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Scott R.P.W. — Liquid Chromatography Column Theory
Scott R.P.W. — Liquid Chromatography Column Theory

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Название: Liquid Chromatography Column Theory

Автор: Scott R.P.W.

Аннотация:

Offers comprehensive coverage of all the theoretical aspects of chromatography columns beginning with very simple concepts which describe their properties. Topics include peak capacity, column overload, thermal effects and many other chromatographic phenomena. Provides in-depth discussions of both the plate and rate theories as well as the design of the optimum column, analytical packed and open tubular columns. Includes practical examples of the use of these theories and equations derived from them.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2001

Количество страниц: 292

Добавлена в каталог: 18.10.2006

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Adjusted retention time, definition      11
Adjusted retention volume, definition      11
Adsorption, detector, equation for on column detection      87
Adsorption, detector, heat, equation for output      83
Adsorption, detector, theory of      77
Adsorption, isotherms      43
Alumina, coated stationary phase      2
Alumina, limitations as an LC stationary phase      2
Analysis time, approximate for packed column      117
Analysis time, minimum, optimized open tube columns      222
Analysis time, minimum, optimized open tube columns, equation for      223
Analysis time, minimum, optimized, packed columns      194
Analysis time, minimum, optimized, packed columns, equation for      195
Analysis time, minimum, optimized, preparative columns      242
Analysis time, minimum, optimized, preparative columns, equation for      242
Analysis time, particle diameter      121
Analytical specifications for optimum column      183
Asymmetry, peak      41
Available stationary phase, definition      30
Axis of a chromatogram      96
Base line, definition      10
Capacity peak      67
Capacity peak, and capacity factor      71
Capacity peak, and capacity factor, equation for      70
Capacity peak, calculated from, exclusion volume      151
Capacity peak, calculated from, permeating volume      150
Capacity peak, effect on dispersion      149
Capacity peak, effect on dispersion, equation for      25
Capacity peak, explicit equation for      32
Capacity peak, optimized column      20
Capacity peak, optimized column, equation for      203
Capacity ratio      25
Cell detector, design for low dispersion      166
Cell detector, dispersion effect      164
Cell volume, effective, heat of adsorption detector      79
Charge, finite, elution curve of      39
Chromatogram, axes of      96
Chromatogram, reduced      177
Chromatography, nomenclature      9
Chromatography, vacancy      55
Chromatography, vacancy, applications      59
Chromatography, vacancy, equation of elution curve      59
Column, capillary      6
Column, characteristics of      1
Column, dead volume      10 27
Column, design, open tubular columns      215
Column, design, optimized open tube columns      231
Column, design, optimized open tube columns, program for      232
Column, design, optimized packed columns      206
Column, design, optimized packed columns, program for      208
Column, design, optimized preparative columns      250
Column, design, optimized preparative columns, program for      252
Column, design, packed      185
Column, design, preparative      238
Column, design, preparative, optimum particle diameter      239
Column, diameter versus particle diameter      171
Column, dispersion, efficiency      45
Column, dispersion, efficiency, equation for      46 47
Column, dispersion, environment      8
Column, dispersion, extra      153
Column, dispersion, extra, packed      102
Column, dispersion, flow rate, definition      10
Column, dispersion, flow rate, optimum for open tube      224
Column, dispersion, flow rate, optimum for packed      199
Column, dispersion, flow rate, optimum for preparative      247
Column, dispersion, frits, contribution to dispersion      164
Column, dispersion, heat capacity      8
Column, dispersion, length, approximate for packed column      117
Column, dispersion, length, optimum for open tube column      221
Column, dispersion, length, optimum for open tube column, equation for      222
Column, dispersion, length, optimum for packed column      192
Column, dispersion, length, optimum for packed column, equation for      192
Column, dispersion, length, optimum for preparative column      241
Column, dispersion, length, optimum for preparative column, equation for      241
Column, dispersion, length, particle diameter for maximum efficiency      120
Column, dispersion, length, particle limits      8
Column, dispersion, material of construction      6
Column, dispersion, open limitations      6 233
Column, dispersion, open minimum HETP      217
Column, dispersion, open tubular, flow rate      224
Column, dispersion, open tubular, flow rate, equation for      225
Column, dispersion, open tubular, optimum, design      215
Column, dispersion, open tubular, radius      218
Column, dispersion, open tubular, radius, equation      219
Column, dispersion, open tubular, velocity      217
