Conventional solvents can be hazardous in terms of toxicity, flammability and waste generation. Consequently, alternative solvents now form a substantial part of green chemistry. This book covers the latest developments in this growing field as well as some key areas that have been overlooked in previous literature. Solvents are important in many areas of chemistry so the author has adopted a general approach encompassing of a wide range of solvents. As part of the Green Chemistry Series, examples are used that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry such as atom efficient reactions in benign solvents, processing of renewable chemicals and materials in green solvents.