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Kravens T.E. Ч Physic of Solar System Plasmas
Kravens T.E. Ч Physic of Solar System Plasmas

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Ќазвание: Physic of Solar System Plasmas

јвтор: Kravens T.E.

јннотаци€:

Physics of Solar System Plasmas provides a comprehensive introduction to the plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics that are needed to study the solar wind and magnetosphere. The text includes a broad introduction to plasma physics, including important discussions of kinetic theory, single particle motion, magnetohydrodynamics, geomagnetically trapped energetic particles and the physics of magnetic reconnection. This leads into a thorough description of the Sun and the solar wind, and, finally, the author addresses magnetospheric physics. Among the topics covered here are magnetospheric morphology, bow shocks, magnetospheric convection and electrical currents, substorms, ionospheric physics, magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, auroral physics and the interaction of the solar wind with the planets. Problem sets at the end of each chapter make this a useful text for advanced undergraduate students in astrophysics, geophysics, or atmospheric sciences. Graduate students and researchers will also find it a valuable source of information.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1997

 оличество страниц: 477

ƒобавлена в каталог: 17.03.2008

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
$D_{st}$ index of geomagnetic activity      76
$E \times B$ drift      49 381 383 443
Adiabatic invariants      54Ч61
Adiabatic invariants, first      54Ч57
Adiabatic invariants, second (or longitudinal)      60 64
Adiabatic invariants, third      65
Adiabatic temperature gradient (or lapse rate)      166Ч167
Alfven waves      128Ч133
Ambipolar diffusion      118Ч121 293Ч294
Ambipolar electric field      99Ч100
Ampere's law      34 109 278 464
Anomalous cosmic rays      261
Anomalous resistivity      143 153Ч154 356
Archimede's law      156
Atmosphere, neutral      285Ч286 see
Aurora      7 360 398 426Ч432
Aurora, electrical currents      428Ч431
Aurora, electron spectrum      431
Aurora, emissions      432
Auroral oval      347 426Ч427
Axford, W.I.      348
Bernoulli's equation      32 123 194Ч195
Betatron acceleration      56Ч57 453
Biermann, l.      4
Birkeland currents      see "Field-aligned currents"
Birkeland, Kristian      4
Blackbody radiation      176Ч177
Boltzmann equation      9 11Ч13
Bounce period      60 64
Bow shock      6 314 329Ч334
Brunt Ч Vaeisaelae frequency      169Ч170
Carrington, Richard      3Ч4
Chapman, Sydney      5
Charge density      34 102
Chemistry      see "Collisions"
Chromosphere      173
Cleft      see "Cusp"
Collision frequency      27Ч28 295
Collision less Boltzmann equation      see "Vlasov equation"
Collisions      26Ч28
Collisions, charge-transfer      28 67
Collisions, chemical      22 291Ч293 296Ч302
Collisions, Coulomb (electron-electron, electron-ion)      28 68
Collisions, energy transfer      33Ч34
Collisions, ion-neutral      27 120 307 326
Collisions, ionizing      177Ч179 266 432
Collisions, momentum transfer      27
Collisions, nuclear      161Ч162
Comets, bow shock      314
Comets, coma      302
Comets, diamagnetic cavity      314 325
Comets, ionosphere      302Ч303
Comets, nucleus      263 301Ч302
Comets, solar wind interaction with      273 314Ч327
Comets, tails of      302 314 323
Contact discontinuity      137
Continuity equation      19Ч22
Continuity equation, charge      102
Continuity equation, single-fluid      102 196
Continuity equation, two-fluid      90
Convection electric field      350 369 415Ч416 424Ч425 438
Convection zone, solar      160 165Ч168
Convection, plasma      see "Ionosphere and magnetosphere"
Convective derivative      13Ч14
Corona, coronal holes      181 240
Corona, density      210Ч211
Corona, flares      186Ч188
Corona, force/momentum balance in      210Ч213
Corona, heat conduction in      193Ч194
Corona, magnetic field in      213Ч220
Corona, mass ejections from      184 186Ч188
Corona, potential field model of      213Ч220
Corona, properties      179Ч181
Corona, solar      3Ч4 173 191Ч194
Corona, temperatures in      179Ч180
Corona, x-ray image of      4
Coronal mass ejections      184 186Ч188 243Ч245
Corotating interaction regions (CIR)      242 260
Corotation      390Ч394 438Ч439 446
Corotation electric field      391 438Ч439
Cosmic rays, anomalous      261
Cosmic rays, galactic      255 258Ч261
Cosmic rays, solar      261Ч263
Cross-L shell diffusion      85Ч87 452Ч453
Current      see "Electrical current"
