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Rowan-Robinson M. Ч Nine Numbers of the Cosmos
Rowan-Robinson M. Ч Nine Numbers of the Cosmos



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Ќазвание: Nine Numbers of the Cosmos

јвтор: Rowan-Robinson M.

јннотаци€:

How old is the universe? What do the atoms in our bodies, our very existence, tell us about the history of the universe? How do galaxies form? Michael Rowan-Robinson answers these questions and encapsulates all that modern astronomy has discovered about the universe around nine numbers, only one of which is known with real precision, and four not at all. The reader emerges with a genuine feel for what we do really know about the universe Ч and also what we do not.

The complicated ideas that constitute modern cosmology Ч the origin of the elements, the General Theory of Relativity, quantum theory, and the standard model of particle physics Ч are made accessible. Rowan-Robinson predicts that with the advent of the MAP and PLANCK-Surveyor space missions, the Large Hadron Collider, and other planned experiments, all nine numbers will be accurately known by 2015. However, he stresses that many questions and mysteries will remain, and that the origin of the Big Bang could remain a mystery until the year 3000.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1999

 оличество страниц: 188

ƒобавлена в каталог: 18.03.2009

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Aberration      25
Absolute zero      10 73
Age of Earth      3 16 45
Age of Galaxy      3 45 126
Age of universe      45 59Ч69 104 121 124Ч126 146 153Ч154
Albrecht, A.      86
Alpher, R.      10 73
Anisotropy of universe      28Ч33 37 153
Annihilation      79
Antimatter      79Ч80
Antiparticle      78 81Ч82
Aristarchus      24
Aristotle      4 24 60Ч61 63
Atom, structure of      5Ч9
Atomic number      5
Atomic number, weight      5 8
Audouze, J.      12
Augustine      61
Averroes      61
Avicenna      61
Axion      98
Baade method      50 56
Baade, W.      46
Bahcall, N.      113
Baryon      8 18Ч20 78 80 90Ч91 94 129 152
Baryon, asymmetry      80
Bentley      25 40
Bessel, F.W.      25
Bethe, H.      10
big bang      viii 32 35Ч37 60 63Ч64 67 71Ч86 118 129
Big crunch      21 57Ч58 64 85 118
Birkinshaw, M.      54
Black hole      15 20 31 49 52 136Ч137
Blackbody      34
Blackbody, radiation      33Ч34
Blackbody, spectrum      33Ч34 74Ч75
Bohr, N.      9
Bondi, H.      45 61
Bradley      24
Brahe      25 49
Branch, D.      50 55
Brown dwarf      18 20 52
Bruno      24
Burbidge, B.      11 72 118
Burbidge, M      11 72
Carbon      5 7 13 16 72 83
Cepheid variable star      41 46Ч47 55
Cesarsky, C.      143
Chaboyer, G.      66
Chadwick, J.      6 72
Clusters of galaxies      18Ч19 36 52Ч54 76 91 93 96 103Ч105 111 113Ч114 123
Cold dark matter (CDM)      87Ч101 103 106Ч108 114Ч115 154
Compton radius      64
computer simulations      91 105 107
Copemican principle      25
Copernicus      24
Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE)      34Ч36 74Ч75 92Ч93 107 115 125 153Ч154
Cosmic rays      12Ч13 158Ч159
Cosmic strings      84 103 115Ч116 122 155
Cosmological constant      104 107 117Ч128 155Ч156
Cosmological principle      28Ч29 36
Cosmological repulsion      29Ч30 40 57 59 104 117Ч128
Critchfield, C.L.      10
Critical density      57Ч58 94 113 154
Curtis, H.      41
Dalton      4
Dark matter      18 87Ч101
Dark matter, experiments      98Ч101
Darwin      61
Davis, M.      91 105
Dawkins, R.      17
de Lacaille      26
de Sitter, W.      30 39 43Ч44 117
