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James R.W. — Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-Rays
James R.W. — Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-Rays

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Название: Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-Rays

Автор: James R.W.

Аннотация:

The second volume of this work, the first of the more detailed volumes planned to follow the general account of the subject given in Vol. I, is intended to provide an outline of the general optical principles underlying the diffraction of X-rays by matter, which may serve as a foundation on which to base subsequent discussions of actual methods and results. Accordingly, reference has been made to experiments only where these illustrate principles, and all details of actual techniques, and of their application to specific problems, have been considered as lying beyond the scope of the volume.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1982

Количество страниц: 623

Добавлена в каталог: 22.09.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Abbe's theory of image formation      390
Abbe, E.      390 391 555
Absorption in medium containing dipole oscillators      137 139
Absorption, allowance for in powder method      48 333 337
Absorption, atomic, variation of with frequency      147
Absorption, calculation of dispersion terms from      148
Absorption, effect of on measurements of critical angle      168 173
Absorption, effect of on reflection by perfect crystals      64 429
Absorption, effect of on wave-field in perfect crystals      428
Absorption, elimination of by method of mixed powders      185 337
Absorption, line, width of in relation to damping      138
Absorption, relation of to complex refractive index      62 138 168
Absorption, relation of to photo-electric effect      140
Absorption, treatment of by means of complex amplitudes      62 138
Acoustic waves in lattices      203 226
Allison, S.K.      64 306 307 322 330
Aluminium, atomic scattering factor of      303
Aluminium, integrated reflection from      281 286 303
Aluminium, mean-square amplitude in      238
Aluminium, state of ionisation in      303
Aluminium, zero-point energy in      303
Amaldi, E.      497
Andrade, E.N. da C.      455
Andress, K.      572
Anomalous dispersion of X-rays      see "Dispersion"
Anomalous scattering      180 181 182 184 187 188
Anomalous scattering in Heusler alloys      185
Anomalous scattering of tungsten for L edge      187
Argon, scattering by      472 473
Armstrong, A.H.      182
Astbury, W.T.      572 578 585
Atomic scattering factor      see "Scattering factor atomic"
Backhurst, I.      232
Baltzer, O.J.      240 246 258
Barrett, C.S.      405 472
Basis, of lattice structure      27
Baxter, A.      128 187 188 190 339
Bearden, J.A.      49 160 177 178 180 304 333 409
Beevers, C.A.      356 357 371
Benzil, diffuse scattering from      241 243
Berg, O.      25
Bernal, J.D.      231 500 584
Bethe, H.      143 456
Bewilogua, L.      125 462 486 487
Bilinsky, S.      220 225 234 235
Black, M.      161
Blackman, M.      225
Bloch, F.      491
Boblin, H.      335
Boersch, H.      457
Booth, A.D.      356
Born, M.      193 194 195 225 226 240 257 258
Borrmann, G.      439 446 447 448
Bosanquet, C.H.      34 50 101 270 287 295 299 306 327 332 333 409
Bothe, W.      146
Boundary conditions for vibrations of a finite lattice      197
Boundary conditions in dynamical theory of reflection      83 427
Boundary waves      68
Boundary waves in semi-infinite crystal      80 84
Bradley, A.J.      48 184 189 339 569
Bragg's reflection law, deviations from      52 54 168 426 436
