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Mclachlan D. — X-ray crystal structure
Mclachlan D. — X-ray crystal structure



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Название: X-ray crystal structure

Автор: Mclachlan D.

Аннотация:

Many books have been written in a popular style to emphasize the importance of x-ray crystallography and to create interest in the wonderful findings of the workers in the field. A few books have been written with rigor for the benefit of the most advanced scholars. In between the extremes of popular and rigorous there is a gap. As a consequence of this gap, a very large proportion of the x-ray crystal-lographers actively engaged in the field in America today are working out structures successfully only because they have bridged the gap by having read a necessarily large number of those papers in the scientific journals which serve as signposts for the theory and the proper procedure. It is the purpose of the present text to furnish a common source in which the student may find condensed the teachings of the pioneers in crystallography. Although the lone investigator is borne in mind throughout the book, it has been hoped that the book may also be of use as a university text in a two-quarter course in structure analysis. Much of this book has been used as lecture material over a six-year period at the University of Utah (1947-1953) and, in the form of mimeographed lecture notes, has been under constant revision from the beginning. The first four chapters pertain to crystallography preparatory to the last five chapters on structure.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 1st edition

Год издания: 1957

Количество страниц: 416

Добавлена в каталог: 29.08.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absorption coefficient      152
Absorption correction      2 193
Absorption edge      81 82
Absorption spectra of x-rays      81
Accelerating electrons      168 173
Acicular crystals      13
Adjoint of matrix      39
Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate      144 148
Amplitude      86 153 166 157 164 174 177 180 188 278
Amplitude, definition of      155 156
Amplitude, figures showing      155
Aniline      356
Anisotropy, magnetic      14
Anomalous scattering      265
Apatite      21
Aragonite      370
Argand diagrams      37 219
Argand diagrams for centered and non-centered crystals      219
Argand diagrams, figures of      37 219
Atomic number      83
Atomic position      2 3 5 24 47 62 77 132 152 178 181 182 195 204 223 224 253 257 289 323 366 379
Atomic position, distribution (statistical method of Karle and Hauptman)      253 257
Atomic position, examples of determinations of      323 379
Atomic position, tables of      345 353
Atomic Radii      223
Atomic scattering power      (see Scattering)
Atomic structure      82 83
Atomic vibrations      184 (see also Temperature-correction factor)
Atomic weights      221
Atomic-stru&ture factors      106 152 175 178 183 238
Atoms, bonds between      353
Atoms, bonds between, configuration in molecules      224
Atoms, bonds between, coordinates of      152 353
Atoms, bonds between, distribution of electrons in      175 248
Atoms, bonds between, heavy, in phase determination      224 225 356 361 379
Atoms, bonds between, interatomic distances      229 233 234 241 354 356 371 377
Atoms, bonds between, nucleus of      176 177
Atoms, bonds between, slice through      176
Atoms, bonds between, two-dimensional array of      89
Axanite      18
Axis, c-axis projection      379
Axis, c-axis projection of rotation      116 329 334 393
Axis, c-axis projection, crystallographic      3 6 9 129
Axis, c-axis projection, rotary glides      207
Axis, c-axis projection, screw      63 66 75 137 207 233
Axis, c-axis projection, symbols for      66
Axis, c-axis projection, twofold      233
Axis, transformation from cubic to hexag c-axis projection, onal      41
Barium antimony tartrate      19
Beevers — Lipson strips      268 271
Bentonite      21
Beryl      21
Bessel functions      255 371 373
Bipyramid      9
Body centers      65
Body-centered lattices      137 148
Bragg angles      94 115 121 139 192
Bragg ionization chamber for intensity, determinations      326
Bragg law      77 86 87 90 100 107 121 132 133 178 187
Bragg law, complete      90
Bragg law, complete, elementary      86 87
Bragg masks      274 282 285
Bragg multiple-pinhole camera      286 290
Bragg optical analogs      286 290
Bragg reflections      108
