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Itoh K., Fukayama A. — Transport and Structural Formation in Plasmas
Itoh K., Fukayama A. — Transport and Structural Formation in Plasmas

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Название: Transport and Structural Formation in Plasmas

Авторы: Itoh K., Fukayama A.

Аннотация:

This monograph, the latest in the IOP Plasma Physics Series, written by three of the most senior and internationally respected Japanese fusion scientists, presents a self-consistent picture of turbulent transport, structural formation and transitions-processes that are typical of the physics of many far from equilibrium systems such as exist in magnetically confined and inhomogeneous plasmas. The Author's view is that the plasma structure, fluctuations and turbulent transport are continually regulating each other and, in addition, that the structural formation and structural transition of plasmas are typical of the physics of far from equilibrium systems. The book presents and explains why the plasma inhomogeneity is the ordering parameter governing transport and how self-sustained fluctuations can be driven through subcritical excitation even beyond linear stability. In addition, the authors derive the non-linear gradient-flux relation with the result that asymmetry arising from the fluctuations allows mixing of the various kinds of fluxes. This emphasises the ever important role that electromagnetic fields play in inducing long range interactions, couplings and bifurcations in plasmas. To illustrate, a transport simulation of a high temperature current fusion experiment like JET-the Joint European Torus-helps us to understand various structural formations such as the H-mode. With the insight that structural formation in high temperature plasmas is fundamental to an accurate description of the basic phenomena that occur in our present cosmos, the authors provide a comprehensive account of the subject to help fusion researchers, fluid dynamicists and astrophysicists alike. The bookaddresses a key to understanding the age old question of what has occurred in the early stage of the our universe and what is likely to occur in the final stage of our universe.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1998