Bragg's reflection law, deviations from, measurement of refractive index from      168
Bragg, W.H.      50 93 232 241 270 280 299 305 318 321 335 343 370
Bragg, W.L.      6 19 34 50 54 91 93 101 130 270 287 294 295 299 305 306 327 332 333 343 352 355 371 386 401 403 409 547 631
Breit — Dirac correction factor      260 463
Breit, G.      462
Brentano, J.C.M.      185 190 335 336 337 338 339
Brill, R.      302 322 541
Brillouin, L.      194
Brindiey, G.W.      61 130 184 185 186 187 190 228 233 238 257 262 263 281 286 302 303 320 334 338 485
Bruce, W.A.      264
Burwell, J.T.      507
Bush, V.      124
Calcite, refractive index of for X-rays      170 179
Calcite, test of Prins's formula for      330
Calcite, width of reflection curves from      306 332
Caldwell, S.H.      124
Cameron, G.H.      541
Carbon tetrachloride, amplitude of thermal motion in      492
Carbon tetrachloride, Cerussite, refractive index of      171
Carbon tetrachloride, scattering by      486
Carbon tetrachloride, temperature correction for      491
Chao, S.H.      568
Characteristic temperature      218
Characteristic temperature as a function of the crystal temperature      225 235
Characteristic temperature, calculated from the elastic constants      222
Characteristic temperature, determined from specific heats      220
Characteristic temperature, relation of to compressibility      223
Characteristic temperature, table of      221
Characteristic temperature, value appropriate to temperature factor      219 220 222
Charge-density in crystals, determination of by Fourier series      342
Charge-density, Schroedinger      102
Charge-density, Schroedinger, in many-electron atom      113
Charge-distribution, atomic, contribution of to different parts of f-curve      125
Charge-distribution, atomic, Hartree's calculation of      117
Charge-distribution, atomic, Pauling — Sherman      123
Charge-distribution, atomic, Thomas — Fermi      123
Charlesby, A.      516
Claasen, A.      339
Clark, G.L.      239 438
Claus, W.D.      264
Close packing, irregular, in liquids      476
Cochran, W.      620 624
Coherent scattering by assemblages of atoms      463
Coherent scattering, Compton — Raman theory of      98 100
Coherent scattering, Wentzel — Waller theory of      103
Collins, E.H.      232
Composite lattice in perfect crystals      65 325
Composite lattice, diffraction by      27
Compton — Raman theory of scattering      99 100
Compton, A.H.      34 93 99 101 171 259 287 305 306 332 343 370 405 408 409 462 473
Cooper, E.R.      26
Cork, J.M.      370
Coster, D.      33 154 182
Cox, E.G.      380 382
Crick, F.H.C.      624
Critical angle      see "Total reflection"
Crossed spectra, application of method of to X-rays      174 176
Crowther, J.A.      261
Crystal-form factor      548
Crystal-form factor as a line integral      552
Crystal-form factor as a surface integral      550
Crystal-form factor, symmetry properties of      551
Cybotaxis      460 481
Damping due to radiation      136
Damping due to radiation, influence of on scattering factor      154
Daniel, V.      566 568 569
Darbyshire, J.A.      26
Darwin — Prins formula, derivation of      55 62 428
Darwin — Prins formula, test of for calcite      330
Darwin — Prins formula, test of for rock salt      322 325
Darwin, C.G.      34 36 50 52 55 57 59 60 62 66 93 168 270 272 275 282 304 305 323 328 332
Davis, B.      90 169 170 180 306 322
de Smedt, J.      460
Debye temperature      see "Characteristic temperature"
Debye — Scherrer rings, Laue's treatment of      529 537
Debye — Scherrer rings, widths of, in terms of reciprocal lattice      529
Debye — Scherrer rings, widths of, integrated line breadth of      (q.v.)
