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Williams E.D. — Nanoscale Structures_Lability Length Scales and Fluctuations
Williams E.D. — Nanoscale Structures_Lability Length Scales and Fluctuations

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Название: Nanoscale Structures_Lability Length Scales and Fluctuations

Автор: Williams E.D.

Аннотация:

This article is an edited transcript based on the David Turnbull Lecture given by Ellen
D. Williams of the University of Maryland on December 2, 2003, at the Materials
Research Society Fall Meeting in Boston. Williams received the award for “groundbreaking
research on the atomic-scale science of surfaces and for leadership, writing, teaching,
and outreach that convey her deep understanding of and enthusiasm for materials
research.” This article focuses on the special properties of small structures that provide
much of the exciting potential of nanotechnology. One aspect of small structures—their
susceptibility to thermal fluctuations—may create or necessitate new ways of exploiting
nanostructures. The advent of scanned probe imaging techniques created new
opportunities for observing and understanding such structural fluctuations and the
related evolution of nanostructure. Direct observations show that it is relatively easy for
large numbers of atoms—the kinds of numbers that are present in nanoscale structures—
to pick up and move about on the surface cooperatively with substantial impact on nanoto
micron-scale structures. Such labile evolution of structure can be predicted
quantitatively by using length-scale bridging techniques of statistical mechanics coupled
with scanned probe observations of structural and temporal distributions.The same
measurements also provide direct information about the stochastic paths of structural
fluctuations that can be used outside of the traditional thermodynamic framework. Future
work involves moving beyond the classical thermodynamic picture to assess the impact
that the stochastic behavior has on the physical properties of individual nanostructures.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Тип: Статья

Статус предметного указателя: Неизвестно

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2004

Количество страниц: 9

Добавлена в каталог: 12.07.2008

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