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Hume-Rothery W. — Electrons, Atoms, Metals and Alloys
Hume-Rothery W. — Electrons, Atoms, Metals and Alloys

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Название: Electrons, Atoms, Metals and Alloys

Автор: Hume-Rothery W.

Аннотация:

The application of electron theory to the structure and properties of metals and alloys has aroused much interest in recent years, but presents great difficulty to the non-mathematical reader. This book is intended for those to whom the ordinary textbook treatment is unattractive. It is divided into four parts dealing with the structure of atoms, metals, alloys and atomic nuclei, and is presented in the form of a dialogue between an Older Metallurgist and a Young Scientist, bringing out clearly the contrast between the old and the new viewpoints. Many difficulties are discussed and the dialogue is framed to give the reader continual help in understanding the problems at issue.
Although written primarily for the metallurgical reader, the book should prove valuable to many others as an elementary introduction to modern atomic theory, while for students it may serve as an easy introduction to the more formal treatment of the standard textbooks.
This revised impression has been corrected where necessary, and a number of revisions have been made where new work since 1948 has rendered the original description incorrect.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1955

Количество страниц: 387

Добавлена в каталог: 18.08.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$Cu_{2}Mg$ structure      344
$E_{max}$      147 152
$m_{l}$      76 84
$m_{s}$      93
$\hbar$      148
$\mathcal{N}(E)$      134
$\mathcal{N}(E)$ curves      134 169
$\Psi$      59
($8-\mathcal{N}$) rule      182
Absolute Angstrom Unit      16
Acceptable solutions      69 150
action      51
Action, principle of least      51
Aether      see "Ether"
Alkali metals, $\mathcal{N}(E)$ Curves for      148
Alkali metals, alloys of      284
Alkali metals, compressibilities of      228
Alkali metals, crystal structure of      196 226
Alkali metals, electronic structure of atoms of      32
Alkali metals, melting points of      229
Alkali metals, paramagnetic susceptibility of      249
Alkali metals, theory of      148 150
Alkaline earth metals: melting points of      229
alpha-particles      17 348 365
Aluminium, band spectrum of solid      128 130
Aluminium, deformation of      268
Aluminium, electronic structure of atom of      114
Aluminium, valency of      114
Aluminium-zinc alloys      292
Angstrom unit      15
angular momentum      29
Angular momentum of electron      29 78
Anti-bonding orbitals      186
Anti-phase domains      342
Antimony-magnesium alloys      308
Antimony-zinc alloys      308
Antimony: crystal structure of      182 190
Argon, cohesion in liquid and solid      178
Argon, electronic structure of atom of      106 108
Arsenic: crystal structure of      182
Artificial isotopes      20 355
Asterism      271
Aston, F.W.      17 19
Atomic diameters      218
Atomic fission      370
Atomic nucleus, charge on      18
Atomic nucleus, dimensions of      18
Atomic nucleus, structure of      348
Atomic number      18
Atomic structure, Bohr theory of      26
Atomic structure, tables of      103 104 105
Atomic unit of length      16 73
Atomic weights: tables, of      111
Avogadro's number      11 15
Avogadro, A.      11 15
Axial ratio      197
Balmer, J.J.      29
Bands, effect of temperature on      129
Bands, electronic energy      127 128 129 130
Barium, melting point of      229
Benzene: structure of      312
Bernal, J.D.      329
Beryllium, electronic structure of atom of      100
Beryllium, ionisation potentials of      100
Beryllium, melting point of      229
Beta-brass: theory of      175 317 322
Beta-manganese Structure: Brillouin zone of      323
Beta-rays      351
Birge, R.T.      15
Bismuth, crystal structure of      182 189
Body-centred cubic structure      195 202
Body-centred cubic structure, Brillouin zone for      167 322
Body-centred cubic structure, deformation of      201 202 260
Bohr magneton      85 94 241
Bohr theory of hydrogen atom      26
Bohr, N.      26 369
Boltzmann's constant      154 226
Boltzmann, L.      154 226
Bonding orbitals      186
Borelius, G.      337
Boron, electronic structure of atom of      101 105
Bradley, A.J.      317 321 331 338
Bragg equation      163
Bragg, W.L.      218
brass      see "Copper-zinc alloys"
Brillouin zone      166 169
Brillouin, L.      166 169
Cadmium, $\mathcal{N}(E)$ curve for      233
Cadmium, Brillouin zone for      232
Cadmium, crystal structure of      203
Cadmium, crystals of      121
Cadmium, distortion of      265
Cadmium, melting point of      229
Cadmium-magnesium alloys      291
Cadmium-silver alloys      275
Caesium, $\mathcal{N}(E)$ curve for solid      148
Caesium, compressibility of      228
Caesium, crystal structure of      225 227
Caesium, melting point of      229
Caesium-chloride structure      327
Caesium-potassium alloys      285
Caesium-rubidium alloys      285
Calcium fluoride structure      306
Calcium, $\mathcal{N}(E)$ curve for      230
Calcium, electronic structure of atom of      109
Calcium, melting point of      229
Calcium-strontium alloys      291
Carbon, (Diamond) Crystals of      118
Carbon, crystal structure of      182
Carbon, electronic structure of atom of      102 103 104
Cathode rays      16
Chadwick, J.      357
Channel-Evans, K.      279 290
Chlorine, crystal structure of      180
Close-packed hexagonal structure      197
Close-packed hexagonal structure, Brillouin zone of      231
Close-packed hexagonal structure, deformation of      202 260 265
Co-ordination number      194
Co-valent bonds      179 184 189
Co-valent bonds, in alloys      309
Cobalt, atomic number of      18