Debye — Scherrer rings, widths of, Stokes — Wilson formula for      531 534
Debye — Waller temperature factor      24 210
Debye — Waller temperature factor, effect of expansion of crystal on      225 234
Debye — Waller temperature factor, experimental tests of, for aluminium      232 233
Debye — Waller temperature factor, experimental tests of, for diamond      232
Debye — Waller temperature factor, experimental tests of, for rock salt and sylvine      232 233
Debye — Waller temperature factor, for crystals with non-cubic symmetry      227
Debye — Waller temperature factor, formal representation of for complex crystals      226
Debye — Waller temperature factor, influence of variation of characteristic temperature on      234
Debye — Waller temperature factor, limitations of      225
Debye — Waller temperature factor, measurement of at low temperatures      233
Debye — Waller temperature factor, numerical evaluation of for cubic crystals      215
Debye — Waller temperature factor, relation of to elastic constants      238
Debye, P.      21 22 47 93 99 193 215 217 218 219 231 259 262 339 343 458 459 460 470 477 478 480 481 485 487 494
Deficiency lines in divergent beam photography      453
Diamond as perfect crystal      318
Diamond, characteristic temperature of      224 232
Diamond, extra reflections from      240 252
Diamond, forbidden reflections from      253 321
Diamond, integrated reflection from      320
Diamond, scattering factor of carbon in      322
Diamond, temperature factor for      232
Diamond, types of      252
Diamond, widths of reflections from      305 318
Diffraction effects in Fourier projections      396
Diffraction of electrons by gas molecules      493
Diffraction of electrons by small crystals      545 547
Diffraction of X-rays by distorted lattices      560
Diffraction of X-rays by fibrous materials      459 571
Diffraction of X-rays by linear crystallites      518 573
Diffraction of X-rays by parallel chains of atoms      572
Diffraction of X-rays by parallel elongated crystallites      578 580
Diffraction of X-rays by parallelepipedal lattices      1 4
Diffraction of X-rays by periodically distorted lattices      563
Diffraction of X-rays by regular lattices with non-identical cells      555
Diffraction of X-rays by space-lattices, dynamical theory of      66 413
Diffraction of X-rays by space-lattices, geometrical theory of      1
Diffraction of X-rays, when source lies inside crystal      438
Diffuse maxima, bridges between      244 256
Diffuse maxima, contribution of different elastic waves to      209
Diffuse maxima, dependence of shape of on crystal structure      248
Diffuse maxima, distribution of intensity in      207 210
Diffuse maxima, intensities of      257
Diffuse reflections, considered as optical ghosts      205
Diffuse reflections, dependence of on elastic type of crystal      214 250
Diffuse reflections, effect of temperature on      247
Diffuse reflections, experimental study of      239
Diffuse reflections, Faxen — Waller theory of      195 201 207
Diffuse reflections, from aluminium      241
Diffuse reflections, from benzil      241 243
Diffuse reflections, from rock salt      246
Diffuse reflections, from sodium      250 251
Diffuse reflections, from sorbic acid      247 250
Diffuse reflections, from sylvine      242
Diffuse reflections, from tungsten      251
Diffuse reflections, from urea nitrate      247 249
Diffuse reflections, radial streaks in      239 244
Diffuse reflections, relation of to Bragg and Laue spectra      246
Diffuse reflections, relation of to elastic waves in crystal      208
Diffuse reflections, shape of, for chain structures      250
Diffuse reflections, shape of, for layer lattices      248
Diffuse reflections, study of on Laue photographs      241
Diffuse scattering, dependence of on temperature      257
Diffuse scattering, from sodium fluoride      263
Diffuse scattering, from sylvine      261
Diffuse scattering, from zinc      264
Diffuse scattering, investigation of with ionisation spectrometer      253
Diffuse scattering, Jauncey's theory of      258
Diffusion, dependence of form of on elastic type      213
Diffusion, dependence of form of on order of spectrum      214
Diffusion, for cubic crystals      210 213
Diffusion, surfaces of equal      210
Dipole oscillator, scattering by      135
Dipole oscillator, scattering factor for      137
Dipole oscillator, virtual, in dispersion theory      140 143
Dipole terms in scattering factor      163
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory      66
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory in semi-infinite crystal      80
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory, amplitude of accompanying wave      69
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory, description of in terms of reciprocal lattice      70
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory, electromagnetic field due to      67
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory, relation of to interference wave-field      72
Dipole-waves in dynamical theory, resonance error of      70
Dirac, P.A.M.      102 261 463
Dispersion equation      75
Dispersion formula, experimental verification of      167
Dispersion formula, experimental verification of, from refractive indices      167
Dispersion formula, experimental verification of, from scattering factors      180
Dispersion formula, for many-electron atom      143
Dispersion formula, Kramers — Heisenberg      143
Dispersion formula, oscillator strengths in      (q.v.)
