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Guinier A. — X-Ray Diffraction: In Crystals, Imperfect Crystals, and Amorphous Bodies
Guinier A. — X-Ray Diffraction: In Crystals, Imperfect Crystals, and Amorphous Bodies

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Название: X-Ray Diffraction: In Crystals, Imperfect Crystals, and Amorphous Bodies

Автор: Guinier A.

Аннотация:

Superb study begins with fundamentals of x-ray diffraction theory using Fourier transforms, then applies general results to various atomic structures, amorphous bodies, crystals and imperfect crystals. Elementary laws of X-ray diffraction on crystals follow as special case. Highly useful for solid-state physicists, metallographers, chemists and biologists. 1963 edition.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 1st edition

Год издания: 1963

Количество страниц: 378

Добавлена в каталог: 16.08.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absorption coefficients      4
Absorption coefficients, corrections      101 104 116 173 180
Absorption coefficients, discontinuities      4 21
Achromatization      148
Acoustical waves      193 207
Age hardening      173 289
Air scattering      62 345
Alloy, Al Ag      275 342
Alloy, Al Cu      289 321 333
Alloy, Al Zn      342
Alloy, Au Cu      255 258 260 267 284
Alloy, Au Ni      284
Alloy, Cu Ni Fe      218
Alloy, disordered      261—293
Alloy, Fe Al      259
Alloy, ordered      254—261
Aluminum, reflecting power of a crystal      115
Aluminum, reflecting power of a crystal, cold-worked      240
Amorphous substances      55—81
Analyzer, harmonic      362
Anomalous scattering factor      20 257 260
Antiphase domains      270. 274
Asymmetric scattering      281 284
Autocorrelation function      32 111 362
Averbach      see “Warren-Averbach theory”
Beam, height of a      177 348
Berg-Barrett method      118
Bertaut theorem      135
Bessel functions      315
Born and Green (theory of fluids)      71
Born cyclic conditions      200
Bragg double reflection      343
Bragg law      94 158
Brass, line profile of filing      242
Broadening, line, by cold work      237 249
Broadening, line, by disorder      269
Broadening, line, by size effect      121 149
carbon black      321 342
catalyst      363
Cell, red      341
Cell, unit      87
Cellulose      309 333
Characteristic radiation      146
Characteristic temperature      see “Debye temperature”
Chrysotile      321
Clay, faults in      226
Cobalt, faults in      232
Colloidal solutions      322 349
Compressibility (relation to scattering)      48 71
Compton scattering      11 14 61 78 176 182 249
Coradi analyzer      363
Counter      179 182 345
Crystal, ideally imperfect      100 115
Crystal, perfect      111
Cyclic conditions, Born      200
Cylindrical particles      325
Debye, characteristic temperature      190
Debye, distribution function      67 71
Debye, formula      49 59 72 315 329
Debye, Scherrer pattern      see “Powder pattern”
Debye, Waller factor      100 104 186 285
Delta function      37 358
Diameters, grain      134—139
diatomic molecules      50 60 75 315
Diffract ometer      104
Dirac function      37
Disk-shaped particle      325
Dislocation (images)      118
Disorder, displacement      185—251
Disorder, substitution      262—279
Dispersion (atomic scattering factor)      20
Distortion fault      235
Distribution function      36 64 362
Distribution function, Debye      67
Distribution function, in liquids      69
Double Bragg reflection      343
Doublet, ${K}_{\alpha}$      147 149
Dynamic theory      111
Effective volume      104 173 180
Ehrenfest formula      61 73
Elastic properties      204
Electron diffraction      62 273
Ellipsoidal particles      326
Ewald construction      94 104 195
Ewald sphere      7 126 141 178
Extinction      104 112 117 249
Faltung theorem      38 360
Fiber      140 314 349
Fluorescence      176
Form factor      36 39—42 67 84 90 125 132 156 359
Fragmentation theory      238
Fresnel construction      122 371
Fresnel construction, scattering      343
Friedel's law      24
Frozen thermal agitation      248
Gaseous diffraction      63 78
Gases, monatomic      55 63
Gases, polyatomic      59
Gaussian curves      145 348 358
Ghost object      40 133
Graphite, faults in      226
Growth faults      235
Guinier approximation (small-angle scattering)      329
Guinier approximation (small-angle scattering), camera      149
Guinier approximation (small-angle scattering), Presion zones      291
Gyration, radius of      329 339 348
Hard spheres      68
Harmonic analyzer      362
Harmonic radiations      175 181 259
Hemoglobin      321 332 341
Hexagonal faults in c.f.c. crystal      208 232
Imperfect crystal, diffraction by      154—182
Inertia distance      305—307
Intensity, absolute measurement of      333 347
Intensity, of a beam      3
Intensity, of a diffraction line      102 159 163 188 248
Intensity, of scattering      163 182
Intensity, of superlattice lines      258
Interatomic forces      207
Interference function      29
