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Cheremisinoff N.P. — Liquid Filtration
Cheremisinoff N.P. — Liquid Filtration



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Название: Liquid Filtration

Автор: Cheremisinoff N.P.

Аннотация:

* Guide to an essential industrial operation
* Single reference source for many industries
* Author has world-wide experience and reputation

Liquid Filtration is a fundamental unit operation extensively practiced throughout the chemical process, petroleum, and allied industries. It involves the separation, removal, and collection of a discrete phase of matter existing in a dispersed or colloidal state in suspension. This separation is most often performed in the presence of a complex media structure in which physical, physiochemical and/or electrokinetic forces interact.

This book is a state-of-the-art review of liquid filtration in the chemical process and allied industries. Interpretations of the phenomenological observations of the hydrodynamics of filtration are given in the hopes of establishing more theoretical and generalized bases of design methodology. Specific design and selection criteria are reviewed, and typical industrial problems and their solutions are presented.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1998

Количество страниц: 319

Добавлена в каталог: 10.04.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Backflushing      132—134
Backwashing      155
Bed regeneration      148—149
Belt filter presses      212
Belt filters      96—98 297
Beverage industry wastes      254—258
Biological activity      147
Cake filtration      59—70
Cake filtration dynamics      60—70
Cake formation      11 17 62
Cake permeability      50
Cake properties      13 46
Cake resistance      65
Cake specific resistance      45
Cake structure      61
Cake volume      65
Cartridge filters      103—108
Cellulose      51
Centrifugal filtration      120 122—123
Centrifugation      223—226
Centrifuges      120 215 289—293
Ceramic filter media      41
Chamber filter presses      215
Charcoal      42 51
Chemical feeders      306—313
Chemical mixing      155 156 159
Chemical sizing      238
Clarifiers      160—161
Cloth media      45
Coagulation      16 144
Coagulation filtration      150
Coal media      41 42
Cocurrent filters      91—98
Coil filter      288
Coke media      42
Colloidal clays      50
Colloids      15
Compressible cakes      63
Compression-permeability cell      74
Concentrate disposal      183—184
Connectivity      5
Constant pressure drop filtration      75—81
Constant pressure filtration      66
Constant rate filtration      57 70—72 83—86
Contaminated groundwater      171—172
Corrosion resistance      16
Cotton cloth chemical resistance      22—23
Cotton cloth filters      22—23
Cross flow filtration      170 181 195
Cross mode filters      98—103
Crushed stone media      43
Cyclones      227
Dairy industry wastes      232 235—237
Darcy's law      3—4 64
Depth type filter media      19
Dewatered cakes      62
Dewatered solids      211
Dewatering operations      12 13
Dewatering technologies      212—217 226
Diaphragm filters      110—115
Diatomaceous earth      41 42
Diatomite      50
Diffusion      146
Disc filters      101 102
Drainage beds      217—219
Drum vacuum filters      89—90
Drying beds      217
Drying operations      14
Dynamic thickeners      118—119 121
Ebonite media      41
Electrokinetic forces      11
Electrostatic attraction      146
Equipment selection      13 16—18
Fabric filter media      20
Fabric surface properties      21
Fiber cloth filter media      23
Filter aid applications      48—50
Filter aid efficiency      53—55
Filter aid precoating      56
Filter aid requirements      48
Filter aid selection      51—57
Filter aids      15 19 20 47—57
Filter cake resistance      65
Filter centrifuge      122
Filter media      11 19
Filter media filtration      59
Filter media selection criteria      43—47
Filter media washing      88
Filter medium      88
Filter medium selection      76
Filter plate      66
Filter presses      92 98—100 294—296
Filtrate      8
Filtrate motion      88 91
Filtrate quality      77
Filtration classification      10
Filtration conditions      12
Filtration constants      67
Filtration cycles      113
Filtration equipment      13 88
Filtration formulas      75
Filtration mechanisms      81—83
Filtration rate      10
Filtration tests      49
Filtration time      74
Finishing industry wastes      243—247
Fixed rigid media      34
Flexible filter media      20—34
Flexible metallic media cloths      25
Flocculation      144 155—158
Flocculation filtration      149
Flocculation units      157
Flow control systems      280
Fly ash      51
Foam plastic media      41
