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Holden A. — Bonds Between Atoms
Holden A. — Bonds Between Atoms

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Название: Bonds Between Atoms

Автор: Holden A.

Аннотация:

This monograph is one of a connected series of three by the same author: Stationary states. The nature of atoms, and Bonds between atoms. Like its fellows, it was written for the Conference on New Instructional Materials in Physics, sponsored by the Commission on College Physics with the support of the National Science Foundation, and held at the University of Washington in the summer of 1965.
The purpose of the conference was to create effective ways of presenting physics to college students who are not preparing to become professional physicists. Such an audience might include prospective secondary-school physics teachers, prospective practitioners of other sciences, and those who wish to learn physics as one component of a liberal education.
The form of these, and of other monographs originating at that conference, implements a principle of experimental pedagogy promulgated there. Each monograph is 'multi-level': each consists of several sections arranged in order of increasing sophistication. Their authors hope that such papers can be fragmented for use in existing formal courses, or can be associated with other papers to provide the basis for new kinds of courses.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1971

Количество страниц: 108

Добавлена в каталог: 19.12.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
acetylene      78
Adamantane      95
Adamantine solids      15
Alcohols, boiling points of      11
Alkali metals, bonding in      87
Alkali metals, halides of      17
Aluminum ion      100
Ammonia, bonds in molecule of      70 72
Ammonia, dipole moment of      74
Ammonium sulphate      15
Angles between bonds      72ff
Angstrom unit      18
anthracene      85 90
Antibonding states      46 64 68 69 70 91
Antisymmetry, principle of      56 65
Arabian alchemy      2
Argon, chemical inertness of      27
Argon, crystals of      13 31
Aristotle, doctrine of the elements      1
Atomic orbitals      61 (see also “Aufbauprinzip”)
Atomic orbitals, shapes of hybrid      76ff
Atomic orbitals, shapes of p      72
Aufbauprinzip      70ff
Avogadro’s number      18
Bamberger structure of      82
Bamberger structure of, delocalized electrons in      82 83 90ff
Bamberger structure of, delta-well model for      90ff
Bamberger structure of, resonance energy of      84 93
Bamberger, Eugen      82
Barium ion      100
Barlow, William      6
Benitoite      100
benzene      14
Benzene, Kekule structure of      81
Beryl      100
Beryllium, excited state of      76
Beryllium, ion      100
Beryllium, oxide      79
Beryllium, valency of      75
Berzelius, Jons      4 5 17
Binding energy      30 38
Boiling temperature      11
Bond energies      (see “Binding energy”)
copper      15
Coulomb, Charles — Augustin      3
Covalent bonds      7 37
Dative bonds      85
Davy, Sir Humphry      4 5 17
de Broglie wavelength      7 41 92
Degeneracy, orbital      64
Delocalization of bonding electrons      80ff
Delta-well model for benzene      90
Delta-well model for hydrogen molecule      55
Delta-well model for hydrogen-molecule ion      43 49ff
Delta-well model for nitrous oxide      89
diamond      8 14 95 100
Dichlorobenzenes      81
Dipoles      9
Dipoles of water      72 100
Dipoles, as criterion of structure      83 85
Dipoles, fluctuating      11 27ff
Dipoles, in plastics and proteins      97
Dipoles, induced      12 22 100
Dispersion forces      13 14 27
Dispersion forces, ff      97
Dispersion forces, in graphite      87
Dissociation energy      38 41
Dissociation energy of alkali halides      17 19 21
Dissociation energy of hydrogen molecule      67
Dissociation energy of hydrogen-molecule ion      48
Dissociation energy of sodium chloride      5 6
Dissociation energy, aliphatic compounds of      76ff
Dissociation energy, angles between      72ff
Dissociation energy, aromatic compounds of      80ff
Dissociation energy, as criterion for bond-type      5
Dissociation energy, Bonding states      46 64 68 91
Dissociation energy, Born, Max      39
Dissociation energy, Boyle, Robert      2
Dissociation energy, Bridges, oxygen      99
Dissociation energy, Calcite      15
Dissociation energy, Calomel      15
Dissociation energy, Carborundum      15
Dissociation energy, Carcinogenic hydrocarbons      103
Dissociation energy, Cellulose, wetting of      100 102
Dissociation energy, close-packed      13
Dissociation energy, Compressibility of atoms      19
Dissociation energy, Cristobalite      100
Dissociation energy, Cross-linking      96
Dissociation energy, dioxide      79
Dissociation energy, effective ionic radii in      26
Dissociation energy, electronic      13
Dissociation energy, excited state of      76
Dissociation energy, ff      15
Dissociation energy, in graphite      86
Dissociation energy, ionic      7 9
Dissociation energy, ionization potential of      93
Dissociation energy, law of      13 24 38
Dissociation energy, quadrupole moment of      10
Dissociation energy, valency of      75
Dissociation energy, validity of electrostatic picture of      46
Donor-acceptor bonds      85
Double bonds, in carbon compounds      76 78 8
Double bonds, in nitrous oxide      85
Dualistic hypothesis      4 17
Dufay, Charles      3
Economy, principle of      94
Effective radii of ions      26 100
Electrolysis see also Conduction, electrical      4 7
Electron affinity      19 98
Electron-deficient bonds      64 87
Electron-pair bonds      37 47 53ff
Electronegativities of atoms      72 94 96
