equations      199 368
Maxwell's equations in Weyl form      201
Meissner effect      511 515 517
Meson resonances      300302 306308
MHz      246
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