de Vaucouleurs, G.      48
defects      84 116
Degree      25
Dekel, A.      112
Democritus      4 60
Density fluctuations/perturbations      88Ч90 107Ч108 115 129
Density fluctuations/perturbations spectrum of      92Ч94 103 105 107Ч108 115Ч116 126 155
Density of baryons      18Ч20 56Ч57 78 80 94 116 152
Density of baryons, cold dark matter      93Ч97 116
Density of baryons, universe      56 58 111Ч114 116 119 121Ч122 124 154
Density parameter      56Ч58 93Ч94 97 111Ч114 119 121Ч122 124 152 154Ч156
Deuterium      6 8 11Ч12 19 78Ч79
Dicke, R.      12
Digges      24
Dimensionless number      21 56Ч57 69 93 119
Dipole anisotropy      32 106
Doppler shift      43
Doroshkevich, A.G.      11
Dust      13 15 18 31 134 139 142Ч143 145
Eddington Ч Lematre models      62Ч63 118 121
Eddington, A.      28 117Ч18
Efstathiou, G.      105Ч107
Einstein Ч de Sitter model      94 114 121 124
Einstein, A.      8 27 29 39 50 78 89 117Ч118
Electromagnetism      82 83
Electron      5 7 9 54 76Ч79 82 98
Electron, neutrino      81 83 109
Electroweak force      83 157
Elements, abundance of      8 12 16 78Ч79
Elements, origin of      9Ч13
Ellis, R.      106
entropy      80
Error, standard      54
European Space Agency (ESA)      66 142 149Ч150 159
Expanding Universe      39Ч58 88 89
Falco, E.      53 55
Far Infrared and Submilletre Telescope (FIRST)      147 149 151 156
Fermi, E.      10
Follin, J.      10 73
Fowler, W.      11Ч12 72Ч73
Freedman, W.      48 117
Freeman, K.      95
Frenk, C.      91 105Ч106 113
Friedmann, A.      43 62
Galaxies      18 20 23 31 36 40Ч41 44 53 67 71 75 87 93Ч96 104Ч106 111Ч115 130 138Ч142 144 146
Galaxies, formation of      116 129Ч47
Galaxy, the      3 13 16Ч17 20 23 27 41 45Ч46 48 51Ч52 65Ч66 74 77 92 94Ч96 98 100 104 106 112 126 131 138Ч139 154
Galileo      24
Gamow, G.      10 72Ч73
Gawiser, E.      113
Gell-Mann, M.      82
Geller, M.      105
General (Theory of) Relativity      27 28 44 50 62Ч63 88 117
Genzel, R.      135
Globular clusters      62 65 130
Globular clusters, age of      62 65Ч66 68 153
Gold, T.      45 61
Gould, S.J.      17
Grand Unified era      80 84Ч86
Grand Unified era, force      84 116
Gravitational instability      88Ч89
Gravitational lens      50Ч53 95Ч96 123
Gravitational lens, time-delay      53 55
Gravitational waves      159Ч160
Guth,A.      ix 85Ч86
Hadron      82
Hadron era      82
Halley      40
Halo, dark      92 94Ч96 100
Harrison Ч Zeldovich spectrum of density fluctuations      93 115
Harrison, E.      40 93
Hawking, S.      ix
Hazard, C.      131
Helium      7 12 14 16 19Ч20 72 78Ч79 83
Helmholtz      61
Herman, R.      10 73
Herschel      26 104
Hipparcos satellite      47 666 69 153Ч154
Holmes, A.      45
Hot dark matter      90Ч91 103 108Ч111 116 155
Hoyle, F.      11Ч12 18 45 61 72Ч73
Hubble (velocity-distance) law      41Ч44
Hubble constant      39 44Ч57 69 119 124 126
Hubble Deep Field      140Ч145
Hubble Space Telescope      47Ч48 54 140 142
Hubble time      45 69
Hubble, E.      31 40Ч46 62 64 71 117
Huchra, J.      105
Huggins      26
Humason, M.      41Ч42
Hutton      61
Hydrogen      5 7Ч8 10 12Ч16 18Ч20 76
Inflation      ix 85Ч86 94 103 120Ч122 125Ч126 155 157
Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS)      55 106Ч107 112 133Ч134
Infrared Space Observatory (ISO)      135Ч136 142Ч143 145
Ionized gas      77
Isocurvature fluctuations      90
Isothermal fluctuations      90
Isotropy      28Ч33 37 45
Jeans criterion      88Ч90
Jeans, J.      62 88Ч89
Kaiser, N.      106
Kant      26 87
Kapteyn, J.      27
Kardashev, N.      118
