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Beiser L. — Unified Optical Scanning Technology
Beiser L. — Unified Optical Scanning Technology



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Название: Unified Optical Scanning Technology

Автор: Beiser L.

Аннотация:

This overview of optical scanning technology brings together a wide range of principles and technologies related to optical information handling and transfer. Beiser offers concise chapters covering scanning theory and processes, resolution, positional error analysis and control, beam control and misplacement, active and passive scanning, and system architecture. The text includes a review of research on agile-beam steering and a comparison of major scanner types. Beiser is a retired data-scanning expert who has consulted for industry giants Xerox, Kodak, and Bell Labs.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2003

Количество страниц: 185

Добавлена в каталог: 16.11.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$TEM_{00}$ mode      22
Aberration      24 42 70 82
Aberration, off-axis      77
Acoustooptic scanner      see "Scanning devices"
Aerodynamic effect      42
Agile beam steering      xii 3 105 128—145 162 see
Airborne line scanning      61 62
Airy disc      21 22 77
Amplitude/intensity functions      19—25
Analogies      xii 2 3 19 20 27 87 90—92 130 131
Anamorphic optics      10 112 150—152
Aperture, clear      23
Aperture, Gaussian illuminated      52 53
Aperture, keystone      51—53 68
Aperture, options      68 69
Aperture, overfilled      68 69 74—81
Aperture, round, elliptic      21 22 50 51 68
Aperture, shape factor      22—24 47 50—54 162
Aperture, slit      21
Aperture, square, rectangular      20—22 50 68
Aperture, triangular      51—53 68
Aperture, underfilled      68 69 74—81
Aperture, uniformly illuminated      20—22 50—53
Architecture      3 12—18 108—112 161
Architecture, aperture relaying      111 112
Architecture, double-pass      74 75 109—111
Architecture, lens relationships      112
Architecture, objective scan      4 13 16 17
Architecture, postobjective scan      4 7 15 16 108
Architecture, preobjective scan      4 13—15 108
Architecture, pupil relief distance      8 14 69—73 84 108 155
Ax-blade scanner      66 152
Bandwidth, signal      10 70 162
Bar code      1
Beam divergence      11
Beam expander/compressor      11 121
Beam misplacement      162
Beam misplacement correction      162
Beam misplacement correction, active, passive      149
Beam misplacement correction, anamorphic      150—152
Beam misplacement correction, anamorphic original description      151
Beam misplacement correction, anamorphic quadrature resolution      150
Beam misplacement correction, anamorphic telescopic compression      151
Beam misplacement correction, anamorphic wedge beam      151
Beam misplacement correction, anamorphic zero beam height      151
Beam misplacement correction, Bragg condition      118 119
Beam misplacement correction, Bragg, hologaphic      88—92 149
Beam misplacement correction, complementary phase      152
Beam misplacement correction, double reflection      151—155
Beam misplacement correction, double reflection, butterfly scanner      152 153
Beam misplacement correction, double reflection, open mirror scanners      152 153
Beam misplacement correction, double reflection, pentaprism-mirror scanners      152 153
Beam misplacement correction, double reflection, porro prism (external)      153 154
Beam misplacement correction, fabrication accuracy      149 150
Beam misplacement correction, start-of-scan (S.O.S.)      148
Beam misplacement correction, synchronous pilot beam      148
Beam misplacement, along-scan error      54—56 66 147 148
Beam misplacement, banding      147 148
Beam misplacement, cross-scan error      54—56 66 147—155 164
Beam misplacement, polygon nonuniformities      147
Beam misplacement, shaft precison      148
Beam misplacement, wobble      70 147
Bearing noise      55
Beryllium substrate      93
Bessel function      21
Bow-tie distortion      62
Cathode ray tube (CRT)      27
Chirp deflector      see "Scanning devices"
Classification of scanners      63 102
collimation      5 8 32
Compact disk      1
Comparison of scanners      see "Scanning devices"
Conjugate image      4—9 see
Convolution function      26 27
Depth of field; of focus      see "Scanning quality"
design considerations      see "Scanning devices"
Diffraction, Bragg      88 113—115
Diffraction, efficiency      115 143
Diffraction, ghost spots      15
Diffraction, limit      11
Diffractive optics      85 95
Diffractive Optics, blazed grating      139 142—144 163
Diffractive Optics, surface relief grating      114
Diffractive Optics, volume grating      114 115
Duty cycle      see "Scanning"
Electromagnetic field, amplitude      19
Electromagnetic field, intensity      19
Electrooptic deflection      124—128 see
Electrooptic materials      126 128 137—139 see
Electrooptic modulation      138 see
Electrooptic phased array      144 see
Error components, angular      54—56 66 see
Error propagation      54—56 162
Etendue      12
F-number of beam      33—36
Fast steering mirror      see "Scanning devices" "Oscillatory"
Fiber optic scanner      see "Scanning devices"
Field of view      62
fill factor      142 143
Flux density      20
Flux lines      20
Flying spot      see "Scanning"
Focal spot      see "Point spread function"
Focus quality      see "Scanning"
Fourier function      25 133