Food industry wastes      251—254
Fouling      166
Fouling control      180
Glass cloths      21—22
Granular media filtration      142—148
Gravity forces      10 60
Gravity thickening      215
Grizzlies      217
Groundwater remediation      175
Heat-resistant filter media      26
Horizontal rotary filters      93 95—96
Hydraulic classifiers      215 216
Hydraulic Conductivity      4
Hydraulic resistance      44 50 64
Hydroclones      216
Hydrogen peroxide      149
Hyperfiltration      163 173—190
Impeller mixing      157
Impoundment basins      215 216
Incompressible fluids      9
Incompressible systems      68
Internal rotary drum filters      92—93
Kinematic viscosity      148
Kozeny constant      6
Leaf filters      100—101
Leather tanning industry wastes      243—247
Loose rigid media      41
Manmade packed media      8
Materials handling requirements      182—183
Mechanical flocculation basin      158
Membrane filtration      163
Membrane processes      172
Membrane separations      169—170
Mesh size      34
Metal finishing industry wastes      268—271
Metallic cloths      25—26
Metallic filter media      34 40
Methyl phenols      165
Microporous filtration range      126
Microstrainer units      299
Model pore sizes      2
Nitrated cotton cloths      22
Nitrogen compounds      229
Nonmetallic cloths      25—26
Nonwoven filter media      26 34
Nutsch filters      93 96
Nylon cloth      24
Packing arrangement      2
Paper production wastes      230—234
Paper pulp      23
Particle bridging      19—20
Particle classification      215—217
Particle settling      85
Particle size distribution      11
Perlite      50
Permeability      4 8 52
Petroleum hydrocarbon hyperfiltration      196—202
Petroleum refinery industry wastes      246—251
pH control      16
Pharmaceutical industry wastes      240—243
Pilot plant filter assemblies      17
Plastics industry wastes      258—260
Pollution control      1
Pollution prevention      1
Polychlorinated biphenyls      165
Polyvinyl chloride      41
Pore blocked filtration      86
Pore blocking      84 85
Pore clogging      12 60
Pore size distribution      45
Pore structure      2
Porosity      61 62
Porosity of perlite      50
Porous media      1—9 34
Potassium permanganate      149
Powdered metal      34
Precoat applications      15—16 52
Precoat filters      221
Precoating      49
Preconditioning      150
Pressure drop across cakes      64
Pressure filter      279
Pressure filtration      222
Process economics      184—193
Pulping process wastes      231
Pumping wells      175
Purification      14
Rapid sand filters      145 274
Rapid sand filtration      153—155
Reservoir models      3
retentivity      44—45
Reverse osmosis      134—141
Reynolds number      3
Rigid filter media      34 40—43
Rotary disc vacuum filter      102
Rotary drum conditioner      315
Rotary drum efficiency      55
Rotary drum filters      49 89—91 94
Rotary drum vacuum filter      282—283
Roughing units      304
Rubber media filters      24
Sand and gravel media      42
Sand drying bed      218
Sand filters      281
Sawdust      51
Screw presses      123—125
Sedimentation      144—145
Semivolatile contaminants      204—206
Slow sand filtration      151—153
Sludge blanket filtration      161
Sludge dewatering operations      211—228
Solid bowl centrifuges      224
Solids contact processes      155 159
Solids recovery      14
Solids washing      120
Specific capacity      17
Specific resistance      55
Specific volume      65
Spiral wound membranes      139—140
Steel industry wastes      261—264
Strainers      109—110
Straining operations      146
Surface-type filter media      19
Suspended solids      229
Suspension properties      13
Sweetland pressure filter      102
Synthetic fabrics      238
Synthetic fiber cloths      24—25
Temperature control      16
tensile strength      45
Textile industry wastes      237—240
Theory of pore packing      2
Thickeners      116—119
Thin-cake filters      115—117
Thin-cake thickener      116
Tortuosity      6
Total dissolved solids      229
Total organic carbon      229
Total suspended solids      229
Tubular ultrafiltration      133
UF membranes      124 126—134
Ultrafiltration      124 126—134
Unit operations      1
Upflow filter system      278
Vacuum filter operation      220
Vacuum filters      46 285—287
Vacuum filtration      219
Vacuum rotary filtration      215
Variable pressure filtration      72—74
Variable rate filtration      72—74
Vertical leaf vacuum filter      275
Volcanic glass media      50
Volume reduction      179
Washing techniques      12
Waste shipping      190—191
Wastewater sources      229—271
Wastewater treatment technology      142 163
Wool cloth filter media      23
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