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Название: IL-12 Receptor
Авторы: Esche C., Shurin M.R., Lotze M.T.
The functional high-affinity IL-12 receptor is composed of at least two -type receptor subunits, each independently exhibiting a low affinity for IL-12. Both subunits are members of the cytokine receptor superfamily. IL-12 p40 interacts primarily with IL-12 R1, while IL-12 p35 interacts primarily with the signal-transducing 2 subunit. IL-12 signaling involves activation of the receptor-associated tyrosine kinases JAK2 and TYK2 and downstream tyrosine phosphorylation of the transcription factors STAT3 and STAT4 (the central signal transducer of IL-12). The IL-12R is expressed primarily on activated T and
NK cells. Expression of the 2 subunit determines TH1 development since the 2 component is selectively downregulated on TH2 cells. Inhibiting IL-12 responsiveness represents an experimental therapy for TH1-driven inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.