Количество страниц: 307

Добавлена в каталог: 12.03.2008

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Adiabatic invariance      25
Alfven velocity      64
Ambipolarity      49 214 241
Ambipolaron      260
Anomalous transport      158 233 280 297
ASDEX tokamak      200
Avalanche      274
Ballooning, coordinate      152
Ballooning, instability      91
Ballooning, transformation      152
Banana, orbit      209 211
Banana, regime      214
Beta limit      86 154
Beta value      60
Bifurcation      15
Bifurcation, backward      171 251
Bifurcation, electric field      203 248 296
Bifurcation, pitchfork      251 256
Bohm diffusion      165
Bootstrap current      41 219 277 284
Bounce frequency      210
Bousinesque approximation      111
Bubble formation      229
Burst      17 271
Canonical angular momentum      25
Cascade      186 187 193 243
Catastrophe      271
Charge neutrality      21
Collective interaction      3
Collisional transport      40 205
Collisionless skin depth      160 181 297
Compound dithers      270
confinement      7 280
Confinement, degradation of      9 294
Confinement, improved      286 295
Confinement, magnetic      7
Confinement, time      9 283
Convective damping      103
correlation length      145 160
Coulomb collision      30 40 278
critical exponent      146
Cross-field flux      48 53
Curie’s principle      13
Current diffusive ballooning mode (CDBM)      155 292
Current diffusive interchange mode (CDIM)      139 146 195
Current diffusivity      107 125 231
Curvature, bad      82
Curvature, good      82
Curvature, magnetic      95
Curvature, of the field line      79
Cusp      248
Debye, length      2
Debye, screening      2 116
Decorrelation, time      30 180
Diamagnetic current      65
Diamagnetic drift      65
Diamagnetic velocity      65
dielectric constant      81 235 239 252
Diffusion, approximation      122
Diffusion, Bohm      165
Diffusion, coefficient      2 33 36 50 290 293
Diffusion, neoclassical      289
Diffusion, ripple      216
dispersion relation      57—58
Dissipation      176 178
Domain      258
Dressed test mode      116 124
Dressed test particle      116
Drift, Alfven wave      68
Drift, heat flux      97
Drift, instability      92
Drift, magnetic curvature      66
Drift, reversal      95 211 225
Drift, wave      67
Dynamo      245
effective mass      126
Electric field bifurcation      203 248 296
Electron inertia      111 190
ELMs      268
ELMs, dithering      269
ELMs, type-I      271
Energy exchange      47
Equation of state      59
Far nonequilibrium      5 273 275
Finite-beta correction      148
Finite-gyroradius effect      54 71 93
Flow, poloidal      236 252 265
Flow, sheared      226 228 232
Flow, toroidal      236 253 264
Flow, zonal      245 259
Fluctuation      297
Fluid equation      58
Fourier’s relation      11
Frozen in      64 78
Galirei transformation      210
Ginzburg — Landau model      255
Grad — Shafranov equation      266
Gradient of radial electric field      211 216 233 262 292 293
Gradient parameter      134
Gradient-flux relation      11 188 201 250 279
Guiding centre motion of      94
Gyroradius      7
Gyroradius, poloidal      26
H-mode      14 201 292 295
H-mode transition      202 249
H-phase      263
Helical ripple      172
Hysteresis      202 251
Improved confinement      286 295
Improved ohmic confinement (IOC)      295
Impurity      18
Impurity, flow      220
Inhomogeneity of magnetic field      106 141
Instability, ballooning      91
Instability, dissipative      75 76 96
Instability, drift      92
Instability, ideal MHD ballooning      154
Instability, interchange      78
Instability, Kelvin — Helmholtz      272
Instability, low-frequency      74
Instability, nonlinear      136
Instability, reactive      75 88 95 98 154
Instability, resistive ballooning      164
Instability, resistive interchange      163
Interchange instability      78
INTERFACE      259
Interference      12 287 292
Internal transport barrier      276 285 294
Inward pinch      289
Ion sound velocity      62
Itoh number      139
Joule — Thomson effect      12
Keplerian motion      4
Kolmogorov scaling law      193
L-H transition      253 269
L-mode      15 167 201 281 294
Landau damping      93 103
Langevin equation      129
Latent heat      18
Limit cycle oscillation      268
Linearization      59 108
Loss cone      210 212 213 218
Lyapunov exponent      192
Magnetic average magnetic well      150
Magnetic braiding      36
Magnetic hill      79
Magnetic island      34
Magnetic shear      23 89 159 280 286 294
Magnetic surface      22 23
Magnetic well      79
Maxwell’s construction      260
Mean-field approximation      129
Meso-phase      260 262
MHD equation      63
Mixing-length estimate      50 223 228
Mode, ballooning      153 232
Mode, current diffusive ballooning      155 292
Mode, current diffusive interchange      139 146 195
Mode, dissipative trapped ion      96
Mode, interchange      80 224
Mode, ion temperature gradient (ITG)      96 114
Mode, ion-mixing      98
Mode, toroidal ITG      100
Mode, trapped electron drift      6 31
Mode, trapped ion      96
Mode, trapped particle      94
Neoclassical diffusion      289
Neoclassical theory      214 252
Neoclassical transport      213
Nonequilibrium exponent      146
Nonlinear dispersion      58 134 176
Nonlinear growth rate      184 231
Nonlinear instability      136
Nonlinear marginal stability      156 176
Nonlinear-nonequilibrium      11 160 180
One-point renormalization      116 184
Onsager, Ansatz      50 128
Onsager, relation      128
Orbit loss      218 250 289
Orbit squeezing      211
Order parameter      146 160 248
Page 304 Decorrelation, rate      145 227
Page 306 Pseudo-classical transport      165
Pfirsch — Schlilter current      252
Pfirsch — Schlilter regime      214
Plasma dispersion function      54
Plasma parameter      3
Plateau regime      214
Poincare plot      34 37
Polarization drift      111 238 252
Poloidal Alfven velocity      232
Poloidal flow      236 252 265
Prandtl number      142
Precession      211
Pressure gradient      83 137 139 141 144 154 172 187 196
Propagator      122
Quasilinear theory      223
Quasilinear transport      43
Quasiparticle      121
Radial current      217 237 239 242
Radial electric field      203 205 222 235 253
Radial electric field, curvature of      232
Radial electric field, gradient of      211 216 233 262 292—293
Radial electric field, inhomogeneous      225
Rayleigh number      141
Rayleigh — Benard convection      83 141
Reduced set of equations      104
Reduced set of equations, for ITG mode      114
Reduced set of equations, four-field      113
Reduction of variables      137
Renormalization      117 177
Resonance      32 206 209
Resonant particle      44
Resonant surface      34
Reynolds stress      239
Ripple diffusion      216
Ripple-trapped particle      205 212
Ripple-trapped regime      214
Rotation      4 237—238 264 293 295
Safety factor      23
Saturation level      185 188
Scale invariance method      195
Self-organize      263 269 276 284
Self-sustained      134 150 174 231 273
Shafranov shift      24
Sheared flow      226 228 232
Shock      265
Spectral function      178—179
Spectrum      182 193 197
Stochasticity      36
Subcritical excitation      172 187
Sum rule      141
Suppression of turbulence      225
Symmetry      205 217 243
Symmetry, axial      22
Thermal equilibrium      39
Thermal fluctuation      12 39 42
Toroidal flow      236 253 264
Toroidal ripple      206
Toroidal ripple, trapped particle      206
Transit particle      27
Transit time magnetic pumping      238
Transition      14 15 173 200 268
Transition, H-mode      202 249
Transition, hard      202 247 249
Transition, L-H      253 269
Transition, soft      247 249
Transition, turbulence-turbulence      274
Transport, anomalous      158 233 280 297
Transport, barrier      201 263 272 292 296
Transport, coefficient      127 146 158 231 233 275 279
Transport, collisional      40 205
Transport, equation      275
Transport, neoclassical      213
Transport, pseudo-classical      165
Transport, quasilinear      43
Transport, simulation      277
Transport, turbulence-driven      127 144
Trapped particle      27
Trapped particle, helical-ripple      206
Turbulence      116
Turbulence, subcritical      51 134 197
Turbulence, supercritical      51 197
Turbulence, suppression of      225
Turbulence, weak      39
Turbulence-driven transport      127 144
Velocity, Alfven      64
Velocity, ion-sound      62
Velocity, poloidal Alfven      232
Velocity, shear      226
viscosity      125 231 242 259 292
Viscosity, bulk      215 239—240 250 288—289
Viscosity, eddy      129
Viscosity, gyro      215
Viscosity, shear      238 242
Ware pinch      41 289
Wave, drift      67
Wave, drift Alfven      68
Wave, ion sound      61
Wave, shear Alfven      63
Weiss approximation      50
X-point      212
Zonal flow      245 259
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