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Guinier A., Mauguin C., Kathleen F.R. Ч X-Ray Crystallographic Technology
Guinier A., Mauguin C., Kathleen F.R. Ч X-Ray Crystallographic Technology

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Ќазвание: X-Ray Crystallographic Technology

јвторы: Guinier A., Mauguin C., Kathleen F.R.

јннотаци€:

X-RAY crystallography, the object of which is the study of-crystalline substances by means of X-rays, is a new branch of science which originated in 1912, when von Laue carried out his celebrated experiments on the diffraction of X-rays by crystalline gJ.'atings. It has developed especially under the influence of the Braggs, father and son, and of their chool,
followed rapidly by many other research workers.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

»здание: 1st edition

√од издани€: 1952

 оличество страниц: 330

ƒобавлена в каталог: 16.08.2009

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Absent reflections      64 75 107 147 198 208 225
Absolute intensities      73 126 172 176 233 255
Absorption coefficients      8 9
Absorption coefficients, ccuracy of spacing measurement      116 211
Absorption coefficients, discontinuities in film      20 180
Absorption coefficients, edges      11 297 298 299
Absorption coefficients, factor      118Ч124 145 173 207 256
Absorption coefficients, linear coefficient of      9
Absorption coefficients, lkali halides      44 56 62 76 106 129 138 147 156 158 160
Absorption coefficients, mass coefficient of      9Ч11 297
Absorption coefficients, X-ray      8 11 14
Alloys      207 210Ч216 225 230 248Ч249 266
Alpha doublet-resolution      111 130 171 232 244
American Society for Testing Materials: Index      207
Amorphous solids      vii 43 176 250Ч259 282Ч284
Analysis by X-ray crystallography      203 211Ч216 225Ч230
Analysis by X-ray crystallography, qualitative      205Ч211
Analysis by X-ray crystallography, quantitative      211Ч216
Angles between planes      183
Anisotrophy      48
Annular zones on Laue photographs      180
Anomalous scattering factor      16
Anticathode      2 3 5 27 28 31
Applications of X-ray analysis, J.      75Ч269
Asterism      192 193 231
Atomic number      4 16
Atomic number, radius      86
Atomic number, scattering factor      15 16 225 250 274 296
Avogadro's number      56 57 86 214
Axial ratio      78Ч81 86 107
Back-reflection photography      103 104 186Ч190 211Ч224 246
Bibliography      327
Body-centred cubic lattice      76
Bragg law      50 51Ч53 56 300Ч320
Bragg law, spectrometer      147 233
Bravais lattices      74Ч85
Bunn charcs      208
Calcite      208
Calibration      20 22 106 171 217 218
Cameras, adjustment of      97Ч100 134 135 170 171
Cameras, focussing      102Ч104 167
Cameras, powder      91 105
Cathode      31
CeUulose fibre pattern      195 196 259
CeUulose fibre pattern, low angle scattering      266 267
Characteristic temperature      240 241
Characteristic temperature, X-ray spectrum      4Ч7
Chemical analysis by X-rays      203
Choice of apparatus      41 232 251 261
Choice of apparatus, wavelength      4 5 12 96 204 232 252 261
Cleavage      47
Close-packed arrangements      75 79 8
Coherent scattering      14
Cold work      179 244Ч247
Collimator      92 95 99
Compton effect      8 16Ч18 96 232 255
Continuous X-ray spectrum      2Ч4 7 8 96Ч97 148 157Ч158
Control equipment      40
Control equipment of temperature      219
Cooling of anticathode      33
Counters for X-rays      26 104Ч105
Crystal base      44 45 66 225
Crystal base, classes      49
Crystal base, density      86
Crystal base, imperfections of      69 192Ч194 231Ч249
Crystal base, lattices      43 74Ч85 225Ч226 248
Crystal base, orientation      181Ч192
Crystal base, structure determination, ix      55 87 225Ч230
Crystal base, structure of common substances      290Ч 295
Crystal base, symmetry      48Ч49
Crystal base, systems      48Ч49
Crystal base, texture      43 69 89 129 176Ч202
Crystalline state      42Ч43 176
Crystallite size and shape      176Ч180 235- 239
Crystallization      179
Crystallographic data for common substances      290Ч295
Cubic axes      74
Cubic axes, lattices      47 74Ч77 106
Cubic axes, system      49 74
Cubic axes, unit cell      44 74
Curved crystal monochromators      161Ч165
Debye Ч Scherrer method      73 90Ч130 157 161 280Ч282
