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Biscamp D. — Magnetohydrodynamic turbulence
Biscamp D. — Magnetohydrodynamic turbulence



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Название: Magnetohydrodynamic turbulence

Автор: Biscamp D.

Аннотация:

After a brief outline of magnetohydrodynamic theory, this introductory book discusses the macroscopic aspects of MHD turbulence, and covers the small-scale scaling properties. Applications are provided for astrophysical and laboratory systems. Magnetic turbulence is the natural state of most astrophysical systems, such as stellar convection zones, stellar winds or accretion discs. It is also found in laboratory devices, most notably in the reversed field pinch.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/Классическая физика/Механика жидкости и газа/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2003

Количество страниц: 297

Добавлена в каталог: 18.06.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$K-\epsilon$ model      68
Absolute equilibrium distribution      90
Absolute equilibrium distribution, 2D hydrodynamic      166
Absolute equilibrium distribution, 2D MHD      174
Absolute equilibrium distribution, hydrodynamic      92
Absolute equilibrium distribution, MHD      91
Accretion disk      233
Adiabatic change of state      14
Adiabatic exponent      14
Advection-diffusion equation      13
Alfven effect      77
Alfven Mach number      17
Alfven radius      220
Alfven velocity      17
Alfven wave      28
Alfven wave, compressional      see magnetosonic mode
Alfven wave, shear      28
Alfvenic state      77
Aligned state      see Alfvenic state
Alignment, velocity-magnetic field      76
Alpha disk model      242ff
Alpha effect      74
Ambipolar diffusion      272
Ambipolar drift      272
Ampere's law      12
Analogy of vorticity and magnetic field      214
Anelastic approximation      213
Anisotropy of MHD turbulence      100ff
Anomalous resistivity      see turbulent resistivity
Anomalous resistivity in mean-field electrodynamics      74
Astronomical unit (UA)      217
Axisymmetric equilibrium      26
Baroclinic effect      184
Barotropic pressure      14
Beta      12
Bolgiano length      205 206
Bolgiano scaling      205
Bolgiano spectrum      205
Bonnor — Ebert mass      270
Bottleneck effect in turbulence spectrum      110
Boundary-layer problem      59
Boussinesq approximation      17
Brownian motion      133
Bruni — Vaisala frequency      30
Buoyancy braking      213
Buoyancy force      see gravitational force
Burgers equation      34 185
Burgers turbulence      185 192
Cantor set      263
Cascade, direct (or normal) and inverse      92 167
Cataclysmic variables      237
Centrifugal force      16
Circulation      23
Closure problem      114
Collision frequency, electron-ion      272
Collision frequency, ion-neutral species      272
Collisionless shock      186
Compressive (irrotational) part of velocity      184
Conductivity, electrical      13
Conservation of angular momentum      20
Conservation of circulation      23
Conservation of cross-helicity      22
Conservation of energy      21
Conservation of kinetic helicity      24
Conservation of magnetic flux      23
Conservation of magnetic helicity      24
Conservation of mass      20
Conservation of mean-square magnetic potential      25
Conservation of momentum      20
Constant-$\psi$ approximation      59
Continuity equation of charge      12
Continuity equation of mass      13
Convection, magneto-      214ff
Convection, thermal      203ff
Coriolis force      16
Coroiaiing interaction region (CIR)      222
Correlated turbulence      125ff
Correlation function      138
Correlation, velocity-magnetic field      85
Cosmic dust      258
Critical temperature gradieni      55
Critically balanced cascade      101
Cross-helicity      22
Cumulani      115
Current sheet, resistive      62
Current-driven instabilities      82
Curvature of magnetic field      11
Cyclotron frequency      231
Cylindrical equilibrium      26
de Hoffmann — Teller frame      187
Decay laws, 2D MHD      175
Decay laws, hydrodynamic turbulence      79
Decay laws, MHD turbulence      81
Decay laws, supersonic turbulence      192
Density-fluctuation spectrum      196
Diffusion layer      59
Dilatation      184
Direct-interaction approximation (DIA)      99
dispersion relation      28
Dissipation range      103
Dissipation rate of cross-helicity      22 75
Dissipation rate of energy      22 75
Dissipation rate of enstrophy      167
Dissipation rate of magnetic hclicity      75
Dissipation scale      102ff
Dissipation, collisionless      186
Dissipation, resistive, or ohmic      22
Dissipation, turbulent      69
Dissipation, viscous      69
Dissipativity      15
Downstream state      187
Dual cascade of      168
Dust polarization      266
Dynamic alignment      77
Dynamo theory, kinematic      72
Dynamo theory, nonlinear      124
Eddington luminosity      236
Eddy viscosity      68
Eddy-damped quasi-normal Markovian approximation (EDQNM)      117ff
Eddy-damped quasi-normal Markovian approximation for MHD      119
Eddy-damping rate      117
Ekman number      54
Electrical conductivity      13
Electron viscosity      15
Electron-density power spectrum      262
Elsasser fields      31
Energy equaiion      14
Energy flux      21
Energy spectrum, Iroshnikov — Kraichnan (IK)      98
Energy spectrum, Kolmogorov      97