Current density      101 306 371Ч372 381 408 471
Current sheet/layer      114 278 466
Current sheet/layer, heliospheric      241
Curvature drift      53Ч54 64Ч65
Cusp      344Ч345 397
Cyclotron frequency      see "Gyrofrequency"
Cyclotron radius      see "Gyrorodius"
Debye length      37Ч38 180
Debye shielding      35Ч39
density      11 98 101
Diffusion time      80 87 256
Diffusion, ambipolur      118Ч121 157 243Ч244
Diffusion, energy      80Ч81 319
Diffusion, ion      337
Diffusion, magnetic      104 107 191 313
Diffusion, pitch-angle      69 80Ч85 255Ч258 318Ч319
Diffusive separation      286Ч287
Dipole magnetic field      61Ч63 275Ч276
Dipole magnetic field, charged particle motion in      63Ч65
Dipole magnetic field, Earth, of the      61Ч63
Dipole magnetic field, image      279Ч280
Dipole magnetic field, planets, of the      271 280Ч282
Dipole magnetic field, solar      217Ч219
Dispersion relation, acoustic/buoyancy waves      170
Dispersion relation, Alfven waves      130Ч131
Dispersion relation, electromagnetic waves      93 154
Dispersion relation, magnetosonic waves      133 158
Dispersion relation, plasma/Langmuir waves      93Ч98
Dispersion relation, sound/ion-acoustic waves      126
Distribution function      10Ч11 257
Distribution function, electrons in solar wind      250
Distribution function, gyrotropic      79
Distribution function, isotropic      59
Distribution function, loss cone      60 66
Distribution function, Maxwell Ч Boltzmann      12 14Ч17 40
Distribution function, ring-beam      317
Distribution function, shell      318
Dungey, james      348
Dynamic pressure      121 211 274 312
Dynamo theory      171Ч173
Election temperature      34 37 41Ч42 249Ч251 295 312 401
Electrical conductivity      103Ч104 303Ч309
Electrical conductivity, Hall      307Ч309
Electrical conductivity, parallel      307
Electrical conductivity, Pederson      307Ч309 372 417 446
Electrical currents, auroral      428Ч430
Electrical currents, cross-tail      345 402Ч403
Electrical currents, diamagnetic      114 411
Electrical currents, field-aligned      304Ч306 371Ч372
Electrical currents, Hall      304Ч306 372 380Ч381
Electrical currents, ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling      401Ч415
Electrical currents, ionospheric      114Ч115 412Ч413 417 422Ч423
Electrical currents, magnetopause      275Ч276 402Ч403
Electrical currents, Pederson      372 380Ч381 417
Electrical currents, Region 1 system      403Ч408
Electrical currents, Region 2 system      408Ч416
Electrical currents, ring      74Ч75 448Ч451
Electron density      36 90 93Ч94 101 113Ч115 249Ч251 294 312 397 401
Electrostatic potential      see "Potential"
Energy conservation for electromagnetism      470Ч472
energy equation      29Ч34
Energy equation, collision terms/cooling      30Ч32 338
Energy equation, local balance      33Ч34
Energy equation, MHD      121Ч123
Energy equation, polytropic      32
Enthalpy      30
Equation of state      29 162
Exospheric temperature      286
Faraday's law      34 56 104 423Ч425 464Ч465
Fermi acceleration      61 319
Field-aligned currents      347 371Ч373 408 416Ч418 429Ч430
Fluid conservation equations      see "Fluid theory"
Fluid theory      9 19Ч35 90Ч91 101
Flux ropes      116Ч117 311
Flux, frozen-in magnetic      104Ч106
Galactic cosmic rays      258Ч261
Gas flow, steady, one-dimensional      195Ч203
Gauss's law      34Ч35 93Ч94 464Ч465
Generalized ohm's law      98Ч104 303Ч306
Geomagnetic field      6 61Ч62
Geomagnetic indices      435
Geomagnetic storms      76Ч77 435
Geopause      397Ч401
Gradient B drift      51Ч53 64Ч65
Gravity waves, internal      169Ч170
Group velocity/speed      93 98 470
Guiding center      51
Gyrofrequency      44Ч46 64 81 305
Gyroradius      46 153 356 367Ч368
Heat conduction equation      33 41 193
Heat flux      19 31 193
Heliopause      253Ч254
Helioscismology      168Ч171
Heliosphere      252Ч255
Heliospheric current sheet      236Ч241
Hydrostatic balance      111Ч113 162 286 294
Incompressible fluid      22 353Ч354
Induction equation, magnetic      104Ч105 124 171
Induction equation, rotating reference frame, for      221Ч223
Internal energy      29Ч30
Interplanetary magnetic field      209Ч228
Interplanetary magnetic field, magnitude of      228
Interplanetary magnetic field, MHD waves in      246Ч248
Interplanetary magnetic field, Parker spiral      225Ч228
Interplanetary magnetic field, source surface for      213
Interplanetary magnetic field, turbulence in      246Ч249
Interstellar medium, very local (VLISM)      252Ч255
Invariant latitude      62Ч63
Io plasma torus      440Ч442 446Ч449
Ion-acoustic waves      see "Sound waves"
Ion-neutral collisions      27Ч28 67 120