Cobalt, atomic weight of      18
Cobalt, crystal structure of      199
Cobalt, magnetic domains in      254
Cockcroft, J.D.      354
Cohen, E.R.      15
Collision radius, effective      350
Compressibility of metals      228
Compton effect      44
Compton, A.H.      44
Conductivity, electrical      217
Copper germanium alloys      286 334
Copper, compressibility of      228
Copper, crystal structure of      225
Copper, deformation of      271
Copper, electronic structure of atom of      109
Copper, melting point of      229
Copper, theory of alloys of      322
Copper-aluminium alloys      290 317
Copper-arsenic alloys      286
Copper-beryllium alloys      280 322
Copper-cadmium alloys      280
Copper-gallium alloys      286 288 299 334
Copper-gold alloys      283 336
Copper-indium alloys      290 301 334
Copper-lead alloys      274
Copper-magnesium alloys      280 343
Copper-mercury alloys      280
Copper-tin alloys      290 300 317 320
Copper-zinc alloys      273 276 280 286 291 294 317 320 322 334
Cosmic rays      360
Cottrell, A.H.      265
creep      259
Crystal Angstrom Unit      16
Crystal faces      117
Crystallites      271
Crystals, defect      122
Crystals, dendritic      119
Crystals, lamellar      121
Crystals, lineage      119
Crystals, mosaic      120
Crystals, perfect      118 119
Crystals, real      119 123
Cubic close packing      see "Face-centred cubic structure"
Curie, P.      256
d-states      90
Davisson, C.      34
de Broglie, L.      55
de Maupertuis, P.L.M.      51
Decay constant      352
Defect crystals      122
Degeneracy      153
Dendrites      119
Dewar, J.      312
Diamagnetism      246
Diamond, Brillouin zone for      208
Diamond, structure of      183 190
Diffusion      21 122
Dirac, P.A.M.      152
Dislocation hypothesis      261
Domain structure, anti-phase      342
Domain structure, ferromagnetic      253—255
Domain structure, mosaic      120
Du Mond, J.W.M.      15
Ekman, W.      326
Elastic limit      259
Elastic range      259
Electrical resistance      214 257
Electrochemical factor      285 307 333
Electron cloud patterns      80 83
Electron compounds      321—322
Electron concentration      174 287 318
Electron diffraction      35
Electron distribution curves      132
Electron gas      153
Electron in crystals      125 126
Electron waves      34 40
Electron, charge on      16
Electron, discovery of      16
Electron, groups      32 94
Electron, mass of      16
Electron, positive      see "Positron"
Electron, spin of      93
Electron, thermionic emmission of      16
Electronic charge      16
Electronic energy levels in crystals      126
Electronic energy levels in crystals, effect of temperature on      129
Electronic mass      16
Electronic orbits      24 26 30
Electronic orbits, elliptical      31
Electronic specific heat      154
Electronic spectra      26
Electronic structure of atoms, tables of      103 104 105
Emission spectra      26
Energy contours      169
Ether      37
Exchange forces      188 250
Exchange integral      250
Face-centred cubic structure      193
Face-centred cubic structure, Brillouin zone for      166 295
Face-centred cubic structure, deformation of      201 260
Face-centred-tetragonal structure      206
Faraday, the      16
Fermat's principle      52
Fermat, P.      52
Fermi distribution function      153
Fermi surface      146
Fermi — Dirac statistics      152
Fermi, E.      146 152
Ferricyanide ion      190
ferromagnetism      187 246 250
Fluorine, co-valent bonds in      189
Fluorine, cohesion in solid and liquid      181
Fluorine, crystal structure of      180
Free electron theory      139 149
Free electron theory, of diamagnetism      249
Free electron theory, of paramagnetism      249
Free energy      294
Fuchs, K.      228
Gamma brass      320 324
Gamma phases      320
Gamma phases, Brillouin zone of      325
Gamma rays      351
Geiger, H.      349
Geometrical optics      see "Optics"
Germanium, crystal structure of      183
Germer, L.H.      34
Gold, compressibility of      228
Gold, crystal structure of      225
Gold, electronic structure of atom of      113
Gold, melting point of      229
Gold-copper alloys      283 336
Gold-magnesium alloys      326
Gold-silver alloys      287 291
Goldschmidt, V.M.      219 223
Goudsmit, S.      93
Gram-atomic susceptibility      247
graphite      214
Gregory, C.H.      321
Group velocity      61
H      26
Haegg, G.      346
Hahn, O.      370
Half-life, time of      352
Hamilton, W.R.      55
Heisenberg's principle      46 63 74 80 143
Heisenberg, W.      46
Helium, electronic structure of atom of      94
Helium, ionisation potential of      95
Helium, liquid      177
Hexagonal close-packing      see "Close-packed hexagonal structure"
Homopolar bands      179
Hooke's law      259
Hume-Rothery, W.      242 279 290 317
Hybridised orbitals      127 190
Hydrofluoric acid      311
Hydrogen atom, Bohr theory of      26
Hydrogen atom, d states of      90
Hydrogen atom, early theory of      22
Hydrogen atom, electron theory of      22 26 68 75 89 90
Hydrogen atom, ionisation potential of      95
Hydrogen atom, p states of      89
Hydrogen atom, s states of      75
Hydrogen atom, spectrum of      29
Hydrogen atom, structure of      22
Hydrogen atom, wave mechanical theory of      68 75 89 90
Hydrogen molecule, structure of      184 310
Ideal crystals      119
Immiscible liquids      see "Liquids"
Indium, crystal structure of      206
Indium, electronic structure of atom of      115
Indium, valency of      115
Inert gases, cohesion in liquid and solid      177
Insulators, theory of      210
Intermetallic compounds      303
Interstitial solid solutions      see "Solid solutions"
Iodine, crystal structure of      179
ionic bond      304
Ionic radii      218
Ionic radii, univalent      219
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