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Elk S. — A New Unifying Biparametric Nomenclature that Spans all of Chemistry. The science of incorporating daily over 2,000 new names to a base of over 42 million compounds while still maintaining order
Elk S. — A New Unifying Biparametric Nomenclature that Spans all of Chemistry. The science of incorporating daily over 2,000 new names to a base of over 42 million compounds while still maintaining order

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Название: A New Unifying Biparametric Nomenclature that Spans all of Chemistry. The science of incorporating daily over 2,000 new names to a base of over 42 million compounds while still maintaining order

Автор: Elk S.

Аннотация:

Content:
Preface, Pages v-x
Chapter 1 - Introduction, Pages 1-48
Chapter 2 - Non-integer bonds, Pages 49-114
Chapter 3 - Other significant differences from existing systems, Pages 115-166
Chapter 4 - Oxidation numbers, Pages 167-179
Chapter 5 - The boranes and related aluminum compounds, Pages 180-205
Chapter 6 - Spiro and related compounds, Pages 206-257
Chapter 7 - Topologically restrained compounds, Pages 258-268
Chapter 8 - Polymers, Pages 269-292
Chapter 9 - Molecular Rearrangement, Pages 293-303
Index, Pages I1-I7

As a byproduct of historical development, there are different,
unrelated systems of nomenclature for "inorganic chemistry", vs. "organic
chemistry", vs. "polymer chemistry", vs. "natural products chemistry", vs.
etc. With each new discovery in the laboratory, as well as each new
theoretical proposal for a chemical, the lines that traditionally have separated
these "distinct" subsets of matter continually grow more blurred. This lack
of uniformity in characterizing and naming chemicals increases the
communication difficulties between differently trained chemists, as well as
other scientists, and greatly impedes progress. With the set of known
chemicals numbering over 42,000,000 (in Chemical Abstracts' data base)
and continually growing (about 2,000 new additions every day), the
desirability for a unified system for naming all chemicals simultaneously
grows. Moreover, in order to meet the requirements of disparate groups of
scientists, and of society in general, the name assigned to a given chemical
should not only uniquely describe that substance, but also should be a part of
a readily recognizable order for the entire field. For these purposes, a
topology-based "bi-parametric" system of nomenclature is herein proposed.
Individual bonds between each pair of adjacent atoms are integrated directly
into the nomenclature in a systematic manner, in contradistinction to the
present collage of mostly add-on prefixes and suffixes. The foundation upon
which this system is built is the synergy that exists between the name
assigned and the geometrical structure of the relevant "entity" (molecule,
ion, or monomer). Major advantages of the proposed nomenclature include:
(1) Treating chemistry as a unified science, for which there is a
comprehensive system of "canonical" names that encompasses each of
the historically distinct "fiefdoms" which had evolved their own, often
incompatible, rules for taxonomy and nomenclature;
(2) Recognizing the obsolescence of a two-dimensional world view of
chemistry, and of integrating the influence of the third dimension
directly into the nomenclature;
(3) Providing a framework in which newly formulated compositions of
matter can be canonically named within the system, as well as
providing a means for expanding the system when new, unanticipated
forms are discovered in the laboratory or are proposed in the
literature;
VI
(4) Eliminating non-equivalent meanings and symbols for w^hat should be
identical terms in the historically evolved, but illogically separated,
subsystems of nomenclature that are endemic today;
(5) Correcting inconsistencies, such as prescribing the wrong bond order
between atoms in some molecules, as well as assigning ambiguous
names in others;
(6) Eliminating the reliance on historically evolved tables and arcane
rules for encoding and decoding these tables;
(7) Discontinuing the unwarranted allocation of precision to empirical
concepts;
(8) Segregating various topological concepts from metric ones that have
been illogically merged;
(9) Assigning a single unambiguous canonical name to both forms of a
tautomer. This is notwithstanding that distinct, isolatable entities do
not exist


Язык: en

Рубрика: Разное/

Статус предметного указателя: Неизвестно

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2004

Количество страниц: 316

Добавлена в каталог: 03.09.2017

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