Energy spectrum, normalization of      103
Energy spectrum, residual      106
Energy-decay, 2D MHD      175
Energy-decay, law hydrodynamic turbulence      79
Energy-decay, MHD turbulence      81ff
Enstrophy deca)      166
Enthalpy      21 187
Entropy of ideal gas      14
Epicyclic frequency      246
Equation of motion      see momentum equaiion
Equilibrium      25
Equilibrium, cylindrical      26
Equilibrium, hydrostatic      17
Equilibrium, magnetostatic      26
Equilibrium, plane      26
Equilibrium, stratified      27
Euler's equaiion      19
Extended self-similariiy (ESS)      140
Faraday rotation      265
Faraday's- law      13
Fasi Fourier transform (FFT)      201
Fast magneiosonic wave      29
Field-line curvature      11
Field-line twist      27
Finite-time singularity (FTS)      34
Flatness      134
Flux conservation      19
Flux function      19
Flux tube      23
Force-free magnetic field      27
Force-free magnetic field, linear      27 76
Fourier modes      87
Fractal      133
Frozen-in property      23
Gauge invariance of magnetic heliciiy      24
Geosirophic approximation      164
Giant molecular cloud (GMC)      258
Godunov's method      202
Gravitational force      11 18
Gravity waves, internal      30
Gyrofrequency      see cyclotron frequency
Harris sheet      58
Heat diffusivity      14
Heat flux      15
Helical turbulence      120
Heliciiy, kinetic      24
Heliciiy, magnetic      23
Heliosphere      217
Heliospheric current sheet      221
Helmet streamer      221
Helmholtz decomposition      184
Henon map      133
Hill approximation      250
Homogenous (isotropic) turbulence      87
Hydrostatic equilibrium      17
Hyperdiffusion      15
Ideal external region      60
Ideal fluid, singularities of      34ff
Ideal invariants      25
Ideal invariants, quadratic      89
Ideal invariants, rugged      89
Ideal-gas law      13
Incompressibiliiy      16
Incompressibiliiy, conditions for      17
Induction equation      see Faraday's law
Inertial range      95
Inertial wave      31
Inertial-convective subrange      208
Inertial-diffusive subrange      209
Injection wavenumber      80
Instability, convective      52
Instability, current-driven      57
Instability, Kelvin — Helmholtz      45ff
Instability, magnetorotational      248ff
Instability, Rayleigh — Taylor      51 ff
Instability, tearing      57ff
Integral scale      79 94
Intermiitency parameter      151
Intermittency      134
Intermittency models, for MHD turbulence      156
Intermittency models, log-normal      150
Intermittency models, log-Poisson      153
Intermittency, dissipation range      134
Intermittency, inertial range      137
Interstellar magnetic field      265
Interstellar medium (ISM)      256
Inverse energy cascade      171
Iroshnikov — Kraichnan (IK) spectrum      98
Isentropic flow      14
Island width      59
Island, magnetic      59
Isothermal flow      198
Jeans mass      268
Jeans radius      268
Jump conditions      186
Kelvin — Helmholtz instability      45ff
Keplerian disk      238
Kinematic dynamo      72
Kinetic helicity      24
Kolmogorov constant      97
Kolmogorov energy spectrum      97
Kolmogorov microscale      102
Kolmogorov phenomenology, or K41      97
Kolmogorov's four-fifths law      145
kurtosis      134
Lagrange point      235
Large-eddy simulation (LES)      70ff
Laval nozzle      219
Log-normal distribution of $\epsilon_l$      151
Log-normal distribution of $\rho$      199
Log-normal model      150
Loitsiansky integral      79
Lorentz force      11
Lundquist number      31
Mach number, Alfven      17
Mach number, sonic, or acoustic      17
Magnetic buoyancy      254
Magnetic diffusivity      13
Magnetic field line      23
Magnetic flux      22
Magnetic flux conservation      23
Magnetic flux tube      23
Magnetic helicity      23
Magnetic helicity, alternative form      24
Magnetic invariant      22
Magnetic neutral point (line)      58
Magnetic Prandtl number      93
Magnetic pressure      12
Magnetic reconnection      23
Magnetic Reynolds number      93
Magnetic stress tensor      12
Magnetic, or flux, surface      26
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations      12ff
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves      28
Magnetorotational instability      248ff
Magnetosonic mode, fast and slow      29
Magnetostatic equilibrium      26
Magnetostrophic approximation      183
Magnetoviscosity      253
Markovianization      118
Mass distribution function      264
Maxwell tensor      20 67
Mean-field electrodynamics (MFE)      72IT
Mean-square magnetic potential      25
Micm-current sheet      162
Microscale Reynolds number      95
Microscale, Kolmogorov      102
Microscale, Taylor      94
Minimum-energy theorem      76
Mixing length      68
Molecular cloud      258
Momentum equation      12
Multivariate Gaussian distribution      90
Navier — Stokes equation      19
Neutral sheet      see sheet pinch
Nonlinear transfer function      89
Nonlinearity depletion      36
Nusselt number      204
O-point      59
Obukhov — Corrsin constant      208
Ohm's law, generalized      13
Ohmic dissipation (heating)      22
One-point closure theory      66ft
Orr — Sommerfeld equation      47
Parker instability      254
Parker spiral      220
Passive-scalar turbulence      207ff
Peclet number      47
Periodic boundary conditions      87
Permanence of big eddies      80
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