Bragg x-ray microscope      286 290
Bravais lattices      6 6 63
Browning motion      253
Buerger’s image-seeking function      216
Buerger’s implication theory      234 237
Buerger’s minimum function      246 308
Calcite      20 370
Calcium aluminum silicate      19
Calomine      18
Camera constants      139 327
Cameras, de Jong — Bouman      123 124
Cameras, figure      100
Cameras, Laue      99 107
Cameras, moving-film      105 274
Cameras, multiple-pinhole      286 290
Cameras, oscillation      110 111
Cameras, precession      124 126
Cameras, rotation      107 111 388
Cameras, Schiebold — Sauter      111 112 115
Cameras, single-crystal      8 100
Cameras, Weissenberg      108 113 115 116 123 127 129 373 394
Cameras, x-ray      77 (see also Pictures)
Carbon, atomic scattering factor for      340
Carbon-carbon bonds      332 355
Carbon-carbon intermolecular distable      332
Carbon-oxygen bonds      355
Cassette, flat      91 100
Cauchy and Schwarz inequalities      239
Centers      6 65 74
Centers of symmetry      205 363
Centers, body      65 137
Centers, face      65 134 137
Centers, figures of      65
Centers, inversion of      204
Centers, tables of      6
Centrosymmetric crystals      218 220 226 241 246 270 348
Centrosymmetric molecules      357
Centrosymmetric Patterson maps      232
Characteristic radiation of x-rays      80 81
Chlorine, atomic scattering factor for      362
Chlorophyl      356 357
Claudetite      123
Cleavage planes      10
Clinohedrite      18
Cobalt target      331
Cobalt, characteristic wavelength      139
Cofactor of matrix      39
Coherent beams      154
Collimated beam      2
Collimation tube      100 128 129
Complex quantities      36 38
Complex variables      199
Computers      267 279 321 369
Computers for performing convolutions      315 320
Computers, digital      306
Computers, fly’s-eye      286 290
Computers, Hagg machine      291 296
Computers, Maxwell machine      296
Computers, multiple-pinhole camera      286 290
Computers, Pepinsky      306 315
Computers, photoelectric analyzer      290 291
Computers, projector for Huggins masks      279 280 329 330
Computers, S-FAC      (see Pepinsky above)
Computers, sand machine      282 286 320
Computers, Utah      296 305 376
Computers, versatile projector      318 319
Computers, X-RAC      (see Pepinsky above)
Computers, x-ray microscope      286 290
Computing aids, Beevers — Lipson strips      268 272
Computing aids, Bragg — Huggins masks      274 282 285 291 317
Computing aids, masks      280 282 291
Computing aids, multiple slide rule      273 296
Computing aids, Patterson — Tunell strips      268 270 338
Computing aids, punched cards      305 306
Computing aids, Robertson’s strips      272 273
Computing aids, saw      102
Computing aids, Wyckoff ruler      101 102
Cone, limiting      398
Conjugated systems, interatomic distances in      356
Continuous radiation      80
Contours, example of      361
Convolutions      210 212 216 228 315— 320
Convolutions of higher rank      214 215 315 320
Convolutions of reciprocal lattice      320
Convolutions self      212 228 320
Convolutions, computers for performing      315 320
Convolutions, irrational or mixed      215 216 315
coordinates      26 31 47 62 64 74 152 179 187 251 353 373
Coordinates of equivalent points      334
Coordinates of equivalent positions for      32
Coordinates, groups      47 62
Coordinates, normal      187 251
Coordinates, polar      157
Coordinates, rotation of      27
Coordinates, transformation of      26 31
Coordination numbers      223 224
Copper antimony sulfide      22
Copper chloride      356
Copper molybdate      144 396
Copper radiation      144 357
Copper sulfate pentahydrate      231
Coronene      268
Corrections for measured intensities      182 192
Corrections, divergence of beam      187
Corrections, Lorentz-polarization factors      192
Corrections, motions of crystal      190 192
Corrections, polarization factor      192
Corrections, temperature      182
Cosmic rays      78
Crystal monochrometers      107 326
Crystal violet      115
Crystallographic data, examples of      138 144
Crystallographic directions      5
Crystals, acicular      13
Crystals, centrosymmetric      (see Centrosymmetric crystals)
Crystals, classes      1 22 47 63 77
Crystals, equant      13
Crystals, fibrous      13
Crystals, figures showing      3 4 6 18 22
Crystals, growth of      2 10 12
Crystals, habit of      10 12 13
Crystals, lattices      (see Lattices)