Dispersion of X-rays      135
Dispersion of X-rays, calculated from absorption coefficients      148
Dispersion of X-rays, calculated from atomic wave-functions      157
Dispersion surface for two waves      76 419
Dispersion surface in dynamical theory      75
Dispersion surface, relation between phases on different sheets of      422
Dispersion surface, significance of      421
Dispersion surface, transition from one to two waves      79
Dispersion terms in scattering formulae, for bound electrons      112 140
Dispersion terms in scattering formulae, for many-electron atom      143
Displacements, root-mean-square, of atoms in crystals      236 238
Distortion of crystals, effect of on scattering      560
Divergent-beam photography      452
Divergent-beam photography with gamma rays      455
Double-crystal spectrometer, (1,1) setting for      314
Double-crystal spectrometer, effect of polarisation in      315
Double-crystal spectrometer, integrated reflection from      316
Double-crystal spectrometer, parallel setting for      308
Double-crystal spectrometer, parallel setting for, absence of dispersion in      312
Double-crystal spectrometer, parallel setting for, reflection curve for      310 312
Double-crystal spectrometer, principle of      306
Double-crystal spectrometer, reflection curves from diamond      318
Double-crystal spectrometer, test of Darwin — Prins formula with      322
Double-crystal spectrometer, use of in measuring refractive indices      180
Double-crystal spectrometer, widths of double and single reflection curves      317
Duane, W.      168 239 343 344 438
Dyer, H.B.      620
Dynamical theory of reflection      66 413
Dynamical theory of reflection in terms of continuous charge-distribution      413
Dynamical theory of reflection, boundary conditions in      83 427
Dynamical theory of reflection, dipole wave in      66
Dynamical theory of reflection, dispersion surface in      75
Dynamical theory of reflection, interchange solution in      86
Dynamical theory of reflection, Laue's form of      413
Dynamical theory of reflection, solution of for two waves in finite crystal      422
Dynamical theory of reflection, symmetrical reflection in      86
Dynamical theory of reflection, unsymmetrical reflection in      88
Dynamical theory of reflection, wave-field in      (q.v.)
Edwards, O.      556 558
Ehrenberg, W.      232 305 306 318 319
Ehrenfest, P.S.      343 344 459
Ehrhardt, F.      487
Elastic spectrum of lattice, contribution of different frequency ranges to      223
Elastic spectrum of lattice, dependence of on temperature      224
Elastic spectrum of lattice, discontinuities in for real crystals      226
Electron density, radial from scattering factors      404
Electron density, radial, false detail in      408
Electron density, radial, Fourier series for      408
Electron density, radial, in atoms      97
Electron density, radial, numerical determination of      117 123 125
Electron spin, effect of on exchange terms      116
Electrons, diffraction of, by gas molecules      493
Electrons, diffraction of, by small crystals      545 547
Electrons, scattering by, on classical theory      29
Electrons, scattering by, on quantum theory      101
Epstein, P.      343 344
Ewald's construction      8 9
Ewald's construction, use of in dynamical theory      72
Ewald's dynamical theory      66
Ewald, P.P.      8 9 14 44 52 53 55 66 67 68 70 73 74 76 78 83 84 87 89 90 168 169 170 232 304 305 318 319 321 343 348 413 424 516
Exchange, effect of on f-factor for $\mathrm{Cl}^{-}$      122
Exchange, in incoherent scattering      116
Exclusion principle      114 117
Extinction, primary      60 268
Extinction, primary and secondary, simultaneous existence of      294
Extinction, primary, calculation of in range of total reflection      430
Extinction, primary, correction for      270
Extinction, primary, dependence of on wave-length      330
Extinction, primary, effect of in divergent beam photography      454
Extinction, primary, effect of on measurement of temperature factor      232
Extinction, primary, estimate of for rock salt and diamond      61
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