Debye-temperature factor      73 239Ч240 280
Defect structure      216
Demountable tubes      29Ч36
density      86 209 214Ч216 290Ч295
Descartes laws of reflection      50
Determination of crystal structure      87Ч 88 225Ч230
Diameter of atoms and ions      86
diamond      77 107
Diatropic spots      196
Differential filtration      13
Diffraction angle      51 90
Diffraction angle by a crystal      53 59 275
Diffraction angle by a free electron      271
Diffraction angle by a lattice      50Ч57
Diffraction angle by a row of points      133 248
Diffraction of X-rays      1 14Ч15
Diffuse scattering      232Ч235 242
Distortion      93 187 192Ч193 216Ч224
Distribution function      254Ч258
Divergent-beam techniques      101 161
Eccentricity      113
Elastic constants      217 243
Electric generators      37
Electrometer      23Ч24
Electrometer, valve      24Ч25
Electron focussing cup      32
Electronic lens      32
Elements, crystallographic data for the      290Ч295
Energy of X-rays      1 2 3 7 8
Ewald's construction      61Ч66 87 131 132 139Ч142 152 233 242 247
Excitation potential      5 6
Exposure times      126 145 146 160 173 174 180 235 252 262
Extinction, primary      73 146 231
Extinction, secondary      73 147 231
Extrapolation      114 115
Face-centred cubic lattice      75 81
Faults of periodicity      247Ч248
Fibre patterns      194 248
Filament tubes      27 32
Film emulsions      18Ч19
Film emulsions, mounting      98
Film emulsions, sensitivity      19Ч20
Film emulsions, shrinkage      112
Filters for X-rays      12Ч14 96
Fingerprint method      203 205Ч211
Fluorescent radiation      11Ч12 96 205
Fluorescent radiation, screens      18 19
Focus of X-ray tubes      31 32 33 92 163
Focussing cameras      101Ч103 167 223 262
Focussing cameras, cup      27 32
Focussing cameras, monochromators      161 165
Focussing cameras, technique      101Ч104 105 166 223
Fogging of diffraction patterns      95Ч97 171 174 187 209 211 234
Fourier synthesis      87
Free electrons, scattering by      15
Frequency of X-ravs      3 4 5
Gas tube      27 35Ч36
Gas tube, scattering by      249 250Ч251
Geiger Ч Muller counters      26 104Ч105 261
Generation of X-rays      2 5 37Ч41
Glass-metal seals      27
Gnomonic projection      152Ч157
Gnomonic projection, ruler      155
Grain size      118 129 177Ч180
Grinding, effect of      93 146
Harmonics in X-ray beam      160 172
Hexagonal close-packing      79
Hexagonal close-packing, setting of rhombohedral lattice      80Ч82
Hexagonal close-packing, system      49 78
High angle diffraction camera      103Ч104
High polymers      176 259
High temperature powder camera      100
Hull charts      108Ч110 208
Hull charts, method      90Ч91
Identification by X-rays      203 205 252 259
Identity period      133 226
Imperfection of crystals      146 231Ч249
Impurities      175
Incoherent scattering      16Ч18
Indexing of photographs      106Ч110 135- 142 152Ч157 181
Intensifying screens      18
Intensity of Debye Ч Scherrer lines      20 116Ч127 229 232
Intensity of Laue spots      4 157
Intensity of scattered radiation      15
Intensity of spectrum      3 6Ч7
Intensity, absolute      73 126 172 177 233 255
Intensity, curve      21 70 71 116 117 254 257 264
Intensity, eye estimation of      116 147 206 211 221
Intensity, formulae      15 71Ч73 117 122Ч127 144 270
Intensity, measurement      2 26 116 147 171Ч 173 211 221 229 233 256
Interatomic distances      86
International Tables for the Determination of Crystal Structures      xi 121
Interplanar spacings      46 56 59 74Ч85 300Ч303
Interstitial alloys      214
Ionization by X-rays      22
Ionization by X-rays, chamber      22Ч23 25 70 147 191 233
Ionization by X-rays, currents      24
Ionization by X-rays, gauge      34
Ionization spectrometer      147 233
K absorption edges      10Ч14
K absorption edges, radiations      4Ч8
Kenotron      39
L absorption edges      10Ч12
L absorption edges, radiations      4 5 8
Large specimens      101 170
Lattice constant      56 63 110Ч116
Lattice constant, determination      87 106
Lattice constant, planes      46Ч47 300Ч303
Lattice constant, points      43
Lattice constant, rows      45 225 248
Lattice constant, theory      43
Laue method      4 42 131 148Ч159 180- 190 234
Layer lines      133Ч142
Lindemann electrometer      23