Column, dispersion, overload      259
Column, dispersion, packed      6
Column, dispersion, packed, longitudinal diffusion      103
Column, dispersion, packed, longitudinal diffusion, equation for      104
Column, dispersion, packed, multipath      102
Column, dispersion, packed, multipath, equation for      103
Column, dispersion, packed, optimum, specifications for, in column design      182
Column, dispersion, packed, resistance to mass transfer, mobile phase      106
Column, dispersion, packed, resistance to mass transfer, stationary phase      106
Column, dispersion, physical nature of      6
Column, dispersion, physical properties of Zorbax column      37
Column, dispersion, purpose of      3
Column, dispersion, quartz, availability      7
Column, dispersion, radial equilibrium      100
Column, dispersion, radius, dependance on extra column dispersion      167
Column, dispersion, radius, equation for      169 170
Column, dispersion, radius, optimum, open tubular      218
Column, dispersion, radius, optimum, open tubular, equation for      219
Column, dispersion, radius, optimum, packed      196
Column, dispersion, radius, optimum, packed, equation for      198
Column, dispersion, radius, optimum, preparative      244
Column, dispersion, radius, optimum, preparative, equation for      246
Column, dispersion, resolving power      60
Column, dispersion, resolving power, equation for      62
Column, dispersion, theories      12
Column, dispersion, thermostat      8
Column, dispersion, volume, total, expression for      28
Column, dispersion, wall thickness, limitations      8
Column, dispersion, wall thickness, preparative      248
Column, dispersion, weight, limits      8
Computer program for the design of open tube columns      232
Computer program for the design of open tube columns, report for a packed column design      233
Computer program for the design of packed columns      208
Computer program for the design of packed columns, report for a packed column design      210
Computer program for the design of preparative columns      252
Computer program for the design of preparative columns, report for a packed column design      256
Connecting tubes, dispersion, cause      154
Connecting tubes, dispersion, equation for      155
Connecting tubes, length versus variance      157
Connecting tubes, low dispersion      158
Connecting tubes, low dispersion, coiled tubes      159
Connecting tubes, low dispersion, coiled tubes, H/u curves      161
Connecting tubes, low dispersion, serpentine tubes      161
Connecting tubes, low dispersion, serpentine tubes, H/u curves      162 163
Connecting tubes, pressure drop across      156
Constraints, instrument, in column design      179
Criteria for column performance      176
d'Arcy's law      116
Dead, point, definition      10
Dead, time definition      10
Dead, volume, definition      10
Dead, volume, discussion of      27
Dead, volume, kinetic      31
Dead, volume, thermodynamic      32
Design, equations for open tube columns      231
Design, equations for open tube columns, program for      232
Design, equations for packed columns      206
Design, equations for packed columns, program for      208
Design, equations for preparative columns      250
Design, equations for preparative columns, program for      252
Design, open tubular columns      215
Design, packed columns      185
Design, preparative columns      237
Design, protocol for columns      175
Detector, cell, design for low dispersion      166
Detector, cell, dispersion, effect on      164
Detector, heat of adsorption, equation for on column detection      87
Detector, heat of adsorption, equation of output      83
Detector, heat of adsorption, theory      77
Differential equation for the elution curve      18
Diffusion coefficients, list of      268
Diffusion coefficients, peptides      270
Diffusivity relation to, longitudinal diffusion      143
Diffusivity relation to, minimum HETP      145
Diffusivity relation to, resistance to mass transfer      147
Dipole, induced      5
Dipole, interactions      5
Dispersion, detector cell dispersion, effect on      164
Dispersion, effect of sample volume      153
Dispersion, extra column      6 95 153
Dispersion, packed column      102
Dispersion, radial      99
Dispersion, radial, equation for      100
Dispersive forces      5
Dispersive interactions      5
distribution      4
Distribution, coefficient      16
Distribution, factors controlling      4
Effective, cell volume, heat of adsorption detector      79
Effective, plates      63
Effective, plates, equation for      64
Effective, plates, relation to equilibrium plates      65
Efficiency, column      45
Efficiency, equation for      46 47
Efficiency, particle diameter for a packed column      119
Efficiency, radius for an open tube column      132
Elective variables in column design      181
Elution curve equation      19 21
Elution curve, derivation      16
Elution curve, finite charge      39
Elution curve, Gaussian form      50
Elution curve, Gaussian form, equation for      52
Elution curve, solution of differential form      19
Elution, gradient      213
Elution, profile, of low aspect ratio tube      165
Environment, column      8
Equation, d'Arcy's, fluid flow through a packed bed      116