Ion/proton temperature      234 294Ч295 335 338 401 442
Ionization, collisional      see "Collisions"
Ionization, photoionization      177Ч179 289Ч292
Ionopause      114Ч115 310
Ionosphere      7 284Ч309
Ionosphere of Jupiter      299Ч300 445Ч446
Ionosphere of Titan      301
Ionosphere of Venus      298Ч299
Ionosphere, ambipolar diffusion in      118Ч121 293Ч295 337
Ionosphere, Chapman layer      291
Ionosphere, cometary      301Ч302
Ionosphere, conservation equations for      292Ч296
Ionosphere, convection in polar cap      387Ч388
Ionosphere, electrical conductivity in      303Ч309
Ionosphere, formation of      289Ч292
Ionosphere, photochemical equilibrium for      293
Ionosphere, terrestrial      112Ч113 296Ч298
Joselyn, J.      436
Jovian magnetosphere, azimuthal force balance      444Ч445
Jovian magnetosphere, composition      440Ч441
Jovian magnetosphere, corotarion of      446Ч447
Jovian magnetosphere, dynamics of      443Ч444
Jovian magnetosphere, electrical currents in      445Ч449
Jovian magnetosphere, magnetopause of      282Ч284
Jovian magnetosphere, plasma transport in      452Ч453
Jovian magnetosphere, plasmasheet      283 449Ч452
Kinetic theory      9Ч35
Krook collision term      12
L-shell      62Ч63
L-shell for outer planets      439
Langmuir oscillations/waves      see "Plasma oscillations/waves"
Laplace's equation      214Ч215 468
Larmor frequency      see "Gyrofrequency"
Larnior radius      see "Gyrogradius"
Laval nozzle      198Ч203
Lorentz force      1Ч2 12 24 43 464
Lunar wake      327Ч329
Mach number, Alvenic      131Ч132 355 358
Mach number, magneto sonic      134
Mach number, sonic      127Ч128
Magnetic barrier      310Ч311 314 325
Magnetic bottle      59Ч61
Magnetic convection-diffusion      104Ч108
Magnetic flux ropes      see "Flux ropes"
Magnetic mirror      57Ч58 63
magnetic moment      47Ч49 56 58
Magnetic pressure      109Ч110 113Ч115 183 210Ч211 254 275 312
Magnetic reconnection/merging      143Ч154
Magnetic reconnection/merging, anomalous resistivity in      143 153Ч154 356
Magnetic reconnection/merging, diffusion region for      148 150Ч153
Magnetic reconnection/merging, energy balance for      149Ч151
Magnetic reconnection/merging, flux transfer events from      364Ч366
Magnetic reconnection/merging, magnetotail, in      359
Magnetic reconnection/merging, Petschek Ч Sonnerup model of      149 355
Magnetic reconnection/merging, rate of      149 353 356
Magnetic reconnection/merging, Sweet Ч Parker model of      148 152
Magnetic reconnection/merging, terrestrial magnetopause, at      350Ч365
Magnetic reconnection/merging, transient      364Ч365
Magnetic reconnection/merging, x-line in      148Ч154 361
Magnetic Reynolds number      105 146 355
Magnetic tension/curvature force      110
Magnetization current      74
Magnetohydrodynamics      see "MHD"
Magnetopause      6 273Ч284
Magnetopause, Earth, location of      273Ч280
Magnetopause, Mercury, location of      280Ч282
Magnetopause, outer planets, location of      282Ч284
Magnetopause, reconnection at      350Ч365
Magnetopause, thickness and structure      365Ч369
Magnetosheath      6 335Ч336
Magnetosonic waves      133Ч134
Magnetosphere      5Ч7 343Ч348
Magnetosphere, closed model of      348
Magnetosphere, convection in      383Ч390
Magnetosphere, coupling to ionosphere      401Ч415
Magnetosphere, electrical currents in      401Ч418
Magnetosphere, energy input into      357Ч364
Magnetosphere, Jupiter, of      440Ч453
Magnetosphere, MHD models of      433Ч434
Magnetosphere, morphology of      344Ч348
Magnetosphere, open model of      346Ч356 384Ч390
Magnetosphere, outer planets, of      436Ч440
Magnetosphere, plasma parameters, typical      401
Magnetosphere, plasma sources for      396Ч401
Magnetosphere, substorms in      418Ч422
Magnetospheric electric field      see "Convection electric field"
Magnetotail      6 345Ч347 422Ч424
mass density      101 353Ч354
Mass-loading      25 319Ч321
Maxwell Ч Boltzmann distribution function      see "Maxwellian distribution function"
Maxwell's equations      34 464Ч466
Maxwellian distribution function      12 15Ч17 40
Maxwellian distribution function, equilibrium form      16Ч17 36
Mcllwaine L-shell      see "L-shell"
MHD equations      108Ч109 370Ч371
MHD, discontinuities      135Ч141
MHD, electrical current description of      369Ч383
MHD, energy balance in      382Ч383
MHD, energy relation      121Ч123
MHD, field-aligned currents in      371Ч373
MHD, force-free equilibrium      116
MHD, momentum/stress balance      110 121 373Ч383
MHD, numerical models of      424 433Ч434
MHD, reconnection in      143Ч154
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