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Lee G.H.W., Chu V.H. — Turbulent Jets and Plumes : A Lagrangian Approach
Lee G.H.W., Chu V.H. — Turbulent Jets and Plumes : A Lagrangian Approach

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Название: Turbulent Jets and Plumes : A Lagrangian Approach

Авторы: Lee G.H.W., Chu V.H.

Аннотация:

Knowledge of turbulent mixing by plumes and jets, such as those encountered in smokestack emissions, volcanic eruptions, and sewage discharges, is important for controlling environmental impact and for assessing risk. Lee (civil engineering, U. of Hong Kong) and Chu (civil engineering and applied mechanics, McGill U., Canada) develop a Lagrangian approach to model turbulent jets and plumes, beginning with simple problems, and advancing toward the practical case of a turbulent buoyant jet in a density-stratified cross flow. The text will be of use to engineers and students studying hydraulics and environmental fluid mechanics.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/Классическая физика/Механика жидкости и газа/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2003

Количество страниц: 202

Добавлена в каталог: 19.06.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Added mass      11 307
Added mass coefficient, line puff      219 247 288
Added mass coefficient, line thermal      257 287
Added mass, line puff      236
Added mass, line thermal      272
Added mass, sphere      146
Advected line thermal      249—287
Advected line thermal, dilution      274
Advected line thermal, laser-induced fluorescence image      249
Advected line thermal, shadowgraph image      269
Advected line thermal, summary of experiments      279
Advected line thermal, summary of properties      265
Advected line thermal, trajectory      274
Advected line thermal, width      274
Adverted line puff      211—247
Adverted line puff, dilution      236
Adverted line puff, laser-induced fluorescence image      234
Adverted line puff, summary of experiments      235
Adverted line puff, summary of properties      228
Adverted line puff, time-averaged properties      234
Adverted line puff, trajectory      236
Adverted line puff, turbulence properties      239
Adverted line puff, width      236
Analogy, bent-over jet in crossflow      216
Analogy, bent-over plume in crossflow      251 253
Archimedes principle      10 137
Aspect ratio, line puff      227
Aspect ratio, line thermal      270
Average dilution      76 93 130
Average dilution, line puff      220
Average dilution, line thermal      258
Bent-over buoyant jet      289
Bent-over jet      211
Bifurcation      272
Biochemical oxygen demand      133
Boundary layer      60
Boundary layer approximation      28 132
Boussinesq approximation      64
Brunt — Vaisala frequency      141 153 162
Buoyancy      56 137
Buoyancy flux      60
Buoyancy flux, specific      64 158
Buoyancy, flux      15
Buoyancy, frequency      175
Buoyancy, thermal      146
Buoyancy-dominated far field, BDFF      152 253 283 320
Buoyancy-dominated near field, BDNF      253 282 320
Buoyant jet in crossflow      280 305
Buoyant jet, bottom attachment      131
Buoyant jet, boundary effect      121
Buoyant jet, horizontal      117
Buoyant jet, in crossflow      213
Buoyant jet, in stratified crossfiow      343 344
Buoyant jet, inclined      103—127
Buoyant jet, plume      91
Buoyant jet, round      75
Buoyant jet, vertical      114
Buoyant plume in stratified crossflow      355
Cederwall equation      121 176
Centerline dilution, coflow jet      195
Centerline dilution, line puff      228
Centerline dilution, line thermal      272
Coanda effect      121 131
Coflow jet      179—207
Coflow jet, summary of properties      207
Concentration      39
Concentration distribution      4
Concentration fluctuation, coflow jet      203
Concentration fluctuation, line puff      239
Concentration, coflow jet      182 184
Concentration, line puff      222
Conservation of momentum      37
Conservation of momentum flux      30 36
Conservation of tracer-mass flux      30
Continuity equation      28 35
Continuous source      5 21
Control volume      24
Cooling water      92
Counterflowing jet      344
Dense jet      86 355
Densimetric Froude number      18 97 104
Densimetric Froude number, local      70 98
Density stratification      135—170
Density stratification, oscillation      145
Density, difference      5 79
Density, nonlinear temperature dependence      79 364
Density, seawater      361
Density, stratification      8 170
Depth of penetration      147
Desalination plant      97
Dilution      4 16 119
Dilution, minimum      121 158
Dimensional analysis      15 17 61
Dissipation rate      220 259
Dominant eddy      21 219 244 293 305 308
Double vortex      211
Dredger      9
Eddy-viscosity      220
Elemental volume      293—294 305
Energy flux      25
Entrainment      333
Entrainment coefficient      66 100 187
Entrainment coefficient, coflow jet      197 208
Entrainment coefficient, line puff      228
Entrainment coefficient, line thermal      263 289
Entrainment coefficient, plume      67
Entrainment hypothesis      33 66 67
Entrainment, projected area entrainment      299 330 334
Entrainment, shear entrainment      302 333 358
Entrainment, surface area entrainment      301
Entrainment, velocity      66 357
Entrainment, vortex entrainment      333
Environmental impact      1
Environmental impact assessment      348
environmental monitoring      346
Epilimnion      140
Equation of motion      5 64
Equation of state      79 361
Equilibrium depth      150
Equilibrium level      148 154
Eulerian integral model      30 64
Excess jet velocity      187
Excess momentum      180
Excess velocity      184 203
External flow      358
Finite volume method      222
Fjords      125
Froude number      97
Galilean transformation, bent-over jet in crossflow      220
Galilean transformation, bent-over plume in crossflow      258