Karmokande neutrino detector      81 110 158
Kelvin      62
Kelvin scale of temperature      73
Kepler      49
Kessler, M.      142Ч143
Kibble, T.      84 86
Kirschner, R      105
Laplace      87
Large Hadron Collider (LHC)      151 157
Large Magellanic Cloud      49 51 81 95Ч96 158
Large-scale structure      104Ч105 113Ч116 122
Lavoisier      4
Lawrence, A.      106
Leavitt, H.      41
Lematre, G.      9Ч10 43 62 71Ч72 117Ч118
Lepton      8 80 109Ч110
Leucippus      4
Life, origin of      3 16Ч18
Light elements      7Ч8 11 13 19Ч20
Lilly, S.      139 144
Linde, A.      86
Lithium      7 12 19 78Ч79
Local Group of galaxies      23 47
Local supercluster      104
Longair, M.      132
Lyell      61
Lyman alpha emission      138Ч139
Madau, P.      141
Magellanic Clouds      41 54 67
MAP satellite      ix 149 151 153 155
Mather, J.      34 74
Maxwell      82
McKellar, A.      75
Megaparsec (Mpc)      44 45
Mendeleev      4 9
Messier      26
Meyer, M.      10
Microlensing      51 95Ч96
Microwave background fluctuations      32Ч36 74 89
Microwave background radiation      viii 32Ч35 46 53Ч54 73Ч75 86 89 106 112Ч113 116 149
Microwave background radiation, isotropy of      32Ч36 74 89
Microwave background radiation, spectrum of      33Ч34 74Ч75
Milky Way      see "Galaxy the"
Mixed dark matter      108Ч111 113
Molecules      13 15 18
Monod, J.      17
Montaigne      vii
Muon neutrino      81 109Ч111
Myers, S.      54Ч55
Neutralino      98 100 157 159
Neutrino oscillations      109 111 155
Neutrinos      12 80Ч83 90Ч91 103 108Ч111 155 158
Neutron      6Ч8 10Ч12 78Ч83
Neutron star      14 20 49
Newcomb, S.      28
Newton      25 40 87
Novikov, I.      11
Nuclear reactions      11 13 49 78
Nuclei, atomic      5Ч9 78 83 98Ч99
Nucleons      6Ч7
Nucleosynthesis      72 78 111
Olbers      40
Parallax      25
Parmenides      60Ч61
Parsec (pc)      44Ч45
Partridge, B.      138
Pauli, W.      9 81
Peculiar velocity      55 112
Peebles, J.      12 73 138
Penzias, A.      12 32Ч33 73Ч74 89
Periodic table of elements      5Ч9
Perlmutter, S.      124
Phase transition      84Ч86 116
Photon      34 72 78Ч81 83
Pigafetta      26
Planck satellite      ix 149Ч153 155Ч157 160
Planck time      60 63Ч64 84 86 126 154 158 160
Planck, M.      33Ч34
Plato      4
PoE      40 62
Positron      78Ч79
Priestley      4
Primack, J.      108
Protogalaxy      129Ч130 138Ч139
Proton      6Ч8 10 12 77Ч78 80Ч83 98
Pulsar      98
Quantum theory      2 9 33
Quantum theory of gravity      63 84
Quarks      78 82 110
Quasars      52Ч35 63 112 118 123 131Ч133 135Ч138
Rabi, I.      109
Radiation dominated phase      72
Radio-galaxy      131Ч133 137
Radioactive dating      64Ч65 154
Radioactive decay      5Ч6 9 11 64Ч65 81Ч83
Recombination era/epoch      77 89Ч91 129Ч130
Redshift surveys      55 105Ч106 112
Reeves, H.      12
Relativity, general theory of      see "General Relativity"
Roberts, M.      95
Robertson, H.      30Ч31 33
Roll, P.G.      12
Rubin, V.      95
Rutherford, E.      6
Salam, A.      83
Sandage, A.      46 62
Schmidt, B.      124
Schmidt, M.      131
Schramm, D.      12
SCUBA submillimetre detector      144Ч146
Shapley, H.      40
Silk, J.      113
Singularity      63
Slipher, V.      41
Smoot, G.      34
Spin      81
Spiral galaxies      14 23 31 130 146
Standard Model of particle physics      82 111
Star formation history      129Ч147 156
Starburst galaxy      133Ч140 142
Stars      11 13Ч16 18 20 24Ч27 46Ч47 49 51 65Ч66 129Ч130 134
Steady state model      45Ч46 61
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