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Название: Cosmological event horizons, thermodynamics, and particle creation
Авторы: Gibbons G.W., Hawking S.W.
It is shown that the close connection between event horizons and thermodynamics found in the case of black holes can be extended to cosmological models with a repulsive cosmological constant. An observer in these models will have an event horizon whose area can be interpreted as the entropy or lack of information of the observer about the regions which he cannot see. Associated with the event horizon is a surface gravity which enters a classical 'first law of event horizons' in a manner similar to that in which temperature occurs in the first law of thermodynamics. It is shown that this similarity is more than an analogy; an observer with a particle detector will observe a background of thermal radiation coming apparently from the cosmological event horizon. If the observer absorbs some of this radiation, he will gain energy and entropy at the expense of the region beyond his ken, and the event horizon will shrink.