Frequency, signal      19
Galvanometer      see "Scanning devices" "Oscillatory"
Gaussian (intensity) function      22—24
Gaussian (intensity) function, $1/e^{2}$ to FWHM relationship      24
Gaussian (intensity) function, $1/e^{2}$ value      22 23 108
Gaussian (intensity) function, clear aperture      23
Gaussian (intensity) function, FWHM      23 24
Gaussian (intensity) function, Rayleigh range      32—34
Gaussian (intensity) function, untruncated      24
Gaussian beam, development of      31—34
Gaussian beam, focus characteristics      35—37
Gaussian beam, focus, depth of      36 37
Gaussian beam, propagation      31—34
Gaussian beam, waist      31—33
Ghost image elimination      147 155—159 164
Ghost image elimination, beam offset method      156
Ghost image elimination, beam offset method allows anamorphic correction      156
Ghost image elimination, beam offset method determined at polygon      157 159 164
Ghost image elimination, beam offset method with flat-field lens      157 159
Ghost image elimination, fixed reimaged scatter      147 155 158
Ghost image elimination, skew beam method, anamorphic correction conflict      156 164
Ghost image elimination, skew beam method, incidental scan bow      156
Ghost image elimination, skew beam method, schlieren technique      156
Grating, blazed      133 see
Grating, equation      116 123 132 see
Holographic scanner      see "Scanning devices"
Image, conjugates      4—9 83 151 161
Image, derotation      82 83
Image, error reduction      see "Invariant rotation" 18 80—82 162
Image, space      5 15 18 83
Impulse response      20
Information, conversion      1
Information, hybrid, parallel, serial      xi
Information, reciprocal      1—3 19 83
Information, transfer      1
Input system      8 9
Invariant, Noise (error) reduction      54—56 82
Invariant, Optical      9—11 54 161
Invariant, Resolution      9—12
Kell factor      31
Korpel, A.      115
Kramer, C.      88 89 95—97 99
Lagrange invariant      9—11 54 161
Laser      xii 22 137
Laser scanning, definition      xii
Laser scanning, incoherent analysis for MTF      42 43
Laser scanning, tandem      137 138
Lens on axis      16
Lens, field      140—142
Lens, flat field ($f \cdot \Theta$, "scan lens")      7 8 14 15 47 56 70—73 150—154
Lens, objective      4 7 15
Lens, pupil relief distance      see "Architecture"
Light, coherence      117 118
Light, modulation      84 see
Line spread function      2 see
Meridional plane      10
Mirror, apertured      6
Mirror, partially silvered      6
Mirror, turning      6
Modulation      9 26 39 66 117—119
Modulation transfer function (MTF)      37—45 52 53
Modulation transfer function (MTF), aperture covolution, autocorrelation      40 41 52
Modulation transfer function (MTF), cascaded (tandem) stages      42
Modulation transfer function (MTF), coherent effects      119
Modulation transfer function (MTF), Fourier series      40
Modulation transfer function (MTF), Fourier transform      38—40
Modulation transfer function (MTF), incoherent MTF      42 118
Modulation transfer function (MTF), modulation depth      39
Modulation transfer function (MTF), monotonic decrement, typical      43
Modulation transfer function (MTF), MTF = 0.5 quality descriptor      43
Monogon      see "Scanning devices"
Near field, far field      20 23 40
Object space      5 18 83
Optical fill factor      140 143 see "Aperture"
Optical invariant      9—11 see "Aperture"
Optical ray directions      4 5 83 161 see "Aperture"
Optical relay      11 121 137 138 see "Aperture"
Optical scanning, analogy      2
Optical scanning, coherent, incoherent      xii
Optical scanning, definition      xi 1 2
Optical schlieren method      156 see "Aperture"
Optical throughput      12 see "Aperture"
Optical transfer      9—12 see "Aperture"
Optical truncation, apodizing      52 53 see "Aperture"
Optical vignetting      141 see "Aperture"
Optics, afocal      11 140—142
Optics, anamorphic      10 112 150—152
Optics, binary, binary levels      143
Optics, etching      143
Optics, field lens      140—142
Optics, fill factor      142 143
Optics, nodal center      7
Optics, tandem      10
Optics, telecentric      6 121
Output system      8 9
Oversampling      30 31
Photodetector      6 7 20 83
Point spread function (PSF), Gaussian illuminated aperture      22—24
Point spread function (PSF), intensity nulls      21 22
Point spread function (PSF), point object, delta function      27
Point spread function (PSF), principal lobes      24 25
Point spread function (PSF), scanning, sliding variable      24—28
Point spread function (PSF), stationary function      25
Point spread function (PSF), symmetry of function      25
Point spread function (PSF), uniformly illuminated aperture      20—22
Polarization      6 80 81 96 97
Polygon      see "Scanning devices"
Prism bow compensation      97
Prism rotators, Dove      82
Prism rotators, Pechan      82
Programming, electrical      138 145
Programming, positioning      145
Radial symmetry      15 16 18 57—59 75—80 85 87 101
Radial symmetry with tilted optical axis      77—79
Radial symmetry, criteria      58 77
Radial symmetry, definition      58
Radiation, scattered      8 147 155 158
Raster formation      27 28 101
Raster formation in television      27 28
Rayleigh range      32—34
Reading, scanned      19
Reciprocal paths      3
Relay, optical      11 121 137 138
Remote sensing      xii 3 8—11 61 62 see
Resolution distinctions, astronomy      45
