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Huang K. — Introduction to Statistical Physics
Huang K. — Introduction to Statistical Physics

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Название: Introduction to Statistical Physics

Автор: Huang K.

Аннотация:

Statistical physics is a core component of most undergraduate (and some post-graduate) physics degree courses. It is primarily concerned with the behavior of matter in bulk-c. Ultimately, it seeks to uncover the laws governing random processes, such as the snow on your TV screen. This essential new textbook guides the reader quickly and critically through a statistical view of the physical world, including a wide range of physical applications to illustrate the methodology. It moves from basic examples to more advanced topics, such as broken symmetry and the Bose-Einstein equation. To accompany the text, the author, a renowned expert in the field, has written a Solutions Manual/Instructor's Guide, available free of charge to lecturers who adopt this book for their courses. Introduction to Statistical Physics will appeal to students and researchers in physics, applied mathematics and statistics.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2001

Количество страниц: 288

Добавлена в каталог: 15.08.2008

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$d\mathcal{Q}$ equations      15
$\Gamma$ space      63
Absolute zero      20
Acceptor level      127
Adiabatic demagnetization      43
Adiabatic process      6 16
Annihilation operator      141
Anomalous dimension      201
Avogadro’s number      7
Binomial distribution      242
Binomial theorem      242
Black-body, cavity      133
Black-body, radiation      132
Bogolubov spectrum      225
Boltzmann factor S      3
Boltzmann's constant      7
Bose — Einstein condensate      146 205
Bose — Einstein condensate, fluctuations of      187
Bose — Einstein condensation      145
Bose, distribution      110 112
Bose, enhancement      135 141
Bose, function      115 154
Bose, statistics      104 110 171
Boson      104
British thermal unit (BTU)      6
Brownian motion      264
Calorie      6
Campbell's theorem      248
canonical ensemble      159
Canonical ensemble and thermodynamics      161
Canonical ensemble, energy fluctuations hi      162
Caraot, cycle      17
Caraot, engine      18
Caraot, refrigerator      18
Catastrophe theory      197
Central limit theorem      233 246
Chain rale      276
Chapman — Kolmogorov equation      260
chemical potential      39 47 112
Chemical potential of ideal gas      40 171
Clapeyron equation      48
Clausius theorem      21
Cluster integral      186
Cluster integral, Goerslve force      11
Collision time      62
Collisionless regime      89
Compressibility      7
Compressibility, adiabatic      31 94
Compressibility, isothermal      31 177
Condensate wave function      205 209
Conduction band      125
Constitutive relation      239
Cooper pair      213
Correct Boltzmann counting      160
correlation length      201
Cosmic background radiation      134
Creation operator      141
Critical, data      56
Critical, exponent      55 197
Critical, opalescence      177
Critical, point      47
Debye, function      138
Debye, model of solid      136
Debye, specific heat      137
Debye, temperature      137
Degeneracy temperature      103
Density fluctuation      175 177 226
Density matrix      166
Detailed balance      259 266
Diesel cycle      27
Diffusion constant      232
Diffusion from atomic collisions      95
Diffusion from Brownian motion      233
Diffusion from constitutive relation      239
Diffusion from random walk      71
Dirac delta function      274
Distribution function of momentum      64
Distribution function of speed      77
Donor level      127
Doppler effect      36
Efficiency      17
Effusion      89
Einstein's, model of solid      142
Einstein's, relation      235 23
Einstein's, theory of Brownian motion      231
Einstein's; theory of A and B coefficients      134
energy equation      31
Energy surface      63
Ensemble average      66 194
Ensemble of paths      253
Enthalpy      14
Entropy and lost work      34
Entropy in free expansion      34
Entropy of ideal gas from statistical definition      81
Entropy of ideal gas from thermodynamics      24
Entropy of ideal gas quantum mechanical      113
Entropy, statistical definition      67
Entropy, thermodynamic definition      23
Equal a priori probability, assumption of      66
Equation of continuity      92
Equation of quantum gases      115
Equation of state      3
Equilibrium conditions at constant P, T      38
Equilibrium conditions at constant V, T      37
Equilibrium conditions for isolated system      36
Equipartition of energy      76 87 139 227
Ergodic hypothesis      65
Ergodicity failure of      189
Error function      86
Euler’s equation      92
Exact differential      275
Extensive property      2
False vacuum      12
Fermi, distribution      110 112
Fermi, energy      120
Fermi, function      115 279
Fermi, statistics      104 109
Fermi, temperature      121
Fermion      104
Fermi’s Golden Rule      260
Ferromagnet      9
First law of thermodynamics      8
First law of thermodynamics, statistical derivation of      81
Fluetuation-dissipation theorem      199 227
Fluetuation-dissipation theorem,      235 238 265
Flux of particles      75 90
Fokker — Planck equation      239 262
Fourier expansion      254
Fractal dimension      231
Free energy      37
Free energy of ideal gas      40
Free energy, minimization      38 54 164
Free expansion      14