Equation, design for optimized packed column      206
Equation, efficiency required to effect a given separation      62
Equation, elution curve      19 21
Equation, elution curve, derivation      16
Equation, elution curve, finite charge      39 40
Equation, elution curve, Gaussian form      50
Equation, elution curve, Gaussian form, equation of      52
Equation, Giddings, dispersion in a packed column      123
Equation, Golay, for dispersion on open tubes      128
Equation, heat of adsorption detector      83
Equation, heat of adsorption detector, with on column detection      87
Equation, Horvath and Lin, for dispersion in a packed column      128
Equation, Huber, for dispersion in a packed column      124
Equation, Knox, for dispersion in a packed column      126
Equation, mass sensitivity      172
Equation, Poiseuille's, fluid flow through a tube      132
Equation, Van Deemter      109
Equation, Van Deemter, detailed      110
Equilibrium, radial, column      100
Extra column dispersion      6 95 153
Extra column dispersion, effect on column radius      167
Factors that control retention and selectivity      4
Finite charge, elution curve of      39
Flow rate, definition      10
Flow rate, for optimized open tube column      224
Flow rate, for optimized open tube column, equation for      224
Flow rate, for optimized packed column      199
Flow rate, for optimized packed column, equation for      199
Flow rate, for optimized preparative column      247
Flow rate, for optimized preparative column, equation for      247
Frits, column, contribution to dispersion      164
Giddings, equation for dispersion in a packed column      123
Golay, equation for dispersion in open tubes      128
Gradient elution      212
Heat of adsorption detector, equation for on-column detection      87
Heat of adsorption detector, equation of output      84
Heat of adsorption detector, theory      77
Height, peak, definition      11
HETP, curve, for open tubes      129
HETP, curve, for packed columns      111
HETP, curve, van Deemter      138
HETP, definition of      97
HETP, equation, for a packed column      110
HETP, equation, for an open tube column      128
HETP, equation, for an open tube, uncoated      129
HETP, minimum, dependance on diffusivity      145
HETP, minimum, open tube column      131 217
HETP, minimum, packed column      115
Horvath and Lin, equation for dispersion in a packed column      128
Huber, equation for dispersion in a packed column      124
Induced dipoles      5
Inflexion points, equation for      49
Inflexion points, of elution curve      48
Injection point, definition      9
Instrument constraints, in column design      179
Interstitial volume, definition of, and expression for      29
Interstitial volume, effect of ion volume of marker      34
Interstitial volume, moving      29
Interstitial volume, static      29
Ion volume, effect on interstitial volume      34
Ionic interactions      4
Isotherms, adsorptions      43
Isotherms, effect on peak shape      44
Kinetic dead volume      31
Knox, equation for dispersion in a packed column      126
Length, column, approximate for packed      117
Length, optimum for preparative      241
Length, optimum for preparative, equation for      241
Length, optimum, for open tube      221
Length, optimum, for open tube, equation for      221
Length, optimum, for packed      192
Length, optimum, for packed, equation for      192
Length, versus particle diameter, maximum efficiency      120
Length, versus radius for maximum efficiency      132
Line, base      10
List of symbols      265
Longitudinal diffusion, and diffusivity      143
Longitudinal diffusion, packed column      103
Longitudinal diffusion, packed column, equation for      104
Low aspect ratio tube, dispersion coiled tubes      159
Low aspect ratio tube, dispersion connecting tubes      158
Low aspect ratio tube, dispersion serpentine tubes      161
Low aspect ratio tube, dispersion, detector cell design      166
Low aspect ratio tube, elution profile of      165
Mass overload      261
Mass sensitivity      172
Maximum, efficiency, length and particle diameter      120
Maximum, extra column dispersion, open tube column      226
Maximum, extra column dispersion, open tube column, equation for      228
Maximum, peak, definition      11
Maximum, sample volume      53
Maximum, sample volume, equation for      54
Maximum, sample volume, optimized open tube, column      226
Maximum, sample volume, optimized open tube, column, equation for      228
Maximum, sample volume, optimized packed, column      204
Maximum, sample volume, optimized packed, column, equation for      204
Minimum, analysis time, optimized column      194
Minimum, analysis time, optimized column, equation for      195
Minimum, HETP, open tube column      217 131
Minimum, HETP, packed column      115
Minimum, HETP, packed column, relation to diffusivity      146
Minimum, solvent consumption, for optimized packed column      201
Mobile phase      4
Mobile phase, volume of, expression for      29
Molecular interactions      4
Molecular interactions, size, effect on retention volume      36
Moving phase, definition      29
Multipath dispersion      102
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