Gaussian profile      62 106 181
Gradient transport      259
Gravity, acceleration      137
Half-width, jet      27 35
Half-width, line puff      228
Half-width, line thermal      270
Half-width, plume      62
High Island reservoir      136
Horizontal round buoyant jet      121
Hypolimnion      135 140
Initial dilution      320
Initial dilution, field data      322—326
Instantaneous image      233
Instantaneous source      5
Integral analysis      29
Integral model, coflow jet      183
Integral model, jet      30
Integral model, line puff      219
Integral model, line thermal      257
Integral model, plume      64 80
Intermittency, coflow jet      199
Intermittency, jet      41
Intermittency, line puff      240
Intermittency, line thermal      279
Intermittency, plume      74
Irrotational flow, jet in crossflow      358
Irrotational flow, line puff      219
Irrotational flow, line thermal      257
Jet boundary      201
Jet in crossflow      287
Jet in crossflow, initial dilution      211
Jet in crossflow, laser-induced fluorescence image      233
Jet in crossflow, summary of properties      228
Jet in crossflow, tracer concentration      232
Jet in crossflow; 3D model      226
Jet mixing, in river      201 245
Jet, in coflow      179—207
Jet, in counterflow      208 344
Jet, in crossfiow      211—247
Jet, interference      53
Jet, negatively buoyant      86 365
Jet, round      34
Jet, summary of properties      40
Jet, trajectory      113
Jet, turbulent      1 21—49
Jet, two dimensional      26
JETLAG      328 347 356
JETLAG, entrainment formulation      337
JETLAG, field verification      346—348
JETLAG, model validation      341—345
JETLAG, theory      330
Kinematic momentum flux      36
kinetic energy      52
Kinetic energy flux      31
Lagrangian method      158 293 313
Lagrangian model      80
Lagrangian model, general formulation      293—315
Lagrangian model, inclined buoyant jet      107
Lagrangian model, JETLAG      328 356
Lagrangian model, line plume      100
Lagrangian model, spreading hypothesis      109 297
Large eddy simulation      162 163 165
Laser Doppler anemometry      182
Laser-induced fluorescence      39 119 181
Length scale      16
Length scale, in stratification      153 176
Length scale, jet in crossflow      214
Length scale, momentum      76
Length scale, plume in crossflow      251
Line puff      232
Line puff, characteristics      281
Line puff; 1D model      219
Line puff; 2D model      220
Line thermal, characteristics      281
Line thermal; 1D model      257
Line thermal; 2D model      259
Linear stratification      174
Maximum concentration ratio, line puff      228
Maximum concentration ratio, line thermal      270
Method of excesses      295—297
Mixing layer      47 108 308
Momentum equation      28 35 54
Momentum equation, round thermal      144
Momentum flux      24
Momentum flux, specific      31
Momentum, flux      15
Momentum, line puff      240
Momentum, line thermal      261
Momentum, method of superposition      53
Momentum-dominated far field, MDFF      216 244
Momentum-dominated near field, MDNF      216 243
Multiport diffuser      125
Near-far field transition      337
Numerical experiment, line puff      221
Numerical experiment, line thermal      260
Numerical modelling      319
Numerical modelling, model validation      341—345
Nutrient      125
Ocean outfall      291
Ocean outfall, Hong Kong SSDS ocean outfall      348
Ocean outfall, Orange County outfall      164
Ocean outfall, Sydney ocean outfall      346
Oscillation, in stratification      156
Outfall mixing in weak current      354
Plume element      55—94 329 331
Plume in crossflow, initial dilution      320
Plume in crossflow, laser-induced fluorescence image      250
Plume in crossflow, stratified      290
Plume in crossflow, summary of properties      265
Plume in crossflow, tracer concentration      277
Plume in crossflow; 3D model      265
Plume, black smoker      175
Plume, buoyant gas      97
Plume, fire plume      1 59 68
Plume, gas      101
Plume, in arbitrary density stratification      162
Plume, in container      165
Plume, in crossfiow      152 249—287
Plume, in linear stratification      153
Plume, in stratified fluid      153
Plume, line      89 94 99 100 165
Plume, maximum rise      153
Plume, maximum rise in stratified fluid      176
Plume, round      60
Plume, sand slurry      12
Plume, summary of properties      95
Plume, thermal      3 8 79
Plume, turbulent      1 55—94
Plume, waste gas      78 88
Plume, wastewater      175
Plume; 2D linear stratification      158
Pollution      133
Potential core      22 23 27 47 105 107 110 116 118 308
Potential core, cofiow jet      190
Potential core, development      113
Power plant      92 129
Puff      5 302
Puff, round      18
Reduced gravity      56
Reynolds number, jet      18 21
Reynolds-averaged equation      220 259
Rhodamine dye      21
Ring vortices      211
Risk assessment      4
Risk assessment, Hong Kong SSDS ocean outfall      348
Salinity      79 137 361
Salt balance      174
Sand dumping      9
Scalar field, adverted line puff      233
Scalar field, jet in crossfiow      227 233
Scalar field, plume in crossfiow      269 277
Schmidt number      221 259
Self-similarity, jet      27 39
Self-similarity, line puff      216 222
Self-similarity, line thermal      254
Self-similarity, plume      60 72 89
Separation angle      337
Sewage discharge      55 124
Sewage disposal      15
Sewage outfall      1 124 133
Sewage outfall, North-west New Territories outfall      348
Sewage outfall, Urmston Road      142
Shear entrainment      211
Sigma unit      142 361
Spreading coefficient      14 109 307
Spreading coefficient, jet      50
Spreading coefficient, line puff      219
Spreading coefficient, line thermal      257
Spreading coefficient, plume      94
Spreading hypothesis      219 297—302
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