Fugacity      112
Functional integral      194
Gas constant      7
Gauge invariance, global      206
Gaussian; distribution      244
Gaussian; distribution, integral      74
Gibbs potential      38
Ginsburg — Landau theory      193 205 213
Goldstone mode      188 207 225
grand canonical ensemble      173
Grand canonical ensemble and thermodynamics      175
Grand partition function      174
Gravitational constant      12
Gross — Pitaevsky equation      208
Gruneisen's constant      143
Hanbury — Brown and Twiss, experiment of      181
Harmonic oscillator, quantum-mechanical      141
Heat bath S Heat bath method      269
heat capacity      6
Heat capacity at constant pressure      15 40
Heat capacity at constant volume      7 15 40 80
Heat capacity of magnetic systems      42 43
Heat conduction      96
Heat equations      14
Heat reservoir      8
Heat transfer      5
hole      124
Hydrodynamic equations, non-viscous      93
Hydrodynamic regime      89 91
Hysteresis      9
Ideal-gas law      7
Ideal-gas law, derived in grand canonical ensemble      178
Ideal-gas law, derived via atomic collisions      76
Inflationary universe      11
Intensive property      2
Internal energy      8
Internal of ideal gas      31 80
Ising model      189
Ising model, computer slmalation      268
Ising model, transition temperature      273
Isobaric process      6
Isotheraial process      6
Jahn — Teller phase transition      171
Josephson junction      216
Joule's free expansion experiment      14
Lagrange multiplier      69 277
Lambda transition      152
Landau free energy      193 205
Langevin equation      262
Latent heat      46 49
Latent heat of liquid He      3 57
Law of Du long an d Petit      139
Legendre transformation      38
liquid helium      152
Liquid helium, specific heat data      155
Lorentzian distribution      257
Macroscopic occupation      145
Magnetic field      9
Magnetic fiux quantum      215
Markov process      260
Maxwell — Boltzmann distribution      70
Maxwell — Boltzmann distribution for relativistic gas      86
Maxwell — Boltzmann distribution with external potential      85
Maxwell — Boltzmann distribution, local      91
Maxwell, construction      54 57
Maxwell, demon      91
Maxwell, relations      39
Mean free path      60
Mean-field approximation      191 196
Meissner effect      214
Metropolis algorithm      267
Microcanonlcal ensemble      66 105 155
Microcanonlcal ensemble and thermodynamics      158
Mobility      235
Most probable, distribution      68
Most probable, spoce      63
Most probable, velocity      79
n-sphere, surface area of      71
n-sphere, volume of      71
Navler — Stokes equation      99
Newton’s constant      12
NLSE      (see “Nonlinear Schroedinger equation”)
Nonlinear Schroedinger equation      200 208 224
Normal distribution      244
Nyquist theorem      228
Occupation number, fluctuations of      82
Occupation number, for classical gas      64 1
Occupation number, for quantum gas      106
Order parameter      189 190 195
Otto cycle      27
P — T diagram of phase boundaries      47 49
P — V diagram for ideal gas      3
P — V diagram of first-order transition      46
Pair creation      182
Paramagnet      9
Particle reservoir      174
Partition function      160
Partition function and thermodynamics      161
Partition function for atom      117
Partition function, quantum-mechanical      167
Pauli exclusion principle      106
Penetration depth      214
Periodic boundary condition      278
Phase space      62
Phase transition, first-order      45
Phase transition, second-order      45 58
Phonon      136
Photon      132
Planck distribution      133
Poisson distribution      243
Power spectrum      255
Pressure      3
Pressure from atomic collisions      75
Pressure of quantum gases      112 116
Pressure tensor      98
probability      241
Probability of a path      271
Probability, joint      253
Probability, path-integral representation      272
Purely random process      260
Quantum degeneracy      119
Quasiparticle      152
Random phase, assumption of      166
Random telegraph signals      271
Random walk      32
Randomness      241
Rayleigh probability density      250
Relaxation time      1
Representative point      63
Reynolds number      99
Rms velocity      78
Roton      154
Sacker — Tetrode equation      25 165
Scattering length      206
Second law of thermodynamics      18
Second law of thermodynamics, alleged violation of      28
Second law of thermodynamics, Claudius statement of      18
Second law of thermodynamics, Kelvin statement of      1
Second law of thermodynamics, statistical derivation of      81
Second virial coefficient      51
Second virial coefficient of Ne      58
Semiconductor, natural      125
Semiconductor, natural, n-type      127
Semiconductor, natural, p-type      127
Shot noise      247
Slater determinant      106
Smoluchowski equation      260
Soliton      224
Sound velocity      95
Sound velocity of ideal gas      100
Sound wave      93 100
Specific heat      6
Spin      107
Spin wave      189
Spontaneous emission      135
Spontaneous symmetry breaking      188 191
SQUID (Superconducting Quantum Interference Device)      220
Stationary ensemble      253
Statistical ensemble      65
Statistical ensemble, quantum-mechanical      166
Stefan's constant      133
Stimulated emission      135
Stirling approximation      69 275
Stochastic variable      241
Stoichiometric coefficient      185
STP (standard temperature and pressure)      60
streamline      91
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