Lindemann electrometer, glass      28 94
Line broadening      102 113 130 173 174 179 231Ч233 235Ч239
Line broadening, intensity      116Ч127
Liquids, scattering by      250Ч258
Low-angle scattering      169 173 251 260Ч269 284Ч286
Low-temperature methods      100Ч101
Measuiement of intensity      20Ч26 116 147 171Ч173 211 221 229 233 256
Measuiement of intensity, position of diffraction      20 21 105 106 171
Measuiement of intensity, strain      216Ч224
Mechanical deformation      216Ч224 244- 247
Metal bellows      33
Metals      131 134 179 181 194 196Ч199 212Ч224 225Ч230 246-249
Microphotometry      20 22 211 229 254
Miller indices      46 78
Mixed crystals      207 248Ч249
Mixtures of crystals      206Ч211
Molecular weight      209 265 269
Monochromatic radiation      7 72 160Ч174 209
Monochromators      72Ч73 160Ч166 234
Monochromators, adjustment of      165
Monochromators, use of      166Ч174 209 211 232 234 248 251 258 261
Monoclinic system      49 84
Mosaic crystals      69Ч73 231
Moving film methods      143
Multiplicity factor      74 75 117 118 124 300Ч303
Nature of x-rays      1 42
Number of atoms in unit celt      86Ч87
Ordered and disordered structures      225Ч 230 249
Orientation by pole figures      199Ч201
Orientation by pole figures of complex crystal      198
Orientation by pole figures of lattice planes of deformed crystal      192
Orientation by pole figures oi crystals      181Ч192 259 265
Orientation by pole figures with preferred plane      198 259
Orthorhombic system      49 83
Oscillating crystal method, .      141Ч142 190 210 234
Output of X-ray tube      2
Parameter measurement      110
Parasitic radiation      11 26 93 95Ч97 110 168Ч169 234
Particle size      69 235Ч239 26
Phase of diffracted wave      51 235
Philips' gauge      34
photoelectric effect      8 10
Photographic blackening      21
Photographic blackening, measurements      20 21 22
Photographic blackening, methods      18Ч22
Photometry      20Ч22
Photons, X-ray      1 3 5 8 10 17
Physiological action of X-rays      26
Piezo-electric quartz plates      191
Polarization of X-rays      1 72Ч73 172
Pole figures      199Ч2 01
Powder cameras, high temperature      100
Powder cameras, high temperature, low temperature      100
Powder cameras, high temperature, method      99Ч130 205Ч214 280-282
Precision measurements      110 116 211
Precision measurements of orientation      191
Preferred orientation      118 130 194
Preparation of specimens      93Ч95
Primary extinction      73 146
Primitive triplet      44
Processing of X-ray films      19
Pumping equipment      30
Quartz crystal monochromator      161Ч166
Quartz crystal monochromator, plate, orientation of      181
Radiography *x      28
Reciprocal lattice      57 66 74Ч87 132 136
Recrystallization of metals      244
Rectification      39
Reflecting power      69Ч74 117
Reflection of x-rays      1 50
Refractive index      1
Rhombohedral system      49 80
Rocksalt      44 56 106 129 147
Rolled metal sheet      198Ч201 244Ч245
Rotating anode tube      36
Rotating anode tube, crystal method      53 131Ч148 157 173 209 210
Safety devices      41
Scattering of X-rays      1 8 10 14Ч18 233Ч234 241Ч242
Sealed X-ray tubes      27Ч28 204
Sealing compound      29
Secondary extinction      73 147
Secondary extinction, radiation      11 95Ч96 148
Secondary extinction, scattering      95 148 168Ч169
Seeman Ч Bohlin camera      102Ч104 167 168
Selective reflection      51
Self-rectification      38
Short wavelength limit      3 161 180 193
Single crystalЧintensity formula      144 274Ч280
Single crystalЧintensity formula, methods      131Ч159 209 234Ч235
Small-angle scattering      169 173 251 260Ч269 284Ч286
Solid solution      211Ч216 225Ч230 248-249
Solubility, limit of      213
Sources of X-rays      1Ч2
Specimen, centering of      97Ч98 135 262
Specimen, preparation      89 93 95 120Ч122 170 198 252
Specimen, size and shape      90 118 120 124 131 146 252 262
Specimen, support      94Ч95 97 134Ч135 252
Sphere of reflection      61Ч62 278
Stereographic net      182Ч186 200
Stereographic net, projection      182 199Ч201
Stereographic net, ruler      183
Strain in metals      216Ч224
Structure amplitude      127Ч129
Structure amplitude, factor      67 68 72Ч84 225Ч228 280
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