Crystals, orthogonal      90
Crystals, platy      13
Crystals, ples      323 385
Crystals, scintillating      326
Crystals, shapes of      13
Crystals, slicing of      (see Slices)
Crystals, stereographic projections of      18 22
Crystals, tables of      6
Crystals, temperature of      182 187
Cubic axes, transformation to hexagonal      41
Cubic crystals      4 6 10 61 63 72 327
Cubic crystals, figures of      61 63
Cylindrical film      90 92 373 392 Weissenberg
Dawton method of intensity measure, ment      326
Debye — Waller correction factor      (see Temperature-correction factor)
Densitometers      325
Densitometry, Brentano’s evaluation of      326
Density, electron      (see Electron density)
Density, electron, specific gravity      142 144 221
Determinants      38
Diagonal glide      67
Diagonal matrix      251
Diagonal mirror      45 65
Diagonal three-fold rotor      44
diamond      223
Diffraction      14 86 87 164 168
Diffraction grating      88 163 166
Diffraction pattern, three-dimensional      106
Diffraction planes      393
Diffraction spots      2 (see also Laue spots)
Diffraction, from holes      290
Diffraction, from parallel plates      86 100 183
Diffraction, from row of points      88
Diffraction, orders of      77 86 87 90 133 165 166 286
Diffraction, sphere of      99 (see also Sphere)
Digital computers      306
Dimensions of unit cells      (see Unit cell)
Diopside      222 223 304
Dioptase      20
discontinuous functions      254
dispersion      162 168
Displacement and wave addition      154 (see also Wave addition)
Divergence of beam      2
Divergence of beam, correction for      187
Divergent-beam pictures      397 399
Divergent-beam pictures, reciprocal lattice in      374 376 394 398
Divergent-beam pictures, sphere of diffraction in      397
dodecahedron      17
Dome      9
Double Patterson functions      215 (see also Patterson functions)
Edges, unit cell      74
Electric vector Et      77 153 170 172 173
Electricity and magnetism, theory of      170 171
Electromagnetic rays      152 173 174
Electromagnetic spectrum      78
Electron density      3 14 169 173 192 199 200 205 220 257 269 272 325 349
Electron density, maps of      195
Electron density, tables of      346 378
Electron distribution in atoms      175 248
Electron, acceleration of      168 173
Electron, acceleration of, charge on      79
Electron, acceleration of, energy levels of      80
Electron, acceleration of, nucleus      177
Electron, acceleration of, scattering power of      168 175 177 178
Electron, acceleration of, structure factor of      173
Elements, chemical, spectra of      83
Elements, chemical, spectra of of cofactor and matrix      39
Emission spectra of x-rays      81 82
Empty cells in reciprocal lattice      95
End-centered lattice      64
Epsonite      18
Equant crystals      13
Equi-inclination method      122 128 146
Equivalent points      (see Equivalent positions)
Equivalent positions      43 63 64 73 75 204 209 218 223 232 234 258 268 329 349
Equivalent positions, coordinates of      47 62 334
Equivalent positions, figures of      43 67 144 335
Eulerian cradle      128 129
Experimental Patterson maps      230 231
Exposure time      (see Intensity measurement
Extinctions      63 103 114 132 138 151 207 328 330 332 373
Extinctions, associated with glides      135 136
Extinctions, figures showing      133 143 146
Extinctions, tables of      135 136 142 329 334
F values, computer for      290 (see also Computers)
F values, from isomorphous pairs      226 228 264
F values, naphthalene      261
F values, phases of      217 258 261 264 274
F values, range of      238 325
F values, signs of      218 220 225 228 368 Scattering Structure
Face centers      66 74 134 137
Families of planes      8 162 277 349 389
Fibrous crystals      13
Filament      78 79
film      2 324 326
Film factor      335 373 374
Film, cassette, flat      91
Film, cylindrical      90 92 373 392
Film, flat      90 91 386
Film, moving      105
Film, multiple-film technique      325 335
Film, response curve for      325
Film, spherical      388 391 392 Densitometers Density
Filters      77 83 86 107 326 331
Filters, table of      84
Flat-cone method      121 122 128
Fly’s eye      286 290
Formula weight, definition of      330
Fourfold rotors      13 30 67 205
Fourier analyses      198 211
Fourier coefficients      3 25
Fourier projections      344 361
Fourier series      151 196 277
1 2 3 4
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