Resolution distinctions, hard copy      10
Resolution distinctions, photography      10 46
Resolution distinctions, television      10 46
Resolution, optical scanning      9—12 45—62 70 73 105 107 112 116 see
Resolution, optical scanning, acoustooptic      117
Resolution, optical scanning, augmented      48 56—61
Resolution, optical scanning, equations      47 48 57 59 117
Resolution, optical scanning, holographic scanner      60
Resolution, optical scanning, invariant, determined at scanner      9—12 45 48 54 73 161
Resolution, optical scanning, nomogaph      48 49 162
Resolution, optical scanning, phased array      135
Resolution, optical scanning, prismatic polygon      70
Resolution, optical scanning, quadrature components      150
Resolution, optical scanning, remote sensing      61 62
Resonant scanner      see "Scanning devices" "Oscillatory"
Retroreflection, retrocollection      4—7 94
Scan magnification      57—61 76 101
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner      113—124 163 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, acoustic absorber      114 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, acoustic phased array      115 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, chirp system      see "Chirp deflector" see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, diffraction efficiency      115 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, effect      113 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, materials, acoustooptic      113 114 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, modulation      113 117 see "Modulation"
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, piezoelctric transducer      114 121 214 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, Scophony system      see "Scophony process" see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, spectral coverage      113 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, transit time      116 see
Scanning devices, acoustooptic scanner, traveling lens system      see "Traveling lens" see
Scanning devices, agile beam steering      3 105 128—145 162
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, analogies, refractive prism      130 131
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, blazed grating, effective      139 140 142 144 163
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, decentered microlens arrays      139—144 162 163
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, decentering methods      140—143
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, dielectric layer array      137
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, diffraction efficiency      132 133 137 140
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, electrooptic cell array      130—134 137
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, field lens      140—142
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, liquid crystal phase retarders      133 137
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, microlens array      140—144
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, mirrored piston array      130 138 139
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, motivation, principal      128
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, origin, microwave-optical      129 132 134
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, output beam angle      134
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, phased array resolution      134—137
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, phased array technology      129—139 162 163
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, PLZT material      138 see
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, spurious components      140 141
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, tandem or cascaded scanners      137 138
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, techniques, principal      129
Scanning devices, agile beam steering, two-lens method      140 141
Scanning devices, chirp deflector      123 124 163
Scanning devices, chirp deflector, diffractive traveling lens      123
Scanning devices, chirp deflector, filled aperture      124
Scanning devices, chirp deflector, lens focal length      123
Scanning devices, chirp deflector, pre-scanned aperture      124
Scanning devices, classification, family tree      63 162
Scanning devices, classification, family tree, inertia, high      63 65—100 103 112 113 162
Scanning devices, classification, family tree, inertia, low      63 64 101 102 112—145 162 163
Scanning devices, classification, family tree, random access, agile      63 113—145
Scanning devices, classification, family tree, rotational, translational      64
Scanning devices, classification, family tree, sawtooth ramp      64 101
Scanning devices, classification, family tree, sinusoidal (harmonic) scan      64 102 103 106
Scanning devices, comparison of major types      164—167
Scanning devices, comparison of major types, agile beam steering      144 145 164
Scanning devices, comparison of major types, alternate techniques      167
Scanning devices, comparison of major types, chart: acoustooptic, electrooptic, galvanometric, holographic, polygonal, resonant      165
Scanning devices, design considerations, polygon      69—85 see "Polygon"
Scanning devices, design considerations, polygon, architectural factors      69—83
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