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Название: Prometheans in the Lab: Chemistry and the Making of the Modern World
Автор: McGrayne S.
Newton, Darwin, Pasteur, Einstein and other great physicists and biologists are household names, but the great chemists have recieved little recognition. Yet it could be argued that chemistry, more than andy other scientific discipline, has made the modern world possible, largely through products that we take for granted. The author Sharon Bertsch McGrayne tells the history of the chemical revolution through the lives of the men who created it. We don't recognize their names, but their legacy is all around us. Before Nicholas LeBlanc discovered the chemical process for making washing soda in the early 1800s, soap was a highly taxed luxury item, and now it's something we use many times a day without a second thought. Without chemical fertilizer there might have been worldwide starvation in the mid 1900s. Even something as simple as affordable dyes, which brought bright clothing to the masses and democratized fashion, is given full attention. This text looks at not only the upside of each pivotal discovery, but also the often devastating unforeseen effects they wrought on the environment and public health.