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Название: Seafood Enzymes: Utilization and Influence on Postharvest Seafood Quality
Авторы: Haard N., Simpson B.
Gathering food from the oceans represents the last major hunting effort of humans.
As has happened in other fields, however, our technological abilities have
outstripped our capacity to deal with the social, cultural, and economic consequences
of these technologies. Where national and international regulations, exhortations,
and pleas have failed, the common property status of sea resources
had led to overexploitation, which has reduced the number of animals available
to be used as foods. This decline has been accompanied by an increase in human
populations and, more importantly, rising expectations for improved diets in
newly developing areas of the world. These factors have increased demands on
fish and shellfish stocks and increased strains on the ability of the fish and shellfish
to maintain their numbers. Quite naturally, this has had the most impact on
those species that have the greatest attraction as food for humans.