Interference function, average value of      34
Interference function, general expression of      43
Interference function, in an ensemble of particles      340
Interference function, in liquids      70
Interference, calculation of      5 8 28 371
Ionization chamber      182
K absorption edge      4 20
Kinematic theory      100 113
L absorption edge      21
Lang's method      118
Lattice, reciprocal      85 356 358
Laue equation (diffuse scattering)      53 165 262 264 295
Laval (temperature-diffuse scattering theory)      194
Line profile      see “Line width”
line width      121—125 130—137 158—163 189 221—225 233—234 238—241 269 286 301 308
Linear disorder      170
Linear lattice      254 268 285 297
Liquids, diffraction by      69
Long-range order      254—261
Maxima, secondary      129
Miller indices      88
Mixture, gases      59
Mixture, liquids      81
Modulation of spacing      216
Modulation of spacing, of spacing and structure factor      279
Modulation of spacing, of structure factor      263
Molecular crystals      176 180
Molecules, diatomic      50 60 75 315
Molecules, tetrahedrical      50
Monochromator      149 174 325 346 347
Multiple scattering      335
Multiplicity factor      102 104
Needle-shaped crystal      128
Nickel, catalytic      130
Nitrogen      60 76
Numerical integration      364
Nylon      341
Optical      207
Optical analogy      313
Optical wave      193 207
Order, long-range      254—261 297
Order, scattering of first, second      200
Order, short-range      261—293
Paracrystal      309 312 341
Parasitic scattering      347
Particle size      314—349
Patterson function      32 111
Patterson function, series      109
Perfect crystal (dynamic theory)      111
Periodic disorder      167 196 216
Phases of diffracted beam      108
Photographic plate      177 182
Photosummator, von Eller      108
Planar disorder      169 209—237
Platelet      128
Polarization      2 10 99 180
Polyatomic molecules      74
Polyethylene      341
Porod equation      336—339
Powder pattern, intensity of the lines      102
Powder pattern, line transform      365
Powder pattern, line width      131 137 159 189 223
Powder pattern, of a small cubic crystal      51
Powder pattern, power theorem      162
Powder pattern, scattering in      249 267
Powder pattern, stacking faults      236
Preston      see “Guinier-Preston zones”
Prins      see “Zernicke”
Protein      348
Rachinger method (Ka doublet)      147
Radius of gyration      329 339 348
Raman effect      13
Reflecting power, crystal face      101 113
Reflecting power, rotating crystal      105
Reflecting power, small crystal      95
Reflection, domains      125 130 140 159
Reflection, double Bragg      343
Reflection, total      2
Refraction index      2 113
Ring, diffraction pattern of liquids      72
Ring, in small-angle scattering      275 342
Rock salt, reflecting power of      117
Ross filter      143 174 345
S vector, definition of      6
Satellites      198 204 216 263 274 280
Scattering power, definition      11
Scattering power, imperfect crystal      99
Scattering power, measurement      180
Scattering power, perfect crystal      111—116
Scattering, by a free electron      9
Scattering, by a gas      59
Scattering, by an anatomic electron      12
Scattering, by an atom      15
Scattering, coefficient (small-angle)      324
Scattering, multiple      325
Scattering, thermal-diffuse      176 193—209
Scherrer equation      121 126
Secondary maxima      129
Segregation      270 275
Shape of a small crystal      136
Short-range order      265
Side bands      218
Silica gel      321
Size effect      282—292
Size, apparent      124 136
Small-angle scattering      42 43 46 57 127 202 238 275 282 296 319—349
Specific surface      336
Spherical particles      323—334 359
Stack, irregular, of planes      306—309
Stacking faults      174 219—237
Stokes method      143 368
Streaks, diffuse      140 208 212 229 289 333
Structure, crystalline      105—110
Substitution disorder      262—279
Superlattice      219 337
Temperature factor      100 104 186 285
Temperature-diffuse scattering      193—209
Tetrahedrical molecule      50
Thermal agitation      176 186 209
Thomson equation      10 99
Transmission camera      104
Tungsten      240
Twinning      235
Unit cell      87
V(x) function, definition      39
V(x) function, properties      40—44 132 211
Velocity of acoustical waves      205
Vitreous solids      55—83
Voigt coefficients      206
Waller      see “Debye-Waller”
Warren, Averbach theory      240—248
Warren, correction of line width      145
Warren, powder pattern power theorem      162
Waves, acoustical      193
Widmanstatten structure      130
Width, integral, Debye-Scherrer line      127 135
Width, integral, diffraction spot      140
Width, integral, diffuse peak      301
Width, integral, of a domain      126
Width, integral, of a line      124
Work hardening      237—249
Wurtzite, faults in      237
Zernicke and Prins diffraction by liquid      65
Zones, Guinier-Preston      219 291
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