Electrons, exchange of      7 53 55 60
Electrons, exclusion principle for      7 19 53 55
Electrons, gain or loss by atoms      5
Electrons, identification of      4
Electrons, magnitude of charge on      17
Electrons, principle of antisymmetry      56
Electrostatic bonding      1 4 14 17 46 65 94
Energy units      18
ethane      78
ethylene      78
Exchange integral      68
Exchange of electrons      7 53 65 69ff
Excited atomic states      76
Exclusion principle      7 19 53 55
Feynman, Richard      46
First ionization energy      32 67 93
Flesh      97
Fluorine molecule      70 75
Geber      2
Glaciers      102
graphite      85
Ground-states of atoms      70
Halides of alkali metals      17
Halides of hydrogen      33
Hardness      15
Harmonic oscillators, coupled      29 33
Harmonic oscillators, zero-point energy of      26
Helium, diatomic molecule of      70
Helium, hydride ion      79
Helium, hydride molecule      69
Helium, ion      43 48
Hybrid, orbitals      76ff
Hybrid, structures      85
Hydrocarbons, benzenoid      8
Hydrocarbons, boiling points of      11
Hydrocarbons, bonds between oxygen atoms      102
Hydrocarbons, compared with its ion      47
Hydrocarbons, disobedient to dualistic hypothesis      4
Hydrocarbons, formal electronic arrangements in      8
Hydrocarbons, halides      33
Hydrocarbons, Hydrogen molecule      53
Hydrocarbons, Hydrogen-molecule ion      37ff
Hydrocarbons, ionization potential of      67 93
Hydrocarbons, sulphide      72
ICE      102
Impurities in solids      16
Ionic states in covalent bonds      62 64 72 85 96
Ionization potential      19 32 67 93
Iron      15
Jabir ibn Hayyan      2
Kekule, Friedrich      81 90
Kilogramme-calorie per mole      18
LCAO approximation      62 64
Living matter      (see “Organic compounds”)
Localization of electrons      8 14 80 90
Melting of ionic solids      5
Melting of molecular solids      9 10
Mercury, as metallic principle      2
Mesomers      8
Metals, bonding in      13 87
Metals, ions of, in minerals      99
Methane, bonds in molecule of      76
Methane, solid binding energy      32
Minerals      97
Model, one-dimensional for benzene      90
Model, one-dimensional for hydrogen molecule      55
Model, one-dimensional for hydrogen-molecule ion      41 43
Model, one-dimensional for nitrous oxide      89
Molecular orbitals      61 64
Multipole forces      9 11 12 15
Muscle      97
naphthalene      85 90
Neon, chemical inertness of      27
Neon, solid binding energy of      32
Newton, Sir Isaac      1 3 94
Nicholson, William      4
Nitrogen, bonding in molecule of      72 75 77
Nitrogen, electronegativity of atom of      72 94 96
Nitrogen, nonbonding pair in      85 88
Nitrogen, solid binding energy of      32
Nitrous oxide      84 87 89
Nonbonding pair      85 88
Nylon      96
Occam’s razor      94
Octane, normal      94 96
One-dimensional model      (see “Model”)
One-electron bond      37ff
Oppenheimer, J Robert      39
Orbitals      61
Orbitals, degeneracy of      64
Orbitals, hybrid      76ff
Orbitals, overlap of atomic      69
Organic compounds      94
Organic compounds, bonding in aliphatic      76ff
Organic compounds, bonding in aromatic      80ff
oscillators      (see “Harmonic oscillators”)
Oxygen, electronegativity of atom of      72 94 96
Oxygen, ground state of atom of      70
Oxygen, orbital degeneracy in molecule of      64
Oxygen, role of, in silicates      99ff
Paper, wetting of      100
Paracelsus, tria prima of      2
Paraffin      8 15
Periodic table of elements      70 75
Perylene      85
Phenanthrene      85 90
Phosphine      72
Photon      32
Pi bonds      75 77
Pile, voltaic      2
Plastics      96
Plausible models      37
Polar states      (see “Ionic states”)
Polarizability      11 22ff
Polyamides      98
Polythene      8 96
Potassium chloride      13
Potential wells      39ff
Proteins      97
Protons, fathering a ‘protonics’ industry      103 (see also “Hydrogen”)
Protons, polarizing other atoms      100 (see also “Hydrogen”)
Quadrupole moment      11
Quartz      100
Radicals, chemical      4
Rare gases      15 17 27
Repulsive energy      19 31 41 48 67 70
Resonance combinations      82 85
Resonance energy      84 93
Rocks      97
Rotation about bonds      78 94
Rubber      96
Rutherford, Sir Ernest      17
Salt      (see “Sodium chloride”)
Sceptical Chymist, The      2
Schrodinger, Erwin      1
Semiconductors      15
Sigma bonds      75 77
Silicates      98ff
Silicon see also Silicates      97 103
Silicon see also Silicates, dioxide      100
Snowflake      102
Sodium, chloride      5 6 19 26 100
Sodium, metal      15 87
Spins      (see “Electrons”)
Sticks representing bonds      79
Sulphate ion      14
Sulphur, in vulcanization      96
Sulphur, melting of      9
Symmetry of electronic states      56 65
Symmetry, ion      43
tetrahedral bonding      76 95 98
Thales of Miletus      3
Thomson, Sir Joseph John      4 17
Three-body problem      38
Titanium ion      100
Tria prima of Paracelsus      2
Triple bonds, in carbon compounds      77 78
Triple bonds, in nitrogen molecule      75 77
triplet state      57
Tungsten      15
UNITS      18
Valency, saturated      64 78
Valency, saturated, van der Waals, Johannes      12 95 99
Valency, saturated, van Helmont, Jean Baptiste      3
Vaporization of alkali halides      17
Vaporization of hydrogen halides      33
Vaporization of solid argon      30
Variational calculation      63
Virial theorem      49
Volta, Alessandro      3
Vulcanization      96
Wells potential      39ff
Wetting      100
Wood, wetting of      100
X-ray diffraction, crystal structures by      6
Zero-point energy      26
Zinc blende      15
Zircon      98
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